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Thomas Meautys, Esq. to the Lord Viscount St. Minutes of a letter from Lord Bacon to the Duke

Alban

139

of Buckingham .

152

to the Lord Viscount St. Alban.

140 Lord Bacon to the King.

152

Lodowic Stuart, Duke of Lenox, to the Lord Vis-

to the Prince

152

count St. Alban.....

140 to the Duke of Buckingham..

153

Answer of the Lord Viscount St. Alban..

140 to the Duke of Buckingham.

154

Lord Bacon to the Marquis of Buckingham.. 140 to the Earl of Oxford..

154

to the Marquis of Buckingham....

141 to Sir Francis Barnnam.

155

Thomas Meautys, Esq., to the Lord Viscount St.

to the Duke of Buckingham.

155

Alban

141 to the Duke of Buckingham..

155

to the Lord Viscount St. Alban..

141 to Sir Richard Weston, chancellor of the ex-

Lord Bacon to Henry Cary, Lord Viscount Falk-

chequer.....

155

land.

142 to the Duke of Buckingham.,

156

to the Lord Treasurer.

142 to the Duke of Buckingham..

156

to the Lord Treasurer..

142 to the Chancellor of the Duchy, Sir Hum-

Thomas Meautys, Esq. to the Lord Viscount St.

phrey May....

156

Alban

143 to Sir Robert Pye..

156

Lord Bacon to Thomas Meautys, Esq..

143

to the Earl of Dorset..

156

to Mr. Tobie Matthew

143 Sir Thomas Coventry, attorney-general, to the

to the Queen of Bohemia.

144

Lord Viscount St. Alban....

157

Sir Edward Sackville to the Lord Viscount St. Lord Bacon to Mr. Roger Palmer.....

157

Alban

144 to the Duke of Buckingham.

157

Lord Bacon to the Lord Keeper, Bishop of Lin-

to Sir Humphrey May, Chancellor of the

145

Duchy of Lancaster

158

to the Marquis of Buckingham..

145 to the Marquis d'Effiat, the French ambassa-

T. Meautys to the Lord Viscount St. Alban... 145

dor.

158

Lord Bacon to the Countess of Buckingham, mo-

to King James I...

158

ther to the Marquis of Buckingham.

146 to the King...

158

to the Marquis of Buckingham.

146 to the Marquis of Buckingham.

159

T. Meautys to the Lord Viscount St. Alban..... 146 to the Marquis of Buckingham.....

159

Lord Bacon to the Marquis of Buckingham. 146 Draught of a letter to the Marquis of Bucking-

to the Marquis of Buckingham...

147

ham, not sent........

159

Jo. Lincoln, C. S. to the Lord Viscount St. Alban 147 to the Marquis of Buckingham.

159

Lord Bacon to the Marquis of Buckingham... 147 to the Marquis of Buckingham.

159

to the Marquis of Buckingham....

147 Lord Bacon to Mr. Tobie Matthew

160

to Sir Francis Cottington, secretary to the

to Mr. Tobie Matthew,..

160

prince.

148 Tobie Matthew to the Lord Viscount St. Alban., 160

to the King.

148 Lord Bacon to the Lord Archbishop of York.... 160

to Mr. Secretary Conway.

148 minute of a letter to the Count Palatine of the

to the Marquis of Buckingham, in Spain.... 148

Rhine

161

to Mr. Secretary Conway ...

149

to the Earl of Bristol, Ambassador in Spain.. 149

LETTERS FROM THE BRITISH MUSEUM.

to Sir Francis Cottington, secretary to the Mr. Bacon to Lady Burghley, to speak for him to

prince

149

her lord..

161

to Mr. Tobie Matthew

149 to Lord Burghley, to recommend him to the

to the Duke of Buckingham, .

150

queen

Duke of Buckingham to the Lord Viscount St.

to the Right Honourable the Lord Treasurer. 162

Alban

... 150 to Sir Robert Cecil, knight....

162

Lord Bacon to the Duke of Buckingham, in Spain 150 to Mr. Michael Hickes, secretary to the lord

to Mr. Tobie Matthew...

151

high treasurer

162

to Mr. Tobie Matthew.

151 to the Lord High Treasurer..

163

to Mr. Tobie Matthew

151 to Mr. Henry Maynard, and Mr. Michael

to the Duke of Buckingham.

151

Hickes.

163

to the Duke of Buckingham.

151

to Lord Burghley.

