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[MARCH, 1799. a mere matter of form, unanimously. As in all public Mr. Macon moved the usual resolution appointbodies, there have ever been found men whose approba- ing a joint committee with the Senate, to inform tion must be considered by the meritorious as a censure, the President, that Congress is ready to adjourn so in this body, there are, unhappily, some whose without day, unless he has any further communiGensure will be regarded by all whose esteem I value, as cation to make them; which being agreed to, the highest testimony of merit. About to abandon the Messrs. Otis, Macon, and Brooks, were apseat which I have held in this branch of the General pointed a committee on the part of this House. Legislature for eight successive years, I take advantage Mr. Otis, from the committee appointed to wait of the moment which precedes our separation to bid you, ' upon the President, informed the House that they gentlemen, an affectionate farewell.
had performed that service; and he informed them The Senate sent down a bill for altering the “ that he had no further communication to make, time of the next meeting of Congress, making it, except to express his wish for the health and hapinstead of the first Monday in December, (as fixed piness of the members, and a pleasant journey by the Constitution,) the third Monday in No- home to their families and friends." vember.
The SPEAKER then adjourned the House withOn motion of Mr. BAYARD, this bill was re- out day. jected-53 votes being for it.
COMPRISING THE MOST IMPORTANT DOCUMENTS ORIGINATING DURING THAT CON
GRESS, AND THE PUBLIC ACTS PASSED BY IT.
ry 17, 1797.
FRANCE AND SPAIN.
Adams, Esq., Minister of the United States, at the
Hague, to the committee of foreiga relations of the (Communicated to Congress on the 19th of May, 1797.]
Batavian National Assembly, dated at the Hague,
October 31st, 1796.
No. 14. Extract of a letter from John Quincy
Adams, Esq., Minister of the United States, at the SIR: By the direction of the President of the
Hague, to the Secretary of State, dated FebruaUnited States, I have the honor to present the enclosed papers, numbered from one to eighteen, as No. 15. Extract of a letter from Rufus King, Esq., noted below, to be laid before the House of Rep- Minister of the United States in London, to the resentatives. Iam, &c.
Secretary of State, dated March 12, 1797. TIMOTHY PICKERING. No. 16. Letter from the Chevalier de Yrujo, The SPEAKER of the House of Reps.
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipoten.
tiary of His Catholic Majesty, to the Secretary of No. 1. General Pinckney's letter to the Secre- State, dated May 6, 1797. tary of State, dated at Paris, December 10th, 1796. No. 17. Letter from the Secretary of State to No.2. Report of Major Mountflorence to Gen- the Chevalier de Yrujo, the Minister of His Cathral Pinckney, dated at Paris, December 18th, olic Majesty to the United States, dated May 17, No. 3. Extract of a letter from General Pinck- No. 18. Letter from General Pinckney to the ney to the Secretary of State, dated at Paris, Jan- Secretary of State, dated Paris, February 1st, 1797. lary 6th, 1797. No. 4. Extract of a letter from General Pinck.
No. 1. ley to the Secretary of State, dated at Amsterlam, February 18th, 1797.
Paris, 30th Frimaire, No. 5. Extract of a letter from General Pinck
(December 10th, 1796.) jey to the Secretary of State, dated at Amster- DEAR SIR: We left Bordeaux on the 25th of lam, March 5th, 1797.
November, having been detained there until that No. 6. Extract of a letter from Major Mount-time: first, by the badness of the weather, which lorence to General Pinckney, dated at Paris, Feb- prevented the unloading of the baggage, and afuary 14, 1797.
terwards by some necessary alterations being made No. 7. Extract of a letter from Major Mount- to my carriage, to encounter the bad roads we lorence to General Pinekoey, dated Paris, Febru- were threatened with. The roads were even ry 21, 1797.
