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24 . If Cain shall be avenged other seed instead of Abel, whom seven-fold, truly Lamech seventy Cain slew. and seven-fold.

26 And to Seth, 4 to him also 25 s And Adam knew his wife there was born a son ; and he again, and she bare a son, and called his name Enos: then becalled his name Seth: For God, gan men to call upon the name said she, hath appointed me an- of the LORD.

w 1 Kings 18. 24. Ps. 116. 17. Joel 2. 32. Zeph. 3. 9.

uch. 5. 6.

t cb. 5. 3.

1 Cor. 1. 2.

or

which had actually happened, but as by Eve, but doubtless with Adam's intimating the consequences of such a concurrence, implying especially that fact, provided it should happen. 'Sup- he was substituted for his slain brother. pose that when designedly and danger- - Another seed. Another child; ously wounded by a murderous weap- the term seed being applied to a single on, in the hand of a ruffian, I should slay individual, as it is also Gen. 21. 13, and my assailant, whether a grown man | 38. 8. This usage confirms the apos

a daring youth, yet as it would tle's argument, Gal. 3. 16, 'He saith be done in self defence, I should not not, and to seeds, as of many; but as incur the guilt of murder. For if the of one, and to thy seed, which is Christ.' man that should have killed Cain, who –The manner in which the mother of slew his brother without prorocation, mankind speaks on this occasion is were to be punished seven-fold, then he much in favour of her personal religion. who should undertake to inflict ven- The language implies, that though at first geance upon me for slaying a man in she had doated upon Cain, yet as the bromy own defence, shall be punished sev- thers grew up, and developed their resenty and seven-fold.' Thus one sinner pective characters, Abel was preferred. takes liberty to sin from the suspension He was the child in whom all the hopes of judgment towards another. The of the family seem to have concentraspeech was prompted, perhaps, by La- ted; and therefore when he fell a sacrimech's having witnessed the mischiev- fice to his brother's cruelty, it was conous effects of some of his sons' newly- sidered as a very heavy loss. She was invented instruments of iron and brass, not without a son when Seth was which probably began to be wielded to born, for Cain was yet alive; but he the injury or destruction of human life. was considered as none, or as worse The Chal. renders the passage, 'For Ithan none, and therefore when Seth have not killed a man that I should was born, she hoped to find in him a bear sin for him ; nor destroyed a successor to Abel. And so it proved; young man that my seed should be for his was doubtless the family in consumed for him.' The speech is in which the true religion was preserved hemistichs, according to the genius of in after ages. Hebrew poetry, and, as it seems, not 26. Called his name Enos. Heb. written by Moses, but handed down by w72 Enosh ; i. e. sick, weak, sorrowtradition.-Thus ends the account of ful, miserable; en called perhaps from the murderer Cain. We hear no more the prevailing degenerate state of the of his posterity, unless it be as tempt- world at that time. T Then began ers of the sons of God,' till they were men to call upon the name of the Lord. all swept away by the deluge!

The true import of these words, as 25. Called his name Seth. Heb. In read in the original, is somewhat diffiset, put, appointed; a name bestowed I cult to be determined. As the Heb.

term for 'began will admit of being by taking upon them the profession of rendered profaned or profanely began, God's holy name, and by being recogthe Jewish interpreters for the most nised as his true worshippers. A simipart understand it of the commence- lar phraseology obtains Is. 44. 5, 'One ment of idolatry, which consists in pro- shall say, I am the Lord's and another fanely calling upon and worshipping shall call himself by the name (87277 idols under the name and titles of the bus) of Jacob.' Ch. 48. 1, 'Hear.ye true God, and thus as marking the be- this, O house of Jacob, which are callginnings of that great degeneracy ed by the name of Israel;' i. e. who prowhich finally led to the destruction of fess to belong to the people of Israel the earth and its guilty inhabitants by and to be of the same religion. Perthe flood. Accordingly, the Chaldee haps the distinction of 'sons of God' Targuim reads it,' 'l'hen the sons of men and 'sons of men,'alluded to in the folleft off from praying in the name of lowing chapter, then began more genethe Lord,' or, 'became profane so that rally to prevail. On the whole, howthey prayed not. The more common ever, we incline to the opinion that the interpretation, however, is, that about sense of profane invocation is really this time there began to be a more conveyed by the original word; but marked separation on the part of the that the other idea also of a pious propious from the ungodly, that the name session of the name and worship of Jeof the Lord began to be invoked in a hovah is directly and necessarily inmore open and public manner, and the ferred from it, for the f ct of the invarious ceremonies of his worship to be creasing profaneness and irreligion of more solemnly observed. Adam and one portion of the race would naturally his pious offspring had undoubtedly be- tend to produce a more public and defore this maintained the worship of cided adherence to the worship of God God both in their families and their by the other, and the Heb. idiom, we closets; but till the human race were believe, allows us to consider both facts considerably multiplied there was no to be alluded to by one and the same occasion for what may be called public term.-In respect to this period of the worship. But when the families be- sacred history we may properly cite came so numerous that they were obli- the words of the celebrated Jewish wriged to separate, then it was necessary ter Maimonides as translated by Ainsto call them together at stated times worth:-'In the days of Enos the sons and seasons, that, by forming different of Adam erred with great error, and congregations, they might all receive the counsel of the wise men of that age instruction at once, and keep up in their became brutish ; and their error was minds an habitual reverence for God. this: They said, forasmuch as God hath 'Calling upon the name of the Lord' is created these stars and spheres to goven expression elsewhere used to denote ern the world, and set them on high, all the appropriate acts and exercises of and imparted honour unto them, and the stated worship of God. Gen. 12. they are ministers that ininister before 8.-13. 4.--21. 33. i Chron. 16. 8. Ps. bim; it is ineet that men should laud, 105. 1. et al. Comp. Acts, 9. 14. The and glorify, and give them honour. For marginal rendering, for which there is this is the will of God, that we might also some ground, is, “Then began men magnify and honour whomsoever he to be called by the name of the Lord,' | magnifieth and honoureth, even as a i. e. then began a portion of men (viz. king would have them magnified that the children of Seth) to be distinguished stand before him. When this thing from others, the descendants of Cain, I was come up into their heart, they be CHAPTER V.

