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selves. Their slavery was rather and embroidery; working in wood political than persoval. They were and iron; in gold, silver, and held as public, not as private pro- brass; even to the cutting and -perty. The labour exacted from setting of diamonds, with many them was for the benefit of the other things connected with the state, rather than of individuals. erecting of the tabernacle-prove (Exod. i. 9—-14.)
a very considerable knowledge of “ 2. They were not bought and the ornamental, as well as useful sold, transferred from hand to arts. (Exod. xxxv—xxxix.; Numhand, and removed from place to bers, vii.) The direction to write place, as caprice or profit might parts of their law upon their doordictate. They formed family con- posts and on their gates (Deut. nexions as they pleased, which xi. 18--20), seems to imply that were not broken in upon. The the great mass of the people, if not education and management of their all, could read and write. The own children were left to them- notice of writing the names of selves; and all the endearments oflicers (Num. xi. 26), of writing of the domestic circle were the law on pillars (Deut. xxvii. 3), touched; the temporary attempt of writing a copy of the law upon to destroy their male children ex- stones (Joshua viii. 32), of the cepted, which we will notice pre- king's writing out a copy of the sently.
law for his own use (Deut. xvii. 18), " 3. They remained where they agree with the opinion that reading were first settled, in the best part and writing were common among of the land of Egypt. (Gen. xlvii. the people. 4-11; Exod. ix. 26.)
“ 8. The attempt to destroy their “ 4. They not only were allowed male children was the darkest feato retain the property which they ture in the case.
We shall have brought into Egypt, but greatly in- occasion to refer to this again, in creased it during their stay. (Gen. noticing Pharaoh's excuses and xy. 14; Exod. xii. 38.)
In this place I must no“5. They lived well, by their own tice, that the whole facts of the confession ;--so much so, that they case favour the opinion that the afterwards lamented the loss of number destroyed must have been their good living; and had almost very small. The first attempt to returned to slavery for the sake effect it totally failed.
The atof it. (Exod. xvi. 3; Num. xi. tempt to drown them, appears to 4-6.)
have lasted but a short time. It “6. They were made to labour; was not, we may infer, in operabut their great increase is against tion at the birth of Aaron; as nothe notion that their labour was so thing is said about a difficulty in very oppressive as some suppose. saving him. Moses was but three (Exodus, i. 9-14.) Experience years younger. (Exod. vii. 7.) It proves that oppressive labour, es- was in force at his birth. (Exod. pecially on the part of females, ii. 2, 3.) At three months old he operates against a great increase. was cast out, but was immediately But the increase of the Hebrews, rescued and adopted by the daughwhile in Egypt, I think unparalleled. ter of Pharaoh. No other case is
“7. It does not appear that they particularly mentioned. From Acts were shut out from any of the vii. 20, it seems probable some common modes of improvement others were cast out. In all proand education. The various works, bability, the same sympathy which performed-as spinning, weaving, led Pharaoh's daughter to save and
adopt Moses, led her to prevail on made prime minister, the cordial her father to abandon the cruel welcome given to his family in practice. We can indeed hardly their distress,-giving them as a conceive of her indulging the full residence the best district in Egypt tide of female and maternal kind- |(Gen. xlvii. 11), supporting them ness for the infant Moses, and not from the public stores for about six make an effort to save others from years (what they carried to Canaan the watery grave from which she cost them nothing, as Joseph rehad rescued him. That the prac- turned their money, Gen. xlii. 25, tice was abandoned—that but few xliv. 1), and their
prospect of a were destroyed – think nearly free trade with Egypt, with Joseph certain, from the fact that there prime minister there, might with were 600,000 men contemporaries some reason be thought a pretty with Moses when they left Egypt, liberal reward. Not mary good and that the number of Israelites deeds get better pay. immediately after leaving Egypt "2. At the end of the famine, in(Exod. xii. 27), compared with stead of returning to Canaan, as their number on entering Egypt might naturally have been expect(Gen. xlvi. 27), only about 215 ed, the Hebrews continued to ocyears before, shews that they dou- cupy the land of Goshen. Joseph bled, in less than every sifteen never forgot that he was a Hebrew, years—an unusual increase. The or lost any just and proper opporabove statement, I think, provés tunity of advancing the interests that Egyptian slavery was much of his own kindred. While Egypt milder than the slavery which has owed much to himn in many rebeen often practised since, and is spects, various things were so manow practised by many who profess naged (perhaps accidentally) that Christianity.
