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34 Modern Art of writing HISTORY.

Jan. in all other fashions, I shall lay before fingularity, by thewing, that his own the publick a loose sketch of such rules as countrymen disavowed his pretended axiI have been able haftily to throw toge om even to a proverb. Tho' we may al'ther for present use, till some great and Jow truth to the first historian of any pardiftinguished critick may have leisure to ticular æra, the nature of things requires, collect his idcas,, and publish a more that truth must gradually recede in procomplete and regular fyftem of the mo portion to the frequency of treating the dern art of writing history,

А fame period ; or else the last hand would For the sake of brevity, I shall enter be absolutely precluded from every ad. at once upon my subject, and address my vantage of novelty. It is fit therefore, inftruction to the future hiftorian.

that we modernize the maxim of PolyRemember to prefix a long preface to bius, by substituting the word wir in the your history, in which you will have a place of trutb ; but as all writers are not right to say whatever comes into your blessed with a ready ftcre of wit, it may head : For all that relates to your history be necesary to lay down some other rules may with propriery be admitted, and all for the compiling of history, in which it that is foreign to the purpose may claim a B is expedient, that we avail ourselves of

place in it, because it is a preface. It all the artifices which either have been, or will be sufficient therefore, if I give you -may be made use of to surprise, charm, only a hint upon the occasion, which if fadden, or confound the mind of the you manage wiih dexterity, or rather au reader. dacity, will fand you in great fead.

In treating of times that have been ofBe sure you seize every opportunity of ten written upon, there can be no such introducing the most extravagant com thing as absolute novelty ; therefore the mendations of Tacitus ; but be careful only method to be taken in such cases, is bow you enter too mirutely into any par. to give every occurrence a new turn. You ticulars you may have heard of that wri may take the tide of Philip of Macedon ter, for fear of discovering that you have against Demofthenes and the obftinate reonly heard of them. The safest way will publicans ; and you will have many inbe to keep to the oid custom of abusing stances to thew how wantonly whole seas all other hiticians, and vilifying them in of blood have been thed for the sake of comparison of him. But in the execu those two infatuating rounds, liberty and tion of this, let ine entreat you to do a religion. It was a lucky hit of an English Jirtle violence to your modeny, by aveid-D biographer, that of writing the vindicatie ing ercry insinuation that may set him an on and panegyric of Richard III, and I inch above yourfell.

would advise you to attempt something Before you enter upon your work, it of the like narure. For infance : Yoo will be necesary to divert yourielt en may undertake to lhew the unreasonable. tirely of all regard for truth. To con ness of our high opinion of Q. Elizabeth, quer, this prejudice may, perhaps, cost and our faise notions of the happiness of you some pains ; but till you have effec. her government. For as to lives and cha.fuaily overcome it, you will find innu- E raciers, you have one principal rule to meable difficultits continually obtruding observe ; and that is, to elevaie the bad, themselves to tlıwart your defign of wri. and depreciate the good. But in writing ting an entertaining hiliory in the mo the characters of others, always keep dernielle,

your own (if you have any value for it) in The next thing is to find out some view ; and never allow to any great perCuewd ieairin for rejecting : ruch au sonage a virtue which you either feel the Pentick papers as are come to light önce want of, or a notorious difiegard for. You the period you are writing of was last


may question the moral character of So. confidered: For if you cannot cleverly craies, the chastity of Cyrus, the con. keep clear of thein, you will be obliged ftancy of the martyrs, the piety and fio. to make ule of them, and then your per cerity of the refermers, the bravery of formance may be called dull and diy i. Cromwell, and the military talents of K. which is a sure you ought as carefully William : And you need never fear the to avoid, as to contend for that famous finding authorities to support you in any complimeri which was paid the author detraćticn among the writers of anecof the Piftory of Chares XIL by his doils, fince Dion Caffius, a graye hifloriwolt illustoas patron, who is himself an an, has confidently atierted that Cicero 1..10:in, Fius beau que la merité.

