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The remainder of this pamphlet is times, and before he was in any adion taken up with clear and plain arguments was attacked by a fever and died in the in support of his general subject, and the 28th year of his age. Dryden has called whole proves Mr. Wickham to be a pub. him a sprightly wit and a courtly writer, lick-spirited, honest, and ingenious coun but he, by no means, merits the charactryman.

ter of a good poet, his lines being gine

rally to unmufical as to be grating to the SOLUTION LO QUESTION I. in the London Magazine for August, p. 358. A fer; and his compositions appearing quite

deftitute of poetical conception. He wrote xy + zy 63

much better in prose ; for the letters pub** + xy + x2= : 64

lished along with his plays are courtly, **+ ** —%y

easy and genteel, and his thoughts in them, %%+49z+4 natural. He is allowed to have shone

most in the characters of a courtier and a 63

fine gentleman, and had the peculiar hap64y

And *+x=

piness of making every thing become him. у 63 tyg B

The following specimen of his verfifi7z+ 4yz + 4

cation, contains some of his fmootbest toxxy=63 lines. 3969 9.

To a Lady sbat forbed to love before Company. yyy + 63y What! no more favours, not a ribbon 4096 yy

more, 3969 + 126 yy +y

Nor fan, nor muff, to hold as heretofore? 15752961 7938y? +14

Muft all the little blefies then be left, +y==90


And what was once love's gift become our +126y+ + 3969y?

theft ? y8 + 36y6 - 3274y+ 365148y2 May we not look ourselves into a trance, + 15752961 = 0: Therefore y = 7. %. Teach our souls parley at our eyes, not 5. *=4


[thiere, W. B. Nor touch the hand, but by foft wringing QUESTION.

Whisper a love that only yes can hear. O determine the value of a in this Not free a high, a figh that's there for you, equation.

D Dear must I love you, and not love you vaaaa -vaa


[trace, Be wise, nice fair ; for sooner tha)l they VULPES.

The feather'd choristers from place to place,

(ray, The Life of Sir John SUCKLING, wirb an By prints they make in th' air, and sooner engraved Plate of bis Head,

By what righc line, the last flar made its way,

[to know, John Suckling, comptroller of the E How our loves first did spring, or how they

That fled from heaven to earth, than guess hourhold to king Charles I. and was born at Witham, in the county of Middlesex,

grow. in the year 1613. It is related that his

His dramatic Works are, three tragemother went 11 months with him. After

dies and a tragi-comedy. making a considerable progress in the polite studies at home, he set out on his tra

DIRECTIONS for joining the THREE MAPS, vels, and made a campaign under the fa

of tbe British and French Plantations, in mous Gustavus Adolphus, king of Swe

North-America, published in our Maga. den, and was present at three battles and F

zines of July, August, and September. five fieges, in which he behaved with a. ROM that Map, which has the ge

, bundance of gallantry. Upon his return home, finding his country torn by all the margin of the west fide, to the inner line rage of civil war, he raised a troop of of the degrees ; then lay it over the cast horse, for the king's service, at his own end of the Map of the five Great Lakes, expence, of near 1200l. they were so ex so as entirely to hide the degrees ; this cellently mounted and accoutered. It done, take the Map of Virginia, Caro. should seem, however, that his zeal met with no great encouragement, for he is

lina, &c, and cut off the margin on the G

top of it, and Jay it over the bottom of scarcely mentioned in the annals of those the Map of the five Great Lakes.

We could not procure a compleat Lift of the British Navy foon enough for ibis month ; tbe', in decency, it ought to bave precided that of the Frencb : Next month our readers will see a very

At the same iime we shall give a large sheet cbart of obe Atlantick Ocean, the most beautiful, for the scale, ever publifford, and wbich exbibits also all she bordering countries in Europe and America,



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accurate 110.




465 JOURNAL of the Proceedings and DEBATES

in the POLITICAL CLUB, continued from p. 419. The next that spoke in the Debate wbich proper, and I think very imprudent,

was continued in your laft, was Poft to determine a question of so much humus Cominius, whoje Speech was importance. Besides, Sir, in order in Substance thus :

to determine this question, it would

be necessary to have laid before us, Mr. President,

an account of the manors in each

A respective county, and the number S the question now before . and circumstances of the copyhold. us is a very short and a ers, as also the particular cuftoms very plain one, I have no

