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from your lordship upon my last letter, where- upon the reason you allege, whereof his majesty unto I desire your lordship to add this one favour will speak farther with you at his return. more, (which is the same that I understand your The letter, which you sent me about my Lord lordship granted him at Christmas lasty) to give of Ormonde's son, is not according to his majeshim liberty for the space of a fortnight, to follow ty's meaning; but I would have you frame anhis business in his own person; whereby he may other to my lord deputy to this purpose: That bring it to the more speedy end, putting in his majesty having seen a letter of his to Sir security according to the ordinary course, to ren- Francis Blundell, advertising, that the Earl of der himself prisoner again as soon as that time Ormonde's son, and some other of his kindred, is expired: which is all that I desire for him, and did victual and fortify their houses; his majesty in which I will acknowledge your lordship's hath thereupon commanded you to write unto him, favour towards him; and ever rest

that if the ground of information be true, (which Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, he may best know,) that then he send for the said

G. BUCKINGHAM. earl's son, and the principal of his kindred to Newmarket, the 10th of December, 1618.

appear before him: and if they appear, and give him satisfaction, it is well; but if they refuse to appear, or give him not satisfaction, though they

appear; that then he assemble what forces he can, MY VERY GOOD LORD,

be they never so few, and go against them, that I send you herewith the copy of a letter which he may crush the rebellion in the egg." we, the commissioners for Ormonde's cause, have

I have remembered his majesty, as I promised written to the Deputy of Ireland, according to his your lordship, about the naming you for a commajesty's pleasure, signified by Sir Francis Blun- missioner to treat with the Hollanders : but, bedell; which I humbly desire his majesty would sides that you have so many businesses, both of the peruse, that if it do not attain his meaning,

Star Chamber, and others in the term time, when we conveyed it, we may second it with a new this must be attended as well as in the vacation, letter.

whereby this would be either too great a toil to We have appointed Monday morning for these you, or a hindrance to his majesty's service; he mint businesses, referred by his majesty to certain thinketh it could not stand with the honour of commissioners, and we will carry it sine strepitu. your place to be balanced with those that are sent

The patent touching Guinea and Bynny for the from the state, so far unequal to his majesty, and trade of gold, stayed first by myself, and after by being themselves none of the greatest of the state. his majesty's commandment, we have now settled Therefore, his majesty holdeth it not fit or worthy by consent of all parties.

of you to put you into such an employment, in Mr. Attorney, by my direction, hath made, upon

which none of your predecessors, or any of the his information exhibited into the Star Chamber, chief counsellors, have been ever used in this a thundering motion against the transportation of kind, but only in a treaty of marriage or conclugold by the Dutch; which all the town is glad sion of a peace; as when the Constable of Castile of; and I have granted divers writs of ne exeat was here, when the commissioners on both sides regnum, according to his majesty's warrant. had their authority under the great seal of either

Sir Edward Coke keeps in still, and we have kingdom, with direct relation to their sovereigns, miss of him; but I supply it as I may by my far differing from this coinmission, which is now farther diligence. God ever bless you and keep given to these men, and whereunto his majesty

is to frame the course of his. As for the part you. Your lordship's most faithful and

which concerneth Scotland, the choice hath not bounden friend and servant,

been made of the chancellor or Archbishop of St. FR. VERULAM, Canc.

Andrew's, but of men nearer the rank of those December 11, 1618.

that come hither to treat. As yet his majesty I forget not your doctor's matter. I shall delayeth to give any commission at all, because speak with him to-day, having received your he would first be informed from the lords, both lordship's letter; and what is possible shall be of the points and form of their commission, which done. I pray pardon my scribbling in haste. his majesty hitherto understandeth to be, with

authority to overrule and direct their merchants in what they shall think fit; which, if it be so, then his majesty holdeth it fit for his part, to

appoint the whole body of the council with like MY HONOURABLE LORD,

I have acquainted your majesty with your letter, power over his merchants. As for me, I shall be who is very well pleased with your care of his

ever ready upon any occasion to show myself

Your lordship’s faithful friend ard servant, service, in making stay of the grant of denizens



* Harl. MSS. vol. 7006.

Newmarket, the 14th of December, 1618



gone into England. He tells me, that Galileo MY VERY GOOD LADY AND Cousin,

had answered your discourse concerning the flux I shall not be wanting in any thing, that may and reflux of the sea, and was sending it unto express my good affection and wishes towards me; but that Mr. White hindered him, because your ladyship, being so near unto me, and the his answer was grounded upon a false supposidaughter of a father, to whom I was in the tion, namely, that there was in the ocean a full passages of my fortune much obliged. So, with sea but once in twenty-four hours. But now I my loving commendations, in the midst of busi- will call upon Galileo again. This Mr. White ness, I rest

is a discreet and understanding gentleman, Your affectionate kinsman

though he seem a little soft, if not slow; and and assured friend,

he hath in his hands all the works, as I take FR. VERULAM, Canc. . it, of Galileo, some printed, and some unprinted. York House, this 25th of January, 1618.