3 | And Adam lived an hun

&

erations of Adam: In the day a son in his own likeness, alter that God created man, in the his image; and d called his name likeness of God made he bim : Seth :

2 - Male and female created 4 . And the days of Adam afhe them; and blessed them, and ter he had begoiten Seth were called their name Adam, in the eight hundred years: 'and he beday when they were created. gat sons and daughters :

a i Chron. 1. 1. Luke 3. 36. b ch. 1. 26. Eph. 4. 24. Col. 3. 10. c ch. 1. 7.

1 ch. 4. 5.

e i Chron. 1. 1, &c. f ch. 1. 28.

gan to build temples unto the stars, and tailed, and which we have already sufto offer sacrifices unto them, and to laud ficiently explained. Perhaps he designand glorify them with words, and to ed also to hint at the different inode of worship before them, that they might, production in regard to Adam and his in their evil opinion, obtain favour of posterity. He came into being from the Creator. And this was the root the immediate hand of his Creator; of idolatry.'-Lightfoot supposes that they by generation from him. Noah is called in 2 Pet. 2. 5, the eighth 2. Called their name Adam. As be person' in reference to these times, viz. fore remarked, ch. 1. 26, Adam is in. the eighth in succession from Enos, in truth the name of the species, of the whose days the world began to be pro- whole human race in general, though fane. Otherwise it may be rendered frequently employed as the appellation the eighth preacher.'

of the first man exclusively. It is,

however, a striking fact that the Holy CHAPTER V.

Spirit should have adopted a phraseol1. This is the book of the generations ogy which teaches us that it was not of Adam. In other words, this is the merely an individual, but the human narrative or rehearsal of the remarka- race, whose history is given in the pre ble events pertaining to the creation ceding chapters; that it was the hu. and the life of Adam (see Gen. 2. 4, on man race which was put upon proba. the word 'generations'); and not only tion, was tempted, overcome, and ruinso, but also the list or catalogue of the ed by the fall. It is not easy to connames of his more immediate posterity.ceive of any theological view which Both senses are undoubtedly included shall weaken the force of this solemn in the expression, as the two first ver consideration. ses imply the first, and the remaining 3. Adam lived an hundred and thirty part of the chapter the second. The years. During which time he begat phrase is at once retrospective and an- many other sons and daughters not ticipative in its import. It is not the enumerated in this catalogue. v. 4. writer's object, however, to give a com- -î Begat a son in his own likeness. plete genealogy embracing all Adam's The word 'son does not occur in the descendants to Noah, but only those original, but from what follows it is through whom the line of the promises plain that the sense requires its inserran. - In the day that God created tion. Similar omissions are not infre

Heb. 'created Adam.' The quent in Hebrew. Thus 1 Chron. 18. historian prefaces the ensuing genealo- 6, "Then David put in Syria ;' i. e. gy with a brief recapitulation of the as we learn from 2 Sam. 8. 6, put gar leading events which he had before de- I risons in Syria. In his own like

man.

5 And all the days that Adam / were nine hundred and twelve lived were nine hundred and thir- years; and he died. ty years ; ; and he died.

9 | And Enos lived ninety 6 And Seth lived an bundred years, and begat Cainan: and five years, and begat Enos: 10 And Enos lived after he be

7 And Seth lived after he be- gat Caivan eight hundred and gat Enos eight hundred and seven fifteen years, and begat sons and years, and begat sons and daugh- daughter : ters:

11 And all the days of Enos 8 And all the days of Seth were nine hundred and five years;

and he died.

g ch. 3. 19. Heb. 9. 27. h ch. 4. 26.

ness.