the Hebrews had decidedly the ad“ The following facts, drawn from vantage, as to wealth, ease, and the Hebrew records, will shew, I the means of improvement, over think, that Pharaoh had what he the Egyptians. The close of the, probably thought good reasons for famine found the Egyptians withholding that people in bondage ; out money, flocks or herds, or reasons which at least will bear even personal freedom (Gen. xlvii. comparison with what pass for good 12–26), and under an engagea
ment to give Pharaoh one fifth part “1. The Hebrews were received of all their produce. On the other into Egypt at a time of unexampled hand, the Israelites were full handscarcity, when like to perish; and ed, had lost nothing, were in poswere, with their focks and herds, session of the best part of Egypt, supported free of cost (Gen. xlv. and had under their management 10, 11); while the Egyptians, who the cattle of Pharaoh (Gen. xlvii. raised the grain laid up in store 6); and as all the cattle of the (Gen. xli. 34, 35), had to sell their Egyptians had come into Pharaoh's Hocks, herds, and even themselves, hands, the Hebrews no doubt refor food for their families. (Gen. ceived a good portion of Pharaoh's xlvii. 15_24.) While the obliga- fifth, in payment for managing tion of Pharaoh to Joseph for his them for him. They had full emforesight and ability is fully ad- ployment, of the very kind they mitted, it is thought that some preferred (Gen. xlvi. 33, 34): no bounds ought to be set to the re- wonder therefore they were willing turns made to him, and especially to have remained where they were. to his whole kindred. His being (To be concluded in our next.)
The ranity and incertitude of Human Life. | Pass o'er the fairest scenes ; the brightest
sky, With solemn measured pace time steals The gayest flow'rets soon turn pale and die, along,
The pearly gems their silvery lustre lose, And thrusts his sithe amid the busy throng Through Nature's volume we may clearly
Each earthly form some sign of frailty shews. Of restless mortals, pitiless of age, Of life in every form, at every stage. The smiles of friendship, or the tears of This truth inscribed —all here is vanity.
love, His arm. unnerve not, nor his purpose move. No more I would my busy thoughts em
ploy That sithe's keen edge bas harmless pass. On painted forms of evanescent joy. ed me by,
Hope points to skies that fadeless light ilI yet am spared, perhaps, to heave the sigh lumes, And drop the tear at woeful scenes, or smile To fields where amaranthine beauty blooms; At thoughts of bliss, that tend to chase Joys to commence when Nature's works sball awhile
close, Foreboding fears, and cast a gleam along Sacred their source, and raised above their The vale of life, as lunar beams among
foes. The thicken'd foliage intervene the shade, Lighten and beauteous paint the deep bid
Oh, thou Sapreme! who art th' unfailing glade.
friend The ray of hope the Christian's journey of him who seeks thy aid ; I hambly bend cheers,
Before thy throne, and through thy Son imLife's rugged spots his future home endears.
Thy guidance, till these circling years are I yet am spared to endure the ills of life,
When called to mourn o'er faded joys, imTo mourn its vanity, turmoil and strife ;
part To feel a void within this aching breast,
Some heavenly balm to heal my wounded That tells me here my spirit cannot rest. Could I the world encompass at my will, Teach me with meekness to resign my will, A void remains the phantom cannot fill.
