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My vows before them that him fear
Shall be perform'd by me.
They also praise shall give
Your heart shall ever live.
And turn the Lord unto;
To him shall homage do:
Doth appertain as his ;
The governor he is.
All who to dust descend
His soul from death defend. 30 A seed shall service do to him;
Unto the Lord it shall
His truth and righteousness
And that he hath done this.
PSALM XXIII: As to this Psalm, which is evidently spoken wholly in one person, the only possible objection against supposing that person to be Jesus Christ, is this, viz. That he himself is the Lord, the good Shepherd, the Shepherd of Israel, who laid down his life for his flock ; but this is such an objection as would lead the saints to conclude, that Jesus Christ is not
their Father, Lord, and God, (though he expressly declares himself to be so, John xiii. 13. Rev. xxi. 7.) because he himself, in a certain and peculiar respect, is the Son, even the Only Begotten, the Eternal Son of the Father, who became the servant of the Father, that he might bring many sons and daughters to glory.
O Isra'l, see thy Shepherd here,
'HE Lord's my shepherd, I'll not want. 2 He makes me down to lie In pastures green: he leadeth me
The quiet waters by.
And me to walk doth make
Ev’n for his own name's sake.
4 Yea, though I walk in death's dark vale,
Yet will I fear none ill:
And staff me comfort still, 5 My table thou hast furnished
În presence of my foes ;
And my cup overflows.
Shall surely follow me:
My dwelling-place shall be.
ALTHOUGH it seems perfectly true, as all the com mentators say, that this Psalm' (and perhaps all the rest) was used to be sung in parts, by the different bands of sacred music which David (no doubt by the direction of the Holy Ghost) had appointed for the service of the Sanctuary ; yet, if we attend any further than that, to the dull, dry, bare, and beggarly disquisitions of those carnally-minded Jewish-spirited interpreters, concerning the procession of the ark, its being received into the temple, and set upon its own place, with such like, childish ideas, and nugatory observations, retailed and enumerated every day, and almost in every place of worship, in the most stale and tedious manner imaginable; now do we find our whole spirit, feryour, and devotion, in the most amazing manner, all at once, as if it were by enchantment, damped, destroyed, and shrunk to nothing, after the manner, if we may so say, of the plump kine, and full ears of corn, which were devoured and swallowed up by the lean, thin, blasted and shrivelled !-But if, ceasing from the Rabbies and Doctors, we take the spirit of the Psalm from the Spirit who inspired it, and read it in its own light, the light of its parallels, and especially the light of the New Testament, we will find, instead of the darkness of the Mosaic veil, the glory of God shining in the face of Jesus, filling our whole hearts ; particularly, we will discern, as here clearly represented, the three peculiarly distinguished estates of the Lord Jesus Christ, THE SON OF GOD:
-1. Before his incarnation, as it is written, John i. 1. “In 'the beginning was the WORD ; and the WORD was
with God, and the Word was God.-All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made.'--And Col. i. 17. He' (the Son) is before all things, and by him all things consist.' -So also says the Psalm, ver. I,
2. • The earth is the LORD's, and the fulness there
of For he hath founded it.-II. His estate of humiliation in the flesh, as it is written, John i. 14.
And the WORD was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father), full of grace and truth;
-and Gal. iv. 4. · When the fulness of time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law, to redeem them ' that were under the law, that we might receive
the adoption of sons; -and Phil. ii. 8. · Being
found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and • became obedient unto death, even the death of the
Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him.'--So saith also the Psalm, ver. 3—7.
" Who shall ascend into the hill of the Lord ?-He that . hath clean hands, and a pure heart,--He shall re'ceive the blessing from the Lord'-(As to the 6th verse, see the general preface )—III. His estate of exaltion, commencing, and manifesting itself, in the glory of his resurrection, ascension, &c. as it is written, 1 Pet. i. 21. God raised him up from 'the dead, and gave him glory ;'--and Heb. ii. 9. • We see Jesus, who was made a little lower than
the angels for the suffering of death, crowned - with glory and honour', -and Rom. i. 4. · De
" clared the Son of God with power, according to ' the Spirit of holiness, by the resurrection - from " the dead ; -and Acts 9. • While they beheld,
he was taken up, and a cloud received him out of • their sight;—and ver. 11. (the angels said), ' Ye
men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into • heaven? This same Jesus, which is taken up
from you into heaven, shall so come, in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven ;'--and chap. iii. 21.
- Whom the heavens must receive till the ' times of restitution of all things.'-And saith not the Psalm also the same, addressing the heavens, by a figure divinely bold, if it be a figure at all; for what is said is done ? - Lift up your heads, 0
ye gates, and be ye lift up, ye everlasting doors ; and the King of glory shall come in,' &c.Now,
unprejudiced reader, say, if you do not find spirit and life springing up within you from this view of Jesus, our Forerunner, passing into the heavens by his own blood once for all, and one for all, having obtained eternal redemption ? and say also, if you do not think this the spirit and the truth of this present Psalm, and consequently of all its parallels, several whereof you will have remarked proposed for your own consideration in the illustrations of Psalms i. ii. iñ. and xv, But, of all the evidences to the same purpose, which seize the heart, and command conviction, innumerable as they really are, none seem more surprisingly striking (though not quoted in the margin) than those which arise from the two following Psalms, viz. Psal. xlvii. 5. . God is gone up with a shout; and Psal. Ixviii. 18. ^ Thou hast ascended on high; explained and applied as fulfilled in Christ, Eph. iv. 8. · Where• fore he saith, when he ascended up on high, he
led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men' for the perfeeting the saints; for the work of the • ministry; for the edifying of the body of Christ.'
Behold the God, behold the MAN,
THE earth belongs unto the Lord,
The world that is inhabited,
And all that there remains. 2 For the foundations thereof
He on the seas did lay,
Upon the floods to stay.