Not only like him in the struc- in his family ending in the unnatural ture of his body and the faculties of murder of his second son by a brother's his mind, but like him also in the cor- hand. He was witness also to the ruption of his nature as a sinner. If beginnings of that universal corruption the former only had been intended, it which at last brought on the deluge ; might have been said of Cain or Abel, and when he beheld himself the source as well as of Seth. But here the im- of these growing evils, he could not fail, plication is, that Seth, though a good with every succeeding year of his life, man and worthy of being substituted to entertain deeper and more appalling iline place of Abel as the progenitor views of the enormity of his transgresct the promised seed, yet even he was sion and the justice of his sentence. begotten and born in sin, and indebted This would naturally tend in his case, to the sovereign grace of God alone for as in every other, to heighten his estiall the moral excellence which he pos- mate at once of the goodness and the sessed. The evident drift of the sacred severity of God, and endear to him that writer is to hint at the contrast between promise which was the hope of a lost the image in which Adam himself was world. made, and that in which his children

3—28. Of the genealogy contained in were begott Adam was created in these verses we may remark, (1.) That the image of God, pure, upright, and it is a very honourable one. Not only holy; but after his fall he begat a son did the patnarchs and prophets, and like himself sinful, defiled, frail, morial, the church of God for many ages, deand miserable. "Grace does not run in scend from it, but the Son of God himthe blood, but corruption does. A sin- self according to the flesh; and to show ner begets a sinner, but a saint does the fulfilment of the promises and prophnot beget a saint. Henry.

ecies concerning him is the principal 5. All the days that Adam lived were reason of the genealogy having been nine hundred and thirty years : and recorded. (2.) Neither Cain nor Abel he died. Thus our great progenitor, has any place in it. Abel was slain having reached the fifty-sixth year of before he had any children, and thereLamech's life, and seen his issue in fore could not ; and Cain by his sin the ninth generation, left the world on had covered his name with infamy, which his apostacy had drawn down and therefore should not

Adam's possuch dire effects. Besides the griefs terity, cunst quently, after the lapse of an which he experienced on acoount of hundred and thirty years must begin his personal transgression, he had the anew. (3.) The extraordinary length mortification to see an early rupture of human life at that period was wisely 12 | And Cainan lived seven- 15 | And Mahalaleel lived sixty years, and begat Mahalaleel:

ty and five years, and begat Jared : 13 And Cainan lived after he 16 And Mahalaleel lived after begat Mahalaleel eight hundred he begat Jared eight hundred and and forty years, and begat sons thirty years, and begat sons and and daughters :

daughters: 14 And all the days of Cainan 17 And all the days of Mahawere nine hundred and ten years; laleel were eight hundred ninety and he died.

and five years, and he died. ordered, not only for peopling the world, society, and thus the phenomenon is but for supplying the defect of a writ- traced back to the goodness and wise ten revelation. From the death of Ad- dom of the Creator. For it is obviam to the call of Abraham, a period of ous to the least reflecting, not only inai about eleven hundred years, there was the process of peopling the earth ro living either Enoch, Lamech, Noah, or quired at first a greater longevily in the Shem, besides other cotemporary god human race, than would be necessary ly persons, who would feelingly relate after it becane adequately colonised, to those about them the great events of but that the advancement of the race the creation, the fall, and the recovery itself into high civilization and refine of man. (4.) Notwithstanding the ment could not have taken place, had longevity of the antediluvians, it is re- not each person been permitted to live corded of them all in their turn, that during a much longer space of time they died. Though the stroke of death than is found to be the case at present was slow in its approach, yet it was in every portion of the globe. The

If man could live a thousand first generations having no past experiyears, yet he must die; and if he die in ence to look back upon, must have. sin, he will be accursed. (5.) Though owed all their knowledge to their own many of the names in this genealogy individual exertions; and how far these are passed over without any thing be- would have carried them in the short ing said of their piety, yet we are not space of seventy or eighty years, we hence to infer that they were not so need only examine the condition of the distinguished. Many might be in- wandering tribes in America to discov. cluded amoug them who called upon er. It was not, however, in accordance the name of the Lord,' and who are with God's gracionis design in creating, denominated 'the sons of God,' though that man, whom he had appointed ili nothing is personally related of them.- head of this lower world, should live As to the extreme longevity that char- and die in a state of intellectual childacterized this period, it was probably hood. And hence he appointed to the owing in part to physical and in part to antediluvians many centuries of exissmoral causes. While the influences of ence, that they might discover, follow climate and diet are to be recognized as up, and lay the foundations of knowb contributing to it, yet we may admit edge for all future ages,

in that there were various other causes in and ornamental art. But the necessity operation which tended to the same re- for so very protracted an existence being sult. There is in fact something in the of a temporary nature, God wisely with intelleemal nature of man which seems drew it, as soon as it had attained it to require that the period of life granted purposes ; and he did so, not more in so inrlividuals, should be more extended wisdom, than in mercy, to the creature in the infancy, than in the maturity of whose mortal life he curtailed. As we

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