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rica; 4. Græcum; 5. Japonicum; 6. Latifo Sixscore and five miles it containeth in circuit. lium ; 7. Ninsi ; 8. Nodifloruin ; 9. Repens; 10.
Sandys. Rigidus ; 11. Siculus ; 12. Sisarum. 'of these
All is uneven, the first three following are natives of Britain : And every thing is left at six and suren. Sakspeare.
Where have you left the money that I gave you? 1. S. angustifolium, the narrow leaved water
Oh!-sixpence that I had.
Id. parsnep, has 'pinnated leaves; the axillary um
You are more clement than vile men, bels are pedunculated, and the general involu- who of their broken debtors take crum is pinnatifid. It grows in ditches and A sirth, letting them thrive again.
Id. rivulets, but is not common.
In 1588 there sat in the see of Rome a fierce 2. S. latifolium, the great water parsnep, grows thundering friar, that would set all at sis and seven, spontaneously in many places boih of England or at six and five, if you allude to his name. and Scotland on the sides, of lakes, ponds, and
Bacon. rivulets. The stalk is erect and furrowed, three The crown of Spain hath enlarged the bounds feet high or more. The leaves are pinnated, with thereof within this last sisscore years, much more three or four pair of large elliptic pinnæ, with an
than the Ottomans.
Id. odd one at the end, all serrated on the edges. heard of others that it would return sixteen times.
It returned the voice thirteen times ; and I have The stalk and branches are terminated with erect umbels, which is the chief characteristic of the
Sixthly, living creatures have more diversity of orspecies. Cattle are said to have run mad by
Id. feeding upon this plant.
When the boats were come within sixty yards of 3. S. noliflorum, reclining water parsnep, has the pillar, they found themselves all bound, and pinnated leaves, but the axillary umbels are ses- could go no farther.
Id. sile. It grows on the sides of rivulets.
If men lived but twenty years, we should be sa4. S. sisarum, the skirret, is a native of China, tisfied if they died about sixteen or eighteen. but has been long cultivated in Europe, parti
Taylor. cularly in Germany. The root is a bunch of Let the appearing circle of the fire be three feet fleshy fibres, each of which is about as thick as
diameter, and the time of one entire circulation of a finger, but very uneven, covered with a whitish it the sixtieth part of a minute, in a whole day there
will be but 86,400 such parts.
Digby on Bodies. rough bark, and has a hard core or pith running through the centre. From the crown of this Or wager laid at sis and seven.
What blinder bargain ere was driven,
Hudibras. bunch come several winged leaves, consisting
That of six hath many respects in it, not only for of two or three pair of oblong dentated lobes the days of the creation, but its natural consideraeach, and terminated by an odd one. The stalk tion, as being a perfect number. rises to about two feet, is set with leaves at the
Browne's Vulgar Errours. joints, and breaks into branches towards the top, No incident in the piece or play but must carry on each terminating with an umbel of small white the main design : all things else are like six fingers flowers, which are succeeded by striated seeds to the hand, when nature can do her work with five. like those of parsley. Skirrets come nearest to
John once turned his mother out of doors, to his parsneps of any of the esculent roots, both for flavor and nutritive qualities. They are rather great sorrow; for his affairs went on at sires and
Arbuthnot. sweeter than the parsnep, and therefore to some
Only the other half would have been a tolerable palates are not altogether so agreeable. Mr. Mar
seat for rational creatures, and five sixths of the whole graaf extracted from half a pound of skirret root globe would have been rendered useless. one ounce and a half of pure sugar.
Cheyne's Philoso cal Principles. SIUT, a considerable town of Upper Egypt,
The wisest man might blush, on the western bank of the Nile. The country If D— loved sixpence more than he.
Pope. round is exceedingly fertile : a great quantity of The goddess would no longer wait; hemp is also cultivated, not for manufacture, But, rising from her chair of state, but for the intoxicating quality which the smoked Left all below at sis and seven, seed possesses. "The inhabitants are chiefly Harnessed her doves, and flew to heaven. Swift. Copts. They are employed in an extensive ma Six Clerks, officers in chancery of great Jufacture of blue cloth, and Siut is the rendez- account, next in degree below the twelve masvous of the caravans which proceed from Egypt ters, whose business is to enrol commissions, southwards into the interior of Africa, to Sen- pardons, patents, warrants, &c., which pass the naar and Darfur. Siut is the see of a Coptic great seal, and to transact and file all proceedings bishop, and supposed to be the ancient Lyco- by bill, answer, &c. They were anciently clerici, polis.
