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Lear. No, no, no, no! Come, let's away to And the best quarrels, in the heat, are cursed prison :

By those that feel their sharpness :
We two alone will sing like birds i'the cage: The question of Cordelia, and her father,
When thou dost ask me blessing, I'll kneel Requires a fitter places.
down,

Alb.

Sir, by your patience, And ask of thee forgiveness: So we'll live, I hold you but a subject of this war, And pray, and sing, and tell old tales, and laugh Not as a brother. At gilded butterflies, and hear poor rogues Reg. That's as we list to grace him. Talk of court news; and we'll talk with them Methinks, our pleasure might have been detoo,

(out;

manded, Who loses, and who wins; who's in, who's Ere you had spoke so far. Heled our powers; And take upon us the mystery of things, Bore the commission of my place and person; As if we were God's spies : And we'll wear out, The which immediacy || may well stand up, Ju a wall'd prison, packs and sects of great ones, And call itself your brother. That ebb and flow by the moon.

Gon.

Not so hot: Edm.

Take them away. In his own grace he doth exalt himself,
Lear. Upon such sacrifices, my Cordelia, More than in your advancement.
The gods themselves throw incense. Have I Reg.

In my rights, caught thee?

(heaven, By me invested, he compeers the best. He, that parts us, shall bring a brand from Gon. That were the most, if he should husAnd fire us hence, like foxes. Wipe thine eyes; The goujeers * shall devour them, Oesh aud Reg. Jesters do oft prove prophets. fellt,

starve first.
Gon.

Holloa, holloa! Ere they shall make us weep: we'll see them That eye, that told you so, look'd but a-squint 1. Come. (Exeunt LEAR and Cor. guarded. Reg. Lady, I am not well; else I should Edm. Come hither, captain; hark.

answer Take thou this note; (Giving a Paper.] go, From a full flowing stomach.-General, follow them to prison:

Take thou my soldiers, prisoners, patrimony; One step I have advanced thee; if thou dost Dispose of them, of me, the walls are thine: As this instructs thee, thou dost make thy way Witness the world, that I create thee here To noble fortunes: Know thou this,--that men My lord and master. Are asthe time is : to be tender-minded (ment Gon.

Mean you to enjoy him? Does not become a sword :-Thy great empicy

Alb. The let-alone ** lies not in your good Will pot bear question 1; either say, thou’lt do't, Edm. Nor in thine, lord.

(will. Or thrive by other means.

Alb.

Half-blooded fellow, yes. Off.

I'll do't, my lord. Reg. Let the drum strike, and prove my title Edm. About it; and write happy, when thou thine.

[To EDMUND. hast done.

Alb. Stay yet; hear reason: Edmund, I Mark, -I say, instantly; and carry it so,

arrest thee As I have set it down.

On capital treason; and, in thy arrest, Off. I cannot draw a cart, nor eat dried oats; This gilded serpent: [Pointing to Gon.)--for 1 If it be man's work, I will do it. [Exit Officer. your claim, fair sister, Flourish. EnterALBANY,GONERIL,REGAN, I bar it in the interest of my wife; Officers, and Attendants.

'Tis she, is sub-contracted to this lord, Alb. Sir,you bave shown to-day your valiant And I, her husband, contradict your bans. strain,

[tives If you will marry, make your love to me, - And fortune led you well: You have the cap- My lady is bespoke. Who were the opposites of thic day's strife: Gon.

An interlude! (pet sound: We do require them of you; so to use them, Alb. Thou art arm’d, Gloster :-Let the trumAs we shall find their merits and our safety If none appear to prove upon thy person, May equally determine.

Thy heinvus, manifest, and many treasons, Edm,

Sir, I thought it fit There is my pledge;[Throwing down a Glove.] To send the old and miserable king

I'll prove it on thy heart, To some retention, and appointed guard ; Ere I taste bread, thou art in nothing less Whose age has charms in it, whose title more, Than I have here proclaim'd thee. To pluck the common bosóm on his side, Reg.

Sick, 0, sick! And turn our impress'd lances in our eyes

Gon. If not, I'll ne'er trust poison. [Aside. Which do command them. With him I sent Edm. There's my exchange: [Throwing

down a Glove.] what in the world he is My reason all the same; and they are ready That names me traitor, villain-like he lies: To-morrow, or at further space, to appear Call by thy trumpet: he that dares approach, Where you shall hold your session. At this On him, on you, (who not?) I will maintain time,

[friend: My truth and honour firmly. We sweat and bleed: the friend hath lost his Alb. A herald, ho! • The French disease. + Skin. $ Admit of debate. $ To be discoursed of in greater privacy. | Acthority to act on his own judgment. ( Alluding to the proverb,“ Love being jealous makes a good eye look a.squint.