164

to Mr. Tobie Matthew

152 to Mr. Michael Hickes.

164

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Mr. Bacon to the Earl of Salisbury..

164

LETTERS FROM STEPHENS.

to Mr. Michael Hickes...

164 Sir Francis Bacon to the King...

173

to Mr. Michael Hickes.

164 Sir George Villiers to Sir Francis Bacon, his ma-

to Sir Robert Cotton.

165 jesty's attorney-general

173

to Sir Michael Hickes.

165 Sir Francis Bacon to the Earl of Buckingham... 173

to Sir Michael Hickes.

165 to the Earl of Buckingham...

174

to Sir Michael Hickes.

165 The Earl of Buckingham to the Lord Keeper... 174

to Sir Robert Cotton..

165 to the Lord Keeper.

174

to Sir Michael Hickes..

165 Sir Francis Bacon to the Earl of Buckingham.. 174

to Sir Michael Hickes..

166 The Privy Council to the King...

175

to his very loving friend, Mr. John Murray, of The Earl of Buckingham to the Lord Chancellor 175

his majesty's bed-chamber.

166 to the Lord Chancellor...

175

From the University of Cambridge to the Right Sir Francis Bacon to the Marquis of Buckingham 176

Honourable Sir Francis Bacon, knight, his

to the Marquis of Buckingham......

176

majesty's attorney-general, and one of his The Marquis of Buckingham to the Lord Chan-

honourable privy council..

166

cellor..

1176

From Sir Francis Bacon to the right worshipful Sir Francis Bacon to the Marquis of Buckingham 176

the Vice-Chancellor and others, the Mas- Lord Bacon, Montagu, and Yelverton, to the King 177

ters, and the Heads of the Houses of the Sir Francis Bacon to the Marquis of Buckingham 177

University of Cambridge....

166 The Marquis of Buckingham to the Lord Chan-

From the University of Cambridge

167

cellor...

177

Lord Bacon to my Lord of Buckingham, touching

to the Lord Chancellor..

... 177

Mompesson's business of inns..

to the Lord Chancellor

178

to my Lord of Buckingham, touching Mom-

to the Lord Chancellor..

178

pesson's business, the maltsters, &c....... 167 | Sir Francis Bacon to the Marquis of Buckingham 178

From his Majesty to Lord Bacon, touching the The Marquis of Buckingham to the Lord Chan-

business of the mint.....

167

cellor...

178

Lord Bacon to my Lord Buckingham.

168 Sir Francis Bacon to the Marquis of Buckingham 178

to my very loving, friends, the Mayor, &c., of The Marquis of Buckingham to the Lord Chan-

Cambridge

168

cellor ..

179

to the Lord President of York, in favour of Mr. Sir Francis Bacon to the Marquis of Buckingham 179

ohns, for the secretary's place at York... 168 to the Marquis of Buckingham.

179

to Mr. Matthew......

168 to the Marquis of Buckingham.

179

to

Lord Treasurer Lea....

169 to the Marquis of Buckingham.

my

179

to the Marquis of Buckingham..

180

LETTERS FROM THE LAMBETH LIBRARY.

to the King...

180

Lord Bacon to the Marquis of Buckingham..... 169 The Marquis of Buckingham to the Lord Chan-

Edward Franklin to Lord St. Alban....... 169

cellor.....

180

Lord Bacon to the Marquis of Buckingham..... 169

to the Lord Chancellor.

180

T. Meautys to Lord St. Alban

170

Sir Francis Bacon, Montagu, Coke, Hobarte, and

Lord Bacon to Count Gondomar...

170

Crew to the Marquis of Buckingham..... 181

to his very loving friends, the parishioners and

Sir Francis Bacon to the Marquis of Buckingham 181

feoffees of the poor of the Parish of St. All-

The Marquis of Buckingham to the Lord Chan-

dotts, in Oxford. .....

171

cellor......

182

LETTERS FROM MALLET.

to the Lord Chancellor

182

Sir Francis Bacon to the Lord Viscount Villiers. 171 Lord Bacon to the Right Honourable his very

to the Earl of Buckingham.

171 good lords, the Lords Spiritual and Tempo-

The Earl of Buckingham to the Lord Chancellor 171 ral, in the Upper House of Parliament as-

Lord Bacon to my very loving friends Sir Thomas

182

Leigh and Sir Thomas Puckering, knights

to the King.

183

and baronets....

172 to the King..

183

to the Marquis of Buckingham.

