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56 DescRIPTION of RADNORSHIRE. Feb. Thores, composing altogether a greater and it is much frequented and well in. variety of harmony than Hogarth's ima habited. The market is weekly, on Sa. gination hati brought together in that turday, and is particularly famous for the print of his, which is enough to make a great quantities of malt which are brought man deaf to look at; I had a more ur to it.

It is diftant from London 116 gent cause to press our departure, which computed, and 148 measured miles. was, that the diopsy, for which I had 3. Knighton, 4 miles distant from undergone three tappings, seemed to A Prefteign, seated in a valley, on a riling threaten me with a fourth discharge be ground upon the river Teme, over which fore I Mould reach Lisbon, and when I it has a good bridge. It is a well built Tould have no body on board capable of town, very much resorted to, and the performing the operation ; but I was ob. inhabitants enjoy a considerable trade. liged to hearken to the voice of reason, if The market, which is held on Tuesdays, I may use the captain's own words, and is well forved with cattle, corn, provisi.) to rest myself contented. Indeed there ons, iron ware, hops, &c. &c. The was no alernative within my reach, but remains of part of Offa's Dyke tie near what would have coit me much too dear.” B it, which that Mercian prince threw up,

with prodigious labour and industry, as A DESCRIPTION OF RADNORSHIRE,

a boundary between his subjells and the wirh a Correet Map.

Britons, from the mouth of the Dee 10 ADNORSHIRE, a county of South the Wye, for near 100 miles. It is diftant

from London 114 computed, and 147 on the eart, by Brecknockshire on the measured miles. south and west, and Montgomeryshire on 4. Rhaiadargwy, a small town, with the north. Its shape is triangular and ex. c an incontiderable market ftuated on the tent, from east to weit, 24 miles, and river Wye ; remarkable for a large wil. from north to fouth, about 22 miles, and derness in its neighbourhood, made dreadis go miles in circumference. It is in ful by many crooked ways and towering the diocese of St. David's, and contains mountains, to which Vortigern retired about 310000 acres, 3200 houses, and after his repenting the invitation of the about 20,000 inhabitants. It has 52 pa Englil Saxons and the incestuous mara rish churches, and 4 market towns, and riage of his own daughter. Near it are sends two members to pariiament, one for many surprizing cairns or burial places the county (see deaths) and one for the D of the dead, perhaps malefactors, on town, who is in the preient parliament, whom thore vaft heaps of stones might Thomas Lewis, Esq; Its air is very sharp have been cast; tho', before christianity and piercing, and heing very mountainous was planted, men of the best quality, it is unft for corn ; the soil is hungry, seem to have had such funeral piles. but not barren, and as it is very well - The river Wye crolles the west angle watered and abounds in grass, is fit for of this county, and the rocks some what cattle, of which many are bied here. abating iis rapid course, it suddenly falis The market towns are,

E over a deep precipice. The castle Rhai3. Radnor, or New Radnor, which adar, of which ihere are no veftiges, stand, near the spring head of the river stood near this cataract ; but there le. Somergil, in a valley called the forest mains a deep tiench, cut out of a hard of Radnor, which is very fruiiful and and folid rock, on one side of what is which feeds abundance of sheep. It is fupposed to have been the callle-yard. a very ancient torough town and its juris. This county was part of the ancient di&tion reaches 10 or 12 miles about. It marches of Wales, a district between that is governed by a bailiff and 25 burgelis,

principality and England, for the governand keeps a court of plea for all aèi ng F mene of which, and repressing inculenwithout limitation of the sum, It was cies on either fide, certain powerful men, formerly defended with a wall and castle, whose lands lay nearest to those tracts, which are now gone to decay, and the were called lords marchers, who had great market which was held weekly, on? hurr. power and jurisdiction in their several day, is now quite difused. It is distant distries. The title of earl of ma'ch, or from London is computed, and 150 of the marches, was first conferred on the meafired miles, and gives title of eart to Mortimers of Wigmore, and in Augut the noble family of Robartes. 2. Niesteign, the handsoment and best

G 1675, was bestowed, by king Charles

the Second, on the illustrious family of built town in the county is situated in Lenos, being now enjoyed by the reprea pleasant vale, on the river Lug; the fentative of that family his present grace adizes are bacid and county goal kept there, the duke of Richmond.

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57 1755. JOURNAL of the PROCEEDINGS and DEBATES in the POLITICAL CLUB, continued from p. 17.

when any act of military power is In the Debate begun in your last, the next exercised' by virtue of prerogative

that spoke was A. Bæculonius, only, we are to judge of the objecwbase Speech was in Substance thus. tion after the power has been ex

ercised; whereas, in the other case, Mr. President,

we must judge of the objection at SIR,

A the time of granting the power ; S there is no gentleman for after the power has been once whole opinion in any quer granted by act of parliament, it

tion relating to our laws is too late to say, that there was no or constitution, I have a greater re necessity for the exercise of such a liance upon, than that of the Hon.

power, or for exercising it in such and learned gentleman who spoke a manner; and every one, I believe, laft, he has turnished me with an B will allow, that necessity is the only argument against the bill now under good plea for every fort of military consideration, which I think alto power, either at the time it is to be gether unanfwerable. If his majetty granted, or at the time it is to be can, by his prerogative, exercise mar exercised; but such is the weakness cial law in any place beyond sea of human foresight that this plea where he has occalion to keep an can never be so clearly judged of army, or any number of troops, or at the time of granting, as it may if he can impower the East India be after the power has been exercompany to do so, what necessity is

cised. And as we can so little forethere for our pafing an act for that see what necessity there may be for purpose? On the contrary, Sir, I

any inilitary power propoled to be think, we should never pais any act

granted, or what effect it may have for that purpose, becaute if martial when granted, we should be the law is at any time, or in any place; p more cautious of granting any milito be exerciled, it is better, and

tary power by such a bill as this now much fafer, boch with regard to our

before us, which seems to be deconftitution, and with regard to those figned as a perpetual law, or at least subject to it, that it thould reft lingly

to endure as long as we shall have upon the authority of prerogative,

an Eaft-India company. than upon the authority of an zet

I shall grant, Sir, that in the Roof parliament ; for those entrusted g man republick, whilt they had any eitablished by virtue of a prerogative

army in the field, the general of that

army had a mof abfolute ard arbionly, will always act with more cau

trary power; and the instances which tion, than when the power is eft::

the learned gentleman was pleased blished by virtue of an act of the whole legislature ; and the objection

to mention, must thew how dange

rous it is to grant such a power to against every fort of military power, F any one man ; but whilft that reis, left it înould be fo exercised as to

publick continued in full vigour, no
one of their armies continued long
in the field, and, the moment they

returned to the city, they became free
Sir, and the great difference is, that
a very material objection, from every sort of railitary power.

Their diftant conquells, indeed, ob-

liged them at last to keep armies on


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with the execution, of any power

become of dangerous consequence to our constitution, or oppreilive upon those that are subjected to it. This

is always

February, 1755

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