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mies.' (p. 9.)
1812.) Review of Maltby and Curningham on the Circulation of the Bible. 723
bis impenitent enemies?'
whether these Psalms, tous directly con-
litary zealot who has managed there to
Mr. Cunningham next proceeds
to examine the reasons of Dr. Malt. Does he not also know, that if what he calls by, for rejecting so large a portion imprecations, are so in fact, and that, as of the New Testament. It'is the such, they constitute an objection to the opinion of Dr. Maltby, that the Psalms; ine Psalms of David are not less Epistles were not “ designed, be. guilty than the rest?
cause they are evidently not calcu“ But, in the nest place, what is to be said of lated, for general diffusion,” p. 9. the declaration of Dr. Maltby, that many of the Psalms are in direct contradiction to
· Valuable indeed," he tells us, “ the more pore and elevated precepts of the
are, when considered as mere matters of reChristian Lawgiver?~The question is: are
cord, connected with the introduction of our iliey inspired, or are they not? If they are, religion. But by far the greater part of the can the spirit of the Divine precepts at one
Apostolical Epistles relate to controversies, period, be directly contradictory to their spi- agitated at the time, about the partial or rit at another?” pp. 37, 38.
total rejection of the Jews, the introduction “ But, thirdly, as the author does not an
of Gentiles into the church, the necessity of nounce the parts thus subversive of Christian circumcision, the permanence of the Mosaic iborality, and as the supposed imprecatory
law, with allusions to the situation of partipassages are those alone at which any objec. cular congregations, or the conduct of indivitions have been levelled, let us for a moment
duals----some the useful teachers, and others touch upon them. It is then, I conceive, the mischievous disturbers of the church. next to impossible that Dr. Maltby should p. 10. not have known, that the words now ren. dered from the Hebrew in the imperative,
In reply to some of the assertion might be rendered in the future; so that the contained in this passage, it migh passages now translated ' let them perish,'
perhaps, be sufficient to make asse
" Where may be translated, they shall perishi. But, tions exactly contrary. kuowing this, and knowing also, that the the record of facts, for instance, best inierpreters have acquiesced in this the Epistles to the Romans, Epls change, should he not rather lave iuti sians, Galatians, Hebreivs, &c.” (M
pp. 8, 9.
circulation. The following short point to be proved. Independent of this, no extract will serve to explain his proof of the position is attempted. Let us views.
see, then, what positive proaf, that they are
designed to be circulated, is to be set against It may perhaps be asserted, without the this bare affirmation that they are not. smallest perversion of truth, that each of the
“ First, It may be inferred that the Scrip. Gospels contains every thing necessary to tures were designed for general circolation salvation; and if a Christian truly believes from this fact--that God himself gare these and faithfully obeys what he finds irr ang one Scriptures to us without any restriction upen of them, such an one is not far from the their general use." kingdom of God.' But without limiting so
Secondly, That the Scriptores were devery strictly the bounds, within which the signed by God for general circulation, may knowledge essential to a Christian may be be inferred from the manner of using them attained, it will be seen from a foregoing in the Jewish church.” pp. 11, 12, enumeration, that out of sixty-six books
“ Thirdly, The design of God, as to the which form the contents of the Old and New
universal diffusion of the Scriptures, may be Testament, not above seven in the Old, nor
inferred from the use made of them by Christ above eleven in the New, appear to be cal. himself." p. 13. culated for the study or comprehension of the But finally, That the Scriptures were to unlearned. Let us suppose, for the sake of go forth in their integritò to the people, is argument, that none of the under-mentioned established by the express declaration of books contain any passages likely to produce God.” p. 14. material error or objection to one who has not deeply studied the subject of religion, We regret that our limits will not and is wholly unacquainted with the Hebrew permit us to copy the pages, in and Greek languages. Genesis, Exodus, which these positions are vindicated Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Isaiah; and explained. They are establishMatthew, Mark, Luke, John, Acıs, 1 Timo- ed by reasoning perfectly concluthy, "Titus, Philemon, Epistle of James, sive, and if they have failed to 1 Peter, 1 John. • In these books, unquestionably, all par
carry conviction to the mind even of
Dr. Maltby himself, we may at least ties will allow that every truth or doctrine essential to the belief or conduct of a Chris
venture to offer him our condolence. tian, is contained." pp. 12, 13.