172 to the Prince of Wales..

183

to the Marquis of Buckingham

172 to the King......

184

to the Duke of Buckingham.....

172 to the Marquis of Buckingham.

184

The Duke of Buckingham to the Lord St. Alban 173 to the King..

184

VOL. III.--2

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The Marquis of Buckingham to the Lord St. Al- Mr. Francis Bacon to the Right Honourable his

ban

184 very good Lord, the Lord Keeper of the Great

Lord Bacon to the Marquis of Buckingham...

Seal...

192

The Marquis of Buckingham to the Lord St. Al-

to the Right Honourable, &c., the Lord Keeper 192

ban

185 Earl of Essex to the Lord Keeper Puckering.... 193

to the Lord St. Alban..

185 Mr. Francis Bacon to the Right Honourable the

to the Lord St. Alban...

185 Lord Keeper, &c.......

193

Lord Bacon to the Marquis of Buckingham. 185 to the Right Honourable the Lord Keeper, &c. 193

to the King.

186 to the Right Honourable his very good Lord,

to the Lord Digby.

186 the Lord Keeper, &c.....

193

The Marquis of Buckingham to the Lord St. Al-

to the Right Honourable the Lord Keeper, &c. 193

ban

186 Sir Francis Bacon to Sir George Villiers.

194

Lord Bacon to the Marquis of Buckingham. 186 to the Marquis of Buckingham

194

to the Duke of Buckingham...

187 Mr. Francis Bacon to the Right Honourable the
The Duke of Buckingham to the Lord St. Alban 187 Lord Keeper, &c......

, 19.1

to the Lord St. Alban....

187 to the Right Honourable the Lord Keeper, &c. 195

Lord Bacon to the Duke of Buckingham..

188 to the Right Honourable the Lord Keeper, &c. 195

The Duke of Buckingham to the Lord St. Alban 188 to the Right Honourable the Lord Keeper, &c. 195

Lord Bacon to the Duke of Buckingham... 188 to the Right Honourable, my good Lord, the

The Duke of Buckingham to the Lord St. Alban 188 Lord Keeper of the Great Seal of Eng-

Jo. Lincoln to the Lord St. Alban......

188

land.

195

to the Right Honourable the Lord Keeper, &c. 196

LETTERS FROM MATTHEWS.

to the Right Honourable the Lord Keeper, &c. 196

Sir Francis Bacon desiring a friend to do him a

The Earl of Essex to the Right Honourable the

service...

189

Lord Keeper, &c........

196

to a friend about reading and giving judgment

to the Right Honourable the Lord Keeper, &c. 196

upon his writings...

189

Mr. Francis Bacon to Dr. Morrison, a Scottish

to the same person, upon the like subject; with

physician, upon his majesty's coming in... 197

an addition of condoling the death of a

to Mr. Murray, of the king's bedchamber.... 197

friend.....

189

to Mr. Matthew....

197

to a friend, in reflection upon some astrolo-

to my Lady Packington, in answer to a mes-

gers in Italy.

190

sage by her sent...

197

The Lord of St. Albans, Bacon, to an humble ser.

to Sir Thomas Bodeley, after he had imparted

vant, my lord believing his own danger to

to him a writing, entitled Cogitata et Visa. 198

be much less than he found it..

190

to the King..

198

My Lord of St. Albans, Bacon, to the same hum-

to King James.

198

ble servant, employing him to do a good

to Sir George Villiers, on sending his bill for

office with another great man............

190

viscount.....

199

The Lord of St. Albans to a most dear friend, in

King James to our trusty and well-beloved Tho-

whom he notes an entireness and impatient

mas Coventry, our attorney-general....... 200

attention to his service..

191

Mr. Francis Bacon to the Earl of Essex..

200

to the Lord Treasurer Marlborough, expostu-

The Earl of Essex to Mr. Francis Bacon.... 200

lating about his unkindness and injustice.. 191

Lord Treasurer Burghley to Mr. Francis Bacon. 201

Sir Francis Bacon to a servant of his, in expres-

Sir Robert Cecil to Mr. Francis Bacon....

201

sion of great acknowledgment and kindness 191

Mr. Francis Bacon to the Queen..

201

MISCELLANEOUS LETTERS.

to Robert Kemp, of Gray's Inn, Esq.

201

The Lord Bacon, his letter to the most illustrious

to the Earl of Essex..

