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TO MIGNON. BY F. N. DEVEREUX, KEMPTVILLE, ONT. If you really do not care, Mignon, If your words are light as air, Mignon, Why cast at me such artful glances,

Full of love and full of longing ? Why permit my Love's advances,

Why torture with your cruel wronging, If you're but a simple friend, Mignon, If our friendship soon must end, Mignon? If you really do not care, Mignon, If your words are light as air, Mignon, Why entice me to your side

With a soul-destroying smile? Why bridge the gulf so very wide

Fate's deep and dismal, dark defile, If you're but a simple friend, Mignon, If our friendship soon must end, Mignon ?

BY J. E. G. ROBERTS, FREDERIOTON, N.B. They thought that Spring, sweet Spring, was

near, And, with too eager dreaming eyes, .

Saw close before them Summer skies, And flowers, the sw

wers, the sweet lights of the year, And choirs of birds to carol clear ; They thought that Spring, sweet Spring, was

near. Then sudden winds came from the Sea,

Then all the air with snow was white;

They spoke no more of Spring's delight,
Of birds to sing in every tree,
Of rosy blooms on wood and lea ;
When sudden winds came from the Sea.

If you really do not care, Mignon,
If your words are light as air, Mignon,
Why come so often in my way,..

Why make your life a gilded lie? Why thus inspire Hope's brightest ray,

To mock my wretched heart's low cry, If you're but a simple friend, Mignon, If our friendship soon must end, Mignon?

Utah is in the United States, but it is a place where a native American is a foreigner, and a Jew is a Gentile.'

ART PATRON :- What ? Seven dollars for this? Why, you only charged me $2.50 for that fine, large oil piece on the wall there. Great Artist : 'Exactly so. That little bit in your hand is done in water-colour. They come high just now on account of the recent drought.'


Ladies who marry for love should remember that the union of angels with women has been forbidden since the flood.

'Papa, they don't have any stone in Ireland, do they?' 'Yes, my boy ; but why do you ask such a question ? Because I thought it was all shamrock over there.'

Life is divided into three terms :That which was, which is, and which will be, Let us learn from the past to profit by the present, and from the present to live better for the future.

Time is like a ship that never anchors ; while I am on board, I had better do those things that may profit me in my landing than practise such things as will cause my commitment when I come

BY ANNA L. BARBAULD. Sweet is the scene when virtue dies !

When sinks a righteous soul to rest, How mildly beam the closing eyes,

How gently heaves th' expiring breast ! So fades a summer cloud away,

So sinks the gale when storms are o'er, So gently shuts the eye of day,

So dies a wave along the shore. Triumphant smiles the victor brow,

Fanned by some angel's purple wing: Where is, O grave! thy victory now?

And where, insidious death! thy sting Farewell, conflicting joys and fears,

Where light and shade alternate dwell! How bright th' unchanging morn appears !

Farewell, inconstant world, farewell ! Its duty done,-as sinks the day,

Light from its load the spirit flies ; While heaven and earth combine to say,

'Sweet is the scene when virtue dies!'


An English engineer was trying to explain the electric telegraph to a Persian governor. Finally he said, 'Imagine a dog with his tail in Teheran and his muzzle in London. Tread on his tail here, and he will bark there.'



MAY, 1882.




NCE there was a man, living in beautiful young lady, named Gyda,

Norway, called Harald Haarfagr. and made her the offer of his hand. He was a Jarl—one of many Jarls, or But the Lady Gyda was as ambitious petty kings, or great chiefs, who, at and lofty-minded as she was beautiful. that time, shared amongst them the She certainly did not give her young rule over the lands and coasts of Nor-| lover a cool reception ; for she met his way. Much and long-continued fight proposal with stinging words which ing they had had, too, in their inces might have instantly terminated the sant disputes over those same shares. suit of any one of less spirit than But Harald, called Haarfagr-or Fair. Harald. They were to the effect that hairedwas more than a common he had better go and crush out the inJarl, as he was a very uncommon man. dependence of that host of neighbourHis father before him had made him ing Jarls who were carrying things self comparatively powerful amongst with so high a hand on land and sea, his fellows of the Norwegian Jarldoms; and win a kingdom for himself, as one so that Harald, in succeeding him, suc great warrior had recently done in ceeded almost to a state of downright Sweden, and another in Denmark. kinghood. He, at the outset of his pub Then he might come to her with prolic career, determined that he would posals of marriage, and she might forth with settle that point beyond all deign to look upon them with favour, possible dispute.

