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have men who are qualified to maintain the truth against every gainsayer, who can defend the faith once delivered to the saints against the most powerful assailants. Now ministers thus qualified are not to be met with every day. They are not the production of chance, They do not grow into existence as a mere matter of course. And it is possible that, at the present time, the number would not be found to be very great of those who could successfully or reputably contend with the leading socinians in our country. This is mortifying. But the evil admits of a remedy. Although the orthodox churches generally have been negligent, culpably negligent, in regard to the education of young ministers; so much so as to give advantage to our more wary adversaries; yet we may retrace our steps, or rather commence anew, and do our future work better.
“Foster then this precious seminary, whence we may speedily hope to see issue multitudes of ardent, vigorous, able, well-furnished youth, who shall have no reason to dread the face of any foc however fierce or crafty.”
It would be showing too little respect for the understanding and christian feelings of our readers, to make any remarks on this piece. We have thought it our duty to give what publicity we could to so choice a specimen of orthodox liberality, especially as it comes from a professor of a college. Comments are unnecessary.
German Reformed Church.
We have before us the Transactions of the General Synod of the German Reformed Church, held in Hagerstown, Maryland, September, 1820.* In these Transactions returns are made from three hundred and eighty-nine congregations, and from many others it is understood no returns were made. The whole number of congregations belonging to this church in the United States, is about five hundred, and the number of minis
* Verhandlungen der General-Synode der Hochdeutschen Reformirten Kirche in den Vereinigten Staaten von Nord-America, ge
holten in lancetocit
Mareland September 1890
ters not more than ninety. In some instances a single clergyman has charge of ten, eleven, and twelve parishes. Of the five hundred congregations about half are in Pennsylvania, more than fifty in Ohio, and others in Maryland, Virginia, the Carolinas, Kentucky, and Tennessee. The services are universally held in the German language, except in a few of the larger towns where English and German are used alternately. The tenets of this church are conformable to the Heidelberg Catechism, and the sentiments of Zuinglius.
The most important act of the last session of the Synod, was a resolution to found a Theological Seminary. This is to be under the control of twelve superintendants, chosen every three years by the Synod; and by the same body the professors are to be chosen, and their salaries fixed. The term of study required of each student is to be not more than three, nor less than two years. Fredericktown in Maryland has been selected for the location of the seminary, and the Rev. Dr. Milledoler of New York has been chosen the Principal. The students are to be taught the usual branches of theology,* and Stapfer's work, [Grundlegung zur wahren Religion,] in twelve volumes, we understand is to be the leading text book. The funds of the institution are already respectable, and it is expected soon to go into operation. An admirable plan has been adopted to increase the funds, several clergymen have obligated themselves to collect and pay annually a certain sum for five or ten years.
* Die Studenten sollen, wenn möglich, in den folgenden theologischen Zweigen unterrichtet werden, nämlich; in der dogmatischen, homoletischen, polemischen, und moralischen Theologie, in der biblischen Literatur, in der Kirchen-Geschichte und in der Pastoral-Theologie, und sollen im Stande seyn die Grundsprache
vary from fifty to a hundred dollars a year each, and in some instances, perhaps, less. This plan might be followed to advantage among all denominations, and by laymen as well as clergymen. The inhabitants of Fredericktown have become responsible for twelve thousand dollars. Every friend to religious knowledge and improvement must wish well to this institution, and we have no doubt it will be a means of great good to the church, by the zealous efforts of whose members it has been established.
Unitarianism of Dr. Watts.
The last number of the Christian Disciple, contains an ingenious article in reply to Dr. Miller's remarks on the sentiments of Dr. Watts, in his “Letter to the Editor of the Unitarian Miscellany." We regret that our limits will not allow us to copy this article entire. We suppose no one can read it with an unbiassed mind, and still believe, that Dr. Watts died a trinitarian. It may well be recommended to such persons, as have seen any grounds for Dr. Miller's remarks, or have had any doubts respecting the unitarian faith of Dr. Watts. We have witnessed many laboured efforts of late to prove, what nobody even thought of doubting, that when Watts wrote his Psalms and Hymns he was a trinitarian.
To Subscribers. A second edition of several of the numbers of our first volume is .in press. The delay of this edition has been produced by causes not within our control; but we hope very shortly to supply all our subscribers with such back numbers as they have not received.
Original Language of St. Matthew's Gospel.
Ir is not easy to tell precisely the times at which the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke were written. After comparing all the collateral evidence, Lardner has come to the conclusion, that they were written nearly at the same time, and about thirty years after our Saviour's ascension. It does not appear, that the Apostles wrote any thing early. They were exclusively employed for several years in travelling and preaching. It is argued very justly, that the Gospels must have been written before the destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans, because they contain many predictions relating to that event, which evidently had not come to pass. According to Josephus, the Jewish war, which terminated in the ruin of that nation, commenced A. D. 66. Several of the ancient christian writers testify, that Mark was solicited by the brethren at Rome to write for their benefit what Peter had preached to them. From the best accounts Peter must have gone to Rome about A. D. 63. Hence Lardner concludes, that Mark's Gospel was not written before this period; and also, that the Roman brethren did not then know of any written Gospel
Origen says there was a tradition, that Matthew wrote first; but Basnage gives the precedence to Luke's Gospel, and for this opinion there is some internal evidence. The introduction to Luke's Gospel strongly implies, that Theophilus, to whom he writes, had never seen a written account of "those things wherein he had been instructed;" which would not have been likely to be the case, if any Gospels by the other Apostles were at that time in existence.* From these facts it would seem, that when Mark and Luke wrote they had neither of them seen any other Gospel, or known of any haying been written. But the Apostles were in different countries, and one might have written without the knowledge of another; yet they could not in the nature of things have remained long thus ignorant. In short, there is good reason to believe, that the Gospels in question were written nearly at the same time, and at the period above mentioned.
It is more than probable, also, that neither of the authors was acquainted with the Gospels of the others when he wrote; but which was first in order cannot be ascertained.
It has been a common belief froin very early times, that Matthew's Gospel was first written in the Hebrew language. This was stated by Papias, Irenaeus, Origen, and Eusebius; yet Lardner has given many cogent reasons why it was probably written in Greek.f Seve
* St. Luke's Gospel, and the Acts of the Apostles, written also by St. Luke, formerly constituted but one book. In the commencement of the Acts, the author refers to his Gospel, and calls it
&wtoy rogor, the first part, or as our translation has it, the former ireatise. He then takes up the narrative precisely where he had left it in what is now called his Gospel. Hence the ancients quoted the Gospel and the Acts promiscuously under the title of the History of St. Luke.
of The words of Papias ere, M&T Balog MED ουν “Εβραιδι διαλεκτω τα λογια συνεγραψατο, ηρμηνευσε και αυτα