prostituted his wile, trained up his son in I am aware of the niaxim of Polybius, drunkenners, committed incent with his " That biftory void of truch, is an empty danghter, and lived in adultery with Com Gradow." Dut the motto of this paper ay tave iv convid chac dogmatit of

1755. Extravagant modern Ornaments of History.

35 I come next to ornaments ; under have occafion to send messengers thro' an which head I confider sentences, prodi uninhabited country, do not be overgies, digreffions and descriptions. On tender or scrupulous how to treat them. the two firit I shall not detain you, as it You may stop them at rivers, and drown will be sufficient to recommend a free use all their servants and hories : Infeit them of them, and to he now if you can. Of with fleas, lice and musquitos; and when digrellions you may make the greater ure, they have been eaten fofficiently with these by calling them to your aid whenever you A vermin, you may sarve them to a des are at a fault. If you want to swell your fire of eating one another; and if you history to a folio, and have only matter think it will be an ornament to your for an octavo (suppose, for example, it hiftory, e'en cait the Icts and set them were the story of Alexander) you may en to dinner. But if you do this, you muit ter into an enquiry of what that adven take care that the savage chief to whom turer would have done if he had not been they are sent, does not treat them with poisoned :. Whether his conquests, or man's fein ; because it will be no novel Kouli Khan's were the most extraordi ty: I would rather advise you to alter the Dary: What would have been the confe- B bill of fare to an elephant, a rhinoceros, quence of his marching westward ; and or an allegator. The king and his court whether he would have beat the duke of will of course be drinking out of human Marlborough. You may also introduce skulls; but what sort of liquor you can in this place a dissertation upon fire-arms, fill them wili, to surprise an European, or the art of fortification. In de scrip I must own I cannot conceive. In treat. tions you must not be fparing, but out-go ing of the Indian manners and customs, every thing that has been attempted be you may make a long chapter of their fore you. Let your battles be the mott C conjuring, their idolatrous ceremonies, bloody, your sieges the most obfinate, and super sitions ; which will give you your castles the most impregnable, your a fair opportunity of saying something commanders the most consummate, and froart on the religion of your own courtheir soldiers the most intrepid. In de. try. On their marriages you cannot dwell fcribing a sea-fight, let the enemy's Aeet too long ; for it is a pleasing subject, and be the most numerous, and their thips always in those countries, leads to polythe largest that ever were known. Do gamy, which will afford occation for re. not scruple to burn a thousand thips, and flections moral and entertaining. When turn their crews half scorched into the


your metiengers have their audience of fei ; there let them survive awiyle by the king, you may as well drop the hug(wimming, that you may have an oppor ness they went upon, and take notice only tunity of jamming them between their of his civilities and politeneis in offering own and the enemy's veftels : And when to thein the choice of all the beauties of you have gone thro' the dreadlul dintre les his court; by which you will make them of the action, conclude by blowing up amends for all the difficulties you have the admiral's own thip, and scattering of led them into. ficers of the greatett birth and bravery in E I cannot p:omise you much success in the air. In the sacking of a town, mur the speeches of your favages, unlers it der all the old men and young children in were posible to hit upon some bolder the cruellent manner, and in the most la figures and metaphors than those which cred retreats. Devise some ingenious in have been so frequently used. In the sults on the moderty of matrons. Ravith speeches of a civilized people, inicit a great number of virgins, and see that whatever may fcrve to display your own they are all in the height of beauty and le-sning, judgment or wit : and let to purity of innocence. When you have


man's low extraction be a restraint on the fired all the houses, and cut the iliroats of advantages of your education. If in an ten times the number of inhabitants they harangue of Wat Tyler a quotation from contained, exercise all manner of barba the clatricks should come in pat, or in a rity on the dead bodies. And that you Leech of Muley Noluch a sentence fom may extend the scene of mi'ery, let lume Mr. Locke, let no confideration deprive escape, but all naked ; tear their unco your hitory of such o'naments. vered limbs ; cut their feet for want of To conclude, I would advise you in geMoes ; haiden the hearts of the peasants neral not to be sparing of your speecles, against them, and arm the elements with Geither in number or length: and if you unusual rigour for their persecution : alio take care to add a proper quantit; of Drench them with rain, benumb them reftcelions, your work will be greedily with frost, and terrify them with thunder bought up by all members of orarories, and lightninz.

