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employed, I know not at what price, to point the pages of Henry the Second. The book was at last pointed and printed, and sent into the world. Lyttelton took money for his copy', of which, when he had paid the Pointer, he probably gave the rest
away; for he was very liberal to the indigent. 22 When time brought the History to a third edition, Reid was
either dead or discarded ; and the superintendence of typography and punctuation was committed to a man originally a combmaker, but then known by the style of Doctor? Something uncommon was probably expected, and something uncommon was at last done ; for to the Doctor's edition is appended, what the
world had hardly seen before, a list of errors in nineteen pages 3. 23 But to politicks and literature there must be an end. Lord
Lyttelton had never the appearance of a strong or of a healthy man; he had a slender uncompacted frame, and a meagre face?: he lasted, however, sixty years, and was then seized with his last illness. Of his death a very affecting and instructive account has been given by his physicians, which will spare me the task of his moral character 6.
I mean point-commas and so forth?
his person so ill-made, and his carriage for I am, I hear, a sad hand at your so awkward, that every feature was a punctuation.' Byron's Works, Leiters blemish, every limb an encumbrance, and Journals, ed. R. E. Prothero, and every motion a disgrace; but as 1898, ii. 252.
disagreeable as was his figure, his For Jeffrey's 'attending to the very
voice was still more so.' LORD commas and colons' in the proof- HERVEY, Memoirs, i. 433. sheets of Macaulay's England see In the lines beneath a caricature Cockburn's Jeffrey, i. 402.
he is described as “so long, so lank, I Wilkes wrote on June 22, 1767:- so lean, and bony. Boswell's John'I hear that he has received £3,000 son, V. 285 n. for his History, which is in two small s. The physician was Dr. James quartos. Wilkes's Corres. 1805, iii. Johnstone, of Kidderminster, father of 150.
Dr. John Johnstone, of Birmingham, * In the first edition,‘Dr. Saunders.' editor of Parr's Works. The letter,
For an instance of these errors dated May 26, 1773, was written to see Boswell's Johnson, iii. 33 n. Mrs. Montagu. Rebecca Warner's
• The intrusion or omission of a Original Letters, p. 276. It was first comma was sufficient to discompose published (with omissions and errors Mr. Savage.' Ante, SAVAGE, 127. followed by Johnson) in Gent. Mag. He, not Johnson, was the
1773, p. 604. spectable Hottentot' of Chesterfield's • Dr. Johnson, in his Life of Letters. Boswell's Johnson, i. 267 n. Lyttelton, suppressed an anécdote Chesterfield wrote of him :- His which would have made his memory head, always hanging upon one or
ridiculous. “He was a man rather other of his shoulders, seems to have melancholy in his disposition, and received the first stroke upon a block.' used to declare to his friends, that Letters, 1774, ii. 219.
when he went to Vauxhall he always "He was, in his figure, extremely supposed pleasure to be in the next tall and thin; his face was so ugly, box to his."' European Mag. 1798,
He then pro
‘On Sunday evening (morning] the symptoms of his lordship's 24 disorder, which for a week past had alarmed us, put on a fatal appearance, and his lordship believed himself to be a dying man. From this time he suffered by restlessness rather than pain; though his nerves were apparently much futtered, his mental faculties never seemed stronger, when he was thoroughly awake.
· His lordship's bilious and hepatick complaints' seemed alone 25 not equal to the expected mournful event: his long want of sleep, whether the consequence of the irritation in the bowels, or, which is more probable, of causes of a different kind, accounts for his loss of strength and for his death very sufficiently.
'Though his lordship wished his approaching dissolution not 26 to be lingering, he waited for it with resignation. He said, “It is a folly, a keeping me in misery, now to attempt to prolong life”; yet he was easily persuaded, for the satisfaction of others, to do or take any thing thought proper for him. On Saturday he had been remarkably better, and we were not without some hopes of his recovery.
