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Knowledge cannot afford. Why, then, ob- would not be understood by the poor. He ject to a new institution, which proposes to is of opinion, indeed, that they should be remedy this defect as it respects the Prayer studied by clergymen, and, with this view, book (the wide distribution of which Dr. the volume of Homilies has recently been Marsh deems so essential to the very exist- placed on the list of the Society for proence of the Establishment); which proposes moting Christian Knowledge ; but he is deto bring into activity, with this view, funds cidedly averse, and so, we presume, are the that probably would never find their way leading members of that society, from any into the coffers of the old society? We re- general distribution of the Honilies, iu sepapeat it, if the fears of Dr. Marsh are real- rate tracts, among the poor. Those who if he really trembles for the Establishment think differently from Dr. Marsh on this on account of the neglect of the Prayer subject, and who wish to see the Homilies book--he ought to rejoice in such an institu- in every cottage of the land, will of course tion as this.
feel, that the new society is indispensable to But this is not all. There are many im- the attainment of this object: if they are portant objects to which the Society for pro- to be distributed at all in a cheap and circumoting Christian Knowledge has refused to lable for, then there seems to be no alterfurnish any aid, in the way of Prayer-books. native. The following fact will throw light on this But, says Dr. Marsh, the Homilies are not subject. The Governor of Senegal applied, intelligible to the poor. Has he, then, tried Jast year, to a friend in this country, for a whether the poor can understand them or supply of Bibles and Prayer-books for the not? If he has not, he certainly has not "garrison of that place, consisting of 300 followed the orders of the church, for the men, almost all of whom bad been taken church “ judges them to be read in churches from the Hulks or from Newgate. A repre- by the ministers, diligently and distinctly, sentation of their case, and of their peculiar that they may be understanded by the claims on the liberality of the society, was people." Lel bim at least make the experimade to its worthy Secretary, accompanied ment, and we will venture to say, notwithby a request for Bibles and Prayer-books. standing the opinion which he and 'the Thisrequest was refused, partly on the ground Bishop of Liucoln have given on the subject, that the society had not been accustomed to that the Homilies will be more intelligible to extend its aid to the army, and partly on the poor tban nine-tenths of tlie sermons account of the low state of the society's which they hear from the pulpit. funds. A second application was made, in Wheatley defines the word Homily to which, after stating that the Bibles could be mean a plain sermon for the poor; and to procured elsewhere, the applicant, a member this definition the framers of our Homilies of the society, solicited at least a gift of a have certainly adhered with remarkable few Prayer-books for these 300 convicts, The Homilies of the Church of but with the same success.
England, be it known unto all, are plain and Now, we do not blaine the society for ad- familiar sermons intended for the poor. hering to their rules; but if those rules are These Homilies, however, Dr. Marsh would so unbending as not to adınit of their ad- withhold from the poor: he even censures ministering relief in such a case as that now those who would make the poor acquaintstated in the case of a garrison consisting of ed with them. convicts banished to a distant and unhealthy But though the Homilies contain plain settlement, where life is perhaps not worth and familiar expositions of Christian docthree years' purchase, with a governor over Irine, yet the style, it is alleged, has become them who is anxious to procure for them obsolete. The style of the Homilies is, unall the means of religious instruction in his questionably, somewhat antiquated: so is power—it surely is high time that some the style of the Bible, and of the Book of other means of relief should be provided. Common Prayer. But are they therefore That this is not a singular case, the Secre- uuintelligible? Are lley not rather, on taries of the Naval and Military Bible So. that very account, more level to ordinary ciety can testify,
capacities, as well as more venerable and We have hitherto spoken only of the imposing? The Homilies, we do not hesiLiturgy. We have said nolbing of the Ho- tate to say, will appear far more antiquated milies, which it is also the object of the new to refined ears, than to those of the poor, for society to distribute. To this distribution it “ they abound in the genuine idioins and seems that Dr. Marsh has strong objections, radices of the English tongue, and have ehiefly, as he alleges, because the Homilies .contributed their aid to the English Bible
and Liturgy' in 'resisting injurivus refine- was obviously intended as a mark of respect ments, and in preserving the original nerve to them, and as an expression of deference and purity of the English style.”
