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C ο Ν Τ Ε Ν Τ S. CCOUNT of the new tragedy, What to be done to retrieve them ibid. called Appius

99-102 Reflections on ancient and modern traBuilt on the same story with Virginia ibid. gedy

ibid. Artifices of Claudius 100 Critical remarks on Barbarossa

122 Distress of Virginia

101 The discovery, an excellency in tragedy Catastrophe of the play 102

ibid. Curious inethod to replenith a fish-pond * Extract from the Centaur

123 ibid. Dreadful picture of reigning pleasures ibid. Substance of his majesty's message to the Our Nate compared to that of Tyre ibid. house of lords

Caveat to Britain

124 Address of the lords in answer thereto ibid. Rural scenes and pleasures preferred to A description of PEMBROKESHIRE 104

those in town

ibid. The Journal of a learned and political A most beautiful soliloquy

125 CLUB, &c. continued


Letter from Arabella Whimsey 126 SPEECH of C. Popilius Lænas against the Love charms, and spells

ibid. East-India mutiny bill 105-109 Vulgar portents and prognosticks The parliament's interposition in cases of Marks of the body very fignificant ibid. prerogative, dangerous

105 Inscription on Capt. Cornwall's monuCase of a delegated prerogative, how ad ment

128 judged


Of our corn and ralt provision trade ibid. Danger of delegating the power to exer Geometrical questions and solutions 129 cise martial law

ibid. Account of the famous Neeping Cupid ibid. Firmness of Edward Jil's parliament 107 Marks and symbols of ancient statuaries The bill will be the cause of oppression

130 ibid. Masquerades, innocent

ibid. And detrimental even to the company 108 Fate of the old Ranelagh

131 Injustice of the bill

ibid. Letter from the university of Oxford, to No necessity for such a law 109 the countess of Pomfret

ibid. SPEECH of C. Congdius, in favour of the POETRY. The Lass of the Brook, set to bill

109-112 musick Prerogative may be delegated by act of A new minuet

133 parliament

Horace and Lydia

ibid. Martial law, why it may be necessary Stella to Dr. Swift

ibid, abroad ibid. Epitaph on Hippisley

134 And why particularly in the East-Indies On Miss Betsy Long

ibid. The Surprize

ibid. Power to exercise it may be delegated ibid. Narcisla

135 The bill not an unjust one

On Miss N. Ws, of Birmingham ibid. Of people born and unborn ibid. Prologue and epilogue to Appius ibid. Vanity of pedigree ridiculed

On the academy for painting, &c. 136 Great birth, noble birth, and birth, what On folitude

ibid. ibid. Epigram

ibid. Extract from Burne's justice

Verses on the king's message, &c. 104 How the statutes may be reformed and The MONTHLY CHRONOLOGER 137 purged

ibid. Advices from America Objections to the scheme answered ibid. Sellions at the Old-Bailey

137 Holy offices badly supplied

State of the British Fishery society ibid. Bishop of Clogher, on the petrification of Proclamation for seamen

ibid. Thells, &c.

Acts passed

138 Fofils of the stone kind, how diftin Aflizes

ibid. guished ibid. List of mips in commillion

1;8 How their bulk is increased

of the French navy

139 Living cockles in a block of marble ibid. Fires, executions 137, 138, 139 Experiments on a petrifying spring ibid. Marriages and births

139 Corals and madrepores formed from seed Deaths

ibid. 118 Ecclesiastical preferments

140 Reason of the contrary opinion ibid. Promotions civil and military ibid. Dr. Hales, of the Newgate fickness ibid. Alterations in the list of parliament 141 Foul air from ventilation not noxious 119 Bankrupts

ibid. The Adventurer defended

ibid. Plays, &c, acted at the Theatres ibid. Of gravitation and its effe&ts ibid, FOREIGN AFFAIRS

142 Views of the French in America

A catalogue of books

143 Importance of our colonies

ibid. Prices of stocks and grain ; wind, weaSpeech of governor Morris ibid, ther

144 Bad situation of affairs in America

Monthly bill of mortality

ibid. Our ingenious poetical corresponderts we bipe will excuse the deferring, for want of room, many of their productions, parsisn'ırly :be hymn on the ift of Chronicles ; and we mufi fume indulgence from those who have Jerih usjeveral curivhs profaic disertations, SC,


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ibid. 138



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M ARCH, 1755.

