Imágenes de páginas



For DECEMBER, 1755

dicular image or figure of seven principat A new Method for determining ebe Value of different colours, the lowest of which PRECIOUS STONES.

will be red, the second orange, the third N the laft volume of the yellow, the fourth green, the fifth blue, Philosophical Transac che fixth indigo, and the seventh a violet

tions of the Royal Aca. purple. If this image be divided length. I

demy lately published at wise into 360 equal parts, it has been Paris, there is a differ. A found, that the red mall take up 45 of tation by Monf. Dau them, the orange 27, the yellow 48, the benton upon precious green 60, the blue 60, the indigo 40,

fones, and the most and the violet 80; and if all these rays or certain method of determining the value colours be mixed together, according to of them. This learned gentleman have this proportion, they produce that colour ing studied the subject as philosopher, which we call white, but a little inclining begins with Jaying it down as a maxim, to yellow. But it is to be observed, that that neither the hardness, nor the polish,' between these principal colours there are nor the specifick gravity, nor in thort B intermediate colours which partake fomeany one property of precious stones, does thing of the inferior and superior, in prowith so much certainty point out their portion as they are nearer to the one or value, as that of their colour. But, says the other ; and that at the upper and . he, besides its being extremely difficult, lower end of the speculum there is a especially in those stones which are a lica mixture of red and violet. tle transparent, to discover the different Now in precious stones there is to be mades of colour, how hall we express found a resemblance not only of these those shades, how thall we describe them c feven principal colours, but of many of in such a manner as to be understood by the intermediate colours. For example, others. For this purpose he has invented the red appears in the spinal ruby, the a moft ingenious expedient, by means of orange in the hyacinth, the yellow in the what they call the føtar fpeculum, that is topaz, the green in the emerald, the blue to say, the image which is formed by a and the indigo in the saphire, and the vio. : ray of the run after it has passed thro', or let in the amethift. The balais ruby is of been refracted by a glass prism; which a red colour mixed with orange, and that is a longish rohd piece of glass of three hyacinth which, for its beauty, the French equal fides and three equal angles; and D call labelle, is of that mixture which is to the way to have the solar (peculum form be found in the speculum between the red ed, is thus : Let a room be darkened, and orange. In short, there are precious and the fun permitted to thine into it ftones, such as the oriental ruby, wliere thro' a small hole in the window-thutter. there is such a mixture of red and violet Then let the prism be ro placed as that as appear at the upper and lower end of the ray of the ma which enters at the the speculum. hole may pass thro' two kides of the prism, This being the case, Mons. Daubenton by which means the particles of light of has contrived to join two prisms together, which that ray is composed will suffer e and the speculum or image thereby formdifferent degrees of refraction, and be ed, whore middle is of a blue colour thereby divided into their different kinds ; mixed with red, he has divided into a and if a sheet of clean paper be placed at great many equal parts or degrees. Then a convenient distance so as that all the he places in a little plate a piece of cryftal rays so refra&ted may fall upon it, they by the fide of any precious stone whore will form upon the paper a long perpen precise colour he has a mind to deterDecember, 1755.

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556 Cure for the PALPITATION of the HEART. • Dec, mine, so as that he may move it higher tea in a morning, his usual breakfast, and or lower, nearer or further off from the wholly laying aside this useless and highly prism, until it receives those rays which pernicious exotick, recovered a found give it a colour precisely the same with and good state of health. that of the precious fone placed by its The world is not aware, Sir, of the fide. By this means a person in the East great mischief this Eastern drug does to Indies may communicate to his corres English conftitutions, being as bad and pondent at Paris, the exact colour of any A as destructive as gin. Our common peoprecious stone he pleases, by telling him ple are greatly hurt by their immoderate at what degree of the speculum the crystal use of it ; nor will they be at all per. ought to be placed, in order to have a suaded, that it is in the least hurtful; faithful representation of the colour of but I look upon bohea tea as a flow poithat jewel; from whence he may judge son ; nothing weakens, relaxes, or fouls not only what sort of stone it is, but the stomach like it, or enervates more. what it may be sold for at Paris,