to their rank in the church, and could not be Dr. Marsh says the Homilies are unin- construed as implying that it would depend telligible to the poor. We deny the fact : on theiranswer, whether such a society should we dens, that is to say, that they are less be formed or not. The answer of the bishops intelligible to the poor than the mass of was, in fact, an admission that the objects módern sermons. We will venture to say, proposed by the new society were, in themthat they are more intelligible. We should selves, not only legitimate, but laudable: for be glad to bring inis point to the rest of ex- the reason assigned by them for not patronSperiment. We should be glad that Dr. izing it was, ithat they already belonged 10 Marslı' would first read to a country congre
an institution wliich pursued the same objects. gation his own Sermons on Justification by They may decline, on that account, to give Faith, and afterwards the Homilies on the their support to the new society; but surely
same saobject, and then make the inquiry, the reason is one which cannot affect those "which of these bad been best“ understanded who either think that the Bartleti's Buildings' by the people."
Society have not provided sufficiently for the “ It was mentioned by one clergyman, at distribution of the Prayer-book and Honzilies; the neeting held for the formation of this or who, being excluded, or conscientiously "society, that he had often read them to at- excluding themselves, from that society, still 'tentive congregations; and by another, that wish to enjoy the means of circulating these he was in the habit of reading them on Sainis. compositions at an easy rate ; or who, being days with such acceptance from his parishion- members of the Bartleu's Buildings' Society, 'ers that they frequently consulted their are nevertheless desirous of encouraging, by almanacks for Uso retorn of a red-letter their direct countenance and contributious, day, when they might again enjoy the grati- every proposal which may promise to bring fication of bearing a Homily." We have into efficiency the whole zeal of the wemourselves known several instances of the bers of the Church of England in favour of same kind : and we bare never heard that its own institutions. * the poor have coinplained that the Homilies We are now obliged to close this discussion were unintelligible.
for the present, which we shall do with lay. The present clamour which is attempted ing before our readers, and pressing on their to be raised against the distribution of the notice, the following extract from a circular Homilies, we confess we were not prepared letter, signed by the Rev. II. Budd. the Sefor. 'A very sagacious friend indeed, re- cretary of the Prayer-book and Homily, Sun marked to us, on first hearing of the intended ciety. plan, that he was persuaded it would be re- “ The eightieth canon, promulgated more "prescrited, in certain quarters, as the severest ,than forty years after the first publication of
blow that had yet been aimed at the Church the Homilies, requires, that, ' if any parishes of England. We gave no credit to his ari- be yet unfurnished with the Bible of the ticipations: he dues not appear, however, to largest volume, or with the books of Homilies have judged very erroneously.
allowed by authority, the churchwardens An opposition, however, having thus uvex. shall, within convenient time, provide the pectedly been excited to the Prayer-book same at the charge of the parish.' On the and Homily Society, and in the same quar- first publication of the Homilies, a royal vi- ter froic which the strongest opposition to sitation was undertaken by a committee of
the Bible Society has procerded, we only divines and laymen, who divided the king'hope that it may be successful in precisely dom into six circuits, and distributed a copy the same degree in the former as in the latter to every parish. The volume was thus decase ; that is to say, thal every fresh attack posited in every parish church, and, like the may only serve to root the society more Bible, was publicly offered to the general "deeply, and to spread its branches more perusal of the people. widely.
