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JA NU A RY, 1755.

his son Richard at a school under an able An Extract from the Memoirs of obe Life master of his own principles, where our

and Wrisings of sbat Learned Pbyficiun, young gentleman made so quick a prothe late Dri R. MEAD, prefixed to a ficiency, that at 17 years of age he was Work of lis, jul published in English, in fent to Utrecht, to be further instructed tirlet, Medica Sacra; or, a Commentary in liberal knowledge, by the celebrated on the most remarkable Diseases men Grævius, with whom he continued thrce tioned in the HOLY SCRIPTURES.

A years. After this he removed to Leyden, UR learned and ce where he attended Dr. Herman's botani. lebrated physici cal lectures, and was initiated into the an was descended theory and practice of phyfick, by the

from a distinguish eminent Dr. Pitcairn, then profefior of O

ed family in Buck phyfick in that university, who foon diringhamthire, and covered our young nudent's assiduity and born at Stepney, natural capacity, which commenced a August 2, 1673. friendihip and correspondence between His father, Mr. B them, that lasted during their joint lives.

Matthew Mead, From thence he travelled into Italy, was held in great esteem as a divine a. and as he passed through Padua, he, on mong the presbyterians, and was polo August 27, 1695, took the degree of sessed, during their usurped power, of the doctor in philosophy and medicine in living of Stepney ; from whence he was that university, after which he visited ejected the second year after the restora Rome, Naples, &c. with much greater tion of king Charles II. Nevertheless, advantage than our travellers usually do; tho' he had filteen children, of whom c and returning liome about the middle of our Richard was the seventh, he found the year 1696, he settled at Steprey, means with a moderate fortune, to give where, tho' but 23 years of age, he prethem a compleat education. To this sently came into great repute by lois sucpurpose he kept a tutor in his house to

cess in practice. instruct them, and they were taught In 1702, our young doctor exhibited Latin rather by pra&tice than by rules. to the publick, a manifeft evidence of

In 1683, Mr. Mead, (the father) was his capacity for, as well as application accused of being concerned in fome de to medical researches, in his teatise in Ligns against the court, and knowing that D titled, A mechanical account of pijons; an at such a time he could not rely upon abftract of which was thouglie de erving his innocence, he chose for his security a place in the Philosophical Transactions, a retreat to Holland ; having first placed No. 283, for January and February, 1703.

January, 1755


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4 The Life and WRITINGS of Dr. ME A D. Jan. In 1708, he published a second edition 1722, and a ninth with several additions with fome additions

i and 1747, a third with many additions and alterations, hy In 1723, the doctor was appointed by some of which he was ingenious enough the College of Physicians to make and to confers and to correct fome errors lie speak the anniversary Harveian oration had committed in the former editions. betore them, in which he took occasion

In 1703, he communicated to the to wipe of the ohloquy thrown upon the Royal Society a letter published in Italy A proseifion of płynick, by pretendin; that in 1687, (a copy of which he met with none bur fiave, or freedmea were of that in the course of his travels) from Dr. profellion among the old Romans; and Bonomo to reigror Redi, concerning the as this oration, which was published in worms in human bodies, and for proving 1724, with a differtation annexed, upon that from thence proceeds the distale we femne ceins truck by the Snymalns, in call the itch ; soon aster which he was honour of pöywians, was Saitly atchosen a member of that Itarned body, tacked by Dr. Conyers Miduleton, it proand the same year he was elected one of duced a liierary controversy, between one the physicians of St. Thomas's hospital; B of the doctor's friends and that learned and also the same year he was employed by gentleman ; and it was thought that the the surgeons company to read anatomical doctor himlelt intended to have further lectures at their hall, which he continued cleared up this point in a work which to do for some years.

he left unfined, designed to have been In 1704, appeared his treatise de imperis intitled, Mcdicina vetus colleEritia ex aucfolis et lunce in corpora humana, et morbis tcribus antiquis non medicis. inde oriundis, of which he gave a new Soon after his present majesty's acedition in 1748, with many additions c cession in 1927, the doctor was appoint. and improvements; and being thus dir ed one of the royal physicians, having had tinguilhed for learning as well as practice, the honour to serve his majesty, whilst his Paduan diploma for doctor of phyfick prince of Wales, in that ftation; and was, in 1707, confirmed by the university thio' towards his latter end he in a of Oxford.

great measure retired from practice, yet In 1708, he first introduced the practice he fill continued his application, even of opening the body with a gentle purge up in the decline of lie, to the improvement on the decline of any malignant sort of of physick, and the benefit of mankind; small pox, which practice was approved of D for he then had time to perfea his Dif and supported by Dr. Freind and others, cCurse on the fn:all pox and measles, which he but tho' now become general, was at first published in 1743, with a Latin transiativiolently opposed by several phyficians, on annexed,ficm the Arabick of Rhazes's particularly Dr. Woodward.