Teasoning societies, and other talkative If in writing voyages and travels, you allemblies of this cloquunt metropolis.

E 2




The Words by a Gentleman.

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AFTER this bounteous, well intend

I may,

3. Yet how unjustly we complain

If life's a passage all must tread, If we the preiunt instant feize!

Happiest who moit unheeding tray, He winds his vagrant Aiglit in vain, Who follow where ihe graces lead, Spite of himself awhile he stays.

And strow with flowers a thorny way.

Sure the good folks who fill that EPILOGUE [poken by Mrs. WOFFING

middle station, [tion ;TON, at the Theatre-Royal in Covent.

Muft sive this charity their approbaCarden ; after a Play for the Benefit of It helps not wicked rapes and fornicaThe Lying-in Hospital for married Wo

tion. Ye pit-gallants, while thus we Tuccour wives,

[thrives. ed play,

You know the trade of cuckold-making You think I'm come to banter all away ; Some green box doves I hear (and well To mock the ruft compassion in the breast, And turn at once all charity to jest ; For theyüpeak loud enough at every play) Torture this face-to help'a witty stroke,


“ it is very liard,''-then flirt the And with those eyes elaborate a joke.

fan, Tirid of such arts, lam so serious grown, “ That all are not included in the plan." I mean to speak plain sentiments alone. Ye beaux, who gild this scene with Think ye 'tis strange that play'rs, - that glitt'ring dreis, wicked we

In you 'ris noble to relieve distress ;Should aid this matrimonial charity ? Your spouses rie'er can wani--:his soft The drama's laws from Hynen's never redress. Aiay;

Ladies, you claim our tribute of ap. We up you marriages in ev'ry play.

plause, Say, --!vere the church to serve the pub Who, in your lex's honest, virtuous cause, lick wual,

For piltry plays, and poor neglected Had ye all been lo fervent in your zeal? bards, Methanks I fpy come azi'rous pars above, Could leave the dear society of cards. Drawn here by tender names of mutual You the rond parent, rescu'd from diftrels, love,

[cret fqueeze, With the dumb eloquence of tears Mall Clost-paik'd they fit,--and who with res.

blers ; With conscious' e'bows, sympathetic Infants to come your goodness Mall dirknees,


[day, Goon, my friends, --- true to connubial law, For quitting drums, to follow us this And leave to us the women in the straw, To raise recruits the matrimonial way,


Poetical Essays in JANUARY, 1755.


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Poetical Essa y's in JANUARY, 1755.

While hlefs d obedience fings bis praise, ODE fer New-Year's D 1y. By COLLEY Glory the royal grant repays. CIEBER, Elg; Poei Laureat. RECITATIV E. By Mr. BEARD.

What prayer to heaven couldknee'formoro, RECITATIVE. By Mr. BEARD. , Than such a godlike use of pow'r?

с нок U S. S Rome of old, for halcyon days, A

What prayer to Heaven, &c. Sung lo's to Auguftus' praise ; RECITATIVE. By Mr. BEARD. So happier Britons, to their king,

So reign'd Eliza, when her Britons, blers'd Rorsuni Saturnia Rigre sing.

Above the world, the wondering world CH() RUS.

confess'd. Redant Saturnia, &c.


Then first was known sweet liberty to Again behold a younger year

bloom ; Proionis his elder empire here;

Which now to full maturity is come. Still, with the same paternal care,

DUET, By Mr. BEARD and Mr WASS. The sun and Cesar hleis the year;

Now from her siniles enjery'd is Cæfar Alike their genial influence yieid,


(piere. For publick norture, icrtile field :

Wow beams the lustre of his crown com



Poetical Essays in JANUARY, 1755.