My all to thee, whilst I life's course fulfil. Were I to grasp, as solid good, some form Of earth, as well might he, who 'mid the And oh! if he whose sovereign gentle form
Chased the dark terrors of the raging storm, storm Straggles with mighty waves himself to Deigns to bestow one melting look a while,
My pallid cheek shall brighten with a smile,
A sacred joy shall animate my breast, Seize the wild - foam that glitters o'er bis And every care tumaltuous sink to rest. grave.
And when my fleeting years are nnmbered
o'er, Remembrances of joys that were, impart And time's keen sithe shall pass me by Do A melancholy pleasure to my heart. They came the boon of an almighty hand,
Receive my spirit to those blissful plains They were resumed at its supreme com- Where sweet serenity för ever reigns.
mand. Scenes that are past forewarn me scenes to
Each trial past, the ransom'd spirit Sings Will prove as vain, may prove as painfal Songs of immortal triumph, heaven's arch
rings Each winding slippery path of human life
With plaudits to the Lamb that once was Is thickly set with vexing cares and strife,
slain, Like baleful weeds, whilst noxious
Who did himself life's heaviest load sastain,
And through whose sovereign grace his peoPollute the air and sbroad these lower skies. ple prove The emerald verdure of the
field soon fades, Trophies of power divine, and matchless
love. The crystal streams dry up, and dreary shades
The Oppressive, Unjust, and Profane Na- “ Britons! This is the glorious civil and
ture and Tendency of the Corporation religious liberty of which we boast ! A and Test Acts exposed; in a Sermon worthy and conscientious man must be ruined preached before the Congregation of for doing his duty! Truly, methinks no Protestant Dissenters, meeting in Can- unprejudiced man, that feels as a man, would non Street, Birmingham, Feb. 21, 1790. refuse to strain every nerve in order to break By the late Rev. SAMUEL PEARCE. such shackles from his fellow citizens !" Second edition. London: Wightman and Cramp. pp. 28.
O no! we shall be thankful if our
rulers will “loose us, and let the opWe bave been ivformed from what pressed go free;" but we would much we conclude to be good authority, that rather bear our burden than use any the pious author of this sermon very other methods, besides those of petitionmuch regretted at a subsequent period ing, for the purpose of “ breaking such of his life, some of the modes of expres- shackles.” Whilst we are secured from sion which he employed to expose those persecution for conscience sake, we shall acts wbich he justly designates “oppres- boast of our “ glorious civil and reli. sive, unjust and profane.” On this ac- gious liberty." count we regret the republication of Mr. Pearce is more at home, when he paragraphs, which, we are persuaded, thus expresses his abhorrence of Dishad Mr. Pearce been living, he would senters taking the sacramental test. have expunged from a “Second edi.
“ No, blessed Redeemer! we will never tion.”
prostitute the memorials of thy death and No persons can feel greater opposi- sufferings, to obtain secular advantages. tion than ourselves, to the laws which We will stand in awe of thy word, which this sermon exposes and condemos, es- saith, * As often as ye do this, do it in repecially as they relate to the required membrance of me. No, we will never go profanation of the Lord's Supper; but Never will we visit Gethsemane with our
to Calvary to seek temporal emoluments ! we have not been in the habit of consi- feet, while our hearts are set upon onr idols ! dering exclusion from civil offices, to be We will never make thy tomb the path to the perfect resemblance to those laws earthly preferment. We will rather endure through which England glistened shame and disgrace, contempt and
persecuwith the flames, and echoed with the and lips thy sacred institutions,” &c. p.27.
