Solitude: A Philosophical Encounter
Open Court Publishing, 1994 - 375 páginas
What is the proper place of solitude in human existence? Some thinkers have claimed that solitude is our truest, most ultimate, metaphysically deepest state of being. Others have maintained the contrary view that it is in encounter that we most truly find ourselves. In Koch's Solitude: A Philosophical Encounter, both solitude and encounter emerge as primary modes of human experience, equally essential for human completion. This book both joyfully celebrates and carefully analyzes solitude. Professor Koch first explores the roles of perception, emotion, thought, and volition in constructing the experiential world of solitude, then distinguishes solitude from such near-relations as loneliness, isolation, privacy, and alienation. He goes on to explain his surprising discovery: disengaged solitude is threaded through and hemmed around by diminished modes of engagement, while conversely, engagement is limited and hollowed by modes of disengagement. So, it turns out, experiences of solitude and encounter are shot through with each other, leading to a radically new understanding of personal experience. The author identifies five intrinsic virtues of solitude: Freedom of Action; Attunement to Self; Attunement to Nature; Reflective Perspective; and Creativity. The common objections to solitude - that it is empty, pointless, vain, foolish, lonely, dangerous, unnatural, morbid, self-indulgent, selfish, escapist, evasive of social responsibility, irrelevant for post-modern women, and culturally limited to alienated privilege in late stages of capitalism - are each given their say and then critically dismantled. Professor Koch's discussion includes an overview of historical restrictions on solitudefor women, as well as contemporary women's writings on solitude, and a detailed study of the role of solitude in the classics of ancient Taoism.
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THE NATURE OF SOLITUDE
Loneliness Isolation Privacy Alienation
The Symmetry of Engagement and Disengagement
Images of Solitude
The Place of Solitude The Arguments Aprtori
Arguments from Experience
Women and Solitude
A Universal Value?
The Virtues of Solitude
The Completions of Encounter
VERY SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY
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alienation anchoress Ancrene Wisse Antony argue argument attunement awareness becomes Being-with called century chapter Chuang Tzu Cited claims complete consciousness contemplation death Descartes desert Desert Fathers desire discussion disengagement Emily Dickinson emotion engagement existence experience experiential express eyes feeling felt Franz Kafka freedom hermits human Ibid idea imagination individual inner insisted involves isolation Koller Lao Tzu Leibniz living loneliness lonely meaning Menocchio metaphor metaphysical Mijuskovic mind monads moral nature objects Octavio Paz one's pain perhaps person Petrarch phenomenology philosophical pond presence reflection relationship remarks Sarton seems sense separate silence social society solitary solitary experience solitude and encounter soul spirit Tao Teh Ching Taoist Teh Ching things Thoreau thought Tillich tion true University Press virtues of solitude Walden Walden Pond whole wilderness woman women wonder words writing wrote York
Thoreau's Living Ethics: Walden and the Pursuit of Virtue
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The Value of Solitude: The Ethics and Spirituality of Aloneness in Autobiography
John D. Barbour
Sin vista previa disponible - 2004