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Elobim. Yet the latter Elobim is joined with an adjective of the plural number ; which seems naturally to lead the children of Israel to whom God spake these words, to suppose a plurality in the Elo. him which brought them out of Egypt, implied in the name Jehovah. Ps. Iviii. 11. “Verily, there is a God that judgeth in the eartli; Elobim Shopberim: Which literally is, Elohim, judges, (in the plural number.) See the evident distinction made between Jehovah sending, and Jehovah sent to the people, and dwelling in the midst of them, in Zech. ii. 8, 9, 10, 11 ; and iv. 8, 9, 11. “For thus saith the Lord of Hosts, After the glory hath He sent me unto the nations which spoiled you : For he that toucheth you, toucheth the apple of His eye."
“For behold, I will shake mine Hand upon them, and they shall be a spoil to their servants : And ye shall know that the Lord of Hosts hath sent me."
“Sing and rejoice, O daughter of Zion: For, lo, I come, and I will dwell in the midst of thee, saith the Lord.”
“And many nations shall be joined to the Lord in that day, and shall be my people: And I will dwell in the midst of thee, and thou shalt know that the Lord of Hosts hath sent me unto thee."
“ Moreover the word of the Lord came unto me, saying, The hands of Zerubbabel have laid the foundation of this house ; his hands shall also finish it; and thou shalt know that the Lord of Hosts hath sent me unto you."
“ Then answered I, and said unto him, What are these two olive trees upon the right side of the candlestick, and upon the left side thereof ?"
Joshua xxiv. 19. “ And Joshua said unto the people, Ye cannot serve Jehovah; for he is an Holy God, Elohim Kedhoshim.” He is the Holy Gods. Not only is the word Elohim properly plural, the very same that is used, ver. 15, the Gods which your fathers served, &c.—but the adjective Holy is plural. A plural substantive and adjective are used here concerning the True God, just in the same manner as in i Sam. iv. 8. " Who shall deliver us out of the hands of these mighty Gods. And in Dan. iv. 8. In whom is the Spirit of the Holy Gods.” So ver. 9, 18, and chap. v. 11, that the plural number should thus be used with the epithet Holy, agrees well with the doxology of the angels, Holy, Holy, Holy, Lord God of Hosts," &c.- Isaiah vi. and Rev. iv.
It is an argument, that the Jews of old understood that there were several persons in the Godhead, and particularly, that when the cherubim, in the 61h of Isaiah, cried “Holy, Holy, Holy, Lord of Hosts," they had respect to three persons : That the seventy interpreters, in several places, where the Holy One of Israel is spoken of, use the
plural number; as in Isaiah xli. 16. "Thou shalt glory in the Holy One of Israel :" in the LXX, it is, eu@paronon iv TOIS Cytots lopant. Isaiah 1x. 14. “The Zion of the Holy One of Israel ;" it is obwi Beytwv lopana. So Jer. li. 5. “Filled with sin against the Holy One of Israel :" ATW TWN aytwv logana.
END OF THE FOURTH VOLUME.