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decease the said stock and consideration to be five pounds; and to Francis Collins * of the paid to her children, if she have any, and if borough of Warwick, gent, thirteen pounds six not, to her executors or assigns, she living the shillings and eight-pence, to be paid within said term after my decease : provided that if one year after my decease. such husband as she shall at the end of the said three years be married unto, or at any [time] | Item, I give and bequeath to Hamlet (Hamafter, do sufliciently assure unto her, and the nel] Sadler + twenty-six shillings eight-pence, issue of her body, lands answerable to the to buy him a ring; to William Reynolds, gent. portion by this my will given unto her, and to twenty-six shillings eight-pence, to buy him a be adjuged so by my executors and overseers, ring; to my godson, William Walker, t twenty Then my will is, that the said hundred and fifty shillings in gold; to Anthony Nash , S gent. pounds shall be paid to such husband as shall | twenty six-shillings eight-pence; and to Mr. make such assurance, to his own use.
John Nash, ** twenty-six shillings eight-pence;
and to my fellows, John Heminge, Richard Item, I give and bequeath unto my said
Burbage, and Henry Cundell, +7 lwenty-six sister Joan lwenty pounds, and all my wearing
shillings eight-pence apiece, to buy them apparel, to be paid and delivered within one
rings. year after my decease; and I do will and devise unto her the house, wilh the appurtenances, in Stratford, whereing she dwelleth, for her natural life, under the yearly rent of twelve not been able to discover. I have taken the pence.
trouble to ascertain the ages of Shakspeare's
friends and relations, and the time of their deaths, Item, I give and bequeath unto her three because we are thus enabled to judge how far
the traditions concerning him which were comsons, William Hart, - Hart.* and Michael
municated to Mr. Rowe in the beginning of this Hart, five pounds a piece, to be paid within
century, are worthy of credit. MALONE. one year after my decease.
* to Francis Collins-) This gentleman, Item, I give and bequeath unto the said was, I believe, baptized at Warwick. He died
the year after our poet, and was buried at StratElizabeth Hall all my plate (except my broad
ford, Sept. 27, 1617, on which day he died. MAsilver and gilt bowl +), that I now have at lhe
LONE, edit. 1821. date of this my will.
+ to Hamnet Sadler,] This gentleman was
godfather to Shakspeare's only son, who was called Item, 1 give and bequeath unto the poor of
after him. Mr. Sadler, I believe, was born about Stratford aforesaid ten pounds; lo Mr. Thomas
the year 1550, and died at Stratford-upon-Avon, in Combe my sword; to Thomas Russel, esq. October, 1624. His wife, Judith Sadler, who was
godmother to Shakspeare's youngest daughter, was
buried there, March 23, 1613-14. Our poet pro- Hart,) It is singular that neither Shak bably was godfather to their son William, who speare nor any of his family should have recollected was baptized at Stratford, Feb. 5, 1597-8. MAthe Christian name of his nephew who was born
LONE, at Stratford but eleven years before the making
I-- to my godson, William Walker,] William, of his will. His Christian name was Thomas;
the son of Henry Walker, was baptized at Stratand he was baptized in that town, July 24. 1605.
ford, Oct. 16, 1608. I mention this circumstance, MALONE.
because it ascertains that our author was at his + --ercept my broad silver and gilt bowl.)
native town in the autumn of that year. Mr. WilThis bowl, as we afterwards find, our poet be
liam Walker was buried at Stratford, March 1, queathed to bis daughter Judith.
1679-80. MALONE. 1- Mr. Thomas Combe,] This gentleman was baptized at Stratford, Feb. 9. 1588-9, so that he
6 --to Anthony Nash,] He was father of
Mr. Thomas Nash, who married our poet's grandwas twenty-seven years old at the time of Shak
daughter, Elizabeth Hall. He lived, I believe, at speare's death. He died at Stratford in July, 1657,
Welcombe, where his estate lay; and was buried aged 68; and his elder brother William died at the same place, Jan. 30, 1666-7, aged 80. Mr.
