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and loved, and all his sermons were received; but my small success and methodical, logical, and true, the opposition of a few shallow indeed, as to that, they would people, who almost smothered me stand the severest tests; but he when I first came, led me to resign." had scarcely a particle of imagin “ How did the character of the ation-poetry was with him non- Church stand, Sam, in the town, sense, and sentiment dangerous. when you left ? ” He forgot that feathered arrows “Higher in every way than when strike their mark as well as bald I settled there—à number of Minie balls; hence his hearer was abuses had ceased." seldom relieved by kindling illus “You have made a sad mistake, tration or anecdote, and so he Sam, depend upon it-an unfortugenerally shot over even the hard nato surrender. Liberty Corners heads of those who cried, “Sound will soon be a large town-you doctrine that-capital, capital !” should have held on tenaciously,

"Well, Sam,” said Andy, toying and changed your method of work with the letters, “I always liked a little. As to the shallow people, you, and I am glad to see you. you should have considered them What are you doing?

as a means of grace, and gone on “ Candidating, Andy."

without them." “Candidating, Sam? why should you

think so?" said Berka man of your ability be candidat- ley. “I have hungered for my ing?

old people and pulpit, but I cannot The usual cloud gloomed Berk- go back. What shall I do ?”. ley's face, and he replied as one “Have you been to Cloverville?" who had been wronged and humili “ Yes, but found

no clover, ated before men;"I do not know The Church is poor, meeting-house why, Andy.”

heavily mortgaged, said they must Macdonald counted his letters have a man to lift the debt, and over and

over, hardly knowing didn't think I was the man. what to say, fearing to give offence; Guess they're right, Andy." but suspecting Berkley desired his “ Where else have you been, help in some way, concluded to Sam ? " find out his circumstances, that he “I spent a Sunday in Windsor might have a ground of action. - a smart town!”

“Let me see,” said Andy, kind “ Well?” said Andy, leading him ly; "you first settled as pastor on. the church at

· Liberty

“ Five of the leading men gave Corners,' did you not?”

me a warm reception, said a letter "I did," replied Berkley. from Liberty Corners spoke of me

Beg your pardon, Sam-did as an “able doctrinal preacher.”' you fail there?

Is that all ?” “ Neither in preaching the doc “No! they gave me a particutrines, nor building up some of my larly icy good-bye.” hearers in the faith. Squire Hew

Why?" son said he was greatly edified by "They said my doctrine wouldn't the strong meat, but I confess suit—that Squire Bottlesom a obthat the congregation was rather jected to my views on total depradimipished.”

vity." "Did they ask you to leave ? * Indeed! what does the Squire & plain question, Sam."

do for a living ?” "No, neither by resolution, nor “ Runs a distillery-two of his coldness on the part of the majority, sons are already nearly ruined.” and my resignation was sorrowfully "The Lord was kind to you that


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time, Sam. Where else have you seriously for awhile, and poor been ?"

Berkley was the picture of despair. “ Down to Bloomingville-liked Brightening up at length he said, the place and people, and seemed " Sam! I have it now-one of to have made a good impression; these letters is from the Church at bnt some knowing ones, you know, Burning Bush. They ask me to said they felt a doubt.''

a pastor for them. The • A doubt! About what?" Church is poor, but united and

“Whether I could entertain and progressive, and commands a large hold the young people. Rev. Mr. field. I will send you there on one Soarwing, in the other Church, was condition.” drawing all the young folks, and “Name it. I'll follow it to death!" they wanted to put a stop to it and Berkley's deep eyes flashed. the quartette didn't do it."