*. The hinderance.

the queen;

answer

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Edin.

A herald, ho, a herald ! Which, (for they yet glance by, and scarcely Alb. Trust to thy single virtue *; for thy sol. bruise,) diers,

This sword of mine shall give them instant way, All levied in my name, have, in my name, Where they shall rest for ever. --Trumpets, Took their discharge.

speak. Reg. This sickness grows upon me. [Alarums. They fight. EUMUND falls. Enter a Herald.

Alb. O save him, save him! Alb. She is not well; convey her to my tent. Gon. This is mere practice 1l, Gloster:

[Erit REGAN, led. By the law of arms, thou wast not bound to Come hither,herald.--Let the trumpet sound,And read out this.

Anunknown opposite; thou art not vauquishid, Off. Sound, trumpet. (A Trumpet sounds. But cozen'd and beguiled. Herald reads.

Alb.

Shut your mouth, dame, If any man of quality, or degree, within Or with this paper shall I stop it:-Hold, sir:-the lists of the army, will maintain upon Thou worse than any name, read thine own Edmund, supposed earl of Gloster, that he i evil:is a manifold traitor, let him appear at the No tearing, lady: 1 perceive, you know it. third sound of the trumpet: He is bold in

(Gives the letter to EDMUND. his defence.

Gon. Say, if I do; thelaws are mine, not thine: Edm. Sound.

[1 Trumpet. Who shall arraign mc for't? Her. Again. [2 Trumpet. Alb.

Most monstrous ! Her. Again.

(s Trumpet. Know'st thou this paper? [Trumpet answers within. Gon.

Ask me not what I know, Enter EDGAR, armed, preceded by a

[Exit GONERIL. Trumpet.

Alb. Go after her: she's desperate; govern Alb, Ask him his purposes, why he appears

her. [To an Officer, who goes out. Upon this call o'the trumpet.

Edm. What you have charged me with, that Her. What are you? have I done;

(ont; Your name, your quality and why you answer And more, much more: the time will bring it This present summons ?

'Tis past, and so am I: But what art thon, Edg.

Know, my name is lost; That hast this fortune on me? If thou art noble, By treason's tooth bare-grawn, and canker.bit: I do forgive thee. Yet am I noble as the adversary

Edg

Let's exchange charity. I come to cope withal.

I ain no legs in blood than thou art, Edmund; Alb.

Which is that adversary? If more, the more thou hast wrong'd me. Edg. What's he, that speaks for Edmund My name is Edgar, and thy father's son. earl of Gloster?

The gods are just, and of our pleasavt vices Edm. Himself;--What sayst thou to him? Make instruments to scourge us: Edg.

Draw thy sword; The dark and vicious place where thee he got, That, if my speech offend a noble heart,

Cost him his eyes.
Thy arm may do thee justice; here is mine. Edin. Thou hast spoken right,'tis true;
Behold, it is the privilege of mine honours, The wheel is come full circle; I am here.
My oath, and my profession: I protest,-- Alb. Methought, thy very gait did prophecy
Maugret thy strength, youth, place, and emi- A royal uobleness: I'must embrace thee;
nence,

Let sorrow split my heart, if ever I
Despite thy victor sword, and fire-new fortane, Did hate thee, or thy father!
Thy valour, and thy heart,-thou art a traitor: Edg.

Worthy prince,
False to thy gods, thy brother, and thy father; I know it well.
Conspirant'gainst this high illustrions prince; Alb.

Where have you bid yourself? And, from the extremest upward of thy head, How have you know the miseries of your To the descent and dust beneath thy feet,

father?

