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cal clergy and the Calvinistic dissen- this course, we are perfectly aware, ters are dangerous to the Establish- that the strong partisans on each ' ment, asserts of the former, what side will be dissatisfied; but of this we have no doubt is strictly true, consequence we have long since that they are peculiarly useful in counted the cost, and are quite promoting its genuine interests, and contented to share in a charge of would be more so, were they not inconsistency and want of syste systematically thwarted and coun- matic accuracy, which, after all, teracted by powerful opponents: must, as we think, finally light upon and as to the dissenters, that many a quarter, where, to say the least, it of the Anti-calvinists amongst them is harmless-namely, on the Scripare as hostile to the church as the tures themselves.
We proceed, Calvinists; that the systematic Cal- therefore, in our purpose; and notvinists among them are far from withstanding what we have just said, being the most zealous, either in we cannot but hope that'the followpreaching, or otherwise propagating ing remarks will not be found, their sentiments; and that the only either by Calvinists or Anti-cal. effectual mode of counteracting any vinists, to be without some solid description of dissenters is, accord foundation. ing to the well-known recommenda. . We observe, then, in the first tion of a great prelate, to “out- place, that there is a mystery hang. preach, out-pray, and out-live them.” ing over this whole subject of preMr. Scott, therefore, strongly ap- destination, which, as it has not proves of the concluding advice, in been fully unfolded by Divine revethe bishop's fourth chapter, to the lation, no human reasonings will parochial clergy, on the best means ever be able to penetrate. The of recovering and establishing such eternal purpose of the Almighty, a desirable preponderance; but justly concerning mankind, has depths observes, that if only a part of them which no mortal line can fathom, do this, so that the total number and heights to which no mortal shall form by far the minority of wing can soar. The wisést and the the whole body, they will soon be best of men in all ages have aceither classed with the evangelical knowledged this; and happy would clergy, so called, or will receive it have been for the Christian Church some other name of opprobrious had the points in question been left distinction by the majority which in the obscurity in which they continues to neglect their duty. must continue to be involved, until
Having thus given a brief view a clear and satisfactory light shall of the principal points at issue on hereafter be shed upon
them. the controverted questions discussed There is, in this view, a very
imin this chapter of Mr. Scott's work, portant observation by Luther :we must still trespass on the indul- The common distinction," says gence of our readers, for a few ge- this great reformer, in his controneral observations on these very versy with Erasmus *, “ is a good abstruse and difficult subjects. It one: there are three lights; one of has been our uniform aim and en- nature, another of grace, and a third deavour, on the various occasions on of glory. The light of nature cannot which we have been, as it were, com- explain why a good man should pelled to engage in arguments simi- suffer, and a bad man should floular to the present, to hold that mo- rish; but the light of grace solves derate and impartial course, to which the difficulty.” Now, "if the light we think the Scriptures, fully and of the Gospel, by a single word, with fairly interpreted,' evidently lead; faith, has so very easily resolved a and to which, we are satisfied, that difficulty which has proved distressit is the design of our Church to * See Milner's Church History, vol. iv. direct her members. In taking part ii. p. 891. Christ. OBSERV. No. 127.