at Stratford, Nov. 18, 1622. MALONE. Thomas Combe by his will, made June 20, 1656,
** _- to Mr. John Nash,) This gentleman died directed his executors to convert all his personal
at Stratford, and was buried there, Nov. 10, property into money, and to lay it out in the pur
1623. MALONE. chase of lands, to be settled on William Combe, At - To my fellows, John Hemynge, Richard the eldest son of John Combe of Allchurch in Burbage, and Henry Cundell,] These our poet's the county of Worcester, gent. and his heirs-male ; 1 fellows did not very long survive him. Burbage remainder to his two brothers successively. Where, I died in March, 1619; Cundell in December, 1627; Therefore, out poet's sword has wandered, I have and Heminge in October, 1623. MALONE,
Item, I give, will, bequealb, and devise, sanna Hall, for and during the term of ber onto my daughter, Susanna Hall, for better natural life; and after her decease to the first enabling of her to perform this my will, and son of her body lawfully issuing, and to the lowards the performance thereof, all that heirs-males of the body of the said first son capital messuage or tenement, with the appur- | lawfully issuing; and for default of such issue, tenances, in Stratford aforesaid, called The to the second son of her body lawfully issuing, New Place, wherein I now dwell, and two and to the heirs-males of the body of the said messuages or tenements, with the appurtenances, I second son lawfully issuing; and for default of situate, lying, and being, in Henley-street, such heirs, to the third son of the body of the within the borough of Stratford aforesaid ; and said Susanna lawfully issuing, and to the heirsall my barns, stables, orchards, gardens, lands, males of the body of the said third son lawfully lenements, and hereditaments whatsoever, si- issuing; and for default of such issue, the same tuale, lying, and being, or to be had, received, so to be and remain to the fourth, filth, sixth, perceived, or taken, within the towns, hamlels, and seventh sons of her body, lawfully issuing villages, fields, and grounds of Stratford- one after another, and to the beirs-males of the apon-Avon, Old Stratford, Bishopton, and bodies of the said fourth, fish, sixth, and seventh Welcombe, * or in any of them, in the said sons lawfully issuing, in such manner as it is county of Warwick; and also all that messuage before limited to be and remain to the first, or tenement, with the appurtenances, wherein second, and third sons of her body, and to their one John Robinson dwelleth, situate, lying, beirs-males; and for default of such issue, the and being, in the Blakfriars in London near said premises to be and remain to my said niece the Wardrobe ; † and all other my lands, tene | Hall, and the heirs-males of her body lawfully ments, and hereditamen's whatsoever : to have issuing; and for default of such issue, to my and to hold all and singular the said premises, daughter Judith, and the heirs-males of her with their appurtenances, unto the said Su body lawfully issuing; and for default of such
issue, to the right heirs of me the said William
Shakspeare for ever. --OU Stratford, Bishoplon, and Welcombe.] The lands of Old Stratford, Bishopton, and Wel Item, I give unto my wife my second best combe, here devised, were, in Shakspeare's time,
bed, with the furnilure.* a continuation of one large field, all in the parish of Stratford. Bishopton is two miles from Strat Ilem, I give and bequeath to my said ford, and Welcombe one. For Bishoplon, Mr. daughter, Judith, my broad silver gilt bowl. Theobald erroneously printed Bushaxton, and the Error has been continued in all the subsequent
All the rest of my goods, challels, leases, plate, editions. The word in Shakspeare's original will jewels, and household stuff whatsoever, after is spelt Bushopton, the vulgar pronunciation of my debts and legacies paid, and my funeral bishopton.
expenses discharged, I give, devise, and bequeath I searched the Indexes in the Rolls Chapel from
| to my son-in-law, John Hall, gent, and my the year 1589 to 1616, with the hope of finding an enrolment of the purchase-deed of the estate
| daughter, Susanna, his wife, whom I ordain hete devised by our poet, and of ascertaining its and make executors of this my last will and extent and value ; but it was not enrolled during testament. And I do entreat and appoint the that period, nor could I find any inquisition taken
said Thomas Russell, esq. and Francis Collins, alter his death, by which its value might have been ascertained. I suppose it was conveyed by
gent. lo be overseers bereof. And do revoke the former owner to Shakspeare, not by bargain and sale, but by a deed of feoffinent which it was not becessary to enroll. MALONE.
* -- my second best bed, wilh the furniture.] + that messuage or tenement-in the Black | Thus Shakspeare's original will. mars in London, near the Wardrobe :) This It appears, in the original will of Shakspeare was the house which was mortgaged to Henry (now in the Prerogative-office, Doctors Commons),
that he had forgot his wife ; the legacy to her being By the Wardrobe is meant the King's Great | expressed by an interlineation, as well as those to Wardrobe, a royal house, near Puddle-Wharf, | Heminge, Burbage, and Cundell. purchased by King Edward the Third from sir! The will is written on three sheets of paper, the Joka Beauchamp, who built it. King Richard III. last two of which are undoubtedly subscribed with Was loulged in this house, in the second year of Shakspeare's own hand. The first indeed has his his reign. See Stowe's Survey, p. 693, edit. 1618. name in the margin, but it differs somewhat in After the fire of London this office was kept in spelling as well as manner, from the two signatures Saroy: but it is now abolished. MALONE. that follow.
all former wills, and publish this to be my last hereunto put my hand, the day and year first will and testainent. In witness wbereof I have above written.