and forfeited their places if they married ; but, SIX, adj.
when the constitution of the court began to alter, Sıx'PENCE, n. s. Fr. siz. Twice three; one
a law was made to permit them to marry. Stat. Six'score, adj. more than five: to be at six
14 and 15 Hen. VIII. cap. 8. They are also SIXTEEN, and seven is to be in a state solicitors for parties in suits depending in the Six'TEENTH,
of discord or Auctuation : court of chancery. Under them are six deputies SIXTH, the other compounds and and sixty clerks, who, with the under clerks, do Sixtuʼly, adv. derivatives seem obvious in the business of the office. Six'TIETH, adj. the meaning.
Six Nations, Indians who live on the banks Six'ty.
of the Niagara. Each nation was, at one time,
divided into three tribes, of which the principal The first lot came forth to Jehoiarib, the sixteenth were called the turtle tribe, the wolf tribe, and to Immer.
1 Chron. xxiv. 14. the bear tribe. Each tribe has two or more
chiefs, called sachems; and this distinction is cember, 1521, in La Marca, a village in the hereditary in the family, but descends along the seigniory of Montalto. His father, Francis Pe. female line: for instance, if a chief dies, one of retti, was a gardener, and his mother a servant his sister's sons, or one of his own brothers, will maid. He was their eldest child, and was called be appointed to succeed him. Among these no Felix. At the age of nine he was hired out to preference is given to proximity or primoge- an inhabitant of the village to keep sheep; but, niture; but the sachem, during his life time, disobliging his master, he was degraded to be pitches upon one whom he supposes to have keeper of the hogs. He was engaged in this more abilities than the rest; and in this choice employment when F. Michael Angelo Selleri, a he frequently consults the principal men of the Franciscan friar, asked the road to Ascoli, where tribe. If the successor happens to be a child, he was going to preach. Young Felix conducted the offices of the post are performed by some of him thither, and struck the father so much with his friends until he is of sufficient age to act his eagerness for knowledge, that he recomhimself. Each of these posts of sachem has a mended him to the fraternity to which he had name peculiar to it, and which never changes, as come. Accordingly he was invested with the it is always adopted by the successor ; nor does habit of a lay brother, and placed under the the order of precedency of each of these names sacristan, to assist in sweeping the church, lightor titles ever vary. Nevertheless, any sachem, ing the candles, and the like, for which he was by abilities and activity, may acquire greater to be taught the responses and the rudiments of power and influence in the nation than those grammar. His progress in learning was so surwho rank before him in point of precedency; prising that at the age of fourteen he was qualibut this is merely temporary, and dies with him. fied to begin his noviciate, and was admitted at Each tribe has one or two chief warriors; which fifteen to make his profession. He pursued his dignity is also hereditary, and has a peculiar studies with unwearied assiduity; and was orname attached to it. These are the only titles dained priest in 1545, when he assumed the of distinction which are permanent in the nation; name of father Montalto; soon after he took his for although any Indian may, by superior talents, doctor's degree, and was appointed professor of either as a counsellor or as a warrior, acquire theology at Sienna, where he so effectually reinfluence in the nation, yet it is not in his power commended himself to cardinal di Carpi, and to transmit this to his family. The Indians have his secretary Bossius, that they ever remained also their great women as well as their great his steady friends. Meanwhile the severity and men, to whose opinions they pay great deference; obstinacy of his temper incessantly engaged him and this distinction is also hereditary in families. in disputes with his monastic brethren. His They do not sit in council with the sachems, but reputation for eloquence, which was now spread have separate ones of their own. When war is over Italy, about this time gained him some new declared, the sachems and great women gene- friends. Among these were the Colonna family, rally give up the management of public affairs and F. Ghisilieri, by whose recommendation he into the hands of the warriors. But a sachem was appointed inquisitor-general at Venice; but may at the same time be also a chief warrior. he exercised that office with so much severity
SIXTUS I., bishop of Rome, according to that he was obliged to flee precipitately from Dr. Watkins, succeeded Alexander I., A.D. 119, that city. Upon this he went to Rome, where suffered martyrdom for Christianity, A. D. 127, he was made procurator-general of his order, and was afterwards canonised as a saint. But and soon after accompanied cardinal Buon ComAlstedius and Marcel place his accession in, pagnon into Spain, as a chaplain and consultor to 131-2, and his martyrdom in 142.