He hath his discourse of the flux and reflux of the sea, which was never printed; as also a discourse of the mixture of metals. Those which are printed, in his hand, are these: the Nuncius

sidereus; Macchie solari, and a third Delle Cose, MY HONOURABLE LORD,

che stanno su l'acqua, by occasion of a disputaLest my often writing may make your lordship tion, that was amongst learned men in Florence, conceive that this letter hath been drawn from about that which Archimedes wrote, de insidentiyou by importunity, I have thought fit, for pre- bus humido. venting of any such conceit, to let your lordship I have conceived that your lordship would know, that Sir John Wentworth, whose business not be sorry to see these discourses, of that I now recommend, is a gentleman whom I es- man; and therefore I have thought it belongteem in more than an ordinary degree. And ing to my service to your lordship, to give therefore I desire your lordship to show him him a letter of this date, though it will not be what favour you can, for my sake, in his suit, there so soon as this. The gentleman hath no which his majesty hath referred to your lordship: pretence or business before your lordship, but is which I will acknowledge as a courtesy unto willing to do your lordship all humble service; me, and rest

and, therefore, both for this reason, as also upon Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, my humble request, I beseech your lordship to

G. BUCKINGHAM. bestow a countenance of grace upon him. I am Newmarket, January 26, 1618.

beholden to this gentleman; and, if your lord ship shall vouchsafe to ask him of me, I shall receive honour by it. And I most humbly do your lordship’s reverence.

Your lordship’s most obliged servant, MY HONOURABLE LORD,

Tobie MATTHEW. I being desired by a special friend of mine, to

Brussels, from my bed, the 14th of April, 1619. recommend unto your lordship’s favour, the case of this petitioner, have thought fit to desire you, for my sake, to show him all the favour you may in this his desire, as you shall find it in reason to deserve; which I shall take as a courtesy from My HONOURABLE LORD, your lordship, and ever rest

His majesty hath commanded me to signify Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, unto your lordship, that it is his pleasure you put

G. BUCKINGHAM. off the hearing of the cause between Sir Arthur

Manwaring and Gabriel Dennis, till toward the I thank your lordship for your favour to Sir end of the term; because his majesty is graciously John Wentworth, in the despatch of his pleased to be at the hearing thereof himself. business.

And so I rest Newmarket, March 15, 1616.

Your lordship's faithful friend and servant,

G. BUCKINGHAM. Royston, April 13, 1619.





TANFIELD, LORD CHIEF BARON OF THE EXIt may please your lordship, there was with CHEQUER. * me this day, one Mr. Richard White, who hath MY LORDS,–His majesty having been moved spent some little time at Florence, and is now by the Duke of Savoy's ambassador, in the

Harl. MSS. vol. 7006.

* Harl. MSS. vol. 7006,



behalf of Philip Bernardi, whom he is to send about some special employment over the seas, My VERY GOOD LORD, to the Duke of Savoy, that before his going, the business mentioned in this petition may be wise to your lordship. I see, by the late accesses

I am much bounden to his majesty, and like. ended, hath commanded me to recommend the

I have had with his majesty, and now by his same unto your lordship's care, that with all

royal and real favour,* that he loveth me, and expedition the cause may be heard and ended by acknowledgeth me for the servant that I am, or your lordships, according to his majesty's refer- desire to be. This, in me, must turn to a great ence; or left to the determination of the Court alacrity to honour and serve him with a mind less of Chancery, where it is depending, and where troubled and divided. And, for your lordship, the party assureth himself of a speedy end. And so I rest your lordship's

my affection may and doth daily receive addition,

but cannot, nor never could, receive alteration. very assured friend at command,


pray present my humble thanks to his majesty; G. BUCKINGHAM.

and I am very glad his health confirmeth ; and I Royston, the 19th of April, 1619.

hope to see him this summer at Gorhambury; there is sweet air as any is. God preserve and prosper you both. I ever rest

Your lordship's most obliged

friend and faithful servant, MY VERY GOOD LORD,

FR. VERULÀM, Canc. I think fit to let your lordship understand what May 9, 1619. passed yesterday in the Star Chamber, touching Suffolk's* business, There came to me the clerk of the court in the

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR.+ inner chamber, and told me that my Lord of Suf- MY HONOURABLE LORD, folk desired to be heard by his council, at the * His majesty was pleased, at the suit of some sitting of the court, because it was pen *** him. who have near relation to me, to grant a license

I marvelled I heard not of it by Mr. Attorney, for transportation of butter out of Wales, unto who should have let me know as much, that I one Lewis and Williams, who, in consideration might not be taken on the sudden in a cause of that the patent should be passed in their names, that weight.