“ Thus far, then," proceeds Mr. CunningMr. Cunningham shall now be ham, “I think it is plain that the Scriptores heard in reply : and as he always themselges, the precedent of Christ, theana. cites the argument with fairness, the logy of one dispensation, and the genius and objection and the answer shall go hion of an universal diffusion of the word
practice of the other, all befriend the notogether.
of God. Unless, therefore, the contrary be “The objections brought by Dr. Maltby proved, we may conclude that this general against the circulation of the whole Scrip. circulation was designed.' tures, may chiefly be ranged under two
“ II, But, secondly, it is afirmed that the heads---first, that they are not intenderl, and whole Scriptures are not celeulated for colsecondly, that they are not calculated, for versal distribution. And here two classes of general circuation. These points deserve to objections are urged; first, some of a more be exauined distinctly. 1. As to the question, whether the Scripturcs iicular books; both of which must be es
general nature ; and, secondly, against parare intended for general circulation, it is ob- amined. vious that this can be known only from sonue One objection of a general nature is, that revelation of the will of God upon the sub- many parts of Scripture are unintelligible :* ject. The boundaries for the confinement the poor.--But are not many parts also unirof the Bible must be sought for in the Bible telligible to the learned; and, therefore, itself. As, however, no restrictions of this would not the same law that witbheld thea kind are to he discovered in the Sacred from the cottage, expel them from the TWritings, this position stands merely a naked brary? pp. 14, 15. affirmation in the pages of Dr. Maliby. He
" That parts of the Scriptare, then, are says, indeed, of a part of the Scriptures unintelligible, is no ground for their escla fp. 9), that they are not designed, because sion from the houses of the poor. Religica they are not calculated, for general diffusion.' never proclaimed itself to be free from syne This assertion, however, evidently assumes a teries." p. 16.
“ There is added, in Dr. Maltby's work, a to enter, fools would find one ; just as the succession of reasonings, to prove that the man in a fever conjures up a thousand poor have no more right to expect to under. images which escape the eye of the bealthy. stand certain parts of Scripture, than the If, then, we are to pare down the Bible till plays of Æsebylas, or the letters of Pliny. the chance or fear of abuse is destroyed, Dr. But, of course, no argument can establish this Maltby, is still far too prodigal of the Sacred point, which falls short of a proof that these Volume. The alternative to which je apheathen plays and letters were, like the pears to be reduced is this either be must Scriptures, of universal authority and obli- burn the Bible, and consign the enthusiast gation; that Æschylos and Pliny also were to the vagrancies of his own fancy; or, indelegated to ' preach their gospels to all stead of touching the books, he must endeapeople. Indeed, there is no part of this vour to mend the man. As to the side of the work which is more paintul than the attempt alternative he should embrace, two things running through it to place a wide interval are 10 be remembered; that, in trying to between the religious attainments of the mend the enthusiast, we prefer a known to at higher and lower orders of society ; to assign least a doubtful doty; and that, in depriving knowledge to the high, and mere practice to him of his Bible, we remove the real antithe low. Such a system, appears to me ut. dote as well as the alleged cause of his disa térly discordant with the genius of Christia. order. nity." p. 16.
“ A third general objection, brought “ Under the Christian scheme, all distince against the plan of circulating the whole tions are merged in the consideration that Scriptures, is, that all which it is indispenTuen are all immortal, are all children of the sable for man to know is contained in a very same family, lost by the same offences, and small part of the Bible.—Like the books of redeemed by the sanje blood. To shut up the Sybils, burn what we will, it seems the the Bible from any, then, is to quench a ray value of the whole is not diminished. of heavenly light designed for all. It is to • Now, in the first place, is there no predestroy the general element of our spiritual sumption in venturing upon this affirmativem existence."
in pronouncing that a part will accomplish " Another general objection, brought by that for which God appears to have appointed Dr. Maltby, to the circulation of the whole the whole ?" pp. 22, 23. Scriptures is, that they are liable to abuse.-- “ Is it for creatures sprung yesterday from
may be asked, as belore, are the in- the earth, and to-morrow returning to it; terdicted parts of the Bible liable to abuse lighted, as it were, and quenched in an inonly in the hands of the unlearned? Have stant; confined to a mere point in space; to Scripture and orthodoxy been stretched upon scan the proceedings of God? Is not the no learned rack? Were not many of the indispensable importance of the Scriptures early heretics the philosophical teachers of best established by the single fact, that God those days ?" p. 20.