the inquisition; where he was treated with great Sixtus II., a native of Athens, succeeded respect. Pius IV. dying, father Ghisilieri, or Stephen I. as bishop of Rome, A. D. 257. He cardinal Alexandrino, succeeded him under the suffered martyrdom during the persecution under name of Pius V.; and Montalto was immediately Valerian, three days before his disciple St. Law- invested by the pontiff with new dignities. He rence, A. D. 258.
was made general of his order, bishop of St. Şixtus III. was a priest in the Roman church, Agatha, raised to the dignity of cardinal
, and and was elected pope in 432. He was an author, received a pension. About this time he was and his Epistles are extant. He suppressed the employed by the pope to draw up the bill of heresies of Pelagius and Nestorius in the west ; excommunication against queen Elizabeth. He and died in 440.
began now to look towards the papacy; and, to Sixtus IV. was the son of a fisherman, born obtain it, formed and executed a plan of hypoin 1412, and, entering among the Cordeliers, crisy with unparalleled constancy and success. became very learned. He was eminent as á He became humble, patient, and affable. He professor of theology, in several universities in changed his dress, his air, his words, and his Italy, and was raised to the cardinalship by actions, so completely, that his most intimate Paul II., whom he succeeded in 1471. He at- friends declared him a new man. Never was tempted to stir up a new crusude, but without there such an absolute victory gained over the success; but obtained some signal advantages passions ; never was a fictitious character so wel over the Turks by his own galleys. He wrote maintained, nor the foibles of human nature so several Treatises on Theology; but gave offence artfully concealed. He had formerly treated his even to Catholics, by publishing a bull ordain- relations with the greatest tenderness, but he ing an annual festival in honor of the immaculate now changed his behaviour to them entirely. conception. He died in 1484, aged seventy-two. When Pius V. died in 1572, he entered the Sixtus V., pope, was born the 13th of De- conclave with the other cardinals, but seemed
altogether indifferent about the election, and or partiality. He ordered the syndics of all th: never left his apartment except to his devotion. towns and signiories to make out a complete list When cardinal Buon Compagnon, or Gregory of the disorderly persons within their districts XIII., was elected, Montalto flattered him, but The syndic of Albano was scourged in the marthe new pope treated him with the greatest con- ket-place because he had left his nephew, an tempt, and deprived him of his pension. He incorrigible libertine, out of his list. He made now assumed all the infirmities of old age; his laws equally severe and just against robbers and head hung down upon his shoulders; he tottered 'assassius. Adulterers, when discovered, suffered as he walked, and supported himself on a staff. death; and they who willingly submitted to the His voice became feeble, and was often inter- prostitution of their wives, a custom then comrupted by a cough so exceedingly severe that it mon in Rome, received the same punishment. seemed every moment to threaten his dissolution. He was particularly careful of the purity of the He interfered in no public transactions, but spent female sex; and his execution of justice was as his whole time in acts of devotion and benevo- prompt as his edicts were rigorous. A Swiss, lence. Mean time he constantly employed the happening to give a Spanish gentleman a blow ablest spies, who brought him intelligence of with his halberd, was struck by him so rudely every particular. When Gregory XIII. died, in with a pilgrim's staff that he expired on the spot. 1585, he entered the conclave with reluctance, Sixtus informed the governor of Rome that he and appeared perfectly indifferent about the was to dine early, and that justice must be exeevent of the election. He joined no party, yet cuted on the criminal before he sat down to tlattered all. He knew that there would be di- table. The Spanish ambassador and four cardivisions in the conclave, and that when the leaders nals entreated him not to disgrace the gentleman of the different parties were disappointed in their by suffering him to die on a gibbet, but to order own views, they often agreed in the election of him to be beheaded. He shall be banged (resome old and infirm cardinal, the brevity of plied Sixtus), but I will alleviate his disgrace by whose life would soon occasion a new vacancy. doing him the honour to assist personally at his Three cardinals, the leaders of opposite factions, death. He ordered a gibbet to be erected before being unable to procure the election which each his own windows, where he continued sitting of them wished, unanimously agreed to make during the whole execution. When Sixtus aschoice of Montalto. When they came to acquaint cended the throne, the whole ecclesiastical state him with their intention, he fell into a violent fit was infested with bands of robbers, who from of coughing, and told them that his reign would their numbers and outrages were exceedingly last but a few days. He conjured them to take formidable; but by his vigorous conduct he soon the whole weight of affairs upon their own extirpated the whole of these banditti. Nor was shoulders. The cardinals swallowed the bait, , the vigor of his conduct less conspicuous in bis and Montalto was elected. He now pulled off transactions with foreign nations. Before he the mask which he had worn for fourteen years. had been pope two months, he quarrelled