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But if you

ing, only a "molt gracious Mepage to the I Caddrero. Norhing hall be wanting

Pembrok

1755. KING's Message, and Lords Address. 103 tangled amongst the fibres. After a few majefty, in making such augmentations days, draw your stake with the willow of your forces, by sea and land, and in root out of the river or pond, and carry taking such other measures, as events it to the canal or pond which you intend may make necessary, for maintaining the to replenish with fish, into which you honour, rights, and potsessions of your are to plunge it about half a hand-breadth crown, and the true interests of your below the surface of the water ; and in people, and for the security of your doabout 15 days you will perceive a great A minions; and that we will zealously number of little fry round it.

Ntand by, and affi't your majesty, in reintend to furnith more than one canal or pelling any attempts whatsoever, that pond, you must take care not, to leave may be made to support, or countenance it too long in the first, left the heat of any designs, which may be formed against the sun should animate the whole of the your majelly, and your kingdoms. spawn ; for as soon as the fry begin to be alive, they will disengage themselves from His MAJESTY's molt gracicus Answer. the root.

B My Lords, His , on Tuesday, March 25,

THANK you for this House of Lords, Jignified the Necessity of

on my part, that may tend to the effecaugmenting our Forces by Sca and Land, in

tual support of the just rights and polierorder to provide for tbe Security of our Co fions of my crown, and of the true inlonies in Ainerica, as well as for the De terests of my people. The confidence fence of the Kingdoms, their Lordships which you repose in me, mall always presented the following Address to bis Ma

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be made use of with the stri@est regard jejby ebercon.

to these great and important objects. The bumble ADDRESS of the Right Hon. the A DESCRIPTION OF PEMBROKE

Lords Spiritual and Temporal, in Parlia SHIRE, with a correct Map. ment alsimbled.

Embrokeshire, the most extream westMoj Gracicus Sovercign,

ern part of Wales, is a county of the E your majesty's most dutiful and south division of that principality, and is

loyal subjects, the lords spiritual beat upon by the sea on all sides, except and temporal, in parliament afsembled, D to the east, where it is bounded by Carbeg leave to return your majeíty our marthenshire ; and the north, where it humble thanks for your most gracious borders on Cardiganshire. Its extent metsage.

from east to west is about 20 miles, and Nothing can more clearly demonstrate from south to north about 26, and its ciryour majesty's paternal concern for the

cumference 93 miles. It contains about welfare and prosperity of your people, 420,000 acres, 4329 houses, 145 parishes, than the royal care and firm resolution, one city and 8 market towns. It is in which you have had the goodness to re- & the bishoprick of St. David's, is divided peat to us, to maintain the just rights into 7 hundreds, and sends 3 members to and possessions of your crown against all parliament, one for the county, who is encroachments, and to protect the com is in the present parliament, Sir William merce of your kingdoms.

Owen, Bart, one for Pembroke, at this, The preservation of the publick peace time Lewis Barlow, Esq; and one for is an object, which your majesty, out of Haverfordwest, who is now William Ed. your benevolent disposition for the good wards, Esq; The soil is good both for of your faithful subjects, as well as of

tillage and pasturage, it is well fored mankind in general, will always have at F with cattle and replenished with fine heart; and we thankfully acknowledge rivers, has plenty of fish and fowl, and your great wisdom, in taking the moft

abounds with mines, especially coal vigorous and effe&tual measures to pre mines. The market towns are, vent the infraction of it.

1. Pembroke, the county town, which Duty and affection to your majesty, is situated on the east shore of Milfordzeal for your royal person, family, and Haven, is well built, has two panimea, government, have always been the great and two line bridges over the river Creek, motives of our conduct. Warmed with G being not only the largest, but the richest these sentiments, and unalterably fixed in and most flourishing town of South Wales, the same principles, we are fully con and is inhabited by numbers of gentievinced of what high importance it is, to mon, merchants, and other confiderable strengthen your majesty's hands, in the traders, who employ near 200 fail of present situation of affairs.

veftels in their traffick ; on which account And we do, from the bottom of our they have a Custom-House and proper hearts, assure your majesty, that we will oficers. It is a corporate town, under chearfully and vigorously support your

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104 Description of PEMBROKESHIRE. March the government of a mayor and sub seats, which contribute to the agreeableofficers, has an excellent market, week ness of its fituation. It is diftant 195 ly, on Saturday, and is distant from Lon computed, and 254 measured miles from don 177 computed, and 214 measured

London, miles. It was a place of considerable The city of St. David's was formerly strength formerly, was fortified with a an archbishop's fee; but is now only a wall, which had three gates and several bishop's fee, and the present bishop is towers, and with a strong castle seated A the Right Rev. Dr. Ellis. It is decayed, on a rock, which are all gone to decay. and but thinly inhabited, and without It gives title of earl, to the noble family the conveniency of a market, arising from of Herbert.

its barren foil and unhealthful ftuation, 2. Tenby, a sea port town, of little The cathedral, an ancient structure, whose trade, which has two markets weekly, roof is higher than any in England, is on Wednesday and Saturday, and is distant the only thing in it worth notice. It is from London 172 computed, and 208 207 computed, and 268 measured miles measured miles. It is of little note but from London. for its plenty of fish.