In short, it enfeebles Gature, and the As this is a very ingenious invention, whole habit, and destroys, yes, kills its we thought it would be amusing to all,

B thousands. and might be useful to such of our readers I have lately met with more patients, ás have occasion to deal in jewels ;. and in the course of my pra&ice, whole fad as most inventions are, we hope, this complaints have proceeded entirely from will be improved by some of our excel the use of bohea tea, than in 20 or 30 lent mechanicks.

years before ; particularly among the fair

sex, complaints of lowners of spirits, ward To the AUTHOR of the LONDON

of appetite, ever complaining, and never MAGAZINE.

C well; head ach, and highly hysterical, SIR,

little or no deep, and even violent conN compaffion to the sufferings of my vullion fils, which neither yield nor give

fellow-creatures, and in answer to the way to any known remedies ;.. but by Jetter signed L. M. in your Magazine of leaving off the use of bohea tea they foon Jast monch (p. 534.) in relation to that, grew well, without the medical ari, and dangerous and troublesome disorder, the have acquired thereby a lively, sprightly, palpitation of the heart, I beg leave to and healthy constitution. give you the trouble of this.

Many of my friends, and patients, as Studious and sedentary men, Sir, are D well as myself, dare not meddle with'his very subject to this sad and melancholy hydra. If I drink bohea tea in a morn-> complaint, and a strange, gloomy, .de ing for my breakfast, I Mall furely rue sponding terror of mind is apt to accom for it at night ; for as soon as I lay my pany it ; for the most part, the lives of head upon my pillow, and endeavour to there affiliated miserables are altogether compose myself to rest, a violent palpitacomfortless, their feep (if any) affording tion of the heart comes on, and Neep fies them little or no refreshment ; yes, life's from me, but by wholly laying aside the a fore burden, ever giving way to the E use of bohea tea, as well as green, I am distress of foul perpetually atiending these altogether free from the palpitation of the much to be lamented sufferers. How. heart : Nor could I lie in bed on either ever, I hope L. M. may potībly receive side, but wholly on my back, when thus fome benefit from a long experience in afflicted. this matter, if he'll but be so good to Your friend L. M. will do well to do himself as to follow the advice laid down, the same, and substitute a haif pint of for him. But I will first give a few in ground-ivy tea every morning for his ftances in point.

breakfast, adding there!o two or three , I knew a gentleman labouring under F teaspoonfuls of Dr. Quincy's nomachick the above complaint effectually cured, bitrer cincture, and a large fpoonful of only by the use of the cold--bath for some common treacle, and a little grated nuttime, who continued free from the disor meg, which will be apt to keep his body der, and all complaints of this nature, open, to his great advantage. Let his for more chan 20 years afterwards, even dinner be young, light, animal food, to the day of his death.

drinking a glass of freth Pyrmont water, I knew another gentleman (a clergy warmed with a little good old Port wine ; man) in this deplorable case, who, if any G and a few glatles of the same wine may person but knocked at his door, would not be amits after dinner. His supper fall into a trembling, and be almost eariy at night, a good dish of house-foail. frightened out of his series ; wiro (after broth, adding an onion, a few grains of a fix months regular course of medicine,

and a handful of pearl under the care of two very eminent phy barley, at ducretion : In the boiling of sicians, and their aclyice proving fruitlety) it, first cleaning the snails with common by only itaving vfi' the drinking of bonea


whole peppe


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557 By these means L. M. may very possibly county for laying up the arms, regimens receive fome benefit, not a little, i hope : tals, and ammunition of these troops. And the hearing of the success thro' the 6. Let the men and horses be called out canal of your most useful Magazine, will and disciplined for one month in the amply reward, SIR,

fpring, before hay time, and while out, Your constant reader,

let them and their officers receive the and very humble servant, fame pay as the regular troops : At othec Dec. 13, 1755