with No sooner was his election secured, than he Philip II. of Spain, Henry III. of France, and started from his seat, and appeared almost a foot Henry king of Navarre. His intrigues, indeed, taller than he had done for several years. llis in some measure influenced all the councils of former complaisance and humility disappeared, Europe. After his accession to the pontificate, together with his infirmities, and he now treated he sent for his family to Rome, with orders that all around him with reserve and haughtiness. they should appear in a decent and modest The first care of Sixtus V. was to correct the manner. Accordingly his sister Camilla came abuses, and put a stop to the enormities, daily thither, accompanied by her daughter and two committed in the ecclesiastical state. The lenity grand-children. Some cardinals, to pay court of Gregory's government had introduced a ge- to the pope, went out to meet her, and introneral licentiousness of manners. It had been duced her in a very magnificent dress. Sixtus usual with former popes to release delinquents pretended not to know her, and asked two or on the day of their coronation, who therefore three times who she was. Her conductors at surrendered themselves voluntarily prisoners last found it necessary to carry her to an inn, after the election of the pope. When the go- and strip her of her finery. When Camilla was vernor of Rome and the keeper of St. Angelo again introduced, Sixtus embraced her tenderly, waited on his holiness, to know his intention in and said, “ Now we know indeed that it is our this particular, he replied, “ We have too long sister; nobody shall make a princess of you but seen the prodigious degree of wickedness that ourselves.' He stipulated with his sister that reigns in the state to think of granting pardons. she should neither ask any favour in matters of Let the prisoners be brought io a speedy trial, government, nor intercede for criminals, nor inand punished as they deserve, to show the world terfere in the administration of justice; declaring that Divine Providence has called us to the chair that such requests would meet with a certain of St. Peter, to reward the good and chastise the refusal. These terms being agreed to, and wicked; that we bear not the sword in vain, but punctually observed, he made the most ample are the minister of God, and a revenger to exe- provision not only for Camilla but for his whole cute wrath on them that do evil.' Accordingly relations. This great man was also an encouhe appointed commissioners to inspect the con- rager of learning. He caused an Italian transduct of the judges, displaced those who were lation of the Bible to be published, which raised inclined to lenity, and put others of severe dis a good deal of discontent among the Catholics. positions in their room. He offered rewards to When some cardinals reproached him for his any person who could convict them of corruption conduct in this respect, he replied, “ It was
published for the benefit of you cardinals who But about forty years ago the round cap was cannot read Latin.' He died 27th of August, entirely abolished in both seminaries. There is 1590, after a reign of little more than five years. still, however, in Oxford, we believe, a distincTo the indulgence of a disposition naturally tion in the gowns, and there is also a trifling severe, all the defects of this wonderful man are difference in some of the small colleges in Camto be ascribed. Clemency was a stranger to his bridge; but in the large colleges the dress of the bosom; his punishments were often too cruel, pensioners and sizars is entirely the same. In and seemed sometimes to border on revenge. Oxford the servitors are still obliged to wait at But, though the conduct of Sixtus seldom excites table on the fellows and gentlemen commoners ; love, it generally commands our esteem and but, much to the credit of the university of Camsometimes our admiration. He strenuously de- bridge, this most degrading custom was entirely feuded the cause of the poor, the widow, and abolished about forty years ago, and of course the orphan; he never refused audience to the the sizars of Cambridge are now on a much injured, however wretched or forlorn. He never more respectable footing than the servitors of forgave those magistrates who were convicted of Oxford. The sizars are not upon the foundation, partiality or corruption; nor suffered crimes to and therefore while they continue sizars are not pass unpunished, whether committed by the rich capable of being elected fellows; but they may or the poor. He was frugal, temperate, sober, at any.time if they choose become pensioners: and never neglected to reward the smallest favor and they generally sit for scholarships immediwhich had been conferred on him before his ex- ately before they take their first degree. If sucaltation. When he mounted the throne, the cessful, they are then on the foundation, and are treasury was not only exhausted, but in debt; entitled to become candidates for fellowships at his death it contained 5,000,000 of gold. when they have got that degree. In the mean Rome was indebted to him for several of her time, while they continue sizars, besides the freegreatest embellishments, particularly the Vatican, commons they enjoy many benefactions, which library; it was by him, too, that trade was first have been made at different times, under the introduced into the ecclesiastical state ; and he name of sizars, prætor, exhibitions, &c., and the allotted 3000 crowns a year for the redemption rate of tuition, the rent of rooms, and other things of Christian slaves from the Turks.