ing to thinking men in all ages, how appears to labour under this difficlear will every thing be, when culty to some description of men or faith and the written word shall be other; and this is, in fact, the very no more, and the Divine Majesty principle on wbich the Socinian itself shall be revealed!” “ The light builds many of his heresies, and reof glory” will teach us at the last jects the plainest declarations of the day, "ihat the ways of God, which word of God. Though Calvinists, are incomprehensible at present,' too, have often been guilty of the have been "strictly just and holy in error we are now reprehending; the very highest degree. We and we are far from affirming the have quoted this admirable senti- truth of their system; it is but ment of the Saxon reformer, for the doing justice to Mr. Scott to add, purpose of urging the duty of ab- that he has repeatedly expressed staining from dogmatism in this con- himself on this point in a spirit of troversy. He who does not perceive humility, wisdom, and piety, which the difficulties with which it is sur. cannot be too strongly recommendrounded, certainly has taken but a ed to disputants on each side of the very imperfect view of it, and he controversy in question. who thinks that they do not press pretty equally on all sides, is not, in, ties, and some things meet us, in the Scrip
" We have all,” says he, “ our difficul. our opinion, much more clear-sight, tures, which we cannot reconcile with ouro ed. We wish particularly, in this ideas of the Divine perfections. Few bave view, to enter our decided protest experienced this, more than I have done. against the too frequent custom, But shall we, on this ground, reject any reamongst eager controversialists on vealed truth? Shall we hesitate about crethis question, of charging incon- diting the sure testimony of God?' We sistency and contradiction on the may, indeed, carefully and bumbly examine system of an opponent. This is, in the language of inspiration, that we may be the first place, a charge which may
satisfied of its real import; but that being be, and commonly is, with equal ing to the declaration and testimony of
ascertained, we must bow our understandjustice, retorted on the other side;
God. I am a fool, a child, a rebel : I am and in the next, unless it be demon
too partial in my own cause, to be a comstrative, which in the present case
petent judge bow it behoves the Sovereign is generally impossible, it proves of the world to deal with rebels : I must sit nothing. And yet the reductio ad at the feet of Him, who is the Truth, to learn absurdum is a favourite argument in the first truths of heavenly wisdom; and most discussions on the subjects of especially I must learn to adore the depths, predestination and grace. It is, which I cannot fathom.” Vol. ii. pp. 149, doubtless, resorted to occasionally on
150. both sides; but we cannot help ob- Though we may appear to some serving, that we have seldoni seen unduly lo favour the Calvinistic byit brought forward in a more resolt- poibesis throughout our account of ing and illiberal form than in the Mr. Scott's work, we cannot avoid " Refutation of Calvinism." We risking some farther imputation of may make the same remark on the this kind, by a second observation, declamation which is so often poured which naturally flows from the view forth on the difficulty of reconciling we have ever taken of this subjeci. certain doctrines with our ideas of This is no other than the following: the Divine perfections and government. That notwithstanding the “ RefutaBut bow very inconclusive are all tion of Calvinism” by the Bishop of arguments drawn from our concep- Lincoln, we are fully of opinion, that tions of subjects so far removed Calvinists, such as Mr. Scott has refrom buman comprehension! Al presented himself do be, need no apology most every part or revealed truth, for professing their tenets as members to say nothing of the origin of evil, of the Church of England. We assert, which is the grace mystery of all,
as strongly as the Bishop bimself can do, that our church is strictly and land who now holds Calvinistic senperfectly neither Calvinistic nor Ar- timents, which ought not first to be minian, but entirely scriptural: and applied to those ancient divines, it is on this very ground that we whose writings have very materially rest the opinion which we have just contributed to strengthen his conexpressed. For if any one will scientious persuasion, that these sengravely maintain, that there is no- timents are perfectly reconcileable thing which looks like the general to the articles, liturgy, and homilies." outline of the Calvinistic doctrine in The writer, whom we have just the Bible-nothing that can even be quoted, mentioned the admissions of plausibly adduced in its support from certain Arminian expositors on this that sacred volume, we should cer- question. That of Bishop Burnet tainly decline any farther argument will immediately occur to many with him. For ourselves, we must of our readers. That learned and say, that, independently of all the pious prelate candidly acknowledges, reasoning of St. Paul, in the Sth, 9th, that the 17th Article of our church and 11th chapters of the Epistle appears to have been framed acto the Romans, and in the two first cording to the doctrine of St. Ausof that to the Ephesians; the decla- tin, which scarcely differs at all rations of our Lord himself, in some