but not until then. Harald swore to It is reported that the youthful himself that he would take her at her Harald found himself in love with a | word. Nay, he swore that he would never again allow that mass of fair , probably from the very determined, hair of his to be cut until he had be expeditious, and effective way in come sole master and King of Norway. which he gathered up his followers, He kept his word, and won his king and 'ganged' out of Norway, and into dom and his bride, and got his hair what was found to be a much more cut. Thus it came about, curiously pleasant country. However that may enough, that what is now called Ame- | be, Rolf the Ganger and his followers, rica, first became known to the fore in the year A.D. 876, sailed down fathers of the fair-skinned race who from their native fiords in force, and, now rule this continent.

with but little ado about it, pounced That result came about in this way. upon the Northern coast of what we A large proportion of the haughty and now call France. There they extendhitherto independent Norsemen enter ed themselves, and conquered, and tained very decided objections to gave their name to the tract of counHarald's proceedings, for he not only try which they appropriated; and thus insisted upon being sole monarch of Rolf, or Rollo, became the first Duke Norway; he further insisted upon of Normandy. keeping his kingdom in order, and Others of these Norsemen who reespecially in putting down the Viking sented Harald Haarfagr's rule, went occupation or piracy, especially upon out and colonized the Faroe Islands, the coast of his own domains. As said to have been previously inhabited. this was not only the principal Others went to the Shetlands, the Orkmeans of amusement, but a large neys, and the Hebrides, of all of which source of profit to the more irrepress they had, doubtless, known something ible Jarls and their congenial follow before. But the immigration in which ers, it was but natural that they should we are most interested just now, is resent such an unheard of innovation that of the daring Norse adventurers on Harald's part. He was not a king, who made their way to the still more however, with whom many of the dis | distant Iceland. That island had been affected were desirous of contending discovered by some of these restless openly and face to face. So there and fearless explorers a few years became into vogue amongst this class a fore. They had found it uninhabited at variety of rebellion which seems a the time; but they also found there novelty to our modern conceptions, certain utensils employed in Christian but which was not uncommon in long rites and other remains, clearly indipast centuries, and especially among cating that this remote region had alAsiatic peoples. That is, they rebelled ready been the abodes, for a time, of by summarily packing themselves on some Irish monks. To Iceland, then, board their ships—being pre-eminently boldly steered those whom we may a sea faring people--hauling up anchor fairly suppose to have been the most and taking their departure to other unmanageable and implacable of the and strange lands, where they could Norsemen whom Harald Haarfagr do as they pleased.

sought to reduce to his rule. There, Divers were the countries to which in that far-remote and only too-well these impatient Norsemen bied in I named region, they might well suptheir search for what they considered pose that they would be safe, without free and independent homes. There the reach of the conquering arms and was one of these chieftains of men, detested laws of the self-made kingand a thorough Viking, too, whose Harald Haarfagr. headquarters had been in and about This migration from Norway to the three Vigten Islands, on the mid Iceland was no combined expedition Norway coast, named Rollo, or Rolf. and hostile invasion, such as that He was also surnamed The Ganger - which went forth from the Vigten Is

