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Cunningham, p. 45:) and, “ with preciation of the Gospels to say, that, alone, what shew of reason can it be main they less perfectly exhibit the scheme of tained, or even intimated, that the Christianity; to affirin of a part, that it Epistles relate wholly, or chiefly, or
does not accomplish the object of the whole." in any large measure, to controver. pp. 46–48. sies peculiar to the tiines and places After exposing the fallacy of the in which they were written ?" (ibid. main position, Mr. Cunningham
concludes by adverting to three There is yet another position points of minor importance, though, connected with this part of the sub- as he justly coriceives, involving maject, which is not unworthy of no
terial errors. tice.
" In the first place, then, it is no small “There are,” says Dr. Maltby, “ no doubt
, Maltby propuses to substitute for the entire
error, I conceive, that one of the works Dr. parts in the Epistles, wholly practical, and of great general use; but, perhaps, none
copy of the Scriptures, is a 'volume judi. differing in substance, either from the moral ciously selected froiu Cappe's Life of Christ;' maxiins of the Proverbs, or from the lessons written by a known Socinian. Now, of course
or, in other words, from a Life of Christ so beautifully and energetically delivered by it would be practicable for a disingenuous our Saviour himself." p. 11.
reasoner so to avail bimself of the term .jo. The remarks of Mr. Cunningham diciously selected,' as to acquit himself of all upon this passage, appear to us par- intention to introduce the Gospels to the ticularly happy.
world with a Sociuian commentary; bal Da. “ Not to dwell upon the inaccurate as
Maltby would shrink from any such evasumption of equality between the practical „sion ; because he is conscious that noises lessons of the Gospels and the Proverbs, is it lection, however judicious, can render a so the fact that the Epistles did not enlarge ciuian work strictly orthodox. pr. 49,50. the code of practical instruction presented
“A second point, in which Dr. Maltby apto us by Christ himself? If even the word pears to me no less fondamentals 10 err, is * practical' be confined to morality (which in his wislı, for what I conceive to mean an possibly the author designs), many nioral extensive change in the Liturgy and Articles duties are distinctly treated in the Epistles of the Church of England. alone; as, for instance, the duties of hus- " As to the Liturgy, if there be any esbands and wires, of fathers and children, of pressions which offend the conscience of the masters and servants, of citizens and sub- wisely scrupulous, or even the taste of the jects, of the members of a church and their justly refined, and these could be changed spiritual governors. And if the import of without risk to the whole, I should concu the word be extended, as it ougbt, to every
with Dr. Maltby in desiring the correction." branch of active duty, the Epistles may be p. 51, considered as making still larger additions to
“ But, then, we should remember, bøtà our practical lessons; for what may be call
that there is a degree of retinement skich ed the practical part of religion, is taught is fastidiousness, and that much of the archiefly in the Epistles. Nor is this fuller cient scrupulosity about modes and experti developemeut of duties in the writings of the sions in religion is laid in the grave with first followers of Christ, any disparagement the puritans. Almost every change of the of the Gospels. It was in religion as it is in 'Liturgy, therefore, may be resisted upon nature; the sun did not reach its meridian These two grounds--that we shall never at once, but adapted itself to the eye of the please the over-nice, and that the devout spectators. The Gospels, and the Gospels are mostly pleased already." p. 51. alone, probably were suited to the actual
“ In the revision' demanded by the goexigencies of the moment; and our Lord ther for the Articles of the churcb, ! himself intimated, that in happier periods a
have the misfortune to differ as radicals fuller revelation would be granted : I have from hin." p. 52. many things to say unto you, but ye cannot
“In fact, is there any solid ground för bear them uow:'-"When He, the Spirit of objection to our Articles Can it be bo pes truth, is cone, he will guide you into all that any will be framed at once as seriptutruth :'-- he shall teach you all things :
ral and more comprehensive?" p. 33. • he shall receive of mine, and shall shew it unto you. Such being the fact, it is no de Balbi,
" The third and last error, which I shall
is, that he has throughout omitted to give Holy Scriplure; without which, sufficient importance lo the safeguard which they can neither sufficiently know is, or ought to be, supplied in the Clergy of God and bis will, neither their office the Estab'ishment to the free circulation of and duty."-" Therefore, forsaking the who'e Scriptures. When he paints, in the corrupt judgment of fleshly men, such gloomy colours
, the dangers of suffering let us reverently hear and read the Bible to range abroad in the country, does he forget that the nation provides Holy Scripture, which is the food of eleven thousand clergy to watch over and
the soul; let us diligently search for regulate its course ? Are they negligent at the well of life, in the books of the their post, or incompetent to their high func- New and Old Testament." « These tion " pp. 55, 56.