G. B. A

times, let the men apply to their respec

tive employments, only allowing them Portfcript. This methad must be con two.pence a day when at home. tinued for some time : If he dillikes Port

7. Let the horses be employed in hura wine, let him make use of good old

bandry when not wanted, only under the mountain wine. Tar water is no mean

infpc&tion of some of the subaltern officers, remedy in this case. Frequent sober and

8. Let a proper number attend in their

course for a fortnight or month, as a gentle riding on horseback is likewise to be recommended to Mr. L. M. in fresh

guard for the storehouses, and to perfect country air, &c. Let him know also, that B themselves in their exercices,

9, Let the forces of six or eight coun. temperance is the grand rule of life, in all climates whatsoever.

ties once in four years be encamped, and

reviewed by some field-officer. Proposal for a well disciplined Militia.

All publick schemes are attended with

their difficulties and imperfections, and Sour neighbourhood to France, and doubeless this would have its share ; but A

the increase of their naval power, yet till a better is proposed, this is renecessarily exposes us to the danger of commended to the confideration of the invations, and as notwithstanding the publick ; and it is much to be wished, present superiority of our naval force, that foine scheme of this fort were carried those yery winds that would favour a into execution, as under God, it would descent of the French, would lock up become a great addition to our national our own fleets, in our own harbours ; fecurity, for then a number of well dir. and as the landing of 20'or 30,000 French ciplined troops, might, in a few days, in any part of the country, might occafion be affembled in great numbers in any great defolation and confusion before they part of the kingdom, and being joined: could be checked or defeated, it is certain, D with the regular itanding forces, would that a well regulated national militia muft' be able to make head against any body be of fingulari advantage, our standing of foreign troops' that might be landed. foroes being too small a body for national' upon us.---- And a militia' thus regularly. defence, in case of separate attacks or diiciplined and kept up, would to all. descents by our enemies in different places the purpofes of national defence, become at the same time. It is therefore pro. equal to the same number of ftanding posed, that our ftanding forces be kept up forces And the behaviour of the duke as at present, at least to the number of g of Kinglion's new raised horse, at the 20,000'; and that a militia be raifed cona: battle of Colloden, is, a plain proof of: confifting of 150,000 effective men, alo the great ufe these troops' might be of, ways disciplined and ready to be incor. in cafe of the same emergency. porated with the standing troops, and to? * And fure no free born Briton or Prom be marched to any part of Great Britain teftant would be so stupidly selfish and as his majesty shall direct; and for this incontiderare, as to grudge the addipurpore,

tional expence which must necessarily - 1. Let each county furnish a number attend this scheme, when it is for the de of men proportioned to its fize, and pro- Forence of his religion, his libérty, his provide them with arms, cloaths, horses, perty, nay, every thing which a wife and pay, out of the county rates, in time man can efteem sacred and dear, of peace; but when called out to war, Harborough,

BRITANNICUS by reason of invasions or rebellions, let them be paid by the king out of the ans : nual grants of parliament.

· The Esta'y WRITÉRS: A Dream, 2. Let each regiment bear thie' name of From the CRAFTSMA N, Dec. 13. its own county

G 3• Let the crown appoint the officers as at present.

self in the court of Apollo, where 4. Let the men be voluntiers, inlifted there was then held a kind of quarter-lef. by the officers, and when called out to fions, at which, every essay-writer was. doty, let them be subject to martial law obliged to take out a licence, or to have in the fame manner as the regular troops. his old one renewed. When the business s. Let storehouses be provided in every


Dec. 5, 1755.