Claudius tells him he had formed a proIn our last year's Magazine, p. 162, & c. we ject for it, by seizing Virginia upon a

gave an Account of a new Iragedy just be plausible pretence he had thought of, and fore brought upon the Stage at Drury-Lane, if opposed would appeal to him, which intitled, VIRGINIA ; and as a new Tra

Appius approves, bids him fly to accom-' gedy formed upon obe same Piece of History, plish it, and says he will hasten to the bas lately been exhibited at tbe Tbeatre tribunal to hear his complaint. After Royal in Covent-Garden, under the title A Claudius's exit

, and a Mort soliloquy by of Appius, we fooll give our Readers Appius, a messenger enters from the Rosome Account of it as follows :

man camp at Algidum, who tells him GPHE following persons of that the army had allowed itself to be

the drama are the same defcated by the Aqui their enemy, the

as in the former trage. soldiers murmuring against lawless tyranT

dy, viz. Appius, L. Vir ny, and saying, they would not fight for ginius, Lucius Icilius, servitude and chains. Upon this Appius Claudius, and Virginia. falls into a rage, recommends the example The rest are omitted, B of his noble father, who decimated ihe

but the following new legions under his command for a like muones are in this new tragedy introduced, tiny, and concludes, viz. L. Valerius, M. Horatius, Roman

Traitors !-- Why fleeps the decimating ax? Senators; P. Numitorius, brother of Vir.

Alk the Ducemvirs that.-Go; tell them; ginia's deceased mother; C. Sicinius, M.

Appius, Duellius, M. Pomponius, and Flaminius, Sick of their foolish lenity, requires Plebeian chiefs ; Camilla, intruited by Stern military justice in its rigour.. Virginius with the education of his c daughter; and Dora, a woman Nave be Upon this the messenger, in going out longing to Claudius.

says, afide. Here likewise are Plebeians, Lictors, Stern justice and the decimating ax!&c. and the general scene is in Rome, of Vain words, decemvir.- Military justice, which the Forum is the first particular The terror and the threats of discipline rone, and opens with a dialogue between Must now submit to military rage. Valerius and Horatius, containing their mutual complaints for the loss of liberty, And Appius concludes the tirst act with and resolution to take the first opportunity

D this soliloquy. to recover it. Upon their exit, Icilius And wilt thou leave me, fickle fortune ? and Camilla enter, wherein she discovers ftay.

(vour ; how she had been tempted by a female With a rich price I bought thy fleeting fafriend to betray Virginia to the lust of When, for a tyrant's name, my folid peace Appius, which he resolves to impart to I poorly barter'd. - This bold mutiny, Valerius and Horatius. The scene then (Curse on the legions !) this rebellious fight changes to the palace of Appius, where, is full of ruinous presage.--It threatens in a soliloquy, he declares his intention to E Tomorrow with some dreadful dire enjoy her by force, if he could not prevail event,

[day by bribery; and upon Claudius coming Then let to-morrow fear. The present in he haftily asks, what success, but is Comes furnish'd with a more delightful told that Camilla had with scorn rejected talk.all the offers that could be made; wherea Awaywith future,withto-morrowchancess upon he again declares his intention, and Love reigns co-day. Perhaps Virginia March, 1755


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March By this time waits at my tribunal. Haste, going to worship in Diana's temple ; and Hafte, Appius ; fly to seize the proffer'd Icilius coming in and asking Virginia bliss.

what the did there, she answers, that the I'm sick of pow'r : 'tis vanity, vexation. was going to implore the safeguard of Henceforth my lot (hear my petition, Jove) Diana on that evil day; on which he says, My portion henceforth be the bliss of love. I must not disapprove this pious errand.