(brief tale; A most toad-spotted traitor. Say thou, No, Edg. By nursing them, my lord--Lista This sword, this arnı, and my best spirits, are And, when 'tis told, o, that my heart would bent

The bloody proclamation to escape, (burst! To prove upon thy heart, whereto I speak, That follow'd me so near, (0, our lives' sweetThou liest.

ness! Edm. In wisdom, 1 should ask thy namet; That with the pain of death we'd liourly die, But, sincethy outside tooks so fair and warlike, Rather than die at once!) taught me to shift And that thy tongue some 'say ý of breeding Into a madvian's rags; to assume a semblance breathes,

That very dogs disdain'd: and in this habit What safe and nicely I might well delay Met I my father with his bleeding rings, By rule of knighthood, I disdain and spurn: Their precious stones new lost; became his Back do I toss these treasous to thy head;

guide,

:{despair; With the hell hated lie o’erwbelm thy heart; Led him, begg'd for him, saved hin from

i. e., Valour. + Notwithstanding. Because if his adversary was not of equal rank, Edmund might have declined the combai. Sample. | Stratagem.

I Hear,

Never (o fault!) reveal'd myself unto him, Edm.

Yet Edmund was beloved : Until some half hour past, when I was arm’d, The one the other poison’d for my sake, Not sure, though hoping, of this good success, And after slew herself. 1 ask'd his blessing, and, from first to last, Alb. Even so,Cover their faces. [to do, Told him my pilgrimage: But his flaw'd heart, Edm. I pant for life.-Some good. I mean (Alack, too weak the conflict to support!) Despite of mine own nature. Quickly send, "Twixt two extremes of passion, joy and grief, Be brief in it,-to the castle ; for my writ Burst smiliogly.

Is on the life of Lear, and on Cordelia :-
Edm. This speech of yours hath moved me, Nay, send in time. .
And shall, perchance, do good: but speak

Ålb.

Run, run, 0, run-you on;

Edg. To who, my lord 3-Who hasthe office ? You look as you had something more to say. Thy token of reprieve.

(send Alb. If there be more, more woful, hold it in; Edm. Well thought on; take my sword, For I am almost ready to dissolve,

Give it the captain. Hearing of this.

Alb. Haste thee, for thy life. (Erit Edg. Edg. This would have seem'd a period Edm. He hath commission from thy wife To such as love not sorrow; but another, To hang Cordelia in the prison, aud (and me, To amplify too much, would make much more, To lay the blame upon her own despair, And top extremity.

That she fordidt herself. Whilst I was big in clamour, came there a man, Alb. The gods defend her! Bear him hence Who having seen me in my worst estate,

awhile. [EDMUND is borne off. Shunn'd my abhorr’d society; but then, finding Enter LEAR, with CORDELIA dead in his Who'twas that so endured, with his strong arms. arms; EDGAR, Officer, and others. He fasten’d on my neck, and bellow'd out Lear. Howl, howl, howl, howl!--0, you are As he'd burst heaven; threw him on my father; men of stones; Told the most piteous tale of Lear and him, Had I your tongues and eyes, I'd use them so That ever ear received: which in recounting That heaven's vault should crack:-0, she is His grief grew puissant, and the strings of life

gone for ever! Began to crack: Twice then the trumpet I know when one is dead, and when one lives; And there I left him tranced. (sounded, She's dead as earth :- Lend me a looking glass; Alb.

But who was this? [disguise If that her breath will mist or stain the stone, Edg, Kent, sir, the banislı'd Kent; who in Why, then she lives. Follow'd his enemy king, and did him service Kent.

Is this the promised end I? Improper for a slave.

Edg. Or image of that horror? Enter a Gentleman hastily, with a bloody Alb.

Fall, and ceases! Knife.

Lear. This feather stirs; she lives! if it beso, Gent. Help! help! O help!

It is a chance that does redeem all sorrows Edg.

What kind of help? That ever I have felt. Alb.

Speak, man. Kent. O my good master! [Kneeling. Edg. What means that bloody knife?

Lear. Pr'ythee, away: Gent. 'Tis hot, it smokes; Edg.

"Tis noble Kent, your friend. It came even from the heart of

Lear. A plagueupon you,murderers,traitors, Alb. Who, man? speak. all!

[ever! Gent. Your lady, sir, your lady: and her I might have saved her; now she's gone for By her is poison'd; she confesses it. “ [sister Cordelia, Cordelia, stay a little. Ha!

Edm.I was contracted to them both; all three What is't thou sayst?-Her voice was ever soft, Now marry in an instant.

Gentle,and low; an excellent thing inwoman; Alb. Produce their bodies, be they alive or I kill'd the sla that was a hanging thee. dead!

(tremble, Off. 'Tis true, my lords, he did. This judgment of the heavens, that makes us Lear.

