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AFRICAN AND ASIATIC SOCIETY. to it as subscribing members, most of whom This Society, the public have been already lave occasionally, and many of them reguinformed, was instituted for the benefit of the larly, attended public worship. Some of natives of Africa and Asia, and their descen- then are said to give the most satisfactory dants, resident in London and its vicinity, evidence of repentance towards God and
It provides religious instruction for those faith in our Lord Jesus Christ, and goud connected with it, a public lecture being re. hopes are entertained with regard to others, gularly carried on, every Lord's-day evening, Several of those why have been patronised expressly for their benefit; and schools being by this Society have died rejoicing in the provided in their respective neighbourliods, Lord Jesus. where they are tauglit iu read, to write, and Since the last annual meeting, about one lo cast-11p accoubis, &c.
hundred and eighty cases of deep affliction It induces a habit of economy and fore have been relieved, and the number of cases sight, hy receiving from its njembers a small of distiess continues to multiply; a circumsum weekly, on the principle of a benefit 80- stance which the Committee trust the benevociety. Out of the food thus raised by their lence of the public will enable them ade. individual contributions, they become, on çet- quately lo ineet. tain conditions, entitled to receive regular as- The Conınıttee express a hope that the sistance and reliet in seasons of distress, and time may come when the funds of the Society in time of old age.
will enable thein lo erect an Asylum for their It assists in providing employment for such aged pensioners, and enlarge the sphere of az are out of situations: the Committee using their benevolence to an extent commensurate their individual exertions towards this end, with the necessities of the distressed natives and places being opened as registers, where of Africa and Asia. In the mean time, they their applications may be lodged and attend. are desirous, if possible, to lake from the ed to, viz. No. 421, Oxford-street, and Nu. street those miserable objects among them 29, St. James's-sueer.
who are found begging. With this view It coutribuies to the relief of distressed they bave thought of engaging some person Africans and Asiatics, whether enrolled as to receive and employ them according to their members or not; the Committee regularly several abilities, at a given sum per week for queeting once a mouth expressly for this pur- each individual. pose.
Subscriptions and donations to this Saciety Such are the leading objects proposed by are received by D. Niven, Esq. Treasurer, the African and Asiatic Society.
15, King-street, Soho ; the Rev. George Since the commencement of the Society, Greig, Secretary, 10, Villiers-street, Strand; 375 per:ons of colour hare joined themselves or by any Meruber of the Committee, ** We exceedingly regret our inability to insert a tithe of the Religious In
telligence which louds our table.
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE. however, de erred from the attack by this An official dispatch from Lord Wellington circumstance. He stormed and carried, at announces the capture and demolition, on the point of the bayonet, fortifications dethe 19th of May, of the works at Almaraz, fended by heavy artillery, and with a loss on the river Tagus, which the French had comparatively trivial, consisting in 32 killed, Thrown up to defend the bridge at that place, and 144 wounded. About a month's proviBy this bridge the communication between sions tor 3000 men were found in the magathie army of Soul and that of Marmont had zines. The number of French prisoners been chiefly maintained. Almaraz is in the takeu was only 239; a part of the garrison heart of Spain, about 90 or 100 miles east escaped; the rest were either killed in the of the Portuguese frontier. The attack was assault, or drowned in attempting to escape. planned by Lord Wellington, and executed. The great object of the expedition was, how. in a masterly manner, by Sir Rowland Hill, ever, the destruction of the bridge and of The difficulties of approach were such, that the tète-du-pont, and other fortifications, by he was under the necessity of advancing which it was defended; and this object was without his battering canaun. He was not, fully accomplished. The communication boa (ween the northern and southern armies has this want is most severely felt; and that there thus been rendered much more circuitous. have been very considerable tumults in con
The head-quarters of Lord Wellington sequence, which the military have been encontinued at Fuente Guinaldo, in the neigh- gaged in repressing. bourhoood of Ciudad Rodrigo ; but it was supposed that he would be encouraged, by the The UNITED STATES have adopted a Euccess of Sir R. Hill, to make a forward succession of lostile measures towards this imovement towards Salamanca, where the country. Not content with their non-interarmy of Marmont had established its head-. course law, and their embargo, they have quarters.
entertained measures for avenging on the The dispatches of Lord Wellington speak British creditor the impressment of American ja very high terms of the efforts of the seamer, sad the issue of letters of marque Spanish Guerillas. They have succeeded in and reprisal bas been openly talked of. It capturing several rich convoys, and cutting is probable, however, that no very decisive off considerable delaclements of French step would be taken in the way of declaring troops, in different parts of the Peninsula. war before the expiry of the embargo, whicha General Mendizabel had taken possession of would take place on the 4th of July; and Bargos, on the high road from Madrid to before that day arrived, the intelligence Bayonne, thougli Ire probably would liold it which must have been received from England only temporarily; and in Catalonia the would probably give a new colour to the Baron d'Ecoles had continued to make oc- American policy. casional incursions into the French territory, and to lay it under contribution.