Religion is the faireft, brightest gem A&. II. Scene, the Forum, opens with A That woman wears. Unreason'd with complaints against oppreffion by Sicinius, religion, Duellius, and Pomponius; after which She fins against the great design of nature, Appius enters, attended by Lictors, and Which form'd for this her gentle mind. being feated the tribunal, enter Then wear it, Numitorius, Claudius leading Virginia, Wear the rich jewel in thy heart for ever : and Camilla clinging to her arm : When But let me ftill conjure thee to restrain Claudius claims Virginia as the daugliter Thy boundless fears. At length the peoof one of his women Aaves, which he was

ple's rage ready to prove when required, but that in B

Is up in thy behalf, and vows revenge the mean cime poffeflion ought to be de Against the brutal tyrant. creed to him : On the other hand Numi. torius infifts, that nothing could be de

To which she answers, cided till the father was called ; and Ap

O beware pius giving his opinion, that the master's Of idle hopes. Your talk should rather be claim to possession was preferable to that To feel the tender purpose of my soul of any pretended relation, except the re With Roman fortitude; that in the last, puted father, was just going to decree the C The worst of all extremities, I may poffeffion to Claudius, when Icilius enters, Ev'n to my life prefer my virgin honour. who protects Virginia, unravels the plot to the people, and being supported by

And in the following dialogue between them, Appius is forced to put off giving

them, the thews her resolution to die ra. judgment till the father should be sent for, ther than submit to Appius, and that her provided he arrived in the afternoon,

only concern was for the grief it would for he was resolved to give judgment be

occafion to her father, to him, and to fore the sun went down; whereupon

Camilia. Upon her going into the temIcilius sends his brother, and Numitorius D ple, Valerius enters, and after some dirfends his son to call Virginius from the

course between Icilius and him about camp. The scene then changes to the spiriting the people up to a revolt, Icilius palace of Appius, and after a remorseful goes off and Horatius enters, who informs foliloquy by him, Claudius enters, who

Valerius, that their army against the Safinding him in that humour, after rallying

bines had likewise allowed themselves to him out of it, tells him that he had sent be defeated, which behaviour Valerius horsemen to way. lay Virginius and pre

extols, and says, vent his return; and Appius being thus E hence see what different effects arise confirmed in a resolution to persevere, From servitude and freedom in a state. Claudius, after his exit, concludes the The martial spirit of our countrymen act thus :

Is Itill the same :-But why should Romans,

fight ? A mixture strange, Of vice and virtue! This imperfect finner, To which Horatius answers, Sins that he may repont; and then repents, Ha! Well observ’d. Why should they fight That he may sin again.- What if he should, indeed; By such wild fits of horror seiz'd, at last F When not the glory of the commonwealth, Resign his power ? - Where then snall I

Nor strife for high renown impels their be? Gods !

swords I must take care. My very life depends

Upon the foe ; but infamy and chains
On his becoming, like myself, confirm’d Await the victors.
Against the fallies of remorse and shame.
Here wildom can perceive no middle

And Valerius replies,

Now that vi&tory He Mould be wholly good, or wholly bad. Would strengthen tyrants in their usurpaA prince like him, that either is by halves, Must loon despis'd as well as hated fall These tidings of defeat are joyful tidings. To publick scorn and rage an easy victim.