treatise on the finall-pox and mealles, As our young docor, roon after his a copy of the original having before been first appearance became a favourite of' obtained by him from the celebrated Dr. Dr. Radcliff's, in 1714, upon the death Boerhaave, with whom he had long of that famous physician, he succeeded E entertained an intimate correspondence. him in his house, and the greater part The year 1749, likewise furnithed us of his practice, having for some years be. with two new productions of the doctor's, fore, refided in Austin Friars, after quit a tranNation of one of which is annexed ting Stepney.

to these memoiis, and the other is inIn 1716, he was elected fellow of the

titled, A discourse on the scuray, affixed to College of Physicians, and ferved all the Mr. Sutton's 2d edition of his Merbod for cffices of that body, except that of pre extracting ibe for air out of jhips. And in fident, which he declined when offered 1751, he publithed his Monità et præcepta to him in 1744 ; and in 1719, when an


medica, which fewed, that length of epidemick fever was making great ra years had not in the least impaired his vages at Marseilles in France, lie was intellectual faculties. But from this time consulted by order of the lords junices he grew daily more rentible of the infra of this kingdom, in the absence of his mities of old age ; and with the utmost late majesty, to know, whether it was tranquillity and resignation, quietly funk contagious, and what were the most pro into the arms of death on February 16, per methods for preventing its being 1754 communicated to us, or for putting a G Although the do&or was himself, from stop to its progress, in c.zse it nould; on his education, a zealous whig, yet he which occasion he published lis Dijccurse rever allowed party principles to influence or the Plugue, of which no less than seven his attachments, being convinced, as impresions were sold off in one year; all men of sense are, that a man miche an eghin, with an additional preiace in be a man of great capacity and true worth,

Produce of the PUBLICK Revenue.

5 notwithstanding his differing from him the magnificence of a prince, with the in rome points of religion or politicks ; pleasures of the wise ; nor was his pria therefore there fubfifted always an intimate vate generofity ever wanting to any learnfriendfhip between him and Dr. Garth, ed or ingenious man in di&ress; nor his . Dr. Arbuthnot, and Dr. Freind; for intereft, diligence, or purse, to the prothe last of whom he hecame bail, in or moting of any useful or literary under der to procure his enlargement from the taking. Tower, where he had been committed A Thus his reputation became general in 1723, on fufpicion of being concerned not only in this kingdom but throughout with bishop Atterbury in some pra&tices Europe, an instance of which was, in against the government.

the king of the Two Sicilies sending him In consequence of the same good sense, the two first volumes of M. Barjurdi's acthe deserving in all arts and sciences, count of the antiquities found in Hercu. without regard to their religious or po laneum, with the additional compliment litical principles, had not only free ac of asking him in return, only a compleat cess to him, but always found a wel. collection of his works, and with an in

B come reception at his table, where might be vitation to visit that newly discovered fub. daily seen together the naturalist, the anti terraneous city. quarian, the mathematician, and the me In short, his character abroad was so chanick, with all of whoin he was capa well known and established, that a fo. ble of converfing in their respective terms; reigner of any taste, would have thought and as his income from his practice was it a reproach, to have been in England extensive, his generosity was equal, so without fesing Dr. Mead. that here his guests saw always united



of all our taxes, which excited my curiosity to enquire particularly into that matter; and having for my own satisfaction drawn out an account of it, I have sent you a copy of it, as you may, perhaps, think it worthy of a place in your Magazine. in drawing up this account, I have omitted every fraction as not worth our notice, except when it amounted to very near an integer, and then I stated it as such. I do not know that I have committed any error, but if I have, I hope some of your readers. will correct it, without imputing it to any design in him, who is January 15, 1755.

Yours, &c. The annual Produce of tbe present publick Revenue, calculated

from the last State of tbe National Debt, and Account of tbe Sinking Fund, delivered into Parliament, EXCHEQUE R. Principal Money. Annu. or annual Produccor

f · Aving the remainder of the original fum contributed and unsubscribed to the South-Sea company, which annuities were purchased at the rate of 163 or 170l. for every 141. annuiry, but I have computed the whole at 141. ann. for every 1701. 1836275

151223 2. Ditto for lives, with the benefit of survivorship, being the original fum contri. buted, which were purchased at the rate of 100l. for every 71. annuity


7567 3. Ditto for two or three lives, being the fum remaining after what is fallen in by deaths, which were purchased at the rate of 121. per cent. for two lives, and rol, per cent. for three lives, but I have com. puted the whole at the rate of a little more than eil. per cent.


10000 4. As the duties on salt were wholly appropriated to the paying off the princi, pal as well as the interest of the money borrowed upon them, and consequently no surplus could from chenve accrue to the

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II 2000


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per cent.

Produce of the PUBLICK REVENUE. Jan.

Principal Money. Anur. or annual Produce.
finking fund, therefore I have here stated 7.
what is usually computed to be their nett
annual produce, viz.