Monument at Stratford - upon-Abon. | Monument in Westminster-Abbey. See pp. vi and vii.
See p. viji.
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Commendatory Werses on Shakspeare,
33y Contemporary poets.
o leeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeel doo
On William Shakspeare, who died in April, 1616. | Triumph, my Britain! thou hast one to show,
To whom all scenes of Europe homage owe. RENOWNED Spenser, lie a thought more nigh
He was not of an age, but for all time; To learned Chaucer; and rare Beaumont, lie
And all the muses still were in their prime, A little nearer Spenser, to make room
When like Apollo he came forth to warm For Shakspeare, in your three-fold, four-fold tomb,
Our ears, or like a Mercury to charm. To lodge all four in one bed make a shift
Nature herself was proud of his designs, Catil doomsday; for hardly will a fift
And joy'd to wear the dressing of his lines; Betwixt this day and that by fate be slain,
Which were so richly spun, and woven so fit, For whom your curtains may be drawn again.
As, since, she will vouchsafe no other wit: But if precedency in death doth bar
The merry Greek, tart Aristophanes, A fourth place in your sacred sepulchre.
Neat Terence, witty Plautus, now not please ; Cader this carved marble of thine own,
But antiquated and deserted lie, Sleep, rare tragedian, Shakspeare, sleep alone.
As they were not of Nature's family. Thy unmolested peace, unshared cave,
Yet must I not give Nature all; thy art, Possess, as lord, not tenant, of thy grave;
My gentle Shakspeare, must enjoy a part:That unto us and others it may be
For though the poet's matter nature be,
His art doth give the fashion : and that he,
Who casts to write a living line, must sweat,
(Such as thine are) and strike the second heat To the Memory of my Beloved the Author, Upon the muses' anvil ; turn the same, Mr. William Shakspeare, and what he halh left us.
(And himself with it) that he thinks to frame;
Or, for the laurel, he may gain a scorn,To draw no envy, Shakspeare, on thy name, For a good poet's made, as well as born: Am I thus ample to thy book, and fame;
And such wert thou. Look, how the father's face While I confess thy writings to be such,'
Lives in his issue; even so the race As neither man, nor muse, can praise too much; Of Shakspeare's mind, and manners, brightly shines 'Tis true, and all men's suffrage: but these ways In his well-turned and true-filed lines; Were not the paths I meant unto thy praise : In each of which he seems to shake a lance, For seeliest ignorance on these may light,
As brandish'd at the eyes of ignorance. Which, when it sounds at best, but echoes right; Sweet swan of Avon, what a sight it were, Or blind affection, which doth ne'er advance To see thee in our waters yet appear; The truth, but gropes, and urgeth all by chance; And make those flights upon the banks of Thames, Ot crafty malice might pretend this praise,
That so did take Eliza, and our James ! And think to ruin, where it seem'd to raise : But stay; I see thee in the hemisphere These are, as some infamous bawd, or whore
Advancd, and made a constellation there :Should praise a matron; what could hurt her more? Shine forth, thou star of poets; and with rage, Bat thou art proof against them; and, indeed, Or influence, chide, or cheer, the drooping stage; Above the ill fortune of them, or the need: Which, since thy flight from hence, hath mourad I, therefore, will begin :-Soul of the age,
like night, The applause, delight, the wonder of our stage, And despairs day, but for thy volume's light! My Shakspeare, rise! I will not lodge thee by
BEN JONSON. Chaveer, or Spenser; or bid Beaumont lie A little further, to make thee a room : Thou art a monument without a tomb;
Upon the Lines and Life of the famous Scenic Aud art alive still, while thy book doth live,
Poet, Master William Shakspeare And we have wits to read, and praise to give. That I not mix thee so, my brain excuses ; Those hands which you so clapp'd, go now and I mean, with great but disproportion's muses :
wring, For, if I thought my judgment were of years,
You Britains brave; for done are Shakspeare's days; I bould commit thee surely with thy peers;
His days are done that made the dainty plays, And tell-how far thou didst our Lyly outshine, Which made the globe of heaven and earth to ring: Or sporting Kyd, or Marlowe's mighty line.
Dry'd is that vein, dry'd is the Thespian spring, And though thou hadst small Latin, and less Greek,
Turn'd all to tears, and Phæbus clouds his rays; From thence to honour thee, I would not seek That corpse, that coffin, now bestic those bays, For names; but call forth thund'ring Æschylus, Which crown'd him poet first, then poet's king. Euripides, and Sophocles, to us,
If tragedies might any prologue have, Pacuvius, Accius, him of Cordoua dead,
All those be made would scarce make one to this; To life again, to hear thy buskin tread
Where fame, now that he gone is to the grave, And shake a stage; or, when thy socks were on,
(Death's public tiring-house) the Nuntius is : Leare thee alone ; for the comparison
For, though his line of life went soon about, Of all that insolent Greece, or haughty Rome, The life yet of his lines shall never out. seat forth, or since did from their ashes come.
