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and rain-glorious Pharisee. He calls mind, and power: we do not fear himself a Physician, not for those God so much as we ought to do : we that are whole, but for those that do not pray to God, but with great are sick. He teaches us in our and many imperfections: we give, prayers to acknowledge ourselves forgive, believe, live, and hope imsinners, and to ask righteousness, perfectly we speak, think, and act and deliverance from all evils, at imperfectly: we fight against the our heavenly Father's hand. He devil, the world, and the flesh imdeclares tbać the sins of our own perfectly let us therefore not be hearts do defile ourselves. He ashamed to confess plainly our state teaches that an evil word or thought of imperfection: yea, let us not be deserves condemnation, affirming ashamed to confess imperfection that “ we shall give accoun: for even in our best works. "Let none overy idle word.” He says, “ He of us be ashamed to say with the came to seek and to save them that holy St. Peter, "I am a sinful man." were lost.” Therefore few of the Let us say with the holy prophet Pharisees were saved by him, be- David, “We have sinned with our cause they justified themselves by fathers; we have done amiss, and their counterfeit boliness before men. dealt wickedly." Let us all make Let us, then, beware of such hypo- open confession with the Prodigal crisy, vaio-glory, and justifying of Son, to our Father, and say with him, ourselves.

“ We have sinned against Heaven, Thus have we heard how hum. and before thee, O Father: we are bly all good men have always no more worthy to be called thy thought of themselves; and how sons.". Let us say with holy Baruch, they are taught so to think and “ To the Lord our God is worthily judge of themselves by God in bis ascribed righteousness; to us and holy word. For of ourselves we to our fathers, open shame: we have are as crab-trees, that can bring sinned, we have done ungodly, we forth no apples. We are of our- have dealt unrighteously in all thine selves of such earth, as can but bring ordinances.” Let us all say with forth weeds. Our fruits are declar- the holy prophet Daniel, ed in the fifth chapter to the Gala- Lord, righteousness belongeth to tiaas. We have neither faith, chari- thee; but unto us confusion of ty, hope, patience, chastity, nor any face.” We have sioned, we have thing else that is good, but of God; offended, we have fled from thee, and therefore these virtues be called we have gone back from all thy there the fruits of the Holy Ghost, precepts and judgments. Thus do and not the fruits of man.

we learn of all good men in the therefore acknowledge ourselves be- Scriptures, to humble ourselves, and fore God, to be, what we are indeed, to extol and glorify God. miserable and wretched sioners. Thus we have heard how evil we And let us earnestly repent, and are of ourselves ; how of ourselves, humble ourselves beartily, and cry and by ourselves, we bave no goodto God for mercy. Let us all con ness, help, or salvation, but, on the fess with mouth and heart that we contrary, sin, damnation, and death are full of imperfections : let us everlasting: which if we deeply know our own works, how imper-weigh and consider, we shall the fect they are, and then we shall not better understand the great mercy stand foolishly and arrogantly in of God, and how our salvation comes our own conceit, nor challenge any only by Christ. For in ourselves part of justification by our merits or (as of curselves) we find no means works. For truly there are impers of deliverance from this miserable fections in our best works : we do captivity, into which we are cast, not love God so much as we are through the envy of the devil, by bound to do, with all our heart, breaking of God's commandment in CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 121.