185595 5. Exchequer bills made out for interest of old bills, at 31 per cent. interest

66 6. The land-tax by the act of last year

3018949 7. Malt-tax by the act of last year

750000 EAST-INDIA Company. 8. By two acts of parliament 9 Will. IIT. and two other acts 6 and 9 of Anne, at 3 per cent.

3200000 9. Annuities at 31. per cent. 1744, charged on the surplus of the additional duties on low wines, &c.

30000 BANK OF ENGLAND. 10. On their original fund, at 31. per cent. from Aug. 1, 1743, with 4ocol. per ann, for management

3200000 For cancelling Exchequer bills 3 Geo. I. at 31. per cent.


15000 12. Purchased of the South-Sea com. pany, and now carrying an intereft at 3 i


140000 13. Exchequer bills charged on the du. ties on sweets, 1737, at 31. per cent.


14983 14. Annuities at 3 \ per cent. on the duties on coals fince Lady-Day, 1719 1750000

61250 15. Ditto charged on the surplus of the funds for lottery, 1714


43750 16. Ditto at 3 i per cent. charged on duties on licenses for retailing spirituous liquors fince Lady-Day, 1746


34538 17. Ditto at 31. per cent. charged on the finking fund, 25 Geo. II. and management, as appears from the 8th article of the Exchequer fide of the finking fund account


276391 18. Ditto at 3 per cent. charged on ditto, by ditto, and management


624664 19. Exchequer bills, at 31. per cent. 1952, charged on ditto, per article IX. ditto


27484 20. Annuities at gs. per ticket to lottery fubscribers, 1745

22500 21. Ditto at 18s. per ticket to lottery subscribers, 1746

45000 SOUTH-SEA Company. 22. On their capital stock and annuities, at 3 į per cent. and Scol. per million for management


895886 23. Annuities at 31. per cent. 1751, charged on the finking fund and management, per article 6th of the Exchequer fide of the sinking fund account

2 ICO000

64181 24. When the Bank purchased of the South-Sea company, the 4,000,000l. abovementioned, they probably had aligned to them a proportional share of that company's allowance for management, which is 3200l. per ann. And if the Bank be allowed for management upon the 14th, a5th, and 16th articles of this account, in proportion to what they are allowed upon the 17th, it amounts to 12031, which two fums added together make


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35. The


1755 A new Art of RHETORICK.

Principal Mcrey. Annu. or annual Produce, 25. The coinage duty to be made up an

£ nually to

15000 26. Allowed yearly for the Meriff's by 3 Geo. I. chap. 8.

4000 27. Now as all these articles, except the 4th, 6th, and 7th, are to be satisfied yearly, together with whatever belongs to the civil litt, before any surplus can be carried to the linking fund, it is evident, that the taxes appropriated for this purpose must produce so much nett yearly; and as they produce yearly a very large surplus, now called the linking fund, therefore we must add this sinking fund, which by last year's account, after all deductions, amounted to

1536114 28. To all which we must add the civil lift revenue, amounting yearly to at least


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Total nett amount of our present taxes

But besides this, there is raised upon the people yearly, a very large sum for de. fraying the expence of collecting and managing the taxes. This expence cannot be exactly calculated, because when an account of the gross and nett produce of any tax is laid before parliament, there is never a distinction made between what is applied towards the payment of drawbacks and bounties, and what goes towards the expence of collection and management. But upon all our taxes, except the land and malt, this expence is usually supposed to amount to 25. in the pound of their nett produce, and consequently must amount to the yearly sum of


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From the WORLD, Jan. 9. elegant, and never used by any author

of credit, you confound him by telling Mr. FITZ.ADAM,

him it is in Aristophanes ; and you need S all sorts of persons are at this pre not discover that it is in the mouth of a A

fent juncture desirous of becoming bird, a frog, or a Scythian who talks speakers, I Thall submit my plan to your broken Greek. inspection, which will new you that To explain my argumentum ad ignoe I teach rather how to handle antagonists A rantiam, let us suppose a person speak. than arguments.

ing with diffidence of some transI distinguish what kind of man to cut action on the continent : You may ask with a syllogism, and whom to overwhelm him with a (neer, Pray, Sir, were you with the forites ; whom to ensnare with ever abroad? If he has related a fact the crocodile, and whom to hamper in from one of our American islands, you the horns of the delemma. Against the affert he can know nothing of the affairs pert, young, bold affertor, I direct the of that isand, for you were born there ; argumentum ad verecundiam. If, for in and to prove his ignorance, ask him what stance, a forward talker should advance B

latitude it is in, that such an ancient poet is dull, you In loquacious crowds, you will have put him at one to filence and shame, much more frequent occasions for ufing by faying that Aristotle has commended my argumentum ad hominem ; and the mihim. If the dispute be about a Greek rute particulars into which men are led word, and he pronounces it to be in


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