lands, and spread itself over the north- , thus settled the business at once. ern shore of France. It was a move These old Norsemen had ever a prompt ment which continued for several and simple way of arriving at reyears. The first arrival was that of a sults. chieftain named Ingolf, who eventually It is a singular fact that, at this very settled himself upon the spot where day, there are certain tribes of Indians the town of Reykjavik, the little capi in British Columbia, on the northern tal of Iceland, now stands. To this coast of the Pacific, who have Seatspot he believes himself to have been posts set up in front of their wigwams, directed by the will of his tutelary and have bad them from time imdivinities ; which will was ascertained memorial. These posts are often so in this way. These pagan Norsemen elaborately carved that, considering were accustomed to having set up in the tools employed, the work expendfront of the residences of their chiefs ed upon one of them must have cost what they called Seat-posts (Setstok | several years of the native artist's life. kar). These were, in each case, a pair It would be an interesting investiga. of large and lofty beams of timber, tion, that of tracing to its origin and elaborately carved and surmounted by primeval meaning, this rare custom, figures of Odin, Thor, Friga, or who now practised by a few of the Abori. ever were assumed to be the tutelary gines of the North-West coast of deities of him who thus set them up. America, and which seems to be idenUpon a change of residence, these tical with a custom, or religious usage Sea t-posts were carefully removed and of the Norsemen of Europe, a thouembarked, with other probably less sand years or more in the past. valued chattels, on ship-board, the sea The pioneer, Ingolf, was rapidly folbeing, of course, almost the invari lowed to Iceland by others of his fel. able means of local communication. low countrymen. The navigation conOn arrival in the vicinity of the in tinued for about sixty years—until, tended new home, the Seat-posts were indeed, King Harald, fearing that thrown overboard, and the point on his kingdom was about to become deshore to which they drifted became populated, laid such an embargo upon their owner's new seat, or place of re-| the exodus of his subjects that it besidence. The reader may be curious came difficult for them to get out of to know what would be the result in Norway-at all events, when going in the not at all improbable event of two the direction of Iceland. men's Seat-posts being washed ashore Our task is not, however, to submit at the same place. In that case, we to the reader a political history of Icemust suppose that the first arrival | land. Yet it becomes necessary for us would secure the land, and that the to say a few words as to the character new comer woald try again elsewhere; and habits of these Norse Icelanders or that, if they arrived simultaneously, and their descendants. These emiand were on particòlarly friendly grants, who had proved so refractory terms, and nearly equals in power and under Harald Haarfagr's iron rule, wealth, they would effect an amicable consisted of men who must have bearrangement; or that if one was weak longed to the highest class of the magand the other strong, the weakling nates of Norway, together with their would judiciously find some good rea families and servants. They must have son for betaking himself elsewhere, been very wealthy, even to have owned notwithstanding the previous dictation the shipping which sufficed to convey of bis gods. If otherwise, we may rely their several households and retinues, upon it that, as a matter of course, the with all their cattle and other effects, stronger man just killed the weaker over a voyage which may have lasted, one, without any needless ado, and ' and probably did last, for several months. We know that they must , to more fertile and wealthier shores, have been highly cultivated, and even afforded a fair prospect of easy success learned, for the period in which they in their piratical forays. With Icelived ; for of that fact they have left | land for their home, the case was very us ample proof. Their demeanour to different. There, growing timber was wards Harald Haarfagr in itself shows scarce, and that little was of but that they were an essentially high stunted growth. The Icelanders were spirited and independent class; and under the necessity of procuring their the records which they and their de larger vessels—their long ships, as they scendants have left behind them, show were called from Norway. Hence that they were exceedingly proud it was only the more wealthy of their not only personally haughty, but proud number who could afford such possesof their families, of their ancestors, sions. Again, their new home was far and of their race. No people-not removed from all of those shores which even the Jews, or any other race had long been the Vikings' paradise. have given so much study to genea But the Norse daring and love of adlogy and to family history, and have venture, still, were the most pro so carefully kept, continued, and pre minent characteristics of the Icelandserved their genealogical records, as ers, as was also his love of the sea for these Norsemen. We have proof of its own sake. From all this, it turned this propensity in a branch of the race out eventually that the Icelanders, other than the Icelandic-to wit, the having ceased to be Vikings, became Norman, specially so called. The pro almost equally noted as roving merpensity-perhaps it may be said the chant adventurers; and, as such, they passion--of those of the original Nor visited almost every clime and coun. man stock, or having Norman blood, try of which they had any knowledge. for tracing back their ancestry through In this respect they, for centuries after all its connections, to its earliest known the colonization of Iceland, unquestionsource, is sufficiently notorious. And, ably outshone all other nations. by-the-bye, their example has, in these The Icelander at home, during this our days, led the credulous imagina same period, became, in like manner, tion, or unscrupulous invention, of pre-eminent among his contemporaries many vain people to the construction for his rapid progress in intellectual of family pedigrees of a very mythical culture. Even if he possessed luxucharacter.

ricus tastes and appetites, which is The Norseman, in becoming an Ice doubtful, the necessities of his position lander, lost nothing of the dauntless forbade him to indulge them. His own bravery which had made him the little tillage land, his pastures, and his dread of Europe. His occupation as abundant fisheries, supplied all his a Viking was indeed gone. He would immediate wants. At the same time, not, in Norway, condescend to aban. the labours which they imposed upon don that pleasant and profitable pas him were far from engrossing all bis time, at Harald Haarfagr’s bidding. time and attention. There were, esNow, in Iceland, he abandoned it of pecially in that high latitude, the long his own accord, his good intention, winter evenings of leisure to be dishowever, being much aided by circum- | posed of. Men of the Viking bloodstances under which he found himself men of a race who had for ages been placed. Norway, then as now, abound engaged in the fiercest of national wars, ed in timber suited to ship-building. or the most daring of piratical advenThere the Viking and his company tures-must, when once they had cut could easily build and fit out their themselves off from their former purships; and, on putting out to sea, the | suits, bave found themselves with an propinquity of their Norwegian bome | immense amount of surplus energy on

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