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Dec, began, Steele took the chair, though he and hegged leave to present to them an would fain have put Addison into it, but effay-writer, whom he was pleased to notwithstanding that great genius mo call his particular favourite, This person destly declined it, it was plain to every

was Mr. Town; who was received with body, that Steele was directed by him in the applauses of the whole court, and all his determinations. These matters Steele himself rose from the chair, and were liardly adjusted, when a late eminent congratulated him on his success. He wit came up, and boldly laid claim to the A was immediately granted a licence for chair, in his double capacity of Covent continuing his papers, under the title of Garden Justice and journalist. But Steele The Connoilleur ; atter which he prefoon convinced him, that whatever right sented to the court the collecion of his he might have to it as a magistrate, he Essays, lately publithed in two volumes, could not be allowed even a seat upon the 12mo, for which he received the thanks bench in the Court of Efrays; but at the of the court, and they were ordered to fame time was pleased to tell him, thac lie upon the table with the Spectators, every one would yield the chair to him, Tatlers, and Guardians. I now thought when Cause or Novels came to be heard.

B that I was myself called upon to make This author then made way with some in my appearance, but the dread I was undignation, for a person who called him. der had fuch an effect upon my spirits, Felf The Inspector. The court had been

that I know nor whether I was moft often pestered with pesisions from this wri glad or sorry to find myself awake.

ter, but though they absolutely refused to renew his licence to appear daily, they

We bope the following urbappy Cafe will be agreed to convive at his publication once

inftrumental in purring a Sicp to ibofe wara week. The Rambler and Adventurer C

tonly vile and ir: buman Advertisements with next appeared, their licences were very

whicb obe Papers are too much crowded, is readily renewed, and the authors them

relation to runaway At prerrices. felves very graciously received; but Steele,

From ibe INSPECTOR, N° 291. in his familiar manner, between a compliment and a sneer, took occasion to

SIR, congratulate them

affiliated ; faid would be of great service in explain


or interest can, I conjure you to mitigate ing some of their phrases. An old woman their cause. My son lies under an igno- ; was then brought before their worships minious and heavy sentence. I will not for contempt of court, in presuming to say he is a criminal ; . then I Mould feed set up a paper, called The Old Maid, less for him. He is in the condition of a : without a licence. She pretended to be felon, for an act I hold innocent and horelated to the Mures as a wit and a vir-, neft. Let me inform you, that my boy gin, but as not one of them would ap was always virtuous, sober beyond what pear to her character, she was ordered to is common at his years, upright, and reproceed no further, under pain of being Eligious. If that can be of any impor-, confined as a mad woman, without pen, tance, I may add, myself am of the ink, or paper. Adam Fitz-Adam then clergy, a function I have not in any thing. came forward, and had his licence re. dishoncured : Tho' this should not have. newed at the entreaty of a certain no its weight in encreasing your compaffion, bleman and other persons of quality, it will, I hope, add Itrength to my rewho voluntarily became fureties for his presentation, by stamping on it the real good behaviour. There then rushed into of truth. You will read an humble but the court, with great noise and clamour, f a miserable ftory, but you need not be a promiscuous crowd who called them told the poor have feeling. felves the authors of The Monitor, The The youth I mention to you is an only Westminster Journal, Old England, The child : That he is good, I have told you ; London Evening Poft, &c. &c. who were but how good he is, I cannot. He not immediately dismissed by Steele's assuring only commanded by his gentle manners, them, that this court had no cognizance my esteem and admiration, but that of a of their transactions, though from bis rich relation : We were too distant for great humanity he begged leave to set expectations by right of inheritance, but before them their imminent dangers in G full of hope from his favour. He deterthe courts of common law from profecu mined to breed his favourite and his heir tions, trials, fines, imprisonments, and to trade. I consented to his being bound: che pillory.

apprentice. The business to which he When Sicele had finished this his neces. was put was that of a rope-maker : It fary advice, Addison addressed the court, may appear an ordinary one to you in


Cofidieron Johnson's Di&tionary, which he Recided the complaints of an

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1755. COMPLAINT of an unbeppy FATHER.