worse than the horrible description we had heard No. 8. Extract of a letter from General Pinck- of them; and we broke down twice, and were ey to the Secretary of State, dated Amsterdam, obliged to get three new wheels, out of four, be
fore we reached this city, which we at length did No. 9. Speech of Mr. Barras, President of the on the evening of the 5th of December. I here Executive Directory of the French Republic, to met Major Henry Rutledge, my secretary, and, on Ir. Monroe, December 30, 1796.
the morning of the next day, (December 6,) I No. 10. Decree of the Executive Directory of transmitted by him, to Mr. Monroe, his letters of de French Republic, dated March 2, 1797. recall, with my compliments, and that I would No. 11. Extract of a letter from John Quincy wait upon him at any hour he would appoint. I dams, Esq. to the Secretary of State, dated at the received for answer that Mr. Monroe
would see lague, November 4th, 1796.
me whenever I pleased. I immediately waited on No. 12. Extract of a letter from the committee him, and we had a long conversation on the aff foreign relations of the Batavian National As- fairs of America ; in which he, with a great deal embly to John Quincy Adams, Esq., dated at of frankness, communicated all the late measures lague, September 27th, 1796.
of this Government with respect to ours, and of No. 13. Extract of a letter from John Quincy which you must, long before this, have been ap
(arch 8, 1797.
Relations with France and Spain.
prised, both by Mr. Adet and the despatches of you between the hours of one and four o'clock, Mr. Monroe. He also showed me a leiter which this afternoon, if convenient to you. I pray you he had received from M. De la Croix, the Minis- to propose this to Citizen Pinckney. Greeting ter of Foreign Affairs, in the following words: and fraternity.
CH. DE LA CROIX. The Minister of Foreign Affairs to Citizen Monroe, Min. Mr. Monroc and myself, with my secretary, ister Plenipotentiary of the United States.
Major Rutledge, about two o'clock, waited upon Paris, 12th Frimaire,
M. De la Croix, and I was introduced by Mr. 5th year of the French Republic.
Monroe as the person appointed as his successor. Citizen Minister: The arrival of Mr. Pinck- The Minister at first received us with great stiffney, at Paris, appearing to be near at hand, if it ness, but afterwards, on our conversing on some has not already taken place. I conceive that i general subjects
, he unbent and behaved with should communicate to you certain formalities civility; and, on receiving the official copies of which you are to fulfil on the occasion. The usage deliver them, without delay, to the Directory. He
our leiters of credence and recall, said he would is, that the Minister recalled and his successor desired Major Rutledge to let him have our names send to the Minister of Foreign Affairs a copy of of baptism, and our ages, that cards of hospitality their letters of credence and recall. As I presume might be made out, which he said were necessayour letters of recall have already been sent to you, I request you to communicate them to me ry to reside here unmolested. This requisition as soon as possible. Greeting and fraternity.
was immediately complied with, and he promised CH. DE LA CROIX.
to send the cards the next morning. When this
interview was known, the reports, which had been I told Mr. Monroe that I thought it would be spread abroad before my arrival, of my not being more respectful to the Minister to acquaint him received by the Directory, vanished, and the genwith my arrival, and to inform him that we would eral idea seemed to be that there would be no obwait upon him any hour he should appoint, with jection to receive me as Minister from America. my letiers of credence, and his letters of recall
. At 11 o'clock, on Monday, December 12, Mr. Accordingly Mr. Monroe, in my presence, and Prevost, (Mr. Monroe's secretary,) called upon with my approbation, sent him the following letter: me, and told me that Mr. Monroe had just reThe Minister Plenipotentiary of the United States of ceived a letter from M. De la Croix, and desired America to the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the to know if I had received one.