" That fire is grand, Sam,” said “My dear fellow, what did you Andy; “let it blaze; let yourself out, do then ?"

unbuckle the band and give your“Went to Ivanhoe, and spent two self room. You have digested your. Sundays there.”

self almost to death, Sam. Don't “ Ivanhoe? Delightful place," be bound by the everlasting propriesaid Andy—“Wish you could go ties of other people, but be in a good there; a very fine field. What was sense 'all things to all men.' You in your way at Ivanhoe ?" have come to me, feeling that you

" What was in the way ? Enough, are a failure. Your face, manner, Andy-fourteen good ministers had and voice say so; and as you have been heard ; seven more of the best put yourself into my hands for an to be heard. I was fifteenth. experiment, I must preach a little When the seven had been heard, to you. As a rule those Churches the Church would take an informal you mentioned were not to blame, vote. One man said that my pros- It has been well said, “ You conquer pects were fair.”

your hearers, or your hearers con"Indeed !” said Andy, sarcasti. quer you :' you allowed them to cally. “Scandalous! a wrong to conquer you easily. You should twenty-two men, a grief to the have felt, They shall not. Then Spirit, and a great injury to the would you have conquered, and they cause. Shame! shame! that God's would have forgotten the reasons Church should resolve itself into a given for not calling you. It may be poor critical society."

hard, but it is true, the Church that “You pity me, I see,” said Berk- must carry the pulpit will grow ley. “I think I'll go into the in- weaker and weaker. Now, my Curance business. Income doubled dear fellow, lay aside your learned and a gold watch in the bargain, and elaborate treatises on accepted e can offer."

or disputed points (read them to “Then I should pity you if I did the ministers). Stop defending not despise-now I don't. It's all what is rarely assaulted, and go right, Sam-you are among the heart foremost, and talk simply, clouds, and so is God's sunshine. and joyfully, as to needy and tried You are having an experience you and breaking hearts ; take some do not deserve."

text that has been like a dripping “I came here, said Berkley, honeycomb to you in trial. Visit to unload my burdened heart. the wretchedest man you can find I love preaching, but I cannot in the town; pray and talk cheerstand this humiliation unto degra- fully with him; and then think the dation. Give me your advice.' sermon through, with or wi hout

Macdonald sat" still, thinking the pen in your hand, and gather

illustrations as Jesus did from said Berkley, and he unconsciously nature, and everyday life. Having brought a heavy hand down on the done this or something like it-table. Dull, dry, honest, methodi. never forgetting your source of cal Sam Berkley was all on fire ; power, God-go to Burning Bush,' his powerful frame shook with a not caring a fig whether you stay deep inspiration-he stood there a or not; but determined to do one mighty man of a mighty God, iingrand day's work in loyalty to patient for the struggle, with his Jesus and souls. One word, more, hand on victory. Sam, if you will allow me.”

Sam Berkley preached the next "Allow you?” said Berkley ; Sunday at“ Burning Bush ” on the go on, Andy. I see my mistake. “Burning Bush,” and at the second I was never so moved. I long for service “ many people turned aside the conflict.”

to see why the bush was not Andy saw with satisfaction the burned.” The hearts and wills of kindled

eye, the crimson glow on the the people were stormed, and taken pale face, the firm lip, and added : for God. The only question asked "On Saturday night commit all was, Can we get him? He was to God, go to bed and to sleep. asked, “ Mr. Berkley, wlli you be In the morning read a joyful Psalm our minister ?” or Cristly benediction, walk alone "I will,” said the glad man; to the meeting-house, thinking over “ I have come to stay." the strong points of the sermon Several years have passed away and the sore need crying out to since then, but Sam Berkley you from every heart. Then preach preaches grandly at Burning thoughtless of Sam Berkley, but Bush ; and often, when he thinks as in the presence of a great cloud the whole matter over, he bows his of witnesses (all on your side) and head and says, “Oh, Father, bless as to a little child."

Andy Macdonald ! " So help me God, I'll do it !”




BY THE REV. H. C. LEONARD, M.A. The important atterances to which the name of " faithful sayings” is given in the later Epistles of St. Paul are evidently quotations, but whence are they quoted ? In the writings of this Apostle we bave many passages cited from the Old Testament Scriptures, several from the Apocrypha and other ancient Jewish writings, and a few from the Greek tragic poets, but it is evident that the quotations before us are from quite a different source.