How should I love the pretty creatures, Such a poriod of glory since the first Nor

Whilst round my knees they fondly man king,

{we sing,

clung, No monarch has known fave the monarch To see 'em look their mother's features, DUET. By Mr. SAVAGE and Mr. Wass. To hear 'em lisp their mother's tongue! Long the heroine grac'd her throne ; And when with envy time transported, Long life has Cæsar known.

Shall think to rob us of our joys. Her, while truth and virtue raise,

You'll in your girls again be courted, Him, the patriot king, shall praise.

And I go wooing in my boys. с нок U S. Such a period, &c.


Brotber to Sir GEORGE LYTTLETON, Happy Britain 1 queen of illes !

Bart. ox bis being appointed Governor of Miftress of a nation's (miles :

South Carolina, Godlike, while thy monarch (hine,

O, gentle youth! to diftant climes Where's the realm Mall rival thine ?


[thare. CHORU - S.

And regal pow'rs and princely honours Such a period of glory, &c.

Go, for the service of thy country meet, RECITATIVE. By Mr. SAVAGE, With ev'ry talent for the state replete ; Sicilian fifters ftrike the lyre;

On the first accents of whole youthful The lay let Cæsar's praise inspire.

tongue To praise undue let art belong ;

A British senate has applauding hung, Truth, truth alone sublimes the song. Charm'd in so young a fenator to find, RECITATIV E. By Mr. BEARD. An eloquence with itrength of reason The highest praise to heaven we send,

join'd. ls, that its laws our lives commend. Already fame to bind thy brows prepares A IR. By Mr. BEARD.

With laurels far superior to thy years i. Such be the song to Cæsar given;

While smiling fortune spreads her glitt'ring The praise of Cæsar, praises heaven :

store, Where-e'er the royal virtues thine,

And fondly courts thee to the Indian thore. Their beams display the grace divine.

Thy country hence thy merit will preCHORU S.


[bloom į Be joyful! let the grateful world acclaim, Thus highly honour'd in thy youthful While wond'ring virtue confecrates his And, juftly, thence thy future fame pre


If life be lengthen'd to experienc'd age. A Song, written by a Bridegroom above an

A brother's genius makes theo truly bundred Years ago. From the Letters con

great, * cerning Taste.

Form'd by his culture to adorn the state ;

Bless'd soil, bless'd cultor, ever pleas'd to My Winifreda, move thy fear,

find Let nought delay the heav'nly blering, The patriot virtues rifing in thy mind;

Nor squeamish pride, nor gloomy care. Oh! may they flourish, and reward his What tho' no grants of royal donors,

With pompous titles grace our blood, Transplanted fair to Carolina's plains.
We'll shine in more fubftantial honours, Be all thy labours all thy cares pursu'd
And to be noble we'll be good.

Chiefly to one great end, thy country's What tho' from fortune's lavish bounty,

good ; No mighty treasures we pcile's,

Be this in India, as in Britain, known We'll find within our pittance plenty,

The ruling passion of a Lyttleton ; And be content without excels.

So Thall the western world resound thy Still shall each kind returning season

fame, Sufficient for our wishes give;

And Carolina bless thy patriot-name. For we will live a life of reason,

Bewdley, Jan. 15, 1755. And that's the only life to live.

To a LADY bat fing's a very good Song. Our name, whilft virtue thus we tender,

Shall (weetly found where'e'er 'tis spoke;
And all the great ones much mall wonder,

7HEN Polly deigns to raise her

voice, How they admire such little folk.

The Sirens rong I deem but noise, Through youth and age, in love excelling, And call them all but jarring choir :

We'll hand in hand together tread; Their ditties virtue would trepan, Sweet smiling peace shall crown our dwell. And dwindie to a beast the man; ing,

(bed. Her's raise a nobler fire. And babes, sweet smiling babes cor





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