has promulgated them? Can any other cir" Not only would the reasoning of Dr. cumstance add or take from authority thus Maltby curtail the man of science of as large conferred ? a portion of bis Bible, as the illiterate : the But, secondly, all observations which are fact is, that no single verse could, upon liis designed to simplify the dispensations or ine principle, be safely entrusted to either; for terferences of God, are on this account there is no verse which either has not been, doubly objectionable, that God, in a variety or which is not liable to torture and perver- of known instances, does not work by the simsion in the hands of weak and wicked men,” ple means we might anticipato.--If this exp. 21.
treme simplicity was intended, wliy, it may “What, then, is to be done ? Dr. Multby's be asked, was Christianity introduced by the scheme, which, though it banishes sonie circuitous and intricate route of Judaism? whole books, retains others in their integrity, Why was Judaisin encumbered with the mameets a very small part of the evil; because chinery of its ceremonies? Why did Christ no whole buok can be expected to supply no anoint the eyes of the blind with clay and materials for burlesque or perversion. But spittle? Why was the Bible given at all, were he to extend his amputating process to when a Divine afflatus might have at once the few chosen books, and to call in a select conveyed the will of God to mau?" pp. 23, committee to decide upon every passage 24. within the possibility of abuse, could he hope “ But, thirdly, there is this objection to the for success? Does he not know, that where narrowing or disparagement of the value of med of sense saw no avenue fos perversion any single passage of Scripture, that the work
Cunningham, p. 45:) and, " with preciation of the Gospels to say, that, alone, what shew of reason can it be main- they less perfectly exhibit the scheme of tained, or even intimated, that the Christianity; to affirion of a part, that it Epistles relate wholly, or chiefly, or
does not accomplish the object of the whole." in any large measure, to controver: pp. 46–48. sies peculiar to the times and places
After exposing the fallacy of the in which they were written?" (ibid. main position, Mr. Cunningbam P. 45.)
concludes by adverting to three There is yet another position points of minor importance, though, connected with this part of the sub- as he justly conceives, involving ma. ject, which is not unworthy of no
terial errors. tice.
" In the first place, then, it is no small “ 'There are," says Dr. Maltby, “ no doubt,
error, I conceive, that one of the works Di. parts in the Epistles
, wholly practical, and Maltby proposes to substitute for the entira of great general use; but, perhaps, none
copy of the Scriptures, is a ' volome jodi. differing in substance, either from the moral ciously selected from Cappe's Lise of Christ;' maxiins of the Proverbs, or from the lessons
or, in other words, from a Life of Ckrist so beautifully and energetically delivered by written by a known Socinian. Now, of course our Saviour himsell.” p. 11.
it would be practicable for a disingenuous The remarks of Mr. Cunningham dicicusly selected,
' as to acquit himself of all
reasoner so to avail bimself of the term ju. upon this passage, appear lo us par- intention to introduce the Gospels to the ticularly happy
world with a Socinian commentary; but Dr. “ Not to dwell upon the inaccurate as
Maltby would shrink from any such evasumption of equality between the practical sion; because he is conscious that noise lessons of the Gospels and the Proverbs, is it lection, however judicious, can render a Sothe fact that the Epistles did not enlarge ciuian work strictly orthodos.' pp 49, 50. the code of practical instruction presented
“A second point, in which Dr. Maltby ap to us by Christ bimself? If even the word pears to me no less fundamentally 10 err, is * practical' be confined to morality (which in bis wislı, for what I conceive to mean an possibly the author designs), many moral extensive change in the Liturgy and Articles duties are distincily treated in the Epistles of the Church of England. alone; as, for instance, the duties of hus- “ As to the Liturgy, if there be any exbands and wives, of fathers and children, of pressions which offend the conscience of the masters and servants, of citizens and sub- wisely scrupulous, or even the taste of the jects, of the members of a church and their justly refined, and these could be changed spiritual governors. And if the import of without risk to the whole, I should concur the word be extended, as it ought, to every
with Dr. Maltby in desiring the correction." branch of active duty, the Epistles may be p. 51. considered as making still larger additions to