books ought to be much in our eyes, “ Or it, which is the faci, this church in our ears, in our mouths, but most contain a large body of devout and learned of all iu our hearts.” ministers; is the country be at least sprinkled
We might go on quoting whole with men able and willing to publish the glad udings' of salvation, to explain the pages to the same effect; and be
it remembered, that to the sounddifficulties, and press home the lessons of Scripture ; ought Dr. Maliby to speak of the
ness and wholesomeness of this Scriptures as though they were to be tossed, doctrine, Dr. Maliby has solemnly
Nor is the a sort of tangled skein, among the multi- subscribed his name. fude, to be unravelled by the mere clumsy practice of the Church at variance hands of ploughmen or mechanics:" p. 55.
with her professions. The first
work of the Reformation, when, The extracts, which we have been shaking herself from the dust of potempted to select from this masterly pery, she resumed her primitive Reply, will furnish the strongest re- purity and beauty, was to expose commendation of the work. It ibe entire volume of Scripture in would have been easy to produce the most accessible places, and to many other parts, which display a invite all, of every rank, and sex, brilliant injagination, and which and age, io read it, or hear it read. captivate no less by their reasoning She has incorporated into her serihan their eloquence: but our con- vice the whole of the New Testacern was with the argument: and ment, and the greatest part of the of this, our readers will now be Old, including the entire Psalms; able to form a tolerable judgment and this error, if it be one, Dr. Mallfor themselves.
by has sanctioned, not only by deThere is one argument, in oppo- claring his assent to the Book of sition to Dr. Maltby's reasoning, Common Prayer, which prescribes which Mr. Cunningham has omit- the order in which the Scriptures led; we mean that which may be are to be read, but by continuing drawn from his peculiar obliga- himself to follow this prescribed tions as a minister of the Church of order for a series of years. Thus, England. We bave already refer- according to his view of the matter, red to the Articles subscribed by Dr. has he been accessary to misleadMaltby, which assert the undoubted ing the people committed to bis authority of the whole of the Scrip- charge, by reading to them what is lures as they now stand. The Ho. likely to be perverted, and what milies go still farther: they assert, in must be misunderstood. For our direct opposition to Dr. Maltby, own parts, we do not comprehend that, “ Unto a Christian man, there how it is that a conscientious man, can be nothing either more neces- as we believe Dr. Maltby to be, has sary or profitable, than the know- contrived, with bis sentiments, to reledge of Holy Scripture.”_" There- concile it to his conscience to contifore, as many as be desirous to enter nue to officiate as a minister of the into the right and perfect way unto Church of England. The reason. God, must apply their minds to know ing which Dr. Maltby employs to Carist. ORSERY. No. 131.
prove the mischievous tendency of Nevertheless, for the hardness of the general circulation of the whole such places, the reading of the whole of the Scriptures, is nothing more ought not to be set apart. By the than a revival of the popish argu. Scripture, all men be amended; ments against the Reformation. He weak men be strengthened, and will find all of them ably answered strong men be comforted. So that, by anticipation, in the Tracts of the surely none be enemies to the readBartlett's Buildings' Society. We ing of God's word, but such as either will content ourselves with naming a be so ignorant, that they know not few of them, to which we would refer bow wholesome a thing it is; or our author:- viz. Plain Directions else be so sick, that they hate the for reading the Holy Scriptures; most comfortable medicine that Archbishop Synge's Charitable Ad- should heal them; or so ungodly, vice to all that are of the Commu. that they would wish the people nion of the Church of Rome; Ques. still to continue in blindness and tions and Answers concerning the ignorance of God.”—Homily on two Religions; Archbishop Tillot- reading of Holy Scripture, Part ii. son's Dissuasive from Popery; Pro- We are rempted, before we quit testant Catechism, &c. &c.