'On Sunday, about eleven in the forenoon, his lordship sent 27 for me, and said he felt a great hurry, and wished to have a little conversation with me in order to divert it. ceeded to open the fountain of that heart from whence goodness had so long flowed as from a copious spring. "Doctor," said he, "you shall be my confessor : when I first set out in the world, I had friends who endeavoured to shake my belief in the Christian religion? I saw difficulties which staggered me; but I kept my mind open to conviction. The evidences and doctrines of Christianity, studied with attention, made me a most firm and persuaded believer of the Christian religion. I have made it the rule of my life, and it is the ground of my future hopes. I have erred and sinned; but have repented, and never indulged any vicious habit. In politicks and publick life I have made publick good the rule of my conduct 3. I never gave counsels which I did not at the time think the best. I have seen that I was sometimes in the wrong, but I did not err designedly. p. 376. E. FitzGerald attributes this
at meals.' saying to Sir C. H. Williams. More Works, p. 676. Letters, p. 157
Chesterfield described him * Poyntz, English ambassador at 'wrapped up like a Laputan in inthe Congress of Soissons in 1728, tense thought. ... He throws anywhom Lyttelton in his youth visited where but down his throat whatever at Paris, wrote to his father:-'His he means to drink, and only mangles health is liable to frequent interrup- what he means to carve.' Letters, tions. They seem to proceed chiefly ii. 219, iii. 129. from an ill digestion, which may Ante, LYTTELTON, 12. sometimes be occasioned by the viva- It was not for the public good city of his imagination's pursuing that a man unable to understand some agreeable thought too intensely, figures held the office of Chancellor of and diverting the spirits from their the Exchequer. Ante, LYTTELTON, 14.
I have endeavoured in private life to do all the good in my power, and never for a moment could indulge malicious or unjust
designs upon any person whatsoever ?." 28 • At another time he said, “I must leave my soul in the same
state it was in before this illness; I find this a very inconvenient
time for solicitude about any thing." 29 'In the evening, when the symptoms of death came on, he
said, “I shall die; but it will not be your fault.” When lord and lady Valentia ? came to see his lordship, he gave them his solemn benediction, and said, “Be good, be virtuous, my lord ; you must come to this." Thus he continued giving his dying benediction to all around him. On Monday morning a lucid interval 3 gave some small hopes, but these vanished in the evening; and he continued dying, but with very little uneasiness, till Tuesday morning, August 22, when between seven and eight o'clock he
expired, almost without a groan.' 30 His lordship was buried at Hagley; and the following inscription is cut on the side of his lady's monument :
*This unadorned stone was placed here
By the particular desire and express
GEORGE LORD LYTTELTON,
Who died August 22, 1773, aged 64.' 31 Lord Lyttelton's poems are the works of a man of literature
and judgement, devoting part of his time to versification. They have nothing to be despised, and little to be admired. Of his Progress of Love it is sufficient blame to say that it is pastorals. His blank verse in Blenheim has neither much force nor much elegance. His little performances, whether Songs or Epigrams, are sometimes spritely and sometimes insipid?. His epistolary Fielding, in the Dedication to Duke hunts; but my
malicious stars Tom Jones, says of him and Ralph have so contrived it that I am no Allen (ante, POPE, 218, 254):- If more a sportsman than a gamester. there be in this work, as some have There are no men of learning in the been pleased to say, a stronger picture whole country; on the contrary, it is of a truly benevolent mind than is to a character they despise. A man of be found in any other, who that knows quality caught me the other day readyou, and a particular acquaintance of ing a Latin author, and asked me, yours, will doubt whence that bene- with an air of contempt, whether I volence hath been copied ?'
was designed for the Church. All She was his daughter. Burke's this would be tolerable if I was not Peerage.
condemned to converse with a set of 3 For 'lucid interval' see John. English who are still more ignorant Letters, ii. 377; Gibbon's Memoirs, than the French. Works, p. 645. P. 34.
Ante, LYTTELTON, 3. On his tour he wrote from Lune- Ante, LYTTELTON, 2. ville in 1728 :- In the morning the Gray wrote to Walpole in 1748:
pieces have a smooth equability, which cannot much tire because they are short, but which seldom elevates or surprizes. But from this censure ought to be excepted his Advice to Belinda', which, though for the most part written when he was very young, contains much truth and much prudence, very elegantly and vigorously expressed, and shews a mind attentive to life, and a power of poetry which cultivation might have raised to excellence ?
APPENDIX BB (PAGES 446, 452) On July 27, 1780, Johnson wrote to Lyttelton's brother, Lord Westcote, about this Life. My desire is to avoid offence, and to be totally out of danger. I take the liberty of proposing to your lordship, that the historical account should be written under your direction by any friend you may be willing to employ, and I will only take upon myself to examine the poetry.
He wrote next day :—'I wish it had been convenient to have had that done which I proposed. I shall certainly not wantonly nor willingly offend; but when there are such near relations living, I had rather they would please themselves. For the life of Lord Lyttelton I shall need no help-it was very public, and I have no need to be minute. John. Letters, ii. 187.