of each respective manor, none of occasion to enter into an examination which we have now. before us, nor of remote antiquity, or to consider can have before the end of this fefwhat was the nature of our copyholds, fion : Nay, even as to the particular and the state and condition of our co- B customs of each respective manor, pyholders, by their original inftitution: tho' they make a part of the law of As little have I occafion at present England, yet they are so various, and to consider, whether the admitting so different in every manor from of all, or any sort of copyholders to what they are in any other, that, I vote at county elections, would be believe, 'no gentleman of the long an advantage or a disadvantage to our robe can pretend to be able to give conftitution. The firft of these two C us any tolerable information. And enquiries will always be, in my opi if some sort of copyholders have time nion, a question of meer curiolity out of mind been allowed in soins but no importance ; because the counties a right to vote at elections ftate condition of all our copy. for knights of the fire, furely you holders is now certainly upon a foot would not, even by bill, deprive ‘ing quite different from what it was them of a right which they have ac, by their original institution : And as D quired by immemorial cultom, withe to the second, it is a question that out first hearing what they have to cannot come properly under our con fay in support of a right fo legally fideration, until the question now be acquired; for such a right is very fore us be determined, which is different from a right to rob upon plainly and in short this, whether it the highway, which the honourable be now, and by the method propof- gentleman, who spoke laft was pleaf. ed, prudent or proper to determine a E ed to compare it to ; for a right to queition of so much importance to rob upon the highway is contrary to our constitution, and to the future reason and justice, and therefore cann happiness of the people in general, not be acquired by custom ; but a Now, Sir, as this question consists right to yote at county elections is of two parts, I shall examine them neither contrary to reason nor to jul separately, and first as to the time, I tice, and therefore may be acquired cannot think that at the end of a F by custom or prescription, in the session, in a thin house, and before same way as the lord of a mano: the people without doors have been and his copyholders, may by preapprised, that any such question fcription acquire a right of common was to come before parliament : I in the waste of another lord's manor. say, that at such a time, and in such With regard to the time therefore, circumstances, it would be very im- Sir, I think the present is very far O&ober, 1755.




Proceedings of the PolITICAL CLUB, &c. Oft. from being a proper time for us to present ; fo that we could have to enter into the discuition of that ques proper information either as to facts tion, whether it would be an advan or cuftoms, and consequently the juftage or a disadvantage to our constitu tice we pretended to adininiiter would tion, to admit all or any sort of co be deaf as well as blind. pyholders to vote at elections for But, Sir, if I approved both of knights of the shire. And as to A the time and the method for deterthe method either of admitting or mining this question, I should be rejecting them, we cannot certainly againlt our coming to any resolution do it by a vote ; for tho' we are in upon it at present, because I do not this house the only judges of all think that it is now properly before matters relating to elections of the us, nor have we any occasion to members of this assembly, we are bring it before us : Nay, it is highly not the only legislators. If upon a B probable we shall never have any controverted election for any county

luch occafion ; and I shall never be a question should arise, whether the for altering the laws of England, or copyholders, or any certain sort of loading our statute books with a new copyholders, within that county, had law, unlefs it appears to be necellary a right to vote at that election, we for renoving some grievance or incould determine that question by a convenience

already felt, or preventvote ; but we cannot surely deter-Cing one that is juftly to be appremine by a vote, that no copyholder hended. From the late election for in England has a right to vote, or Oxfordthire we can have no call for that all the copyholders in England, bringing such a question before us ; of such a certain fort, have a right for the merits of that election did not so vote at county ele&ions ; because depend upon the question, whether this would not be determining a ques- any copyholders had a right to vote tion in dispute before us ; it would D at that election or no ; because the be making a new law, which we two gentlemen in whose favour we cannot do without the concurrence of have determined that election, had the other house and the approbation a majority of legal undoubted freeof the crown ; and another reason holders voting for them ; and until is, that upon a controverted election a contested election happens in fome for any county, all those who claimed

county, where the majority depends a right to vote at that election ought & upon admitting or not admitting the to be present, and are really present votes of some copyholders, which is in the persons of their respective a cafe that may never happen whilft candidates, whereby they have an this world endures, we can have no opportunity to be heard in support call to determine whether copyholof the right they claim ; and the ders have a right to vote at county freeholders of the county are like- elections or no. But fuppoíe such a wife in the same way present, and f case Mould happen, and thould be may contett the right claimed by the brought before this house by petiticopyholders, if they should be of on, there would be no occasion for opinion, that the allowing such a any resolution, either in favour of, right would be any way injurious to or against copyholders in general : them. By this means we hould All we could do, and indeed all we have the matter on both sides fully ought to do in such a case, would be before us, and should be able to de-G to examine the right of the copy: cide according to reason and justice; holders within that county who voted whereas in the latter care neither at that election : Both the freeholders the freeholders nor the copyholders and copyholders of that county would could, or could bc fupposed to be then be properly before us, and all


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1755. “PROCEEDINGS of the PolitiCAL CLUB, &c.

, c467 the necessary facts as well as customs no copyhulders have ever yet ac. would certainly by full proof be laid quired or enjoyed fuch a right, and, open to our view : If froin thence it I believe, there are several such, i should appear, that such copyholders can see no necesity for giving them had for time immemorial voted at such a right, nor any danger that clections in that county, we ought, I our constitution can be exposed to think, and, I believe, this house A by our not giving them such a right, would determine in their favour : especially as I do not find that any of On the other hand, if it should ap them do so much as defire it; and if pear, that no such copyholders had thcy Mould defire it, I do not think, ever voted at elections in that coun that we could do it by a vote of this ty; and that the sheriff had out of house : Our attempting to do so, mere partiality allowed them to vote, would be an incroachment upon cur that he might from thence have a B conftitution, by setting ourselves up pretence to return his own friends, as the sole legislators of this kingor those perhaps who had paid him dom, which never was attempted by for doing so, has there any thing any house of commons but that which lately happened that could be plead met here in 1641, and we know ed as an excuse for such conduct in what terrible confusion ensued from the sheriff, or that could prevent its