this part of our subject, to send Dr. We know, however, of no better Maltby, for farther instruction opon answer to those popish arguments, it, to two of our modern poets. which would deprive the poor and Mr. Crabbe, in the true spirit of a unlearned of free access to the well Christian minister, speaking of his of life, than is contained in the Ho. illiterate country school-mistress
, milies of the Church of England. “If remarks: you be afraid,” says the church,“ to
" And what her learning? 'Tis with awe to fall into error by reading of Holy
luok Scripture, I shall shew you how you In every verse throughout one sacred book : may read without danger of error. From this her joy, her hope, ber peace, is Read it humbly, with a meek and
sought; lowly heart, to the intent you may This she has learned, and she is nobly glority God, and not yourself, with taught." the knowledge of it; and read it,
In the same strain, the seraphic - not wilhout daily praying to God, that he would direci your reading to
Cowper describes good effect."--" Presumption and " Yun cottager, who weaves at her own doet,
Pillow and bobbins, all her little store"arrogancy are the mother of all
“ Just ki.ows, and knows no more, ber Bible error; and humility needeth to
true, fear no error." " Therefore, the
A truth the brilliant Frenchman never kner : humble man may search any truth
And in that charter reads with sparkling boldly in Scripture, without any
eyes danger of error. And if he be igno- Her title to a treasure in the skies:rant, he ought the more to read, and 10 “Oh bless'd effect of penury and want! search Holy Scripture, to bring him The seed sown there, bow vigorous in the out of ignorance." And, concern
plant! ing the bardness of Scripture," No soil like poverty for growth divine, " whoever giveth his mind to Holy As leanest land supplies ibe richest wide. Scriptures, with diligent study and
Earth gives too litle, giving only bread, burning desire, it cannot be that he To nourish pride or turn the weakest head: should be left without help; for To them the sounding jargon of the schools either God Almighty will send bim
Seems, what it is, a cap and bell for foods : some godly doctor to teach him,”
The light they walk by, kindled f. ein abort,
Shews them the shortest way to light and " or Himself from above will give love: light into our minds, and teach us They, strangers to the controversial Geld, those things which are necessary where deists, always foild, yet soru to for us, and wherein we be ignorant." yield,
And never checkd by what impedes the feeling of remorse, or any expectawise,
tion of evil. Yet we know not by Believe, rush forward, and possess the prize." what rule of consistency some oppo. Cowper's Truth.
nents of the Bible Society could of the many extraordinary cir- censure our conduct, if we should cumstances connected with Dr. charge upon the Snciety for proMaltby's work, it is surely not one moting Christian Knowledge, the of the least surprising, that the ulti- strange language which has been mate bearing of his pamphlet is to held by certain of its advocates. If extol the Society for promoting an injudicious assertion, whether Christian Knowledge. What, then, correctly reported or not is of very is the reasonable inference? Does little consequence, should be attrithe Society for promoting Christian buted, even in the columns of a newsKnowledge maintain that the whole paper, to a friend of the Bible Soof the Bible is neither “necessary ciety, some doughty controversialist por intended for the use of all classes is always at hand to visit the offence, of mankind ? ” That “out of sixty- not upon the individual merely, but six books, not above seven in the also upon the institution : the Society' Old Testament, nor above eleven in itself seems to be cousidered as rethe New, appear to be calculated sponsible for all the sentiments, or for the study or comprehension of alleged sentiments, of all its friends. the unlearned ?” That “ the mass of li'the advocates of the Bible Society mankind ought no more to expect should adopt the same rule of judgto understand the prophecies of Eze- ment, is there any absurdity, whether kiel, or the Epistles of St. Paul, than of fact or reasoning, which theymight the tragedies of Æschylus, or the not charge hoine upon the Society Letters of Cicero and Pliny ?" and, for promoting Christian Knowledge? by consequence, that many portions The articles of their belief, and ihe of the Scripture, appointed to be divergencies of their reasoning, if read in our churches, should never extracted from the conflicting creeds Teach the ears of the poor? Would and irregular sallies of their friends, the Society for promoting Christian would be highly amusing: and Dr. Knowledge propose to substitute for Malıby himseli would add not a the entire copy of the Scriptures “a little to the entertainment. But volume judiciously selecied from into that subject we will not enter : Cappe's Life of Christ”-the work and the oniy reason which has induced of an avowed Socinian? Are these us even to mention it, is