“ Most of the copies, thus, placed in · It is stated by one writer, as a powerful ar- churches, have long since fallen into decay : gument against this society, that the bishops nor is there any suitable edition now to be had refused to patronize it, and that, though procured by such persons as wish to replace apprized of this refusal, the society was never- thein, and thus to comply with the injunctheless forried. It is true the bishops decline tion of the canon, and to perpetuate the ed the invitation which was addressed to them laudable practice of our ancestors. It is alle to patronize the society. But this invitation great wish of the present society to supply
this defect. It is therefore proposed 10 pub- The Incorporated Society for the Propagalish a very handsome folio edition of the tion of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, having Homilies, in one volume, on a large type, of late years found great difficulty in prewhich will be sold at what it may cost the vailing with proper clergymen to go abroad Society, to such clergymen and church.wara in their service, and conceiving that one dens as may wish to renew the practice en- cause of this disinclination arises from an joined by the canon, and enforced by the ex. ignorance of the whole of the emoluments ample of their predecessors. It is estimated and advantages annexed to the situation of a that each copy of this work will cost the So- missionary in the colonies to which tliey are ciety one guinea, well bound in rough culf. sent, think it proper to publish the following Tbose persons, who may be inclined to avail more full account than what appears in the themselves of this offer, are requested to for- general annual abstract of their proceedings. ward their names bo the secretary, the Rev. The colonies to which the Suciety send H. Budd, Bridge Street, Blackfriars, London; out nuissionaries are these following: Newappointing payment to be wude in town, un foundland, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, the delivery of the work. The volume will Upper and Lower Canada, Cape Breton, be put to press, as soon as a sufhcient num- and Africa. ber of nanies are received to satisfy the Con- It may be useful to notice, that before the mittee that it will be acceptable to the public. Society send out a missionary to any new The Society will feel its' exertions rewarded, place, the people first petition the Society if it shall be the means of opening this volume to do it, and signify that they are able and before the eyes of thousands of the poor willing to contribute towards his support. throughout the empire, in these times of dan. In general, it is required that a church be gerous errors and turbulent principles. The built, a glebe secured, a parsonage-lione population of the empire is very rapidly be- erected, and a subscription entered into by coming a reading population; and if they the people themselves, or such engagements are not amply supplied with wholesome truth, made as may induce the Society to establislı too many are lying on the watch 10 poison a mission before they are coinpleted; but them with pernicious errors. To make the where the people have failed in the perHomilies, therefore, more generally known, formance, the missionary has been removed both in the entire volume, and by the distri. to another station. buliou of them as single sermons, at a cheap Upon the opening of a new mission, the rate, will be wisely to avail ourselves of our Society grant a yearly salary of 501. Afterpresent enlarged means of instruction, in wards, it is increased or diminislied accordsupport of those principles which form the ing as circunstances may seem to require, basis of our established Church."
the glebe lands being in some places of more It is added,
value than in others. . Half a year's salary “ Every member of the Society is entitled, is advanced to each missionary upon his under the direction of the Committee, to pure going abroad, and an allowance made tochase Prayer-bouks and Homilies at the So. wards the charge of the voyage, generally ciety's prices, which shall always be as low about 30L. as possible,
Besides this, great aid has been afforded “ At such reduced prices, each annual by Government towards carrying on the subscriber of one guinea, and each clergyman pious designs of the Society. In the prosubscribir.g half a guinea annually, is enlia vince of Nova Scotia thirteen missionaries tled to purchasc Prayer-books and Homilies, now enjoy an annual salary from Governwithin the year, to the amount of five gui- ment of 70%. or 751. lo New Brunswick neas; and in like proportion for every gui- nine missionaries have each 1ml. a year. Bea or half-guinea so subscribed :~a bene. To the inissionary at Cape Breton 100l. a factor of ten guineas being entitled to the year is allotied. And tu five missionaries in same privileges as an annual subscriber of one Newfoundland 50% a year, with some alguinea; and a benefactor of fitty pounds to lowance of rations, in addition to the So. those of an annual subscriber of five guineus. ciery's salary of 1001.
" A further quantity of books may also be The missionaries in Canada liuve each of had by members, on application to the Coun then an annual salary of 1001 from Gonittee, at cost prices.'