Did I not, fellow? Touches us not with pity. [Exit Gentleman. I have seen the day, with my good biting Enter KENT.

falchion Edg.

Here comes Kent, sir. I would have made them skip: I am old now, Alb, O! it is he.

And these same crosses spuil me.--Who are The time will not allow the compliment,

(straight. Which very manners urges.

Mine eyes are none o'the best :~I'll tell yon Kent.

I am come Kent. If fortune brag of two she loved and To bid my king and master aye * -good night; One of them we behold.

[hated, Is he not bere?

Lear. This is a dull sight: Are you not Kent? Alb. Great thing of us forgot ! Kent.

The same; Speak, Edmund, where's the king ? and where's Your servant Kent: Where is your servant Seeet thon this object, Kent? (Cordelia? Caius? [The Bodies of GONERIL and REGAN are Lear. He's a good fellow, I can tell yon that ; brought in.

He'll strike, and quickly too :-He's dead and Kent. Alack, why thus?

rotten. • For ever. + Destroyed herself.

The end of the world, or the horrible circumstances preceding ito. $1. e., Dit; Albany speaks lo Lear.

you?

Kent.No,my good lord; I am the very man- 1 And thou no breath at all? O, thou wilt come Lear. I'll see that straight.

Never, never, never, never, never!-(no more, Kent. That from your first of difference and Pray you, undo this button: Thank you, sir.. Have follow'd your sad steps. [decay, Do you see this?-Look on her,--look,-her Lear.

You are welcome hither. lips, Kent. Nor no man else; all's cheerless, dark, Look there, look there! [He dies. and deadly

(selves, Edg. He faints!—My lord, my lord, Yonr eldest daughters have fore-doom'd them. Kent. Break, beart; I pr’ythee, break! And desperately are dead.

Edg.

Look up, my lord. Lear. ! Ay, so I think.

Kent. Vex not his ghost: 0, let him pass [! Aib. He knows not what he says, and vain it is he hates him, That we present us to him.

That would upon the rack of this tough world
Edg.
Very bootless*.

Stretch him out longer.
Enter an Officer.

Edg.

O, he is gone, indeed. Oft. Edmund is dead, my lord.

Kent. The wonder is, he hath endured so Alb. That's but a trifle here.

long: You, lords, and noble friends, know ourintent, He but usurp'd his life.

(business What comfort to this great decayt may come. Alb. Bear them from hence. -Our present Shall be applied: for us, we will resigo, Is general woe. Friends of my soul, you twain, Duriug the life of this old majesty,

[To KENT and EDGAR. To hini our absolute power:-You, to your Rule in this realm, and the gored state sustain.

rights; [TO EDGAR and KENÍ. Kent. I have a journey, sir, shortly to go; With bouti, and such addition as your honours My master calls, and I must not say no. Have more than merited :-All friends shall Alb.The weight of this sad timewe mustobey; The wages of their virtue, and all foes (taste Speak what we feel, not what we ought to say. The cup of their deservings.-0, see, see! The oldest hatb borne most: we, that are Leur. And my poor fool || is hang'd! No, young, no, no life:

Shall never see so much, nor live so long. Why should a dog, a horse, a rat, have life,

[Ereunt, with a dead march. * Useless. + i. e., Lear. | Benefit.

Titles. | Poor fool, in the time of Shakspeare, was an expression of endearment. Die,

The tragedy of Lear is deservedly celebrated among the dramas of Shakspeare. There is perhaps no play which keeps the attention so strongly fixed; which so much agitates our passions, and interests our curiosity. The artful involutions of distinct interests, the striking oppositions of contrary characters, the sudden changes of fortune, and the quick succession of events, fill the mind with a perpetual tumult of indignation, pity, and hope. There is no scene which does not contribute to the aggravation of the distress or conduct of the action, and scarce a line which does not conduce to the progress of the scene. So powerful is the current of the poet's imagination, that the mind, which once ventures within it, is hurried irresistibly along.

On the seeming improbability of Lear's conduct, it may be observed, that he is represented according to histories at that time volgarly received as true. And, perhaps, if we turn our thoughts upon the barbarity and ignorance of the age to which this story is referred, it will appear not so onlikely as while we estimate Lear's manners by our own. Such preference of one daughter to another, or resignation of dominion on such conditions, would be yet cre dible, if told of a petty prince of Guinea or Madagascar. Shakspeare, indeed, by the men tion of his earls and dukes, has given us the idea of times more civilized, and of life regulated by softer manners; and the truth is, that though he so nicely discriminates, and so miputely describes the characters of men, he commonly neglects and confounds the characters of ages by mingling customs ancient and modern, English and foreign.

