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17 - And behold, I, even I, do 18 But with thee will I estabbring a fvod of waters upon the lish my covenant: and thou earth, to destroy all flesh, where shalt come into the ark, thou, and in is the breath of life, from un- thy sons, and thy wife, and thy der heaven: and every thing that soos' wives with thee. is in the earth shall die.

sch. 7. 1, 7, 13. 1 Pet. 3. 20. 2 Pet. 2. 5.

r ver. 13. ch. 7. 4, 21, 22, 23. 2 Pet. 2. 5.

tzahal all | implying a number of openings in the צהל ,tahar טהר ,zahar זהר

have not the means of ascertaining. height.- - Door. Heb. nno aperThat it was someway connected with ture, the open space in which a door the transmission of light, appears plain is hung; for the door itself the lanboth from testimony of the ancient ver- guage has another term. See note on sions and from the etymological rela- Gen. 19. 10. The word is here doubltions of the word. Its cognate roots less to be taken in a collective sense,

, , a convey the idea of light, shining, splen- different stories of the ark, designed for dour, and we find anyn yitzhor, oil, entrances for the animals, and afterso called from its shining. Moreover wards probably for the admission of air we meet with Danny tzohorayim sig- and the discharge of ordure. As the nifying noon, noon-day light, and oc

ark, by its peculiar house-like construccurring in the dual form, probably as

tion, was adapted to float on a smooth intensive, denoting the strongest, bright- sea, rather than to ride on a tempestuest, i. e. the meridian, light. On the ous one, we perceive no difficulty atwhole, we take it as a collective term for tending this mode of ventilation. The sky-lights constructed in some way in apertures might ordinarily be closed by the roof of the ark, and perhaps of some

lattice-work. transparent substance now unknown.

17. Bchold 1, even I, do bring a flood To sonie contrivance of this nature may of waters. Heb. an am bringing, probably be traced the conceits of the 1. e. about to bring. See on v. 13. The ancient Rabbins relative to the tzohar. announcement of the fearful resolve is Thus in the 'Pirke Eliezer,' ch. 23, it is repeated to give it more emphasis. said, 'A certain precions stone was sus- Thus when Joseph was called to interpended in the ark, which gave light to pret the dream of Pharaoh, he observed all the creatures therein, like a brightly concerning its being doubled, that was shining candle.' And the Targum of because the thing was established by Jonathan represents God as saying to God, and God would shortly bring it to Noah, 'Go thou to the Pison, and take pass. Such strong language would thence a precious stone, and place it in convey moreover the impression, which the ark for the dispensation of light.' was probably designed, that the threat

-1 In a cubit shalt thou finish it ened flood should not be owing to natabove. That is, the ark, not the win-ural causes, but to the immediate agendow. The roof was to be raised in the cy of omnipotence; and it is somewhat middle like that of a house so as admit remarkable that the original word here of a gentle slope on each side. The used for flood (37an mabbul, Gr. kataelevation was to be one cubit above the Kdvopos cataclysm) is limited, in its aphorizontal plane; or in other words, plication, to the general deluge, not bewhat are technically termed the king- ing employed in reference to any other posts supporting the ridge of the roof kind of inundation; as if the spirit at either end, were to be one cubit in I would intimate by this appropriate

19 And of every living thing, and of cattle after their kind, of of all flesh, ' two i: every sort every creeping thing of the earth shalt thou bring i:iu ihe ark, to after his kind; two of every sort keep them alive wii ilce: they u snall come unto thee, to keep shall be male and fernale.

them alive. 20 of fowls after their kind

u Co. 7. 9, 15. See ch. 2:9.

t ch. 7, 8, 9, 15, 16.

term that the present judgment was to be unique in its character; that how them alite with thee. Heb. 07977073 ever many partial inundations might to cause to live. Gr. iva speyns that thou happen in particular countries, there mayest nourish. The precise shade of was never to be but one general deluge. meaning conveyed by the original of 18. With thee will 1 establish my coo

this word is often lost sight of in our enant. That is, do enter with thee into translation. The verb 1795 to live in a sulemn engagement, pledging myself

what are terrned the Piel and Hiphil conto thy preservation by bringing thee jugations, which have a causative imand thine into the ark. As the work port, for the most part denotes not so in which Noah was now to engage

much the continued preservation as the was in itself arduous and likely to be revival or restoration of life from a preattended with many trials arising from The English word quicken is perhaps its

vious state of actual or virtual death. the unbelief and malice of an ungodly best representative in such cases. Thus world, such a gracious assurance was peculiarly seasonable, and calculated