from that of Calvin; and though, parts of the 6th, 10th, and 17th as we shall shortly notice, it be exchapters of the Gospel by St. John, pressed with a certain latitude, which form a foundation on which we can renders it susceptible of a mitigated readily conceive that many pious interpretation, yet thinks it “ very minds might build the doctrine of probable that those who penned it personal election. And, indeed, if were patrons of the doctrine of abthere be really no more ground for solute decrees. For a later admis. such a doctrine than some Anti-cal- sion of a similar, though not of so vinists assert, it will be for them to extensive a kind, but equally corroexplain how the above passages have borative of our present argument, found their way into a book intended we would only refer to the testimony not merely for the study of the learn- of Bishop Horsley, in his last Charge, ed, but for the perusal of the unletter- which has already been so often ed Christian. In fact, we all know, quoted, but which can never be too that many of the founders und brightest highly valued, or too frequently luminaries of the English church ac- brought forward. Now, what says tually entertained this reprobated this very learned prelate, and this view of the subject. This is unques- acute and powerful Anti-calvinist? tionable. “ Historical evidence," “ The Calvinists, indeed, hold some says a learned writer in the second opinions, which the Church of Eng. volume of our work, under the sig. Jand has not gone the length of asnature of A Curate of the South(p.276), serting in her Articles. But neither " testifies that Archbishops Whit- has she gone the length of explicitly gift and Usher, and Bishops Carle- contradi ting those opinions." ton, Hall, Davenant, and Sanderson, Speaking afterwards of “ Supraand many of their episcopal con- Japsarian Calvinists,” the bishop temporaries, declared the Calvinistic adds, “ Such was the great Usher ! interpretation of the Articles to be, Such was Whitgift! Such were many in their estimation, most consenta- more burning and shining lights of neous to the design of the original our church in her early days (when imposers; and several Arminian ex- first she shook off the papal tyranny), positors," as we shall presently ob- long since gone to the resting-piace serve, “have made a similar admis- of the spirits of the jưst! sion. There is not, therefore, a sin- “ The Methodists, therefore, of the gle epithet of opprobrium due to Calvinistic, are not, more than ihose that minister of the Church of Enge of the Arminian persuasion, dissen
ters from the Established Church pleasing and profitable nature, which in doctrine. The Calvinists contra- naturally follows from the preceding dict not the avowed dogmata of the considerations. If the doubts and church ; nor has the church, in her difficulties in which the subject of dogmata, explicitly condemned or con- predestination is confessedly intradicted them.”_" Any one may volved be, indeed, so perplexing hold all * the theological opinions of that “ it is hard to say on which side Calvin, hard and extravagant as they are the greatest;" while the differsome of them may seem, and yet be ence of opinion upon it among the a sound member of the Church of very best Christians can never cease, England and Ireland: certainly a
because these difficulties never can much sounder member than one, who, be cleared up;-again, if the Holy loudly declaiming against those opi- Scriptures appear to men of equal nions (which, if they be erroneous, wisdom and piety to favour these are not errors that affect the essence of directly opposite and conflicting our common faith +), runs into all the opinions; and if the Church of Engnonsense, the impiety, the abomi- land be neither decidedly Calvinistic nations of the Arian, the Unitarian, nor Arminian, but, according to Biand the Pelagian heresies, denying shop Burnet, has "not defined the in effect the Lord who bought him. knot in which the whole difficulty
These are the things against which lies," " has not been peremptory, you should whet your zeal, rather “ but that a latitude has been left to ihan against opinions which, if erro- different opinions,” and, according neous, are not sinful."- We will not to Bishop Horsley,
to Bishop Horsley, “ upon all the add a line which may have a ten- points of doctrine characteristic of dency to weaken the impression of the two sects, maintains an absolute these just and forcible sentiments of neutrality;"_surely the conclusion the learned prelate. Let this de to which moderate and reasonable cided testimony be added to the men should come, is that wbich the facts already stated concerning the great prelate, last referred to, has reopinions of many of the early bi- commended, in what may be not imshops and doctors of the Church of properly termed his dying chargeEngland; and then let impartial nanely, not that either Calvinists or men determine whether doctrinal Arminians should be indifferent to Calvinists belonging to that church, their respective opinions, but that in the present day, are bound, by the neither should venture to be “ conauthority of any person whomsoever, fident and peremptory in the coneven to apologize for holding and
demnation" of the other, but agree to avowing, in a serious and temperate " walk together in the Church of manner, the tenets by which they England and Ireland, as friends and are distinguished.