I said no. French Republic.
then showed me M. De la Croix's to Mr. Monroe,
which was as follows: Paris. December 6, (16th Frimaire,) 21st year of the independence of the The Minister of Foreign Affairs to Citizen Monroe,
United States of America. Minister Plenipotentiary of the United States of AmeCitizen MINISTER: I have the honor to inform
rica. you that my successor, Mr. Pinckney, is arrived,
Paris, 21st Frimaire, and is desirous of waiting upon you for the pur
(Dec. 11, 1796,) 5th year of the French pose of presenting a copy of his letter of credence
Republic, one and indivisible. for the Directoire Exécutif of the French Re
Citizen MINISTER: I hasten to lay before the public. By him I have also received my letter of Executive Directory the copies of your letters of recall. Permit me, therefore, to request that you recall, and of the letters of credence of Mr. Pickwill be so obliging as to appoint a time when Mr. ney, whom the President of the United States has Pinckney and myself shall have the honor to at- appointed to succeed you, in the quality of Mintend you, for the purpose of presenting you copies ister Plenipotentiary of the United States near the of those documents. Accept the assurance of my French Republic. The Directory has charged respect. JAMES MONROE. me to notify you that it will not acknowledge
nor receive another Minister Plenipotentiary from On Friday morning, December 9, I received a the United States, until after the redress of the letter from Mr. Monroe, informing me that M. De la Croix had appointed that day, between one ment, and which the French Republic has a right
grievances demanded of the American Governand four o'clock, p. m. to receive us. M. De la Croix's letter was conceived in the following
to expect from it.”
pray you to be persuaded, Citizen Minister,
that this determination having become necessary, The Minister of Foreign Affairs to Citizen Monroe, allows to subsist between the French Republic
Minister Plenipotentiary of the United States of and the American people the affection founded America.
upon former benefits and reciprocal interests; an Paris, 19th Frimaire,
affection which you yourself have taken a pleas5th year, (December 9, 1796.) ure in cultivating by every means in your power. CITIZEN MINISTER: I have received the letter
Accept, Citizen Minister, the assurance of my
perfect consideration. CH. DE LA CROIX. which you did me the honor to write to me, in which you request an interview for Citizen Pinckney, I waited until next morning, expecting to redesignated for your successor, for the purpose of ceive a notification from M. De la Croix, when, delivering copies of his letters of credence, and not hearing from him, I wrote him the following your letters of recall. I shall be glad to receive letter:
Relations with France and Spain.
Paris, December 13. This letter I sent by Major Rutledge, who deCITIZEN MINISTER: Colonel Monroe has been livered it to M. De la Croix, and made the followso good as to communicate to me your letter to ing report of what passed between them, which him of the 21st Frimaire, wherein you inform he immediately reduced to writing : him that you had submitted to the Executive Directory his letters of recall, and my letters of cre
Paris, 23d Frimaire, (13th December.) dence as Minister Plenipotentiary from the United
I this day waited upon M. De la Croix, the States of America, and that the Directory had in- Minister for Foreign Affairs, at two o'clock, as : structed you to notify him " qu'il ne reconnoitra bearer of a letter from General Pinckney. I was et ne recevra plus de Ministre Plenipotentiarie admitted immediately on sending in my name, des Etats Unis jusqu'après le redressement des and delivered the letter. Having informed him griefs demandé au Gouvernement Americain, et from whom it came, and that there was a French que la République Françoise est en droit d'en at- translation annexed, he opened it and proceeded to tendre" (That it will not acknowledge nor re
read the letter in iny presence, which, when he ceive any Minister Plenipotentiary from the Uni- had finished, he desired me to return to General ted States, until after the redress of the grievances Pinckney as his answer:. That the Executive demanded of the American Government, and Directory, knew of no Minister Plenipotentiary which the French Republic has a right to expect from the United States of America, since the prefrom it.] This communication has filled me with sentation of Mr. Monroe's letters of recall
, and real sorrow, as I am thoroughly convinced that that the Executive Directory had charged him to the sentiments of America and its Government, notify to Mr. Monroe (here he read the quotation for they are one—are misunderstood, and that I am contained in the letter) qu'il ne reconnoitra et ne not permitted even to attempt to explain them, or, recevra plus de Ministre Plenipotentiaire des Etats in the terms of my letters of credence, to endea: Unis, jusqu'après le redressement des griefs devor “ to efface unfavorable impressions, to banish mandé au Gouvernement Americain, et que la suspicions, and to restore that cordiality which République Françoise est en droit d'en attendre. was at once the evidence and pledge of a friendly Monroe's imparting to his own Government, as
Which notification the Directory relied upon Mr. union.” Devoted, as I am, to the liberty, prosperi. ty, and independence of my own country, the free
well as communicating to General Pinckney. dom, happiness, and perfect establishment of the Upon my asking him if I understood him rightly, French Republic, have always been dear to me, he stopped me, by repeating the substance of what and to have been instrumental in cementing the I have mentioned, with the alteration, when he good understanding which, from the commence
came to the notification of the word American into ment of their alliance, has subsisted between the
Federal. He then went on to say, that, with two nations, would have been the height of my respect to the second subject of General Pinckambition. I most fervently pray that there may ney's letter, he could return no answer until it be a speedy and candid investigation of those was laid before the Directory: I then suggested points in which you differ from us, that affection to him the inconveniences to which General Pinckmay banish distrust, and that the alliance of the ney was exposed; he replied, that he would take two Republics may be perpetual.