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our first parent, Adam. We are all himself once for all” upon the altar become unclean; but we all are not of the cross, and “with that one able to cleanse ourselves, nor to oblatiop hath made perfect for ever make one another clean. We are more them that are sanctified.” He by nature the children of God's wrath: is the “ alone Mediator between but we are not able to make our God and man," which paid our ranselves the childcen and inheritors of som to God, “ with his own blood,” God's glory. We are sheep that run and with that hath be “ cleansed us astray: but we cannot of our own all from sin.” He is the Physician, power come again to the sheepfold, which healeth all our diseases. He so great is our imperfection and is the Saviour, who saves his peoweakness. In ourselves, therefore, ple" from all their sins :" He is that may we not glory, since of our- flowing and most plenteous fountain, selves we are only sinful : neither “of whose fulpess all we have remay we rejoice in any works that we ceived." “ For in bim alone are do, all of them being so imperfect hid all the treasures of the wisdom and impure, that they are not able and knowledge of God." And in to stand before the righteous judg- him, and by him, have we, from God ment-seat of God, as the holy pro- the Father, all good things pertain.. phet David saith: “ Enter not into ing either to the body or to the soul." judgment with thy seryant, 0. O how much are we bound to this Lord: for in thy sight shall no our beavenly Father for his great man living be justifiedl.". To God, mercies, which he hath so plentetherefore, must we flee, or else shall ously declared unto us in Christ we never find peace and quietness Jesus our Lord and Saviour! What of conscience, For he is the Fa- thanks worthy and sufficient can we ther of mercies, and God of all con. give to Him? Let us all with one solation.” He is the Lord, with accord burst out with joyful voice, whom is “ plenteous redemption:" he ever praising and magnifying this is the God who of “ his own mercy Lord of mercy, for his loving kindhath saved us,” and shewn his ex- ness shewn unto us in his dearly ceeding love towards us, in that of beloved Son, Jesus Christ our Lord. his own voluntary goodness, when To conclude : we have heard what we were perishing, he saved us, and we are of ourselves; very sinful, provided an everlasting kingdom for wretched, and damnable. We have ús. And all these heavenly trea-, also heard how that of ourselves, and sures are given us, not for our own by ourselves, we are not able either deserts, merits, or good deeds (of to tbink a good thought, or work a which in ourselves we have none), good deed ; so that we can find in but of his mere mercy freely. And ourselves no bope of salvation, but for whose sake? Truly for Jesus rather whatsoever makes for our deChrist's sake, that. pure and unde- struction. We have further heard filed Lamb of God. He is that dearly the tender kindness and great mercy beloved Son, for whose sake God is of God the Father towards us, and fully satisfied, and reconciled to man. how ready he is to bestow blessHe is "the Lamb of God which ings upon us for Christ's sake, taketh away țhe sins of the world;" without our merits of deserts, even of whom only it may be truly said of his own mere mercy and tender that he did “all things well, and in his goodness. Let us then learn to knovs mouth was found no guile,” None but ourselves, our frailty and weakness, he alone may say, "The prince of this without any boasting of our own world came, and in me hath no- good deeds and merits. Let us also thing.” And he alone inay also say, acknowledge the exceeding mercy of " Which of you shall reprove me of God towards us, and confess, that as any fault?" He is the high and ever- of ourselves come all evil, and damlasling Priest, which hath" offered nation; so likewise of him come all goodness and salvation; as God bim- members of our established church. self bath said by the prophet Hosea: It is unquestionably a duty of great “ Israel, thy destruction cometh importance and utility in the Chrisof thyself: but in me is thy help tian life, and a conscientious regard and comfort." If we thus humbly to it is incumbent on all who love submit ourselves in the sight of our Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity. God, we may be sure that in the But there is a very interesting time of his visitation he will raise us branch of personal religion connect up unto the kingdom of his dearly ed with it, and referred to in genebeloved Son, Christ Jesus our Lord; ral terms by G. B., which I should to whom, with the Father, and the be glad if he, or any other of your Holy Ghost, be all honour and glory correspondents, would more fully for ever. Amen."

consider-I mean the duty of selferamination. I do not remember to

have seen this subject distinctly disTo the Editor of the Christian Observer. cussed in any of the pages of your Your correspondent, G. B., in your

useful work. I should therefore number for October last, p. 616, has think that a concise statement of given a summary, and, as far as I what is essential to this branch of perceivé, a scriptural view of the personal piety, with some short disacrament of the Lord's Supper.

It rections for the most profitable meis much to be wished that this divine thod of conducting it, would be very ordinance of our holy religion were acceptable to your readers in gener more clearly understood, and

ral, as well as to,

gene: tally attended to, by the professed

Yours, &c.