B

This county is remarkably famous for 3. Wilton, governed by a mayor and its fine port of Milford-Haven, esteemed bailiffs, and strengthened with a castle, the best in the kingdom, being capacious has a market weekly on Wednesday, and enough to entertain all the navies of Europe, is distant from London 173 computed, and which might ride secure, at a proper 191 measured miles.

distance from each other, and ship from 4. Narharth, a pretty good town, fitu. ship. It has variety of safe and deep ated upon a hill, and strengthened with a creeks to the number of 16, thirteen roads castle, has a considerable market, weekly C and five bays all distinguished by their on Wednesday, and is distant from Lon

several names, don 168 computed, and 200 measured That part of the county, lying beyond miles.

the Haven, and watered by two rivers, 5. Kilgarren, feated on a rock, and is inhabited by the descendants of those consisting of one long street, is governed Flemings, who were permitted to settle by a portreeve and bailiffs, and has a there by Hen. I. when the sea had overgood market weekly on Wednesday. It flowed their native country. The Welch is distant from London 160 computed, D inhabitants mostly speaking the English

call it Little England beyond Wales, the and 189 measured miles.

6. Newport, which tho' large, is an tongue. ill. built poor town, and but meanly in (The map of Pembrokeshire, from an habited. It is seated upon the river No unforeseen neglect, was published with vern, has a good harbour, and is prin last month, in which we inserted the accipally supported by the resort of passen count of Radnorshire, the map of which gers to and from Ireland. It is govern last county accompanies the present Magaed by a portreeve and bailiff, has a good zine, and they may be easily restored to market weekly on Saturday, and is distant E their proper places by the reader, or when from London 166 computed, and 200 the volume is bound.] measured miles.

7. Fisgard, a small town famous for Occafioned by the King's MESSAGE and herrings, which are caught at the foot of

Lords ADDRESS. the cliff upon which it stands, and which ACTION be dumb, and party cease forms a tolerable good harbour. It has

to roar,

[more : a small market weekly, on Friday, and Fell malice droop, and discord rage no is distant from London 170 computed,

F

Britons, united, let your streamers fly, and 199 measured miles.

And shouts of freedom rend the vaulted 8. Haverford-west, a borough town íky :

[fam'd day, and county of itself, is commodiously fi Illustrious GEORGE, whom Oudenard's tuated on the side of a hill, on a creek of Saw triumph o'er the friends of tyrant Milford. Haven, over which it has a grand

(plain, stone bridge. It is strong, well-built, Who late on Derringen's distinguish'd clean and populous, contains three parish Vanquish'd, the faithless troublers of his churches, and the assizes are held, and reign ;

[tain's call, goal kept there. It has a great trade G Sends forth his thunders, urg'd by Briand many vessels are employed in it. And bids them overwhelm the perjur'd The two weekly markets, held on Tues Gaul.

[name, day and Saturday, are very considerable, Our rifing fons shall hail the much-lov'd both for cattle and provisions. The go Who leaves them liberty, and wealth and vernment is by a mayor, sheriff, common fame :

(mote thall grace, council, and justices of the peace ; it en Friends to their rights, whom times rejoys many privileges and immunities, Who cruth'd the foes of all the human race. and near it are a number of gentlemens

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1755.

105 JOURNAL of the PROCEEDINGS and DEBATES in the POLITICAL CLUB, continued from p. 63.

stitutional, but it would, in my opi. The next that spoke in the Debate con nion, be very fufpicious; therefore,

tinued in your left, was C. Popilius if I were at such a tinie a member Lænas, whale Speech was in Sub of either house, I should absolutely fiance as follows.

declare againit it, because I thould Mr. President,

look upon it as a fort of tore-?:iting A the approbation of pari. ?ment, bc

fore all the circumftances could be AM far from pretending to un fully known. 'And indeed, in all derstand either our statute or cases where the king may confitu

common law, so well as the tionally act by prerogative, the preHon. and learned gentleman who vious interpofition of parliament will spoke laft ; but if I have any right generally be dangerous, becaule plaunotion of our constitution, the ex- 8 fible reasons may be previously urged ticise of prerogative lands upon a for obtaining our authority, which footing very different from what he could not afterwards be urget, or was pleased to represent. Whether not urged with equal weight, for the

prerogatives of the crown may obtaining our approbation , and as not be comprehended under what is such realons do not remain uron recalled the common law of this king- cord, we could not afterwards condom, I do not know ; but it is cer- C demn what we had before authotain

, that the constitutional preroga- rized, even tho'it ihould appear, that tives of the crown, are as well known our authority had been obtained as any branch of the common law; upon suggestions that were abtolately and it is as well known, that there false or groundless. are several acts of power which the For this reason, Sir, I take it to king not only may, but ought to be agreeable to the wisdom of parexercise

, by virtue of prerogative D liament, and the practice of our analone; and for the exercise of which, cestors, never to interpose our auit would be very improper to ask the thority in any case where his maauthority of an act of parliament, jeity may act by virtue of prerogader him have never lo favourable an tive ; and that he may by virtue of opportunity for fo doing. Suppose his prerogative authorize the excrit should become nccessary to declare cise of martial law, where ever or war against some neighbouring po- E whenever it becomes absolutely netentate ; do not we know, that our

ceffary, cannot, I think, admit of fovereign may do so by virtue of his

any doubt ; but whether he can de. prerogative, and without the autho

legate this, or any other of the nity of an act of parliament ? Would royal prerogatives, is a question not it not be very improper to apply for

fo calily determined. In one cale of fuch an authority upon any iuch oc

this kind, the other house has taken casion ? So likewise we know, that f care of themselves, by a judgment the king may negotiate and corclude

late'y panied after a very tolemn a treaty of peace or alliance, by vir

hearing; I mean, the case of the tue of his prerogative alone ; and

late earl of Sair, who had got a that an application fr an act of pasliament for impowering his miniiters

power from the crown to to do to, would not only be uncon

peerare in liis funily to any cue he
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