My learned friend, Mr. Warton*, who has, in THE ADVENTURER, very minutely criticised this play, remarks, that the instances of cruelty are too savage and shocking, and thai the intervention of Edmund destroys the simplicity of the story. These objections may, I think, be answered by repeating, that the cruelty of the daughters is an historical fact, to which the poet bas added little, having only drawn it into a series of dialogue and action. But I am not able to apologize with equal plausibility for the extrusion of Gloster's eyes, which seems an act too horrid to be endured in dramatic exhibition, and such as must always compel the mind to relieve its distress by incredulity. Yet let it be remembered, tbat our author well knew what would please the audience for which he wrote. The injury done by Edmund to the simplicity of the action is abundantly recompensed by

* Dr. Joseph Warton.

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Persons represented.
CLAUDIUS, king of Denmark.

FRANCISCO, a soldier.
HAMLET, son to the former, and nephew to REYNALDO, servant to Polonius.
the present, king.

A Captain. An Ambassador.
Polonius, lord chamberlain.

Ghost of Hamlet's father.
Horario, friend to Hamlet.

FORTIN BRAS, prince of Norway.
LAERTEs, son to Polonius,
VOLTIMAND, CORNELIUS, ROSENCRANTZ,

GERTRUDE, queen of Denmark, and mother
GUILDENSTERN, courtiers.

of Hamlet.
OSRIC. A Courtier.

OPHELIA, daughter of Polonius.
Another Courtier.

Lords, Ladies, Officers, Soldiers, Players.
A Priest.

Grave-diggers, Sailors, Messengers, and
MARCELLUS,

other Aitendants.
BERNARDO,
officers.

Scene-Elsinore.

$

ACT I. SCENE I. Elsinore. A Platform before Ber. Welcome, Horatio; welcome, good the Castle.

Marcellus.

[to night?

Hor. What, has this thing appear'd again
FRANCISCO on his Post. Enter to him

Ber. I have seen nothing.
BERNARDO.

Mar. Horatio says, 'tis but our fantasy ;
Ber. Who's there?

And will not let belief take hold of him. Fran. Nay, answer me: stand, and unfold Touching this dreaded sight, twice seen of us; Yourself.

Therefore I have entreated him, along
Ber. Long live the king !

With us to watch the minutes of this night;
Frun.

Bernardo? That, if again this apparition come,
Ber.

He.

He may approve our eyes, and speak to it. Fran. You come most carefully upon your

Hor. Tush! tush! 'twill not appear.
hour,

(bed, Francisco.
Ber.

Sit down awhile;
Ber. 'Tis now struck twelve, get thee to And let us once again assail your ears,

Fran. For this relief much thanks : 'tis That are so fortified against our story,
And I ain sick at heart. [bitter cold, What we two nigbts have seen.
Ber. Have you had quiet guard ?

Hor.

Well, sit we down,
Fran.

Not a mouse stirring. And let us hear Bernardo speak of this.
Ber. Well, good vight,

Ber. Last night of all,

[the pole, If you do meet Horatio and Marcellus, When yon same star that's westward from The rivals* of my watch, bid them make haste. Had made his course to illume that part of Enter HORATIO and MARCELLUS.

heaven
Fran, I think I hear them.-Stand, ho! Where now it burns, Marcellus and myself,
Who is there?

The bell then beating ne,
Hor. Friends to this ground.

Mar. Peace, break thee off ; look, where
Mar.
And liegemen to the Dane. it comes again!

{Enter Ghost. Fran. Give you good night.

Ber. In the same figure like the king that's Mar. 0, farewell, honest soldier :

dead.

(ratio. Who hath relieved you?

Mar. Thon art a scholar, speak to it, Fio. Fran.

Bernardo hath my place. Ber. Looks it not like the king? mark it, Give you good night. Erit FRANCISCO.

Horatio.

[fear and wonder. Mar.

Holla! Bernardo! Hor. Most like :-it harrows I me with Ber..

Say. Ber. It would be spoke to. What, is Horatio there?

Mar.

Speak to it, Horatio,
Hor.
A piece of him. Hor. What art thou that usurp'st this time

of night,
• Partners. Make good or establish. Conqners.

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