tion, than profane with anhallowed hands groaps of dying martyrs, in the days of the sanguinary queen Mary!” The features of these unjust, impolitic and pro-On Education. A Sermon preached in fane acts, are, when correctly exbibited,
the Cathedral Church of Wells, at the most hideously horrible ; there is not
Anniversary Meeting of the Bath and
Wells Diocesan School, on Tuesday, the least occasion for caricature! We
Oct. 9, 1827. By GEORGE HENRY are persuaded, had the heavenly minded
Law, D. D. F. R. and F.A.S. Lord evangelical Pearce, drawn this picture Bishop of Bath and Wells. Rodwell. in 1800 instead of 1790, it would have This Sermon on Prov. xix. 2. is dedibeen much more accurate. Most hear- cated to the Earl of Eldon, and the tily do we wish success to the measures Bishop takes credit to himself, for not about to be adopted, by respectful ap- baving done such a thing while the Lord plications to the Legislature, to get rid High Chancellor of England was disof these obnoxious and oppressive laws; pensing the patronage of the crown, bnt we could not, either from a pulpit reminding us, with a classical apology, or a platform, make use of such incau- that the ancients did not sacrifice to tious language as the following :
their heroes till after sun-set.
He seems friendly to universal edu- | And in these degenerate days, it is re. cation, though he is not without some viving to hear that he has been speedily apprehension lest it should produce evil encouraged to reprint it with enlargerather than good, and, of course, he ments. strenuously pleads for “ the principles The plan is judicious. It is divided and doctrines of the church of England.” | into three parts. Part 1. shewing by But in p. 18. he makes a most un-bi- many examples drawn from real life, the shop-like distinction between Chris- happy effects of religious education, in tianity and the national church.
leading to early piety, to great useful
Part 2 “We are sare that Christianity is founded ness, and to final salvation. apon a rock, and that the gates of bell shall showing, by examples also from real not prevail against it. The security, how | life, the blessing which has finally atever, and the permanence of every civil es- tended the patient labours and fervent tablishment depend on its utility; and its
prayers of Christian Instructors, after utility best manifested by its promoting great anxiety, fear, and disappointthe true interests of religion and morals. The clergy, therefore, inust watch the signs ment.” This collection, very properly of the times, if they wish to retain their placed by itself, will be read, we trust, wonted influence over the hearts of the peo- with great advantage by many an afflictple. More exertion, more energy are re-ed parent. “ Part 3. showing how a quired now, than were called for in the days Christian education ought to be conof onr forefathers. Whilst improvements in other things are taking place, let not ducted. Here the sentiments and di. the ministers of religion alone stand still.”
rections of the best writers on this in
teresting subject may be found. The All this is very intelligible: therefore rules are given which were adopted by we add neither note nor comment.
wise and holy parents in the instruction The Bishop anticipates the result of and government of their families; and the present universal zeal for edaca
a variety of anecdotes and suitable extion, a speculation highly interesting to
amples are interspersed.” the philanthropist, to the politician, and
If the eye of a pious youth should above all to the Christian. His words glance upon the touching scenes in the are worth transcribing :
Biographical Sketches, he will be re" The period in which we live is pecu- minded of his obligations to God and liarly eventful and admonitory. A most im- to his parents. And if the reader be portant experiment, an experiment which an impious youth, he may see his face must be highly favourable or adverse to in the glass, and learn the necessary the prosperity of this empire, is soon about to be tried. Ere long, the British Isles lessons of humiliation and penitence. may exhibit an instance never before known, Here he will be directed and encouof a whole nation educated and able to read raged to place himself under the care and write."
and guidance of the adorable Redeemer, who is able to save into the uttermost
all who come to God by him.” The Parent's Monitor; or Narratives, Christian parents will find the most Anecdotes, and Observations on Reli
pungeut motives to diligence in traingious Education and Personal Piety; ing up their offspring for their country's designed for the instruction and encouragement of Parents, Guardians, and sake, and more especially for Zion's Teachers. In three parts. By Davidsake. BARKER, Minister of the Gospel. Let the pastors of our churches conSecond edition enlarged. Richard sider what sort of members their sucBaynes.
cessors will have. We know that God Piety at home is so powerfully enforced can from the stones raise up children to in the sacred writings, and yet unhap- Abraham; but we are warranted to expily so much neglected, that we are pect that the ravages of death will be glad to see any thing on our table which repaired chiefly from the families of appears adapted to promote it. 'Mr. those who are now church members. Barker's is a family book of great value. Whether they will be judicious, well