Icilius re:enters, and tells them that A& I!l. Scene the Forum, opens with his brother was returned, and that Vira dialogue besween Virginia and Camilla, ginius was upon the road, on which Va.

tion ;



10: lerius asks how it came that the messenger request of Icilius he agrees to their being bad returned before him, to which Icilius married that very day. This, Camilla, answers, that he was advised to sun the coming in, seems to disapprove, but Icilius nearest way, left snares Thould intercept inGfting, it was resolved that from the him; and then tells them that tumult tribunal Virginia should be carried to the raged among the legions in the Sabine bridal bed; whereupon Numitorius ens land, upon their having found out that ters, bids them prepare to meet the tythe brave Siccius Dentatus had not been A fant in the forum, and, all the rest retiring, killed by the enemy, as was at first report he tells Virginius, that notwithstanding ed, but basely affaffinated by ruffians his having the people on his fide, there hired by the Decemvirs, on which Hora. was cause to fear, as the soldiers of the tius says,

capitol had been ordered down, there.

fore he advises him to assemble all his

Siccius, Thy zeal for liberty, thy noble zeal

friends, which he agrees to, and conHas been the cause of this.

cludes the act as follows.

It shall be done. And Valerius answers,

B Why, Numitorius, why should I despair ? The curse of tyrants,

Rome and its gods will sure protect my The rum and essence of their misery


(thought ! Lies here :--Worth is their necessary foe ;

Should this great expectation fail,-dire And they the mortal foes of worth. Then rage shall rise in her defence. Dir

traction, After some further discourse between Necessity must do the work. This hand, these three about the intended revolt, Ho Should all else fail, Tould gods and men ratius proposes to give the signal for it C forsake me.-

(luft.directly, but Valerius answers and con This hand mall save her from the tyrant's cludes the act thus : Not 'till the father of Virginia comes.

A& V. Scene the Forum, opens with His presence and his cause will kindle rage;

Sicinius, Duellius, Pomponius, baranAnd bid commotion, like an angry flood,

guing the people to vindicate the rights Wildly surmounting obstacles, o'erwhelm

of Virginius and lcilius, on which there 'This guilt of pow'r; that infamous tribunal

is a general Mout, We will. Then enWhere, in contempt of heav'n and human D ginia. Camilla, &c. and the three first

ter Virginius, Icilius, Numitorius, Virvengeance, Oppresion laughs; where sportfultyranny,

together with Camilla, likewise harangue Mad with success, hatches lewd violation

the people; after which enters Appius, Under the name of law.--We'll meet you

Claudius, and Lictors, with armed men there ;

at a distance, when Claudius renews his Prone as occafion shall direct, Icilius,

claim, and produces Dora his nave, who To guide or mingle in the storm--Farewell.

swears she was mother of Virginia, and

that the fold her when juft born to Nu. AA. IV. Scene, the house of Numitorius, E micoria who was barren; but an objection opens with the following soliloquy by being made to the evidence of a Nave, Icilius,

Appius himself appears as a witness, and Two rival passions in my bosom burn :

declares that his client, the father of For Rome the first.-This early from my

Claudius had often told him, that his childhood,

Nave Dora had fold her infant to a freeShot deep its sparks into my nature-This

man's wife, whereupon he decrees VirReigns, as a queen; juftly fupreme o'er

ginia to belong to Claudius, and orders all.

him to seize her, but Virginius interposes The second is a fierce and gen'rous flame, F and threatens Claudius. Upon this ApWhich beauty kindled; which esteem in pius orders the soldiers to advance, and creases,

the mob as well as the friends of Virginius And liope now feeds with extasy. She being all unarmed desert him, but Icilius,

whoran only to spirit the people up to return

armed, and Numitorius to call Valerius Then enters Virginia, and in a dialogue and Horatius. However, Virginius thinkbetween them he presses her to consent to ing himself entirely deserted, and finding bave that very day made their wedding it impossible to come at Appius so guarded, day, which she at last agrees to, pro-Gor that the tears and intreaties of Camilla vided her father approved ; on which made any impreffion upon him, he begs her father enters, who thews a violent leave to speak to Virginia apart, with resentment againft Appius, and after de only her friend Camilla, which being claring the love he had for her mother of granted, he leads them to a corner of the whom she was a perfect image, at the




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March ftage, and after a great struggle within