of that sort within their respective colleges, is SIYA-Ghush, the caracal of Buffon, a species less than to the other orders. But, though their of Lynx.
education is thus obtained at a less expense, they SIZAR, or Sizer, in Latin sizator, an appel- are not now considered as a menial order; for lation by which the lowest order of students in sizars, pensioner-scholars, and even sometimes the universities of Cambridge and Dublin are fellow-commoners, mix together with the utmost distinguished, is derived from the word To size, cordiality. It is worthy of remark that at every which in Cambridge, in the language of the uni- period this order has supplied the university versity, signifies to get any sort of victuals from with its most distinguished officers; and that the kitchens which the students may want in many of the most illustrious members of the their own rooms, or in addition to their com- church, many of the most distinguished men in mons in the hall, and for which they pay the the other liberal professions, have, when undercooks or butchers at the end of each quarter. A graduates, been sizars, when that order was on a size of any thing is the smallest quantity of the less respectable footing than it is now. thing which can be thus bought : two sizes or a SIZATORES. See the last article. part of beef being nearly equal to what a young SIZE, n. s. & v.a. Perhaps, says Johnson, person will eat of that dish to his dipner; and Sized, adj. - rather cise, from Lat. insize of ale or beer being equal to half an English Sizeable.
cisu, or from Fr. assise. pint. The sizars are divided into two classes; Bulk; quantity; comparative magnitude; setviz. subsizatores, or sizars, and sizatores, or pro- tled quantity ; condition; to adjust according per sizars. The former are supplied with com to size ; fix; setile : sized is having a particular mons from the table of the fellows and fellow- magnitude : sizeable, reasonably bulky. commoners; and in former times, when these I ever verified my friends, were more scanty than they are now, they were
With all the size that verity obliged to supply the deficiency by sizing, as is Would without lapsing suffer. sometimes the case still. The proper sizars had
"Tis not in thee formerly no commons at all. In St. John's college they have now some commons allowed them To cut off my train, to scant my sizes, for dinner, from a benefaction; but they are still Against my coming in.
And, in conclusion, to oppose the bolt
Id. King Lear. obliged to size their suppers. In the other col
What my love is, proof hath made you know, leges they are allowed a part of the fellows' And as my love is sized, my fear is so. Shukspeure. commons, but must size the rest; and, from be
If any decayed ship be new made, it is more fit to ing thus obliged to size the whole or part of their make her a size less than bigger. Raleigh. victuals, the whole order derived the name of There was a statute for dispersing the standard of sizars. In Oxford, the order similar to that of the exchequer throughout England; thereby to siz: sizar is denominated servitor, a name evidently weights and measures. Bacon's Henry VII. derived from the menial duties which they per- And, ere they venture on a stream,
The foxes weigh the geese they carry, form. In both universities these orders were
know how to size themselves and them. Kudibras. .formerly distinguished by round caps and gowns of different materials from those of the pensioners 'The linstocks touch, the, ponderous ball expires.
The distance judged for shot of every size, or commoners, order iinmediately above them.
Two troops so matched were never to be found, with some oil of turpentine. The chief use of Snch bodies built for strength, of equal age, this size is for laying on metals. In stature sized.
Id. Knight's Tale.
SIZE, SILVER. To make silver size, take toObjects near our view are thought greater than bacco pipe clay in fine powder, into which scrape those of a larger size, that are more remote. Locke. That will be a great horse to a Welshman which
some black lead and a little Genoa soap, and mix is but a small one to a Fleming; having, from the them all together with parchment size as already different breed of their countries, taken several sized.
directed. ideas, to which they compare their great and their
Size, the name of an instrument used for little.
