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industry would obtain, is it were permitted to a£fc without oppofition.
They who find themselves inclined to censure new undertakings, only because they are new, should consider, that the folly of projection is very seldom the folly of a fool; it is commonly the ebullition of a capacious mind, crowded with variety of knowledge, and heated with intenseness of thought; it proceeds often from the consciousness of uncommon powers, from the confidence of those, who having already done much, are easily persuaded that they can do more. When Rowley had completed the orrery, he attempted the perpetual motion i when Boyle had exhausted the secrets of vulgar chemistry, he turned his thoughts to the work of transmutation.
A projector generally unites thofe qualities which Jiave the fairest claim to veneration, extent of knowledge, and greatness of design: it was faid of Catiline, "immoderata, incredibilia, nimis alta semper "cupiebat." Projectors of all kinds agree in their intellects, though they differ in their morals i they all fail by attempting things beyond their power, by despising vulgar attainments, and aspiring to performances, to which, perhaps, nature has not proportioned the force of man: when they fail, therefore, they fail not by idleness or timidity, but by rash adventure and fruitless diligence.
That the attempts of such men will often miscarry, we may reasonably expect; yet from such men, and such only, are we to hope for the cultivation of those parts of nature which lie yet waste, the invention of those arts which are yet
wanting wanting to the selicity of lise. If they are, therefore, univerfally discouraged, art and discovery can make no advances. Whatever is attempted without previous certainty of success, may be considered as a project, and amongst narrow minds may, therefore, expofe its author to censure and contempt; and is the liberty of laughing be once indulged, every man will laugh at what he does not understand, every project will be considered as madness, and every great or new design will be censured as a project. Men, unaccustomed to reason and researches, think every enterprize impracticable, which is extended beyond common effects, or comprises many intermediate operations. Many that presume to laugh at projectors, would consider a flight through the air in a winged chariot, and the movement of a mighty engine by the steam of water, as equally the dreams of mechanick lunacy j and would hear, with equal negligence, of the union of the Thames and Severn by a canal, and the scheme of Æbuquerque, the viceroy of the Indies, who in the rage of hostility had contrived to make Egypt a barren defart, by turning the Nile into the Red Sea.
Thofe who have attempted much, have seldom failed to persorm more than thofe who never deviate from the common roads of action: many valuable preparations of chemistry are suppofed to have risen from unsuccessful enquiries aster the grand elixir: it is, therefore, just to encourage thofe who endeavour to enlarge the power of art, since they often succeed beyond expectation; and when they fail, may sometimes benefit the world even by their miscarriages.
Numb. 102. Saturday, 0£lobcr 27, 1753.
—— Quid lam Jtxlrt ftJt etneifit, mt It
ConMtui wtn fotniuat votiqut perofti T Jur.
What in the conduct of our lise appears
80 well design'd, so luckily begun,
But, when we have our wilh, we wish undone. DfcYDEf.
To the ADVENTURER,
S I R,
1H A V E been for many years a trader in Landau* My beginning was narrow, and my stock small % I was, therefore, a long time brow-beaten and despised by thofe, who having more money thought ihey had more merit than myself. I did not, however, suffer my resentment to instigate me to any mean arts of lupplancation, nor my eagerness of riches to betray me to any indirect methods of gain t 1 persued my business with incessant assiduity, supported by the hope of being one day richer than thofe who contemned me; and had, upon every annual review of my books, the fatisfaction of Hading my fortune increased beyond my expectation*
In a sew years my industry and probity were fully recompensed, my wealth was really great, and fmf reputation for wealth still greater. I had large warehouses crowded with goods, and considerable sums in the publick funds; I was caressed upon the
Exchange Exchange by the most eminent merchants; became the oracle of the common council; was solicited to engage in all commercial undertakings; was flattered with the hopes of becoming in a short time one of the directors of a wealthy company; and, to complete my mercantile honours, enjoyed the expensive happiness of fining for sherifF.
Riches, you know, easily produce riches: when, I had arrived to this degree of wealth, I had no longer any obstruction or opposition to sear; new acquisitions were hourly brought within my reach, and I continued for some years longer to heap thoufands upon thoufands.
At last I resolved to complete the circle of a citizen's profperity by the purchase of an estate in the country, and to clofe my Jise in retirement. From the hour that this design entered my imagination, I found the fatigues of my employment every day more oppressive, and persuaded myself that I was no longer equal to perpetual attention, and that my health would soon be destroyed by the torment and distraction of extensive business. I could image to myself no happiness, but in vacant jollity, and uninterrupted leisure; nor entertain my friends with any other topick, than the vexation and uncertainty of trade, and the happiness of rural privacy.
But notwithstanding these declarations, I could not at once reconcile myself to the thoughts of ceasing to get money; and though I was every day enquiring for a purchase, I found some reason for rejecting all that were offered me; and, indeed, had accumulated so many beauties and conveniences in ray idea of the spot, where I was finally to be
happy, ^SPP7, tnar, perhaps, the world might have been travelled over, without discovery of a place which would not have been desective in some particular.
Thus I went on still talking of retirement, and still refusing to retire; my friends began to laugh ac my delays, and I grew ashamed to trifle longer with my own inclinations; an estate was at length purchased, I transserred my stock to a prudent young man who had married my daughter, went down into the country, and commenced lord of a spacious manor.
Here for some time I found happiness equal to my expectation. I reformed the old house according to the advice of the best architects, I threw down the walls of the garden, and inclofed it with paliifades, planted long avenues of trees, filled a greenhouse with exotick plants, dug a new canal, and threw the earth into the old moat.
The fame of these expensive improvements brought in all the country to see the fhew. I entertained my visitors with great liberality, led them round my gardens, shewed them my apartments, laid before them plans for new decorations, and was gratified by the wonder of some and the envy of others.
I was envied; but how little can one man judge of the condition of another? The time was now coming, in which affluence and splendor could no longv make me pleased with myself. I had buiic till the imagination of the architect was exhausted; I had added one convenience to another, till I knew not what more to wish or to design; I had laid out iy gardens, planted my park, and completed my