I am beyond your reach.. himself, he orders Camilla to retire a little The fatal work is done ;-not meanly left and insinuates to Virginia, that death was To low Plebeians.-Furies ! Horror! now the only way to save her honour, on hell ! which she says,

I'm tortur'd !--rack'd !
Can there be room for hefitation here? After which he adds,
Not for myself I feel. I feel for you ;

The fin of blood,
For lov'd Icilius, and for lov’d Camilla. A More heavy than the iron hand of death,
And upon his delaying, she defires him

Sits on my soul.-Would but my being end to make hafte, on which he stabs her,

With this vain life ;--- then it were well ;

but oh! and after uttering what follows the dies :

Have mercy, heav'n.
From a father's hand
Welcome eternal freedom; welcome death, Soon after which he expires, and Icilius
Which saves me from dishonour.--Bept of

now threatning to kill himself, Virginius

[now- says. Death presles on me fast.--Farewel!- and

B True fortitude, my son, confists in bearing Farewel!-Oh! my belov’d-(to speak

The lot of our adversities, like men ; thy name

[Dies. Is the last office of my tongue)-- Icilius.

Like creatures subject to the will of heav'n.

Whereupon Valerius, Horatius and Upon this Appius orders the Lictors to

Numitorius enter; and upon Valerius's seize Virginius; but he with the dagger in his hand makes his way thro' them, pre.

saying that they owed this mighty revo

lution to Virginius, but how should they sently after which Appius hearing a general thout and seeing Icilius with the whole C Yes, as a father, I must ever mourn :

comfort an unhappy father, he answers, people at his heels advancing, concludes he was ruined, and resolves to put an end

But as a Roman, I rejoice, Valerius, to his own life. The scene then changes

In this ;-that it has pleas'd the gods to

make to the palace of Appius, where in a soliloquy, and in the utmost perturbation,

My private loss, my grief, and my revenge, he expresses himself thus.

The cause of publick benefit to Rome. 'Tis done. I've swallow'd death's aveng

I lov'd my daughter much : But ftill I love ing potion :

My country more.
And yet I cannot get her from my thoughts. D Soon after which he concludes the play
Her mangled image rises to my view,

thus :
Where'er I go.--Plainly my troubled fancy Vile weapon, hence-Give me my spear
Now fees the dreadful act repeated ; sees and thield.

[Æqui, The weapon lifted in his hand.- Earth, Now the proud Sabines, the presumptuous

beav'n, Are struck with horror.-Hold, Virginius;

Shall quickly feel, from our resistless rage,

That bondage is no more ;—that Appius, Nature will ficken at the wound. She

The foe to liberty, no longer breathes.

(me.- E Learn hence what dreadful woes on vice And now the vengeful dagger points at

attend : Who, who would bear such agony -'Tis

Remorse, foul Mame, and a disastrous end. The poison has begun to work at length.

Strong proofs of this abound in every age,

Be such the tragic lessons of the stage
A mortal chillness reizes me all o'er. And be the muse's facred moral, this :-
Now life forsakes me faft.-On the bare

The paths of virtue are the paths of bliss.-
Fall proftrate, Appius.-With thy native
Halte, wretched man to mingle.- What is

A curious Method for replenishing a CANAL

or Pond with several sorts of Fish.
The better part of Appius Claudius

MOWARDS the end of April or begin-
Dy'd long ago: For, when my virtue dy'd,
I truely ceas'd to live. [Sbours.] Virginius!

the willow trees which grow upon the Icilius too !-Why doit thou linger, poi

fide of some river or piece of water, son ?

and which is full of fibres ; shake the O for a dagger to dispatch me.-Burst

G earth well away from it, then tie it to a Earth to thy center; hide me from the face

stake, and fix it in a river or pond well Ol injur'd men.

provided with such forts of fim as you

desire to have : The filh will gather about
And upon Virginius, Icilius, &c. coming
in to take vengeance on him, he says,

the root, cling to it, and deposit their
(pawn or eggs, which will remain en.

falls ;


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