entered into articles for the performance of certain I called, presently, Mr. Attorney to me, and conditions agreed upon between them, which, now asked him whether he knew of the motion, and that the patent is under the great seal, they utterly what it was, and how he was provided to answer refuse to perform. My desire, therefore, to your it. He signified to me, that my lord would desire lordship is, that you would call the said Lewis to have the commission for examinations in Ire- and Williams before you, with the other parties, land, to be returnable in Michaelmas term. I or some of them, who shall be ready at all times said it might not be, and presently drew the coun- to attend your lordship; and, out of your concil, then present, to me, and made Mr. Attorney sideration of the matter, according to equity, to repeat to them the passages past, and settled it, take such course therein, that either the said that the commission should be returnable the first agreement may be performed, or that they which day of the next term, and then, republication refuse it may receive no benefit of the patent; granted, that it might, if accidents of wind and which, upon reason thereof, was passed in their weather permit, come to hearing in the term. names. And herein I desire your lordship to And, upon motion in open court, it was ordered make what expedition you can; because, now is accordingly.

the season to make provision of the butter that, God ever preserve and prosper you.


for this year, is to be transported, whereof they God this great easterly wind agree well with his take advantage to stand out. And so I rest majesty.

Your lordship's faithful
Your lordship’s most obliged

friend and servant, friend and faithful servant,


Greenwich, May 14, 1619.
May 6, 1619.

Sent by Sir Gilbert Houghton.


Though it be nothing, and all is but duty, yet, * Thomas Howard, Earl of Suffolk, who had been made I pray, show his majesty the paper enclosed, that lord treasurer in 1614. He was accused of several misdemeanors in that office, together with his lady, and Sir John Bingley, * Probably the grant made to him, about this time, of her ladyship’s agent; and an information preferred against twelve hundred pounds a year. them all in the Star Chamber.

+ Harl. MSS. vol. 7006.



his majesty may see how careful his poor servant | And, therefore, since his coming to Windsor is is, upon every emergent occasion, to do him what prolonged, I thought to keep day by letter, prayhonour he can. The motion made in court by the ing your lordship to commend my most humble king's sergeant, Crew, * that the declaration might service to his majesty, and to let him know, that be made parcel of the record, and that I hear since I see his majesty doth me the honour as to otherwise of the great satisfaction abroad, encou- rely upon my care and service, I lose no time in rageth me to let his majesty know what passed. that which may pertain thereunto. I see the God ever preserve and prosper you both. straits, and I see the way out; and what lieth in Your lordship's obliged friend

one man, whom he hath made great, and trained, and faithful servant, shall not be wanting. And, I hope, if God give

FR. VERULAM, Canc. me life for a year or two, to give his majesty Endorsed,

cause to think of me seven years after I am dead. June 29, 1619. My lord to my lord marquis, en

I am glad the time approacheth, when I shall closing the form of a declaration used in point of have the happiness to kiss his majesty's hands, acknowledgment in the Lady Exeter'st cause. and to embrace your lordship, ever resting

Your lordship’s most obliged friend
and faithful servant,


York House, Aug. 28, 1619. I PURPOSED to have seen you to-day, and receive your commandments before the progress; but I came not to London till it was late, and found

you were gone before I came. Nevertheless, I would

MY HONOURABLE LORD, not fail to let your lordship understand, that, as I

His majesty, upon a petition delivered by Mr. find every day more and more occasions whereby Thomas Digby, wherein he complaineth of great you bind me to you; so, this morning, the king wrongs done unto him, hath been pleased, for his of himself did tell me some testimony, that your more speedy relief and redress, if it prove as he lordship gave of me to his majesty even now, allegeth, to refer the consideration thereof unto when you went from him, of so great affection

your lordship. And, because he is a gentleman, and commendation, (for I must ascribe your com- whom I have long known and loved, I could not mendation to affection, being above my merit,) as but add my desire to your lordship, that if you I must do contrary to that that painters do; for find he hath been wronged, you would do him so they desire to make the picture to the life, and I much favour, as to give him such remedy as the must endeavour to make the life to the picture, it equity of his case may require. For which I will hath pleased you to make so honourable a description of me. I can be but yours, and desire to

Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, better myself, that I may be of more worth to

G. BUCKINGHAM. such an owner.

Royston, Oct. 8, 1619. I hope to give the king a good account of my time this vacation.

If your lordship pass back by London, I desire to wait on you, and discourse a little with you: MY HONOURABLE LORD, if not, my prayers shall go progress with you,

I have acquainted his majesty with your letter, and my letters attend you, as occasion serveth.

who hath given order to Mr. Secretary Calvert to God ever preserve and prosper you.

signify his pleasure for the proceeding in that Your lordship's most obliged

business, whereof you write, without any farther friend and faithful servant,

delay, as your lordship will more fully underFR. VERULAM, Canc.

stand by Mr. Secretary, who for that purpose is July 1, 1619.

to return to London against the day of hearing.