London, hut in this place where we lie it twenty miles, and then hired himself
conveniently for the fupply of the navy, for the price of bread, to one if less a fa•
it is very confiderable. A sum was paid vage, perhaps more a villain, than his
with him proportion:d to the circum former master.
stances of his ñiafter ; for that his patron When be had been with this new ty-
had regarded more than his character ; rant five days, the Journal of the next
and he was dehored in consequence of that town came in with this advertisement :
price to treat him betler tlian those who


“ Ran away from his master, Mr. Abra. were placed in his condition with less ham Willes, rope-maker, James Thornadvantages.

con, a lad of nineteen years of age, with
It was not long before I learned we fair hair, and a large brown mole on his
had omitted the most essential enquiry ;

forehead: If he returns to his master, he
and had placed my son with one whose thall be received according to his deserts ;
eredt pofture only distinguished him from whoever brings him back ihall have the
savages. The boy found it sooner, but it use of a rope's end for their pains; and
was some time ere he complained. At if any person harbours or employs him,
length, when his heart could hold no B they Mall be prosecuted to the utmost fea
longer, he wrote to me, and at the same verity of the law."
time to his patron.

There, Sir, are the words of the ad-
Generous as he had mewn himself, he vertisement, more cruel than a Roman
was in his nature severe. He infifted profcription : He was neither to return,
upon his staying. He wrote harshly to nor live elsewhere.
him; and he compelled me to do the The master my son now served saw the
same. We jointly told him he muft serve advertisements, he could not mistake the
out the limited time, or never see either c person and he made it an excuse to
of our faces again. The severity of the iurn him off without paying him his
master continued, and the youth did not wages. My unhappy boy received the
complain. He bore it, Sir, three years ; discharge in the kitchen ; he expoftulated
and I hoped, and himself hoped, he would in vain; and what will not hunger ex-
have gone thro' it all.

cuse? He took with him unobserved part
At the end of the time I have named of a loaf, a Nice of meat, and a shilling
the master of my unhappy son grew which lay upon the window ! For this,
more cruel. He had never had another which was less than his due, the taking
so long : He told the hoy, “ he fancied D of which I therefore call innocent and hoe
“ he had a mind to conquer him :" Brute neft ; he was pursued, imprisoned, and
as he «vas, the youth's parience encreased condemned ; his sentence is tran!porta-
his fury, till blows repeated upon the

tion. It is well that I must write no
bruiícs made by others, threatened hiin more, for I cannot ; your own humanity
with lameness. He took an opportunity, must say the rest.
when he thought the savage in one of his

The most wretched,
gentlest humours, to represent his case in

modeft words : " That he found it was
not in his power to give him satisfaction, E A Description of the City of Lisbon, as
and he begged leave to go : That he hoped

it was before the late dreadful Earobquake
the sum he had received, and the service

on November I. Wirb a Soutb-East
of three years, had been an amends for

PROSPECT thereof, curicufly engraved.
so much knowledge of his trade as he ISBON, the capital of Portugal,
had acquired under him : And that he was situated on the ascent of a hill,
would, with his permiffion, work under within the mouth of the river Tagus,
some other person for his bread, since he extending along the north shore of the
mutt not return either to his father or his f river, in form of a crescent, and lay
fiend” He was answered by blows; about nine miles E. of the ocean. It was
he was tied to a post in the yard, exposed near fix miles in length, but of an un-
to the diverfion of his fellow.servants, equal breadth, and tho' it afforded a very
and every time his bread and small beer delightful prosped from the harbour, the
were brought, a fresh beating came with ftreets were so narrow and steep, that it
them. Those who had at first insulted, deceived the traveller's expectation when
afterwards pitied him ; at length one of he entered it. It might contain about
them cut the rope that held him, and he 36,000 houses, and 350,000 inhabitants.
Aed : Not to us, for the severity of our G it was surrounded by an old wall and
letters forhad it, but to luch a distance as towers, with a castle on a hill, which
might protect him from the rage of his commanded the city ; but was capable of
incensed tyrant. My poor boy went little defence in case of a lege. Besides
away pennyless and empty ; he endured the cathedral, it had 40 parish churches,



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