verument, and no one has less than 501. froia
the Society. The olber growing advantages SOCIETY FOR THE PROPAGATION OF THE from glebe, subscription, and other coutin
GOSPEL IN FOREIGN PARTS, gencies, cannot be accurately stated, as they We have been desired to insert the follow- must be subject, from many causes, to vaing memorandum:
giation and uncertainly, and will be geChrist. Obsery. No. 126,
verned in some respects by the abilities of 565.who reside in the neighbourhood, and the people, and ille estimation in whiek the do-the duty of their parishes. But whether juissionary is held
they can do this duty effectually, must of lu addition to this, it slould be observed, course depend on the distance of their place that the Society, ever attentive to the ne- of residence from the proper scene of their cessities of their missionaries, have been ac- labours :: it would make a very material: customed, as occasions required, to reward difference whether they resided half a mile, the diligent for any extraordinary. services. or five or ten miles beyond the bounds of and to alleviate the distresses of those who their parishes... The number of exemptions have been afflicted with sickness, or sus- on the score of a plurality of livings is. tained any unforeseen lusses and calamitics, 1240; and the number of incombents pos• by pecuniary gratuities.
sessing small livings who are licensed 10The Society allow to four students in di- curacies and endowed lectureships, &c. is vinity at King's College in Nova Scotia, 301. 273. The number of exemptions and lia year each, during the term of seven years, cences, on the ground of their holding other with preference to sons of missionaries. offices, as chaplains, tutors, schoolmasters,
There is also some prorision from an ac. students, librarians, &c. is 670. The livings cumulation on a legacy of Archbishop held by bishops are 26; and the sinecoresTenison (the annual interest of which nova and criguities, not requiring residence, 233. ainoants to 300w) for “ suoh missionaries, The Imraber non-residont, from the alleged being Englishmen, and of the province of informity of the incunibent or some part of Canterbury, as have been by unavoidable his family, is 4635: from the want or unfitaccidents, sickness or other infirmities of ness of parsonage-houses , 944; and from the the body, or old age, disabled from the per- dilapidation of charclies, 23. The number formance of their duties, and forced to re- of miscellaneous and unenumerated cases is turn to England." Three missionaries have 1325: the exemptions not noiihed arelately enjoyed the benefit of it.
817; and the number absent without li In future such missionarice as shall be
cence or exeniprion is 6714 sent from this country, and shall; after the 2. Abstract of the Number of Non-resi. faithful discharge of their duty for ten dent and Resident Incumbents for the years, express their wish to mezúrn howe, year 1820. will receive a certificate from the governor of The total ninuber of incumbents in this the province which will entitle them to 100%. return differs from that in the preceding reper annum, during life, from Government, turn, being only. 10;261i Tho number of provided they do not leave their missions residents is somewhal increased, being 4421: till they shall have first obtained permission of course, the non-residents amount to from the Society,
5,840. But to which of these classes the These, with some other occasional advan- 938. incumbents who appear to have been rages, arợ the encouragements held out by omitted.in tlie return for 1810 belong, it is the Society to such pious and well-disposed impossible to say—probably, however, to the clergymen as are willing to enter into their later, as there is renson1 10 suppose that at service.
least the wuniber of residents is correctly given.. The number residing within the
parish, though not in tlre parsonage, is only Some very important papers have recently 62 ; and residing in the neighbourhood and been laid on the table of the House of Con- doing the day of the parish,. 348. The mone, relative to the residence of the Parochial number of exemptions on tive ground of reClergy and other points intimately connected sidence on other benefie's has risen in this witłuche welfare of the Establisfied Church. year from 1,240 to 1,846. The number We will endeavour to put our runder in pos. of exemptions and licences, on the ground session of the substance of these papers. of being licensed to curacies, proprietary
1. An Abstract of Returns respecting chapels, endowed lecturesliips, &c., is 214; Non-residence for the year ending 25th and on the ground of holding other March, 1809.
offices, as chaplainships, tutorships, fellow Of 11,194 incumbents, the total number ships, &c. 585. The livings held by bishops returned as resident in this year is only are 35; the sinecures and dignities not ico 3,636. Of course, the enormous number of quiring residence, 79. The number non-re7,358 is returned non-resident. Of these, 105 sident, froin the infirmity of the incuirr ihough not living in the parsonage-house, bent or of his family, is $89; from the reside within the parish, and may therefore want or unfitness of parsonage-houses, 941 be. considered as resident. There are also fron dilapidated churches, 84. The nuns.