Therefore if our rich being in the power of this house to C copyholders should petition for 2 punith him as he deserved ?

right to vote at all county elections, There cannot therefore be the least and we should think it expedient to pretence, Sir, for that danger which comply with their requell, the only . has been fuggefted, that by refofing method we could take, in conforto come to any general resolution mity with our constitution, would be with respect to copyholders, we shall by a new law for that purpose, and throw too great a power into the D before any such law or bill for the hands of our sheriffs over all county purpose could be prepared, it would elections but there is very great

be necellary to addreis his majesty to danger that by rafhly agreeing to order the Sherif; to prepare an ac. fuch a general resolution, we may count of the sonors within their redo an act of flagrant injustice, by spective counties, and of the nuindepriving many gentlemen of a right ber and circumtances of the copywhich they and their anceftors have E holders, and of the particular cutenjoyed for several generations, and toms in each respective manor, to bę which they are now in the quiet pof haid before us in the next feffion of feifion of, without giving them fo parliament ; for no one can suppose much as á moment's notice to come thar such an account could be made and defend their right. I say, gen. out before the end of a feftion, tlemen, Sir, for there are certainly This I lay, Sir, would be necessary, many gentlemen in this kingdom i because every gentleman, I believe, who have very large copyholdettates; will allow, that there are some forts and as such gentlemen pay as high

high of copyholders who ought not, erca taxes in proportion, and are as ready, by a new law, to be admitted to and as well qualified to defend their vote for knights of the shire; and it country in time of danger, as any would, I think, be necessary to fix freeholder whatever, I can see no the yearly value of a copyhold estate reason why they should not be allow-G that should intitle a man to vote at ed to vote at county elections, if by such elcctions, at a higher value than the cuítom of the county they have that of a freehold, which now by been time out of mind allowed to do law intitles a man to that privilege, 20. But if there are counties where because of the fine that is to be paid



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468 PROCEEDINGS of the POLITICAL CLUB, &c. &. upon the admittance of every new is to hear these gentlemen finding tenant ; for tho' the fine itself may fault with, or dreading the consebe certain, yet it is, and always will quence of increasing the number of be uncertain, how often it is to be voters at any election ; for by them, paid ; and the value of this uncer or such as them, I have often heard tainty ought not surely to be left to it alledged, that minifters, or those be determined by the judgnient of A who aim at undermining our confti. the copyholder himself.

tution, are always endeavouring to Thus, Sir, in every light in which lessen the number of electors at every we can view the motion now under election, because the smaller their our confideration, we must think it number is, the more easily they may a motion that cannot now be either be managed and directed by court agreed to or rejected, and conse- influence; and even in this very ferquently, by giving a negative to the B fion we may remember, this very arprevious question, is the only proper gument was made use of against the way for disposing of it, unless the Bristol bill ;. for it was said, that as Hon. gentlemen will agree to its be the magistrates of that city are but ing withdrawn ; for from its being a small number, and not chosen by either withdrawn, or put off by the people, therefore our ministers means of the previous question, no were for lodging as much power as kind of danger can ensue. The C poflible in their hands, in order there. power of the sheriff's at county elec-by to give them the nomination of tions will continue to be the very those whom the people of that city fame it is now : That is to say, they were to chuse as their representatives will be obliged to admit every man in parliament. Thus, Sir, the fate to, vote at Tuch elections who can of our ministers seems to be a little Thew, that he has a right by law or hard ; for if they are at any time cuftom to such a vote ; and if they D for lessening the number of electors, admit any others, they will be not they are accused of having a defign only under the controul of, but lia to undermine our constitution ; and ble to be punished by this house, if if they are for increasing the number it should appear, that they did so of electors at any election, they are from any finifter or corrupt view ; equally accused of having the same for in an affair where the most clear. design. For my own part, Sir, I fighted are liable to error, and where E believe we have not for many years questions often arise which are in had any fuch deep designing men for their own nature doubtful, I am far ministers ; and if we have any such from thinking, that a mere mistake at present, I am sure, they can reap in the sheriff ought ever to subject no advantage from our putting off him to any punishment. The office the affair now before us by means of is already fo dangerous as well as the previous question, which, as it troublesome, that most gentlemen F has been moved for, must be put, make use of all their interelt to evade and when it is put, I hope, the house serving it, and if we by our severity will concur with me in giving it z Mould render it still more dangerous, negative. we shall arm the crown with a weapon for keeping all the landed gen The laft Speech I shall give you in this temen in the kingdom under a con Detate, was made by Manjus Van tinual awe and terror, which surely G lerius, and was to this Efect. chole gentlemen would not chuse to do, who upon this occasion appear

Mr. President, to trenuously agaiult allowing any

SIR, copyholder a right to vote for knights SHALL molt readily agree with of the Mire.

the Hon. gentleman who spoke But, Sir, what surprizes me most


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