202

and most excellent Prince Charles, Prince The Earl of Essex to Mr. Francis Bacon..

202

of Wales, Duke of Cornwall, Earl of Ches-

to Mr. Francis Bacon.

203

ter, &c...

191 | Mr. Francis Bacon to the Earl of Essex.

203

Mr. Francis Bacon to Mr. Robert Cecil.... 192 to Sir Robert Cecil....

203

to the Right Honourable his very good Lord,

Sir Robert Cecil to Mr. Francis Bacon

204

the Lord Keeper of the Great Seal, &c.... 192 The Earl of Essex to Mr. Francis Bacon.. 204

Earl of Essex to the Right Honourable my very

to Mr. Francis Bacon......

204

good Lord, the Lord Keeper....

192 Foulke Grevill, Esq., to Mr. Francis Baron 204

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Mr. Francis Bacon to the Queen

205

to his brother Antony......

205

The Earl of Essex to Mr. Francis Bacon..... 205

Mr. Francis Bacon to his brother Antony... 205

to Sir Robert Cecil, a copy of which was sent

with the preceding to Mr. Antony Bacon.. 206

to Sir Thomas Egerton, lord keeper of the

207

Mr. Francis Bacon to the Earl of Essex, on his

lordship's going on the expedition against

Cadiz.......

209

The Earl of Essex to Mr. Francis Bacon....... 209

Mr. Francis Bacon to his brother Antony.

... 210

Mr. Francis Bacon's letter framed for my Lord of

Essex to the Queen .

210

Mr. Francis Bacon to Sir John Davis, his majes-

ty's attorney-general in Ireland

211

Sir Francis Bacon to the reverend University of

211

Lord Keeper Bacon to Mr. Maxey, fellow of Tri-

nity College, Cambridge

211

The Earl of Buckingham to the Lord Keeper Bacon 211

Lord Bacon to Henry Cary, Lord Viscount Falk-

land...

212

Secretary Conway to the Lord Viscount St. Alban 212

Mr. Francis Bacon to the Lord Treasurer .

212

to Sir Francis Vere...

212

to Mr. Cawfielde...

213

Lord Bacon to Mr. Tobie Matthew..

213

to my Lord Montjoye......

213

The Marquis of Buckingham to the Lord Chan-

cellor and the Lord Mandeville, Lord Trea-

surer of England. ......

213

Sir Francis Bacon to the Reverend University of

Oxford..

213

The Earl of Buckingham to the Lord Keeper Bacon 214

Sir Francis Bacon to Lord Norris, in answer to him 214

to the King...

214

The Lord Chancellor and two Chief Justices to

the Marquis of Buckingham..

214

Sir Francis Bacon to King James..

216

Lord Bacon to the Count Gondomar, Ambassador

from the Court of Spain..

216

to Count Gondomar ..

217

to Count Gondomar, then in Spain...

217

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4. Quod sub certa forma concessum vel reser-

vatum est, non trahitur ad valorem vel

compensationem .....

229

5. Necessitas inducit privilegium quoad jura

privata....

229

6. Corporalis injuria non recepit æstimationem

de futuro....

231

7. Excusat aut extenuat delictum in capitali-

bus, quod non operatur idem in civilibus 231

8. Æstimatio præteriti delicti ex post facto

nunquam crescit. ...

232

9. Quod remedio destituitur ipsa re valet, si

culpa absit .

232

10. Verba generalia restringantur ad habilita-

tem rei vel personæ....

234

11. Jura sanguinis nullo jure civili dirimi pos-

sunt.

235

12. Receditur a placitis juris potius quam injuria,

ne delicta maneant impunita....

235

13. Non accipi debent verba in demonstratio-

nem falsam, quæ competunt in limita-

tionem veram......

236

14. Licet dispositio de interesse futuro sit inu-

tilis, tamen potest fieri declaratio præce-

dens quæ fortiatur effectum interveniente

novo actu.

237

15. In criminalibus sufficit generalis malitia in-

tentionis cum facto paris gradus...... 238

16. Mandata licita recipiunt strictam interpre-

tationem, sed illicita latam et extensivam 238

17. De fide et officio judicis non recipitur quæs-

tio, sed de scientia, sive error sit judicis

sive facti........

239

18. Persona conjuncta æquiparatur interesse

proprio

239

19. Non impedit clausula derogatoria qua mi-

nus ab eadem potestate res dissolvantur

a quibus constituuntur..