MISSION TO TARTARY
ber of miscellaneous and unenumerated led to contemplate, at least to expose, the cases of non-residence is 63. The absen- far more urgent danger arising from the tees without licence or exemption are 650 ; non residence of the clergy. Whatever evil and the exemptions not notified are 363. there may be in the rapid progress of nethoThe vacancies are 74; the recent institu- dism and dissent, they may unquestionably tions, 54 ; and the livings beld by seques- be considered as deriving much of their tration, 91.
prevalence from this source; and the We find a great difficulty in reconciling writers to whom we allude may be assured, the returns of these wo years: the varia that until the number of active, laborious, tions are so considerable as to deteat every pious, resident clergy is greatly increased, attempt to reconcile thom.
all hope of arresting their progress is utterly 3. Abstraclof the Number of Resident and vain. To this point, therefore, should their Licensed Cwrates, with the Amount of the efforts be mainly directed. Salaries of the Curacies for the year 1810 Such of our readers as wish to see this
The total number of curates of non-resi. important subject nuore fully discussed, may dent incumbents is 3,694. The uumber of turn to our volume for 1871, where, in the these returned resident within the parislı,is isevies of a Speech of Lord llarrowby (p.380), only 1,587. The number of aurateslicensed and of Letters ou the State of the Churchi, to the parish is 1808. The number of e. addressed to Mr. Percerat (pp. 708 and 778), sales on living where the incumbents are they will meet with a detailed statement non-resident by licence, is -1745. Of these, both of the facts and arguruents which bear 45 have 10l. a year; 191 have 201. a year; upon it. 428 have 301, a year; 333 have 401. a year ; 293 have 50l. a year; 208 have 60l. a year; 144 have 701. a gear; 51 have 801. a year; 7 bave 901. a year; 41 have A letter las lately been received from a 2001. a year; one lias 1101., one las 1201., gentleman at Petersburgh, dated Jari. 17, one has 1301., and one has 250l. a year.
1812, of which the following is an extract:Seventeen of these have the whole of the “ Two of my friends, who are returned from income.
the waters of Caucasus, tell me that they 4. Abstract of the lotal Number of Parishes passed a fortnight very agreeably with the in England and Wales, with their Population;
Scotch Missionaries in that ncighbourhoodi. the Number of Churches and Chapels, with the The principals are the Rev. Mr. Brunion and Number of Persons they will contain ; und Mr. Paterson. During the seven years they the Number of Dissenting Paces of Worship have been there,they have suffercd inuch from therein.
theCiroassians; yet, all things considered, they There is a nianisest defect in this title: it have succeeded much better than might have 'ought to be the number of parishes - contain- been expocied. 'Their village is surrounded ing upwards of 1000 inbutritants.” The total by Tertars, who befriend them as far as lies number of such parishes is 1881 : Ilie total in their power. The Missionaries have a aigount of their population, 4,937,782; the small wooden church; a printing-house, with number of churches and chapels in such Arabic types cut in England, for printing and parishes, 2533; the number of persons dispersing religious tracts in that language which these 2533 churches and chapels will among their neighbours. Mr. Brunton has .contain, 1,850,108; and the number of dis- nearly completed hic New Testament; which, senticg places of worship within the same considering he was iguorant of the language space, 3438.
seven years ago, .proves him to be an indeWe wislı, for the present, merely to record fatigable man. They have also a cloth mathese returns. We shall probably soon have nufactury, and as much land allowed them occasion to refer to them largely. In the by the Russian Government as they choose njean time, we cannot help expressing our tu cultivate; from which they furnish the astonishment, thar, amid all the alarms excited surrounding country with potatoes, tobacco, in the minds of soire of eur bishops, arch. &c. In their school they have nearly forty deacons, and divinity professors, for the children, who are all instructed in the Chrissafety of the churchi, by Bible societies, Lan rian religion : several of them have been casterian schools, methodist chapels, dissen!. sent from Circussia : the rest are Tartars. ing weeting-houses, enthusiasts within the This has gained them the good-will of their church and without the church, Gospel neighbours. They are olien applicd 10 is preacliers, evangelical clergymen, Calviuists, arbitralors," &c. Sur. &c., bardly.one of them should have been