I have no answer to make to your former letter, and will add no more to this, but that his majesty

hath a great confidence in your care of his ser MY VERY GOOD LORD,

vice. And so I rest This day, according to the first appointment, I

Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, thought to have waited upon his majesty, and to

G. BUCKINGHAM. have given him an account of my cares and pre

Royston, Oct. 10, 1619. parations for his service, which is my progress.

* Sir Randolph Crew, made Chief Justice of the King's Showing his majesty's acceptation of your lordBench, January 26, 1624.

ever rest




ship's care, in particular in the business against + Countess of Exeter, accused of incest and other crimes

the Earl of Suffolk. by the Lady Lake, wife of Secretary Lake, and their daughter the Lady Roos.

Harl. MSS. vol. 7006,





my last letter yesterday we entered into I am doubly bounden to the king for his maconference touching the Suffolk cause, myself, jesty's trust and acceptation; whereof the one I and the commissioners, and the two chief jus- will never deceive; the other, though I cannot tices. *

The fruit of this conference is, that we deserve, yet I will do my best, and perhaps as all conceive the proceedings against my lord him- much as another man. self to be not only just and honourable, but in This day the evidence went well; for the solisome principal parts plausible in regard of the citor* did his part substantially: and, a little to public; as, namely, those three points which warm the business, when the misemployment of touch upon the ordnance, the army of Ireland, treasure, which had relation to the army of Ireand the money of the cautionary towns; and the land, I spake a word, that he that did draw or two chief justices are firm in it.

milk treasure from Ireland was handled, did not I did also in this cause, by the assent of my emulgere, milk money, but blood. But this is lords, remove a part; for Mr. Attorney had laid but one of the little things that I wrote of before. it upon Serjeant Daviest to open the information, The king, under pardon, must come hither which is that which gives much life or coldness with two resolutions; the one, to remit all imto the cause. But I will have none but trained portunity touching this cause to the lords in court men in this cause; and I cannot forget that the of justice; the other, to pursue the designs first allotting of the opening of the information in this taken at Windsor, and then at Hampton Court, cause of the Dutch (I mean the main cause) to a for his commission of treasury: wherein I do my mean fellow, one Hughes, did hurt, and was part, and it is reasonably well; but better would never well recovered.

it be if instruments were not impediments. I By my next I will write of the king's estate : ever rest and I ever rest

Your lordship's most obliged friend Your lordship’s most obliged friend

and faithful servant, and faithful servant,

FR. VERULAM, Canc. FR. VERULAM, Canc. October 27, Wednesday. October 14, 1619

Friday will not end the business; for tomorrow will but go through with the king's

evidence. MY VERY GOOD LORD,

This morning the duket came to me, and told me the king's cause was yesterday left fair; and

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR. if ever there were a time of my Lord of Suffolk's

MY HONOURABLE LORD, submission, it was now; and that if my Lord of

This bearer, a Frenchman, belonging to the Suffolk should come into the Court and openly ambassador, having put an Englishman in suit acknowledge his delinquency, he thought it was for some matters between them, is much hindered a thing considerable. My answer was, I would and molested, by often removing of the cause not meddle in it; and, if I did, it must be to dis- from one court to another. Your lordship knows, suade any such course ; for that all would be but that the French are not acquainted with our mana play upon the stage, if justice went not on in

ner of proceedings in the law, and must therefore the right course. This I thought it my duty to be ignorant of the remedy in such a case.

His let the king know by your lordship.

course was to his majesty; but I thought it more I cannot express the care I have had of this

proper that your lordship would be pleased to cause in a number of circumstances and discre-hear and understand this case from himself, and tions, which, though they may seem but small then to advise and take order for his relief

, as matters, yet they do the business, and guide it

your lordship in your wisdom shall think fit right.

So, commending him to your honourable favour, God ever keep your lordship.

I rest
Your lordship's most obliged friend

Your lerdship's faithful friend and servant, and faithful servant,


Royston, 27th of October 1610. October 21, 1619.

Your lordship shall do well to be informed of * Sir Henry Montagu of the King's Bench, and Sir Henry every particular, because his majesty will have

Sir John Davies, author of Nosce teipsum, knighted in account of it at his coming l'ebruary, 1607-8, and made serjeant at law in 1612. He had been Attorney-General of Ireland.

* Sir Thomas Coventry, afterwards lora keeper 0. the I Lodowick, Duke of Lenox: he was created Duke of Rich- great seal. mond, May 17, 1623, and died February 11, 1623-4. VOL. III -16



Hobart of the Common Pleas.

+ Harl. MSS. vol. 7006.

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