A CONSTANT READER. The intelligent reader will perceive that the above sermon is taken, with only a few

We join in the wish expressed by omissions and some slight verbal alterations; our correspondent, In the mean from the Homily, “On the Misery of Man- time, however, we would refer him kind, and of his Condemnation to Death eyer. to the following passages of our Jasting by his own Sin.” It contains the work, among many others, for some doctrine of the church respecting the natu- hints on the important subject of ļal corruption of man; and we should be self-examination, viz. vol. for 1802, glad if the Bishop of Lincoln, or any of his followers, would point out wherein it varies

pp. 156, 219, 632,693 ; vol. for 1803, from the view given of the same subject by pp. 205, 401; vol, for 1805, pp: 463, such writers as are the objects of his Lord 716 ; vol. for 1808, p. 286, and vol. ship's attack in his laté « Refutation of for 1809, p. 559. Calvinism."


To the Editor of the Christian Observer. because he suffers beings to come

charges the Creator with cruelty ; The soundness of the rival theories into a world, where, in a certain of population must ultimately be de- period, their redundance will occątermined by fact. In the mean time, síon a general famine. the speculations of Mr. Malthus are But let it be asked, first, Is it partly opposed on the ground of true, that this world, including anitheir assumed inconsistency with mate and inanimate nature, is in a the arrangements of Providence.' state of moral and physical derangeThe scheme, it is agreed, virtually ment? For if this be the case, wby.

are we to be startled by a theory, cess to be interrupted here? In diswhich, instead of offering violence cussiog subjects of this kind, I trust to a pre-conceived opinion, actually we all are conscious of standing confirms that opinion; and, as such, upon holy ground. This premised, positively demands our acceptance? I'venture to suggest, that a man who Are we not formally bound, not uses his understanding, may as rea. merely to examine it with impar- sonably be sceptical about the etertiality, but to enter upon its investi- nity and intenseness of future pugation with the direct hope of ascer- pishments-(for can he discern the taining its truth? If we value any proportion between the demerit of opinion, we are justified, and we sin and the severity of the penalty ?) certainly justify ourselves, in look- -as about the most calamitous reing out for its collateral supports. sults of this disputed theory. Yet

Secondly, Be the theory true or the arrangements of the Divine profalse, does it tend to prove the ex- cedure, if examined at all, must be istence of an evil greater than any equally examined in their connecwhich has hitherto disturbed the tion with a futųre state, where Dihappiness of mankind ? If it do not, vine justice and mercy are to be then you are complaining of the fully vindicated. If Providence, discovery of a species of misery inferior in malignant efficacy to one

Fron seeming evil still educes good,

In infinite progressionalready operating upon tbe affairs of inankind; and concerning which the seeming evil of a redundant poconfessedly existing evil you offer pulation is surely less mysterious no objection in regard to its in- ihan the everlasting pains of millions consistency with the

arrange of creatures. A practical Christian, inments of Providence. On the other stead of losing himself in the perplexhand, if the recently discovered eyil ities combined with a revealed truth, be really greater than all former makes it a question of fact, whether sources of calamity, then the ob- an alleged doctrine be, or be not, jector seems to have ascertained the to be found in the Scriptures; and precise measure of evil which the if it be found there, he rests himself Creator may permịt, consistently on the credit and authority of inwith the exercise of his moral atiri spiration. He receives the kingdom butes.