On Aug. 16 he wrote to Nichols the printer :—'Is there not a life of Lyttelton before the quarto edition of his Works? I think there is—if not, I am, in respect to him, quite aground.' Ib. p. 197. There is no Life prefixed.
For the offence Johnson gave to Lyttelton's friends, and for the declaration of war from Mrs. Montagu,' see Boswell's Johnson, iv. 64;
Mr. Lyttelton is a gentle elegiac 'Learning, eloquence and gravity person. Gray's Letters, i. 184. distinguished this peer above most of
* Advice to a Lady. He was only his rank, and breathe in all his prose. twenty-two when, as a lover, he thus His Epistle to Mr. Pope (Eng. Poets, teaches Belinda her duty to her future lxiv. 282) is the best of his poetry, husband :
which was more elegant than striking. ‘Let ev’n your prudence wear the Originality seems never to have been pleasing dress
his aim.' HORACE WALPOLE, Works, Of care for him, and anxious tender- i. 539. Walpole, in his Letters, viii. ness.
235, describes him as 'a sing-song From kind concern about his weal warbler.'
3 "Some time in March (1781) I Let each domestic duty seem to finished the Lives of
Poets, which flow.
I wrote in my usual way, dilatorily and The household sceptre if he bids hastily, unwilling to work, and workyou bear,
ing with vigour and haste.' Boswell's Make it your pride his servant to Johnson, iv. 34.
appear. Eng. Poets, lxiv. 291.
John. Misc. ii.421; ante, SHENSTONE, 11. Walpole wrote on Jan. 27, 17813
Mrs. Montagu and all her Maenades intend to tear Johnson limb from limb for despising their moppet, Lord Lyttelton.' Letters, vii. 505.
W. W. Pepys, speaking of the disputation at Streatham upon the Life (Boswell's Johnson, iv. 65 n.), says :-Johnson took great credit for not having mentioned the coarseness of Lord Lyttelton's manners.' John. Misc. ii. 417. See also ib. i. 244, ii. 193.
J. Hussey recorded on the margin of his Boswell (ante, SAVAGE, Appendix FF]:- Johnson said to me many years before he published his Preface (Life of Lyttelton] :"Lord Lyttelton was a worthy good man, but so ungracious that he did not know how to be a gentleman.
For Mrs. Piozzi's explanation of Johnson's supposed ill-will towards Lyttelton, see Boswell's Johnson, iv. 57; John. Misc. i. 257; John. Letters, i. 46 n. For Percy's explanation see John. Misc. ii. 208. See also LYTTELTON, 17 n. 3.
APPENDIX CC (PAGE 449) Eng. Poets, lxiv. 311; ante, WEST, 6 n. It is advertised in Gent. Mag. Nov. 1747, p. 548—"To the Memory of a Lady lately deceased. A Monody. Price is.' It is marred by the pastoral passages.
"Where there is leisure for fiction there is little grief,' as Johnson said of Lycidas. Ante, MILTON, 180. Gray wrote of it :-'If it were all like the fourth stanza I should be excessively pleased. Nature and sorrow and tenderness are the true genius of such things; and something of these I find in several parts of it (not in the orange tree). Poetical ornaments are foreign to the purpose, for they only shew a man is not sorry ;-and devotion worse; for it teaches him that he ought not to be sorry, which is all the pleasure of the thing.' Letters, i. 181. See also ib. p. 172.
On March 3, 1751, Gray wrote:—In the last volume of Peregrine Pickle is a character of Mr. Lyttelton, under the name of Gosling Scrag, and a parody of part of his Monody, under the notion of a Pastoral on the death of his grandmother.' Ib. p. 212.
In the College of Authors in Peregrine Pickle, 1751, iv. 116, 'a pastoral upon the death of his grandmother’ is read by the poet. The Chairman says that he has expressly imitated, not to say copied, the celebrated production of the universal patron. What! (replied the other) you mean the famous Gosling Scrag, Esq. . . . Did he acquire the reputation of a wit by a repetition of trite invectives against a minister, conveyed in a theatrical cadence, accompanied with the most ridiculous gestures, before he believed it was his interest to desert his master and renounce his party?' This passage Smollett suppressed in later editions. In his Hist. of Eng. v. 381, we read of the delicate taste, the polished muse, and tender feelings of a Lyttelton.'
Gray, in The Progress of Poesy (1 102), perhaps had in mind the following line in The Monody (Eng. Poets, lxiv. 312):
• Clos'd are those beauteous eyes in endless night.' Perhaps each poet imitated Virgil (Aeneid x. 746):
'In aeternam clauduntur lumina noctem.'