1 Sam. 2. 6, The Lord killeth and greatly to animate him in the under- maketh alive (17-nr).' Ps. 30. 3, 'Thou taking. The original term rendered hast brought up my soul from the 'covenant (0799a berith), for the most grave: thou hast kept me alive (399-01) part though not always, implies a that I should not go down to the pit;' mutual compact between two parties, i.e. thou hast quickened me when virand in this instance not only involves tually by my imminent exposure I had the idea of a pledge, promise, or assur- descended to the pit. 2 Kings, 8. 1, ance on the part of God, but a re-stipu- Then spake Elisha unto the woman, lation also on that of Noah, that he whose son he had restored to life would in faith and obedience construct (1777:7). See my notes on Josh. 6. 25 and enter the ark, and commit himself and 14. 10, where this sense of the term in simple trust to the keeping of a faith is still more fully illustrated. Here the ful providence. The matter and condi- word is in the Hiphil or causative form, tions of the covenant appear to be con- and doubtless carries with it the implitained in the ensuing verses to the 21st. cation, that the creatures to be kept These comprise the things covenanted, alive in the ark were virtually extinct and as the performance of them sup- / by means of the general judgment of poses the agency both of God and the deluge, and that their preservation Noah, hence the reciprocal character of was no other than a kind of revival or the compact is manifest.

resuscitation of life to them. 'A lifc 19. Of every living thing. Except. remarkably protracted is, as it were, a ing of course the tenants of the deep. new life.' Henry. For a strikingly

-1 Two of every sort. Or, Heb. similar phraseology, see Ex. 7. 14–15. by twos,' i. e. by pairs. There were and what is there said of Pharaoh's beto be at least two, but of the cleaning raised up, i. e. quickened, from vir. beasts more.

Gen. 7. 2. — I 7o keep tual destruction.- - Shall come unto 21 And take thou unto thee of 22 w Thus did Noah ; * accordall food that is eaten, and thou ing to all that God commanded shalt gather it to thee; and it shall him, so did he. be for food for thee, and for them.

w Heb. 11. 7. See Ex. 40. 16. X ch. 7. 5, 9, 16.

thee. Probably in consequence of a di- undoubtedly an object of general derisyine impulse, as the animal tribes were ion, yet he persevered in his preparabefore brought to Adam, Gen. 2. 19. tions. The divine testimony was to He was thus assured that God would him in the place of all other evidence. collect the proper freight when he had He did not reason on the subject that prepared the vessel. Though we may

was revealed to him.

He did not say, often be in the dark how things shall How can such a deluge be produced ? be brought about, yet if we are acting How can it be supposed that a merciful under the divine command, and trust God should exercise such severity? or, ing upon the divine promise, he will How can it be hoped, that if all the bring it to pass. - To keep them rest be destroyed any vessel that I can alive. A Hebrew idiom for 'that they build will preserve me? It is probable may be kept alive.' Thus Eccl. 3. 2, that others argued thus; but he believ'A time to be born (Heb. 8733 to bear ed and acted upon the divine declaraor give birth to).' Est. 6. 6, 'And the tion. Had such a conduct been exhibking said unto him, What shall be done ited during the space of a few days on(Heb. 670mna what to do) unto the ly, we should have been the less astonman whom the king delighteth to hon- ished at it; but when we see it contin. our ? Ex. 9. 16, 'That my name may uing without intermission or abatement be declared (Heb. 750 to declare my for the lapse of more than a century, name) throughout all the earth.'

we are ready to regard it as one of the 22. Thus did Noah, &c. Viewed most illustrious triumphs of faith ever in all its circumstances this was un- witnessed or recorded.

But we are doubtedly one of the sublimest acts of equally instructed by the fatal perverseobedience ever rendered by fallen man ness and obstinacy of the great mass to his Creator. The words of the of the antediluvian world. They saw apostle Heb. 11. 7, afford the only ad- no appearance of any deluge; nor equate solution of his conduct; 'By could they persuade themselves that faith Noah, being warned of God of God would ever inflict such a trementhings not seen as yet, moved with dous judgment on the earth. The first fear, prepared an ark to the saving of beams of the ark were probably laid his house; by the which he condemn- across each other amidst the insulting ed the world, and became heir of the scoff's of hardened spectators. But the righteousness which is by faith.' The building advanced. Some admired the labour and expense necessary in build structure; some derided the plan; some ing a vessel of such vast magnitude charged hiin with superstition, enthusimust have been immense; and the un- asm, or insanity; more were sunk in belief and ridicule which the measure sensuality; and all united in the desperwould naturally encounter, almost be- ate resolution to treat his warnings yond endurance. Yet under the promp- with contempt. Still he entreated, and ting of faith he engaged in the work still they spurned his admonitions. and persisted in it to the end. Though The edifice continued to rise day after for the space of 120 years there was no day, and yet the voice of profane railsymptom of the coming judgment, and lery was heard on every side. Thus it though during that long period he was I continued till the crisis arrived. With