Locke. finding the bigness of fine round pearls. It He should be purged, sweated, vomited, and consists of thin pieces or leaves, about two inches starved, till he come to a sizeable bulk. Arbuthnot. long, and half an inch broad, fastened together The martial goddess,
at one end by a rivet. In each of these are round Like thee, Telemachus, in voice and size,
holes drilled of different diameters. Those in With speed divine, from street to street she flies. the first leaf serve for measuring pearls from half
Pope. They do not consider the difference between ela- pearls from eight grains, or two carats, to five
a grain to seven grains; those of the second for borate discourses, delivered to princes or parliaments, and a plain sermon, for the middling or lower size of carats, &c.; and those of the third for pearls people.
from six carats and a half to eight and a half. Size, n. s.
From the noun Ital. sisu. Any viscous or
SI'ZER, or SER'VITOR, n. s. SI'Ziness, n. s. glutinous substance: gluti- in the universities.
substantive above. A certain rank of students Si'zy, adj. nousness : viscous; gluti
They make a scramble for degree :
Masters of all sorts and of all ages, In theumatisms, the siziness passes off thick con- Keepers, sub-sisers, lackeys, pages. Bp. Corbett. tents in the urine, or glutinous sweats. Floyer on the Humours.
SKAGGIE, a small river of Scotland, in PerthCold is capable of producing a siziness and. visco- shire, which rises in the parish of Monzie, and sity in the blood.
falls into the Erne near Crietf. The blood is sizy, the alkalescent salts in the SKAINSʻMATE, n. s. (I suppose from skain, serum producing coriaceous concretions.
or skean a knife, and mate). A messmate. It
Id. On Diet. is remarkable that Dutch mes is a knife.- Dr. Size is also a sort of paint, varnish, or blue, Johnson. used by painters, &c. The shreds and parings Scurvy knave, I am none of his flirt gills ; of leather, parchment, or vellum, being boiled I am none of his skainsmate. in water and strained, make size. This sub
Shakspeare. Romeo and Juliet. stance is much used in many trades. The man SKATE, n. s. Sax. scearda. A flat sea-fish; ner of using size is to melt some of it over a a flat kind of shoe armed with iron, for sliding gentle fire; and, scraping as much whiting into on the ice. it as will just color it, let them be well incorpo
They sweep rated togeiher; after which you may whiten On sounding skates a thousand different ways,
Thomson. frames, &c.,with it. After it dries, melt the size In cireling poise swift as the winds. again, and put more whiting, and whiten the SKATING, an exercise on ice, both graceful frames, &c., seven or eight times, letting it dry and healthy. Although the ancients were rebetween each time; but before it is quite dry, markable for their dexterity in most of the athbetween each washing with size, you must letic sports, yet skating seems to have been unsmooth and wet it over with a clean brush known to them. It may therefore be considered pencil in fair water.
as a modern invention; and probably it derived Size, Gold. To make gold size, take gum its origin in Holland, where it was practised, animi and asphaltum, of each one ounce; mi- not only as a graceful and elegant amusement, nium, litharge of gold, and amber, of each half but as an expeditious mode of travelling when an ounce: reduce all into a very fine powder, the lakes and canals were frozen up during winand add to them four cunces of linseed oil, and ter. In Holland long journeys are made upon eight ounces of drying oil : digest them over a skates with ease and expedition; but in general gentle fire that does not flame, so that the mix- less attention is there paid to graceful and eleture may only simmer, but not boil, lest it should gant movements than 10 the expedition and celerun over and set the house on fire; stir it con- rity of what is called journey skating. It is stantly with a stick till all the ingredients are only in those countries where it is considered as dissolved and incorporated, and do not leave off an amusement that its graceful attitudes and stirring till it becomes thick and ropy; after movements can be studied; and there is no exbeing sufficiently boiled, let it stand till it is ercise whatever better calculated to set off the almost cold, and then strain it through a coarse human figure to advantage. The acquirement linen cloth, and keep it for use. To prepare it of most exercises may be attained at an advanced for working, put what quantity you please in a period of life; but, to become an expert skater, horse-mussel shell, adding as much oil of tur it is necessary to begin the practice of the art pentine as will dissolve it; and making it as at a very early age. It is difficult to reduce the thin as the bottom of your seedlac varnish, hold art of skating to a system. It is principally by it over a candle, and then strain it through a the imitation of a good skater that a young praclinen-rag into another shell; add to these as titioner can form his own practice. The Engmuch vermilion as will make it of a darkish red: lish, though often remarkable for feats of agility if it is too thick for drawing, you may thin it upon skates, are very deficient in gracefulness