this: 10 dise the arguments by which they would play the extreme unfairness with expect to recommend themselves to wbich the Bible Society has been the patronage of a Christian public? treated in certain recent publicaAre these the measures by which tions; and, if possible, to introduce a they intend to form the principles of better taste, sounder principles of the rising generation; to train them reasoning, and a more correct disto all virtue and godliness of living? tribution, whether of censure or of No: we are well persuaded that the praise. Society will not lend themseives to so There is, however, another view of unworthy a system. The attack of the subject, which we are unwilling Dr. Maliby on the Bible Society, is to omit. It has lately been very also an aitack upon them: they, much the fashion to attack, as too, have dispersed the whole of thusiasts, as enemies to good sense the Scriptures for upwards of a cen- and good works, a certain body of tury, without note or comment; and men, who are known by the title of even to this hour, they circulate the Evangelical Clergymen. The way Book of Genesis, and the Psalms, in which the attack is conducted is and the writings of the Prophets this: All who agree in some geneand Apostles, without one apparent ral principles, such as the doctrines
prove the mischievous tendency of Nevertheless, for the hardness of the general circulation of the whole such places, the reading of the whole of the Scriptures, is nothing more ought not to be set apart. By the than a revival of the popish argu Scripture, all men be amended; ments against the Reformation. He weak men be strengthened, and will find all of them ably answered strong men be comforied. So that, by anticipation, in the Tracts of the surely none be enemies to the readBartlett's Buildings' Society. We iny of God's word, but such as either will content ourselves with naming a be so ignorant, that they know not few of them, to which we would refer bow wholesome a thing it is; or our author:-viz. Plain Directions else be so sick, that they hate the for reading the Holy Scriptures; most comfortable medicine that Archbishop Synge's Charitable Ad- should heal them; or so ungodly, vice to all thai are of the Commu• that they would wish the people nion of the Church of Rome; Ques- still to continue in blindness and Lions and Answers concerning the ignorance of God.”—Homily on two Religions; Archbishop Tillot- reading of Holy Scripture. Partii. son's Dissuasive from Popery; Pro- We are tempted, before we quit testant Catechism, &c. &c.
this part of our subject, to send Dr. We know, however, of no better Maliby, for farther instruction upon answer to those popish arguments, it, to two of our modern poets. which would deprive the poor and Mr. Crabbe, in the true spirit of a unlearned of free access to the well Christian minister, speaking of bis of life, than is contained in the Ho. illiterate country school-mistress
, milies of the Church of England. “ If remarks: you be afraid,” says the church, “ to
“ And what her learning? 'Tis with awe to fall into error by readiog of Holy
luok Scripture, I shall shew you how you In every verse throughout one sacred book ; may read without danger of error. From this her joy, her hope, her peace, Read it humbly, with a meek and sought; lowly heart, to the intent you may This she has learned, and she is nobly glorify God, and not yourself, with taughi." the knowledge of it, and read it,
In the same strain, the seraphic not without daily praying to God, that he would direct your reading to
Cowper describes good effect.”—“ Presumption and "Yun coltager, who weaves at her own dcor, arrogancy are the mother of all Pillow and bobbins, all her little store"error ; and humility needeth to
“ Just krows, and knows no more, her Bible
true, fear no error." Therefore, the
A truth the brilliant Frenchman nerer knex : · humble man may search any truth
And in that charter reads with sparkling boldly in Scripture, without any
eyes danger of error. And if he be igno- ller title to a treasure in the skies.' rant, he ought the more to read, and 10 “Oh bless'd effect of penery and want! search Holy Scripture, 10 bring him The seed sown there, how vigorous in the out of ignorance." And, concern
plant! ing the bardness of Scripture," No soil like poverty for growth divine, " whoever giveth his niind to Holy As leanest land supplies the richest wise. Scriptures, with diligent study and
Eartlı gives too liule, giving only bread, burning desire, it cannot be that he To nourish pride or turn the weakest head should be left without help; for
To them the sounding jargon of the schools either God Almighty will send bim
Seems, what it is, a cap and bell for looks: some godly doctor to teach him,"
The light they walk by, kindled 1. ora abere,
Shews them the shortest way to light and " or Himself from above will give love : Jight into our minds, and teach us They, strangers to the controversial field, zhose things which are necessary
Where deists, always foiled, yet scora le for us, and wherein we be ignorant.'