2.10

20. Actus inceptus, cujus perfectio pendet ex

voluntate partium revocari potest, si

autem pendet ex voluntate tertiæ personæ

vel ex contingenti, revocari non potest.. 241

21. Clausula vel dispositio inutilis per præ-

sumptionem remotam vel causam ex post

facto non fulcitur.....

212

22 Non videtur consensum retinuisse, si quis

ex præscripto minantis aliquid immutavit 2 44

23. Ambiguitas verborum latens verificatione

suppletur, nam quod ex facto oritur ambi-

guum verificatione facti tollitur. ....... 244

24. Licita bene miscentur, formula nisi juris

obstet...

245

25. Præsentia corporis tollit errorem nominis,

et veritas nominis tollit errorem demon-

strationis..

245.

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'THE USE OF THE LAW: PROVIDED FOR PRESERVA-

TION OF ALL PERSONS, GOODS, AND GOOD

NAMES.

What the Use of the Law principally consisteth

247

Surety to keep the peace.

.... 247

Action of the case, for slander, battery, &c.... 247

Appeal of murder given to the next of kin.... 247

Manslaughter, and when a forfeiture of goods,

and wlien not...

248

Felo de se, felony by mischance, deodand..... 248

Cutting out of tongues, and putting out of eyes,

made felony.....

248

The office of the constable

248

Two high constables for every hundred, and

one petty constable for every village

248

The King's Bench first instituted, and in what

matters they anciently had jurisdiction... 248

The court of Marshalsea erected, and its juris-

diction within twelve miles of the chief tun.

nel of the king, which is the full extent of

248

Sheriff's Tourn instituted upon the division of

England into counties : the charge of this

court was committed to the earl of the

same county

249

Subdivision of the county courts into hundreds 249

The charge of the county taken from the earls,

and committed yearly to such persons as

it pleased the king...

249

The sheriff is judge of all hundred courts not

given away from the crown..

249

County courts kept monthly by the sheriff. ... 249

The office of the sheriff...

249

Hundred courts, to whom first granted.

249

Lord of the hundred to appoint two high con-

249

Of what matters they inquire of in leets and

law.days...

249

Conservators of the peace, and what their office

249

Conservators of the peace by virtue of their

oflice

250

Justices of peace ordained in lieu of conserva-

tors ; of placing and displacing of justices

of peace by use delegated from the king to

the chancellor ..

250

The power of the justice of peace to fine the

offenders to the crown, and not to recom-

pense the party grieved...

250

Authority of the justices of peace, through

whom ran all the county services to the

250

Beating, killing, burning of houses.

250

Attachments for surety of the peace..

250

Page

Recognisance of the peace delivered by the

justices at their sessions..

250

Quarter-sessions held by the justices of peace. 250

The authority of justices of the peace out of

their sessions...

250

Judges of assize came in place of the ancient

judges in eyre, about the time of R. H.... 251

England divided into six circuits, and two

learned men in the laws assigned by the

king's commission to ride twice a year

through those shires allotted to that circuit,

for the trial of private titles to lands and

goods, and all treasons and felonies, which

the county courts meddle not in...

251

The authority of the judges in eyre translated

by Parliament to justices of assize...... 251

The authority of the justice of assizes much

lessened by the Court of Common Pleas,

erected in Henry III's. time.

251

The justices of assize have at this day five

commissions by which they sit, viz., 1.

Oyer and Terminer. 2. Jail Delivery. 3.

To take assizes. 4. To take Nisi Prius.

5. Of the peace...

251

Book allowed to clergy for the scarcity of

them to be disposed in religious houses.. 252

The course the judges hold in their circuits in

the execution of their commission concern-

ing the taking of Nisi Prius.......... 253

The justices of the peace and the sheriff are to

attend the judges in their county

253

Of property of lands to be gained by entry.. 253

Land left by the sea belongeth to the king..... 253

Property of lands by descent.

254

Three rules of descent...

254

Customs of certain places.

254

Every heir having land is bound by the binding

acts of his ancestors, if he be named..... 254

Property of lands hy escheat...

255

In escheat two things are to be observed. 255

Concerning the tenure of lands. ....

255

The reservations in knight's service tenure are

four.....

256

Homage and fealty..

256

Knight's service in capite is a tenure de per-

sona regis..

256

Grand serjeantry, petty serjeantry.

256

The institution of soccage in capite, and that

it is now turned into moneys rents......

256

Ancient demesne, what..

256

Office of alienation..

256

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