an early opportunity of submitting his letter to In your letter to Colonel Monroe you do not the Directory, probably the next day. I asked if desire him to make any communication to me,
General Pinckney should expect an answer; he and I am indebted to his politeness for the know- replied, that their intentions should be signified ledge I have of the intentions of the Directory. either to himself or to Mr. Monroe. I then took 1 submit to you, citizen Minister, that, as the let my leave, and withdrew. ters of recall had been received by Mr. Monroe,
HENRY M. RUTLEDGE. and official copies of his letters of recall, and my On the 25th of Frimaire, (15th of December,) letters of credence, had been delivered to you, that about three o'clock in the afternoon, a Mr. Girauthe sentiments of the Directory should be com- det called on me, and said he was chief secretary municated by you immediately to me, that I may, in the Department of Foreign Affairs; that he came without delay, transmit them as from the Execu- on the part of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, to tive of this Republic to the Government of the signify to me that, with respect to my letter to him, United States; and that I may be informed, by (which he produced, together with the translayou, whether it is the intention of the Directory tion,) he could not directly communicate with that I should immediately quit the territories of me on it, as such direct communication would be the Republic, or whether 'I and my family may acknowledging me as Minister, when the Direcremain until I hear from my Government. As I tory had determined not to receive me; that, as to have not received the cards which, in your inter- the other part of my letter, relative to remaining View, you said I ought to possess in order to ena- here, that he supposed I was acquainted with the ble me to reside here, and that they should be laws of France, as they applied to strangers. I transmitted to me the next morning, I am the told him that I was not acquainted with the local more doubtful on this subject than I should other- laws of the Republic; he said that there was a wise be. Accept my best wishes.
decree which prevented all foreigners from reCHARLES C. PINCKNEY. maining at Paris without particular permission, Citizen De La Croix,
which, as the Directory did not mean to grant to Minister of Foreign Affairs of the French Republic. me, of course the general law would operate. Relations with France and Spain.