To the Memory of the deceased Author, Master Both weep and smile ; fearful at plots so sad, William Shakspeare.
Then laughing at our fear; abus'd, and glad
To be abus'd; affected with that truth Shakspeare, at length thy pious fellows give Which we perceive is false, pleas'd in that ruth The world thy works; thy works, by which outlive At which we start, and, by elaborate play, Thy tomb, thy name must: when that stone is rent, Tortur'd and tickld; by a crab-like way And time dissolves thy Stratford monument,
Time past made pastime, and in ugly sort Here we alive shall view thee still; this book, Disgorging up his ravin for our sport:When brass and marble fade, shall make thee look - While the plebeian imp, from lofty throne, Fresh to all ages, when posterity
Creates and rules a world, and works upon Shall loath what's new, think all is prodigy
Mankind by secret engines; now to move
To steer the affections, and by heavenly fire
This, and much more, which cannot be express'd
Improv'd by favour of the nine-fold train; Or till I hear a scene more nobly take,
The buskin'd muse, the comick queen, the grand
And nimbler foot of the melodious pair,
And she whose praise the heavenly body chants,
Obey'd by all as spouse, but lor'd as brother;To the Memory of Master W. Shakspeare. And wrought a curious robe, of sable grave,
Fresh green, and pleasant yellow, red most brave, We wonder'd, Shakspeare, that thou went'st so soon And constant blue, rich purple, guiltless white, From the world's stage to the grave's tiring-room: / The lowly russet, and the scarlet bright: We thought thee dead; but this thy printed worth | Branch'd and embroider'd like the painted spring; Tells thy spectators, that thou went'st but forth Each leaf match'd with a flower, and each string To enter with applause : an actor's art
Of golden wire, each line of silk : there run Can die, and live to act a second part:
Italian works, whose thread the sisters spun; That's but an exit of mortality,
And there did sing, or seem to sing, the choice This re-entrance to a plaudite.
Birds of a foreign note and various voice:
Not clouds, nor thunder, but were living drawn; Upon the effigies of my worthy Friend, the Author,
Nor out of common tiffany or lawn,
But fine materials, which the muses know, Master William Shakspeare, and his Works.
And only know the countries where they grow. Spectator, this life's shadow is ;-to see
Now, when they could no longer him enjoy, The truer image, and a livelier he,
In mortal garments pent,-death may destroy, Turn reader : but observe his comic vein,
They say, his body, but his verse shall live, Laugh; and proceed next to a tragic strain,
And more than nature takes our hands shall give : Then weep : 50,-when thou find'st two contraries,
In a less volume, but more strongly bound, Two different passions from thy rapt soul rise,
Shakspeare shall breathe and speak; with laurel Say (who alone effect such wonders could),
crown'd Rare Shakspeare to the life thou dost behold.
Which never fades ; fed with ambrosian meat,
So with this robe they clothe him, bid him wear it; On worthy Master Shakspeare, and his Poems.
For time shall never stain, nor envy tear it. A mind reflecting ages past, whose clear
The friendly Admirer of bis Endowments, And equal surface can make things appear,
J. M. S. Distant a thousand years, and represent Them in their lively colours, just 'extent: To outrun hasty time, retrieve the fates,
An Epitaph on the Admirable Dramatick Poet, Roll back the heavens, blow ope the iron gates
What needs my Shakspeare for his honour'd bones, In that deep dusky dungeon, to discern
The labour of an age in piled stones;
Under a star-ypointing pyramid ?
Dear son of memory, great heir of fame. What story coldly tells, what poets feign
What need st thou such weak witness of thy name? At second hand, and picture without brain, Thou, in our wonder and astonishment, Senseless and soul-less shews: To give a stage,
Hast built thyself a live-long monument: Ample, and true with life,-voice, action, age, For whilst, to the shame of slow-endeavouring art, As Plato's year, and new scene of the world, Thy easy numbers flow; and that each heart Them unto us, or us to them had hurld:
Hath, from the leaves of thy unvalued book, To raise our ancient sovereigns from their herse, Those Delphick lines with deep impression took; Make kings his subjects; by exchanging verse,
Then thou, our fancy of itself bereaving, Enlive their pale trunks, that the present age
Dost make us marble with too much conceiring; Joys in their joy, and trembles at their rage: And, so sepulcher'd, in such pomp dost lie, Yet so to temper passion, that our cars
That kings, for such a tomb, would wish to die. Take pleasure in their pain, and eyes in tears