strange infatuation they stopped their tractive influence of the females of ears against the sound of the voice Cain's posterity soon corrupted the which with unwearied perseverance so- pure principles of their husbands. licited them to be saved. The calamity Those who once enjoyed the high diswhich they despised came upon them tiniiion of being called the 'sons of with all its terrors, and as they sank in God,' became ere long as vile as their the mighty waters, their last breath licentious partners, so that there was must have sighed out a mournful con- scarcely a vestige of true religion left demnation of their folly. Alas! how upon the earth. The woman who is faithful a picture this of the madness possessed of all other accomplishments, of mankind under the threatenings of and yet devoid of religious sentiments, the Gospel! Yet as with the antedilu- is a perilous companion for a pious vians, so with the men of every genera- man who is desirous of serving God tion shall it be found true, that 'he that with all his house. Her power and being often reproved hardeneth his persuasions will only weaken his virtuneck shall suddenly be destroyed, and ous resolutions or counteract his devothat without remedy.' The unbelief ted efforts. Children and domestics of Noah's cotemporaries did not make will entertain but little respect for relivoid the truth of God; nay, it rather gion while the mistress of the family hardened them to their destruction. slights it by her neglect, or sets herself What security then will our unbelief af- in opposition to its claims. Whatever ford us? Grant that we see not at difference or contrariety there may present any presage of the wrath which be in other points of the character, is threatened against an ungodly world; there should be union and harmony will it therefore never come? Will the and sympathy here. The great ends word of God fail of its accomplishment of this sacred relation may not be esIs it safe for us to set up our opinions sentially prejudiced by many little diagainst the positive declarations of versities of taste and habit, springing Heaven? and to found our hopes of from difference in constitutional temsalvation upon the presumption that perament, from education, or other cau"God will lie? Seen or unseen, our ses, but a fearful risk is run wherever the danger is the same: and if all perished love of God on the one side meets with in the deluge who took not refuge in its reverse on the other. 'How can the ark, so will all perish in the day two walk together except they be of judgment, who have not 'fled for agreed? Let the young then of either refuge to the hope set before them.' sex be peculiarly heedful in ascertain

REMARKS.—A few additional reflec- ing the principles and characters of tions suggest themselves so strongly those with whom they may have a from the foregoing narrative that we thought of connecting themselves for know not how to refuse them a place. life. It is a momentous consideration,

(1.) We are here reminded of the and neither the attractions of face or dangerous consequences of forming form, or the most captivating address improper connections. Familiar asso- should be allowed to blind our betler ciations with the wicked will soon con- judgment or give law to the most imtaminate the most virtuous mind, and portant choice we can make in this destroy the influence of religious prin- world, next to choosing whether we ciple. The extreme hazard that arises will serve God or no.

The examfrom overlooking the grand requisite in ple of a pious companion may indeed the character of a companion for life not be without its influence upon a is here most vividly set forth. The at- I thoughtless, worldly, or vitiated mind,

and in some cases may even avail to , utmost prostration of spiri', and abhor effect a reformation. But the hazard ourselves in dust and ashes ! as a general rule, is too great to be ven- (3.) What a constraining power tured, and common prudence will decide should attach to the example of Noah ! against it.

Nothing can be more honourable than (2.) What a call have we to being to stand firm and unmoved in a time humbled in the fact that we are parta- of general infidelity and corruption. kers of a nature of which such a What a noble spectacle is a man of unshocking picture is drawn by the histo- bending integrity in the midst of a derian in his acconnt of the manners of generate age-one who dares to set his the old world! The blandishments of face as a flint and be, if we may so say, vice having prevailed, gay amusements obstinutely virtuous! Such was Noah. paved the way to immorality, and the How unshaken did he remain while the neglect of devotion led to infidelity and whole force of public example, charged idolatry. With but one solitary known with odium against dissenters, was exception, the race became at length so bearing down upon him as with a completely sunk in sensuality and mighty current! Yet he boldly faced reatheism, so lost to all sense of shame proach and meekly encountered scorn. and desire of amendment, that they Instead of swerving at all from the are characterized as governed only by path of duty under an apprehension of a continual thirst for evil, without one the unpopularity of such a course, he intervening moment of consideration persisted in it to the end. Instead of or remorse! Yet the nature of that concealing his commission through fear generation is our nature, and we too or perverting it from a regard to personare capable of all the abominations al convenience or advantage, he prowhich brought the deluge upon the tested with earnestness against the sins world of the ungodly. Though res- of his cotemporaries, their idolatry, vitrained by a merciful Providence from olence, debauchery, and injustice. Let acting out all the evils of our hearts, us emulate this noble model. It may yet when we turn our eyes inward and indeed make us singular; but whose look upon our thoughts, and the imag- fault is that? Was it Noah's fault that inations of our thoughts, what report he was singular in the old world? Was must we give of them? Have they it not the fault of those who refused 19 been such as would bear the test of listen to the voice of mercy and to scrutiny'?—such that we could bear obey the commands of God? And that man should see them as God has would not Noah have paid a very unseen them? The proud, the envious, becoming deference to the world had the uncharitable, the angry, the re- he yielded to their influence and convengeful, the impure thoughts of which sented to perish with them rather than we have been conscious, have they not secure his own salvation? Let us 110t sprung up in our hearts as their proper then carry our coinplaisance to such a soil, and occupied the ground to the ex- fearful extent where we have so much clusion of the fruits of holiness? And at stake. We may confess that we reif occasionally a transient thought of gret being compelled to be singular, good has arisen, how coldly has it been that we are not singular for singularientertained, how feebly has it operated, ty's sake, but that we deem it better to how soon has it been lost! What then be saved with Noah and his little fambecomes us but the deepest humilia- | ily, than to perish with the multitude; tion? How should we sink into the that it is better to walk in the narrow

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