I answered, that I could not conceive the hav- my arrival at Paris might be soon expected, if it ing a direct communication with me would in- had not already taken place, that the custom was volve the consequences he stated; that if Mr. for the recalled Minister and his successor to send. Monroe had died before my arrival, the in- respectively, copies of their letters of credence and formation that they would not acknowledge me, recall to the Minister of Foreign Affairs; that, in must, of course, have been made to myself. Mr. consequence of this notification, M. De la Croix Monroe having received his letter of recall from was informed in writing, on the 16th Frimaire, our Government, could not now act officially any the morning after my arrival, by Mr. Monroe, that more than if he had ceased to exist; that I was I was arrived as his successor, and was desirous indebted to Mr. Monroe's politeness for the infor- of waiting on him, for the purpose of presenting mation I had received of the intention of the Di- a copy of my letter of credence for the Executive rectory not to acknowledge me, but that he had Directory of the French Republic; that, on the not intended it as an official communication. 19th of Frimaire, M. De la Croix informed Mr. That, with regard to the laws of France relative Monroe, by letter, that he would receive us, with to strangers, the law which he had cited did not our letters of credence and recall, between the apply to the requisition of my letter, which was hours of one and four, if it suited us: agreeably to 10 know whether it was the intention of the Din which yotification, we waited on him, and I was rectory that I should quit the territories of the introduced to him by Mr. Monroe as his successor ; Republic, or whether I might remain here until that we presented official copies of our letters of I should hear from my Government. He said, he recall and credence; that he promised to lay them rather believed that it was the intention that I before the Directory, and also promised that cards should quit the territories of the Republic; but, of hospitality should be sent to me and Major as it admitted of a doubt, he would mention it to Rutledge the next morning; that M. De la Croix, the Minister, with whom he was to dine, and on the 21st Frimaire, wrote to Mr. Monroe, and acquaint me with the result in the evening. I informed him “that he had laid before the Directold him I should be obliged to him, should it be tory the copy of his letters of recall, and of the the intention of the Directory that I should quit letters of credence of Mr. Pinckney, whom the the Republic, to inform me in what time I was to President of the United States had named to sucset out, as my baggage was not arrived from Bor- ceed him in quality of Minister Plenipotentiary deaux; that I meant not to ask any personal favor, of the said States near the French Republic. but to have the intention of the Directory clearly From all which circumstances, the character with expressed, as it related to me, in the situation in which I was invested must be apparent both to which I came to France. He said he would, and the Directory and to the Minister of Foreign expressed a regret at being the bearer of disagreea. Affairs; and that, in that character, I was entitled ble information, and then departed. His beha- to the protection of the laws of nations, whether viour and manners were very polite.
the Directory received me or not. If they perIn the evening, about eight o'clock, he returned, milled me to remain until I heard from my Govand informed me that, in answer to the doubt ernment, I was under the protection of those which had been entertained in the morning, (a laws: if they ordered me to quit the territories of doubt, he obs which had proceeded from his the Republic, I was still entitled to letters of safe own inattention to the words of M. De la Croix,) conduct, and passports on my journey out; that the Minister could only reply that he understood this was the case even with Ministers of belligethe Directory to mean the territory of the Repub- rent Powers, much more ought it to apply between lic, and not Paris alone, which was to be quiited; us, who were at peace. He said, supposing M. that as to the time in which it was necessary 16 De la Croix had been mistaken in having desired depart, the Minister could not designate it, but my letters of credence, in seeing me, and in his that he would have another communication with laying those letters of credence before the Directhe Directory, and that their intentions should tory, such mistake of the Minister could not be be made known to me in a more explicit manner binding on the Directory. I replied that it was upon both points; that, at the same time, he must impossible for me to admit that the Minister of inform me that, in all probability, M. De la Croix Foreign Affairs had commiited a mistake in his would not be the organ through which they would official duty: he was held forth to the world as be addressed, as the Minister of the Police Gènè- Minister; all his acts must be accredited as perrale would be the officer under whose department formed within the line of his duty, and under a my case would come. I replied that I apprehend competent authority; and that his letter to Mr. ed M. De la Croix was the proper organ through Monroe showed he was desirous that the estabwhich information should come to me, as he lished usage should be complied with. He said knew the capacity in which I had come to France: he did not allege that there was a mistake: be whereas, the Minister of Police might regard me had only, for argument's sake, urged a supposition. as a mere stranger, and throw me into confine which might be unfounded; that he would comment; that it was in the power of the Directory municate what I mentioned to M. De la Croix. to receive me, or not: but they could not divest I desired him, at the same time, to inform M. De themselves of the knowledge which they had of la Croix that I requested whatever further passed the public character in which I came to France; might be in writing, that no mistakes might hapthat, before I arrived, M. De la Croix had, on the pen by verbal communication, and that I might 12th of Frimaire, written to Mr. Monroe, that, as I know explicitly what were the intentions of the