SOUTH AMERICA and the West Indies The distress for want of provisions is said have been visited with the calamity of anx to be great, and rapidly increasing, in every earthquake. In the province of Caraccas, no part of Spain.
less than 10,000 persous are reported to
have perished. The island of St. Vincent's The question of peace or war between has suffered under a similar visitation. In FRANCE and the kingdoms of Russia and the island of Cuba there appears to have SWEDEN, had not been decided when the been an insurrection of the slaves, which the last accounts left the Continent. Bonaparte government had succeeded in subduing. had arrived at Dresden in the month of When the immense importations of slaves May, and was met there by the Emperor of froni Africa, which have taken place into Austria, the Kings of Prussia and Saxony, al island in the course of the last five and other dependent princes. He quilted years (not less, it is calculated, than 200,000) Dresdlen, and proceeded to Thorn, on the 2d are considered, we cannot wonder at any instant. It is believed that the advance of explosion of this kind which may have ochis armies has been retarded by the want of curred. provisions. Iu France itsell, it is said that
GREAT BRITAIN. PARLIAMENTARY PROCEEDINGS, it was placed previously to the address of 1. It was not before the 10th instant, after the House of Comnions to the Prince Rean interregnum of about three weeks, tbat gent, praying his Royal Highness lo form an administration was at length formed. a strong and efficient administration. This administration consists of the following
Parliament lias been put into possession of persons, viz. : The Earl of Liverpool, First the particulars of the negotiations between Lord of the Treasury; the Right Honour the leading political characters in the counable N. Vansittart, Chancellor of the Ex- try, which followed that vote of the House chequer ; Lord Sidmouth, Secretary ur State of Commons, and which have terminated in for the Home Department; Lord Castle. this unlooked for result. A brief view of them reagh, Secretary of State for the foreign may not be unacceptable to our readers. Departnient; Earl Bathurst, Secretary of Lord Wellesley, on the 22d of May, hav, Stale for the War and Colonial Departments; ing reccived the commands of the Prince Earl Harrowby. President of the Council; Regent to form an Administration, proceed, and the Right Honourable Bragge Bathurst, ed 10 ascertain the views of the two great Chancettor of the Duchy of Lancaster: the political parties, in respect to the removal other officers remain as before. From this of the Catholic disabilities, and the more list it will be seen, that the government vigorous prosecution of the war in the Penin, contigues in pearly the same hands is whücta sula. Lord Liverpool and the persons associated with him in office, declined to take On the 5th of June, Lord Moira proposed .any part in an administration formed by to Lords Grey and Grenville an interview, Lord Wellesley. This they appear to hare in order to ascertain, by a confidential but done on the ground that the Marquis Wels unauthorised communication, the probability Lesley had given publicity to a statement of their agreeing as to the forming of an adhighly injurious to the memory of the latc ministration. The propused interview was Mr. Perceval, a few days after the death of declined by Lords Grey and Grenville, ou that lane nted statesman; and that he had the ground of Lord Moira's huving no au. also given an unauthorised publicity to the thority to treat with them. communications which had passerl between On the 6th of June, Lord Moira obtained himself and Lord Liverpool on the subject full powers from the Prince Regent to form of his being invited to unite with the remains au administration, and he had an insipediato of Mr. Perceval's administration.
interview with Lurds Grey and Grenvilke. Lords Grey and Grenville signified to After agreeing on the several great quesLord Wellesley their disposition 10.concur in tions of national policy which respect the any arrangements which might be likely 10 Roman Catholics, the war on the Peninsula, produce a strong and efficient administra- and the Orders in Council, Lurds Grey and tion. On the Catholic question their senli- Grenville inquired whether Lord Moira's ments were well known. With respect to authority extended to the consideration of Abe war in the Peninsula, they conceived new appointments to the great oftices of the that that must be regulated by circumstances. household. He replied, that he was not They felt very strongly, however, the advani- shackled in this respect ; but that he deemed Aages which would result from a successful it objectionable, on public grouuds, to make derinination of the contest in Spain, though the power of removing the great officers of they entertained doubis as 10 the practica- the household a positive and indispensable bility of any very increased exestions, preliminary in the formation of a new ad.