brothers.” We procced, however, in the last There are, indeed, various grounds place, to an observation of a more for this mutual charity and forbear
ance on these controverted points. * It is curious to observe the difference They, both sides, appear to be zeabetween two prelates of the same churchi; lous for the Divine glory ; both lay one of whom insisting upon it that he who down certain general maxims which holds the general outline of the Calvinistic doctrine must necessarily, whether he will or not, in general, argue justly from their
can scarcely be disputed ; and both, hold every sentiment of Calviu, and then de first principles. Both Arminians and nouncing him as an unsound and dangerous Calvinists, if they be truly pious, churchtuan; and the other, admitting more than modern Calvinist s require, and yet al.
and disposed to receive the truth as Jowing to them the claim of sound church it is simply and generally declared manship!
in Scripture, agree in acknowledging + Here again!
“Who shall decide when that those who are saved will be in doctors disagree?"
debted, from first to last, to the free
and unmerited grace of God; and bouring faithfully and assiduously, that those who are lost, will be self- “ through sanctification of the Spirit condemned and “ speechless *.” unto obedience, and sprinkling of This is distinctly declared by Mr. the blood of Jesus Christ,” and by Scott, in various passages of his the renewal of the mind to the image work ; and we cannot doubt that his of God, “ in righteousness and true Right Reverend diocesan would agree holiness,” to ascertain “our election in that conclusion. The former of God." This is the “godly conwriter, too, has assured us, that it is sideration of predestination, and our the practice of himself and of his election in Christ,” which is “ full brethren to attempt every thing (ac- of sweet, pleasant, and unspeakable cording to their ability) which argu- comfort to godly persons,” and which ment can urge, or compassion and our church maintains and recomaffection suggest, 10 awaken sinners mends to all her members. For to repentance, and to lead them to what is more than this, and for the believe the Gospel. We earnestly removal of the veil which now prewish that this were the universal sents an impenetrable barrier to any practice both of Arminians and Cal- deeper researches into the counsels vinists; that the one would remem- of the Almighty, we must wait for ber, that God has not promised to that light of the eternal world to save all men; nor will, whatever his which we have already referred. Divine decrees may be; and that in that glorious light, we shall, inwithout Him we can do nothing - deed, "see light. We shall beand that the other would bear in hold Him face to face, whoin no mind, what they profess to acknow- man either hath seen, or now can ledge, that God makes use of our see; and shall know, even as also we natural faculties to instruct, convince, are known. and correct mankind; and that much We regret that the length to is in consequence left to the exercise of which we have been ynavoidably proper means, and to the perform. led in our comments on this chapance of every man's duty. The " se- ter, obliges us, though reluctantly, cret things belong unto the Lord our to postpone the conclusion of our God;" and it has, we think, been review to another number. one of the grand errors of many Cal
(To be continued.) vinists, an error which Mr. Scott joins in condemning, to pry too curiously Letters to the Right Hon. Sir William speak too boldly and loo frequently,
Drummond, relating to his Obseras well as to act too systematically,
vations on Parts of the Old Testa. upon them. We deem it to be ment, in his recent Work, entitled much more safe and scriptural, to
Edipus Judaicus. By GEORGE say, that the Divine determinations
D'Oyly, B.D. Fellow of Corpus
Christi, Cambridge, and Chrisrespect states and characters rather
tian Advocate in the University. than persons; and to direct our chief attention and concern, as parents,
London: Bulmer. 1812. tutors, ministers, or in any other When our monarchs were Nimrods, station of influence and responsi- and, unocccupied by foreign wars, bility, to the diligent and conscientious exhausted their courage upon the use of the mosi probable means of quadrupeds and bipeds of their coun. producing religious impressions; la try, large forests were appropriated This point is well stated by Mr. Simeon, vate individual dared to hurl a dart
to the royal huntsinen, and no priin the preface to his Helps to Composition, or fire an arrow upon the royal deand repeated in that to his Four Sermons on the Liturgy; and we cannot but wish that mesne. But when the bird or beast the scriptural mode of preaching, which he once overleapt the fence of royalty, has there recommended, were universally then it became the common prey adopted.
of all his majesty's subjects. This