of God as a little child, and therefore Let the moral part of the theory enters into it. be examined by the rules of ana, Let it farther be inquired, whelogy; which, I presume, teach us to ther, in circumstances of political jovestigate doubtful propositions by embarrassment, it be not the duty comparing them with acknowledged of a government to attempt the retruths. The inquiries above are moval of moral causes by moral mea, analogical. The doctrine of origi- sures, but the remedy of civil inconvenal sin is asserted to derive most niences by the usual means of worldpowerful confirmation from the no- ly policy.-Now, on the supposition torious sufferings of mankind. The' that a given European province Scripture declares, “ Man is born (Swisserland for instance) is at this to trouble, as the sparks fly up- moment so inundated by its populaward-the creature was made sub- tion, as that no agricultural and ject to vanity-- the whole creation commercial exertion can save it groaneth and travaileth in pain to- from a partial famine within the sucgether until now.”. These solemn ceeding twelve months, the question affirmations are judged to account is, whether the state of this province satisfactorily for the tremendous ag. is to be quiescently regarded as an gregate of calamity already appa- extraordinary example of the judil'ent in the constitution and course of cial severity of Providence; $o exnature. Why is the inductive pro. traordinary as to stand distinct from all preceding manifestations of such bottomed boats, in order to float severity? I must hesitate before I down ihe Rhone into the Gulf of venture to reply affirmatively. I Lyons, and thence to be shipped off would rather suggest, that, if the for the coasts of California. Be the government of this province had suspicion just or otherwise, I do duly watched the stream of popu- formally, in the second place, relation, they might have calculated, quire these gentlemen to tell both with all the accuracy necessary for myself and the public at large, practical purposes, when the waters whether the repletion of one district would rise to the level immediately be not a hint sufficiently intelligible, below that of an inundation. The in this age of economists, that it is measure demanded by this calcula- high time to transport the reduntion would be, to divert the super- dance into regions, where the whole fluous tide into new channels, as population of civilised Europe might the only mean of saving the sur- breathe freely, and increase, even on rounding country. Let not the An- the scheme of doubling in twentyLi-Malthusians smile at this illustra- five years, without any present need tion, till they have, in the first to calculate consequences

. This place, given in a rough estimate of very principle of transfer is, by all the physical capacities, not merely parties, allowed to be actually in of the uninhabited regions of the operation in our own island; where earth, but of the most populous and the redundant births of the agriculmost civilised dominions of Europe tural districts flow into the towns; and Asia ; not forgetting even poor which, without such supply, would China, where, as veracious travel- not maintain their proper level. In lers assert, one cannot find any towns of a moderate size (and much space more extensive than the sur- more in such immense masses of face of a spangle, but what is cul- population as Liverpool, Glasgow, tivated and cropped, till the soil is &c. &c.), the deaths are as 1 in 28 ready to scream with irritability, or 29; in agricultural villages, they Great portions even of the British are frequently, only 1 in 50 or 60. islands *, immense tracts of Euro- Colonies have been founded by the pean and Asiatic Russia, of the pe- lust of gold, by religious intolerance, ninsula west of the Pyrenees, and of and by the expatriation of felons, Turkey (I mention only such divi- no longer to be trusted at home; sions of wilderness as immediately but has modern Europe, in one sinoccur to me), are yet in a state of gle instance, established even a facnature. Add to these, the boundless tory or a fishery on the surplus of regions of central Africa; central its own human produce? * 'It will America on both sides of the isthmus be alleged, there has been no surof Panama; and the whole of Au- plus. But, as Hamlet says, That stralasia and Polynesia; all of which is the question.” may be regarded as uninhabited. A powerful critic (in the British The party opposed to Mr. Malthus, Review, No. IV. pp, 475, 476) has I suppose, will begin to suspect fallen out with Mr. Malthus on the me of a wish to decoy the human subject of the population of Otaheite. superflux of Swisserland into flat. Captain Cook, in the year 1773, In 1806, the cultivated land of South island to be 204,000. Turnbull,

supposed the inhabitants of this Britain was computed at 39,000,000; the waste at 7,888,777 acres.

about ten years ago, reduced the

Of the latter, indeed, about a million and a half were sup: the 5000 are the totals contrasted

number 10 5000. The 204,000 and posed to be wholly unimprovable, or fit only for plantations. The extent of the Russian * Lord Selkirk's experiments in Prince empire is 9,200 by 2,400 English miles, Edward's Island may, perhaps, be menwith the scánty population of 36,500,000 tioned as an exception to the rule bere supspuls,


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