On the 1st of June, Lord Wellesley re- ministration. The Lords Grey and Grenville .ceived full authority from the Prince Regent thought differently: they deemed it necesno form an administrativn, and was specially sary to give to a vew governwent the characauthorised 10 communicale with Lords Grey ter of efficiency and stability, that the .conand Grenville; but ille pleasure of liis nection of the great offices of the Court Royal Alighness was siguified that Lord Wels with the Administration, should be clearly lesley should be First Lord of the Treasury; marked. On this difference ot opinion the thal Lord Moira, Lord Erskine, and Mr. wegotiation broke ott, Canning, should be members of the Cabinet; On the 8th of Juuc, Earl Moira resigned that Lords Grey and Grenville should nomi. the commission with which he had been ennate, without any exception on the part of trusted; and, on the sune duy, the Earl of his Royal Highness, four other members of Liverpool was appuinted First Lord of the the Cabinet besides themselves, if the Cabi- Treasury. The remaining appointments, net should consist of twelve, or five other wisich have already been noticed, touk place members, if it should consist of thirteen per
soon after, sons; and ibat ihe remaining members of The circumstances in these negotiations the Cabinet should be nained by Lord Wel which strike vulgar observers like ourselves, Jesley, either from persons now occupying as extraordinary, are the unbusiness-like me stations in his Royal Highness's councils or
thod (if we may so express iv) in which they from others.
appear to have becu conducted, and the very This proposition Lords Grey and Grenville trivial points on which they are broken ott. declined, on the ground that an Administra- A liule well-timed concession and forbear. tion su formed, instead of being united in ance, or a little trunk and ingenuous explanaprinciple and strong in mutual reliance (as tion.on.both sides, would have been likely to the times required they should be), contained remove all the difficulties, and obviate all within itselt the seeds of disunion and jea. the misunderstandings, which have taken tousy, and established a system of counter- place. We certainly should have been glad, action within the Cabinet, inconsistent will on many accounts, to have seen a strong adthe prosecution of any uniform and benefi- ministration forined at the present critical cial course of policy.
moment. As the hopes entertained on this In consequence of the failure of this ne. subject have been frustrated, through no gotiation, Lord Wellesley, on the 3d of June, fault of the present ministers, we deem it to resigned his commission into the hands of be the duty of every loyal subject to give the Prince Regent.
Hiem, bis support as far as be consciculiously
can; and we are sure it is the duty of every them was announced in Parliament on the Christian to pray for them, that under their evening on which these Orders were to become administration we may be “ godly and the subject of debate. The act of revocaquietly governed;" and that, by their en- tion has since appeared. It states, that a de deavours, “ peace and happiness, truth and cree of the French Government, dated in justice, religion and piety, inay be establish- April 1811, having been communicated by ed among us for all generations." Thiey may thie American minister, which declared that fairly claiin, as an administration consti- the Berlin and MiMn decrees liad been with tutionally appointed, to be judged by their drawn, as far as they respected America, measures, and not by the distinction which Government is disposed to overlook the obthey may have acquired u parliamentary vious defects in this instrument, and, conformorators, or by the preconceptions which mayably to the recent declaration of the Prince have been formed, perhaps crroneously, of Regent (see No. for April, p. 258), to retheir capacity to conduct the affairs of the move the existing restrictions on neutral comnation. For our own parts, though we
It is therefore ordered, that the Or. highly value great taleuts and splendid elu- ders in Council of January 1807, and April quence, as gifts designed by God to promote 1809, shall be revoked, as far as regards the happiness of man, though they are often American ships and property, on the 1st of miserably perverted to other purposes, we August next. If, however, the American are disposed still more highly to value the Government should not, as soon as possible unostentatious qualities of good sense and after the notification of this order, revoke' sound judgmens, especially if joined with their acts of exclusion and interdietion against pare and upright intentions, and more partie this country, then this revocation, after due cularly still if they be combined with reverence potice given, shall become null and of no. for the authority of God. Whether in public effect. All Anerican vessels captured since os in private life, we believe it to be the
the 26th of May, for a breach of the former blessing of the Lord which maketh rich."
orders, and which shall not have been con2. The newly appointed Government have demned before the dale of this oreler (the at least shewn a strong disposition to do all 23d of June), shall not be proceeded against in their power to conciliate their opponents will farther orders; and in the event of the both at home and abroad. They have an- present order being confirmed, they shall be Jounced to Parliament, that the salary affix- restored, on the payment of reasonable exed to Col. M.Mahon's situation, of private penses. A right is reserved of restoring, secretary to the Prince Regent, would no
after reasonable irotice; the Orders in Council longer be a charge on the nation, as had been of January 1807, and April 1809, if circumiskended, but would be paid from the Prince's
stances should require it, or of taking such private purse: They have likewise signified" other measures of retaliativn against the that the plan of erecting extensive barracks
enemy, as may appear just and necessary. in Mary-le-bone, and at Liverpool and Bris. Those who have been accustomed to read tel, which had caused much dissatisfaction on our pages, will not be surprised that we account of the largeness of the expense, should consider this revocation as a measure would be abandoned for the present. They, of very questionable policy. Indeed, we have consented to take into consideration ; fear, idat, whatever relief it may afford for during the recess, the claims of the Koinan
the moment to certain classes of our manuCatholics, in order to ascertain how far they facturers, it will have the ultimate, and not may be complied with, without compronis- very remote effect, supposing that Bonaparte ing the safety of our church establishment. is determined to enforce what he calls his They have agreed to consider also, the state continental system, of materially abridging of the tithe laws in Ireland, with a view to British commerce. We will not, however, determine, whellier any mode can be devised now enter on that question. It perhaps had by which the rights of the clergy may be become necessary for Government to yield secured, and the inconvenience admitted ou this point to the clamours which had been all hands to be sustained by the Irish pea- raised in every part of the kingdom (raissantoy lessened : and they have, moreover, ed, we admit, hy gross delusion and misreprofessed themselves friendly to the adoption presentation), and to the impression which of some plan, for diffusing education general these clamours, however unreasonable, had ly among the poor in Ireland.