“ But, then, we should remember, botà our practical lessons; for what may be call- that there is a degree of reinement which ed the practical part of religion, is taught is fastidiousness, and that much of the as chiefly in the Epistles. Nor is this fuller cient scrupulosity about modes and express developement of duties in the writings of the sions in religion is laid in the grave with first followers of Christ, any disparagement the puritans. Almost every change of the of the Gospels. It was in religion as it is in 'Liturgy, therefore, may be resisted oper nature; the sun did not reach its meridian these two grounds—that we shall never at once, but adapted itself to the eye of the please the over-nice, and that the devcat spectators. The Gospels, and the Gospels are mostly pleased already." p. 51. alone, probably were suited to the actual “ In the revision' demanded by the 25exigencies of the moment; and our Lord thier for the Articles of the church, ! himself intimated, that in happier periods a have the misfortune lo differ as radicals fuller revelation would be granted : I trave
from hinu." p. 52. many things to say unto you, but ye cannot " In fact, is there any solid ground bear them uow: '_ When He, the Spirit of objection to our Articles ? Can it be lepel truth, is conie, he will guide you into all that any will be framed at once as script. truth :'be shall teach you all things :- ral and more comprehensive?" p. 33. • he shall receive of mine, and shall shew it unto you. Such being the fact, it is no des venture to notice, in the work of Dr. Mutby,
“ The third and last error, which I stil
is, that he has throughout omitted to give Holy Scripture; without which, sufficient importance to the safeguard which they can neither sufficiently know is, or ought to be, supplied in the Clergy of God and his will, neither their office the Establishment to the free circulation of and duty.”_" Therefore, forsaking the whole Scripiures. When he paints, in the corrupt judgment of fleshly men, such gloomy colours, the dangers of suffering let us reverently hear and read the Bible to range aburoad in the country, does he forget that the nation provides Holy Scripture, which is the food of eleven thousand clergy to watch over and
the soul; let us diligently search for regulate its course? Are they negligent at
the well of life, in the books of the their post, or incompetent to their high func. New and Old Testament.” « These tion?" pp. 55, 56.
books ought to be much in our eyes, " Or it, which is the faci, this church in our ears, in our mouths, but most contain a large body of devout and learned of all in our hearts.” ministers; il the country be at least sprinkled
We might go on quoting whole with men able and willing to publish the "glad tidings of salvation, to expl«in the pages to the same effect; and be
it remembered, that to the sounddifficulties, and press home the lessons of Scripture ; ought Dr. Maliby to speak of the
ness and wholesomeness of this Scriptures as though they were to be tossed, doctrine, Dr. Maltby has solemnly
Nor is the a sort of tangled skein, among the multi- subscribed his name. tode, to be unravelled by the mere clumsy practice of the Church at variance hands of pluuglimen or mechanics:” p. 56. with her professions. The first
work of the Reformation, when, The extracts, which we have been shaking herself from the dust of potempted to select from this masterly pery, she resumed her primitive Reply, will furnish the strongest re- purity and beauty, was to expose commendation of the work. It the entire volume of Scripture in would have been easy to produce the most accessible places, and to many other parts, which display a invite all, of every rank, and sex, brilliant imagination, and which and age, to read it, or hear it read. captivate no less by their reasoning She has incorporated into her serthan their eloquence: but our con- vice the whole of the New Testacern was with the argument: and ment, and the greatest part of the of this, our readers will now be Old, including the entire Psalms; able to form a tolerable judgment and this error, if it be one, Dr. Maltfor themselves.
by bas sanctioned, not only by deTnere is one argument, in oppo. claring his assent to the Book of sition to Dr. Maltby's reasoning, Common Prayer, which prescribes which Mr. Cunningham has omit- the order in which the Scriptures ted; we mean that which may be are to be read, but by continuing drawn from his peculiar obliga- himself to follow this prescribed tions as a minister of the Church of order for a series of years. Thus, England. We have already refer- according to his view of the matter, red to the Articles subscribed by Dr. has he been accessary to misleadMaltby, which assert the undoubted ing the people committed to his authority of the whole of the Scrip- charge, by reading to them what is tures as they now stand. The Ho- likely to be perverted, and what milies
still farther: they assert, in Rust be misunderstood. For our direct opposition to Dr. Maltby, own parts, we do not comprehend that, “ Unto a Christian man, there how it is that a conscientious man, can be nothing either more neces- as we believe Dr. Maltby to be, bas sary or profitable, than the know- contrived, with his sentiments, to reledge of Holy Scripture.”_" There- concile il to his conscience to contifore, as many as be desirous to enter nue to officiate as a minister of the into the right and perfect way unto Church of England. The reasonGod, inust apply their minds to knowing which Dr. Maltby employs 10 CHRIST. ORSERY. No, 131,