suade in Parliament. And the concession being 3. In addition to these measures of concili- made, we shall, for our owo parts, rejoice ia ation, the Orders in Council of January 1807, its producing all the besefits which its most and of April 1809, have been revoked, as they sanguine advocates have anticipated from itrespect Amejica. The intention to revoke We shull rejoice, if it should remove in aox measure the distress felt by our manufac No objection appears to have been made turers. We shall rejoice if it should prevent to any of the taxes, excepting to that on a rupture with America, though on this point leather. we have our doubts. We shall rejoice if it 5. Mr. Bankes's bill for the abolition of should abate the violence of irritation, which sinecures has passed the House of Commous.. has arisen in the minds of many persons at home, and tend to concord and union. And
DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE. we shall no less rejoice if all our own appre- The lealth of his Majesty continues in the hension of future evil from this reasure same hopeless state in which it has been for should be disappointed, though at the ex- many mouths. pense of our political sagacity; and it shall be Major-general Bonham has been appointfound, by the test of experience, to be pro ed Governor of Surinam; and Col. Ainslic of ductive only of pure undefecated good. Dominica.
4. The budget for the present year, has The special commission appointed to try been opened by Mr. Vansittast. The total the rioters in Lancashire, lias terminated its charge is nearly 62 millions and a half, of labours. Eight persons were left for execuwhich yearly 55 millions and a half is for tion; thirteen were sentenced to seven years' England. To meet this charge, a loan of transportation, and one to six months' hard 15,650,0001, in addition to nearly seven mil- labour. May the example prove salutary! lions of Exchequer Bills (unded, bas been re. We greatly fear, that the spirit of insubor. quisite. There is also a vote of credit for dination in the vorthern counties is by no three millions of Exchequer Bills; and a
means subdued, though kopt down by the further loan of 2,500,0001. has been raised, presence of a military force. Nothing can under the sanction of Parliament, for the more clearly prove that distress is not the East-Iudia Company. The terins on which
cause of the outrages that have been committhe loan was negotiated, were, that for every ted, bit that they originate in a spirit of 1001. sterling, the subscribers should receive anarchy and disorder, than this, that the per1201. S per cent. Reduced, and 561. 3 persons who have been apprehended have been cent. Consols. The amount of taxes required persons in full employment, and that some of to meet this new charge is 1,900,000). Tlose the districts in which these outrages havo which have been proposed, are as follows:
prevailed hare experienced but comparatively A saving of the bounty allowed on
little of the pressure arising from the stage the exportation ofprinted cotton, L.308,000 nation of trade. An additional tax of 14d. per Ib. ou leather......
NAVAL INTELLIGENCE. An additional duty on glass. 323,000 We mentioned in our last, the mischief A duty of 10 per cent. more on 10.
which had been done by a small squadron bacco ...
107,000 of two frigates and a sloop, sent out un a A regulation of auction duties .... 100,000 cruize from soine port in France. They were An additional duty of id. on letters
returning into the port of L'Orient, laden with going more than 20 miles....... 220,000 booty, when they were intercepted by one An increase in various items of the
of our men of war, the Northumberland, and assessed taxes, amounting 10. -. 517,000 completely destroyed. The two frigates, of
44 guns each, were burnt, and tbe sloop L.1,903,000 sunk.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
TO A CONSTANT RBADER, who wishes for some popular tract on the nature of the Church
of England, we would recominend a sınall tract by the late Rev. Mr. Drewett, entitled “Why are you a Churchman?"-another by the Rev. Mr. Robinson of Leicester, entitled “A serious Call to a constant and devout Attendance on the stated Services of the Church of England”-and the Sermons of the Rev. Mr. Simeon on the Liturgy, which have recently been published. On the subject of Christian faith and practice, we know nothing better than the Homilies of the Church of England, which may be had in separate tracts, at a very low rate. But there is an eudless Tariety of excellent tracts of this description.
*** For remaining Answers, see 2d page of blue Coret.