In all probability they are to be regarded as inspired utterances made by those possessing the gift of prophecy in the primitive Christian assemblies. The object of tbis gift was declared to be threefold, viz., the “ edification," exhortation," and "comfort” of tbe Church (1 Cor. xiv. 3). Sometimes the prophetic gift took the form of singing, and sometimes that of prayer and praise (1 Cor. xiv, 15, 16), but

more usually these extempore inspirations were teaching utterances. Such "sayings," in the almost total absence of books, would be naturally treasured up and remembered, and the few that have been handed down to us possess a peculiar interest and importance.

It is not without surprise that we find amongst them the one now before us :


Probably it was a feeling of this kind which led the translators to substitute the word " true '” for “ faithful” in this passage (and in this only) of the series. The adjective, however, is the same in them all. This doubly inspired text is therefore worthy of attentive consideration, and though anything like an exhaustive discussion of it would not be suitable to the present purpose we must not omit a passage so emphatically commended to our thoughts. This “faithful saying ” relates to the ministry of the Church. It rebukes on the one hand those who overvalue the office and undervalue the work seeking office for its own sake rather than for the work's sake-and, on the other, those who, in their respect for the work, undervalue the office, and set aside the divinely ordered ministry which God has given for the “edifying," "unity," and "knowledge" of the body of Christ (Ephes, iv. 12, 13). It has a useful lesson, therefore, both for those who cling to the hierarchical and priestly form of Christianity, and for sects like the Plymouth Brethren, in which the “good” of the ministerial office is depreciated.

In the New Testament a divinely revealed Church order is sufficiently apparent. A Divine polity does not, of course, exclude human elements. When it is affirmed that the apostolic Church order was divinely revealed, it is not meant that the idea of the Church was made known in ecstasy or vision which carried its founders out of the sphere of human political thought: rather that they were divinely led to adopt and adapt whatever was suitable in the institutions around them. Similarly, in the question of inspiration, we can only rightly understand the divinity of the Bible when we fully and frankly recognise the humanity of the Bible. Similarly, too, we can only apprehend the Divine nature of our Lord when we fully recognise His true human nature. Even so we recognise the human origin of the elements of the Church polity of the New Testament in order intelligently to roceive its Divine authority. "Those elements were the different constitutions of the Hebrew synagogue and of the Greek city-states—the former aristocratic, the latter democratic. The Latin, or monarchical element intruded in a later age, when Christianity extended itself in the west, and, adopting Roman ideas of government, introduced Episcopacy and State-Churchism. The third political form may be very well in the world, but in the Church it is treason against Christ

, interfering alike with the covenant-rights of the people and with the crown-rights of the Redeemer ; and against it our Lord cautioned His




disciples : The kings of the Gentiles exercise lordship over them : so shall it not be

among you." In a word, then, the Church, with its offices, was in form the synagogue of the Jews combined with the ecclesia of the Greeks. In the time of Christ the simpler and more spiritual worship of the synagogue had largely superseded the ritual worship of the temple. There were then many hundreds of synagogues in Palestine and one or more in every Greek city whither the Jews had emigrated. These synagogues were at first the places used for the preaching of the Gospel, but when the Jews opposed themselves and blasphemed, schoolrooms or large attics were taken (Acts xix. 9; xx. 8). It was natural that the polity of the new schoolroom society should resemble that of the synagogue. What; then, was the polity of the synagogue? It was governed by a council of officers called elders” rulers," who ordered the worship and teaching, and administered discipline (Mark v. 22; Acts xiii. 15 ; John ix. 22). It is important to notice in passing that in the passages in the Acts where Crispus, and also Sosthenes, are described

“chief ruler” of a synagogue at Corinth, the word “chiefis not in the original, but the same word is used which occurs in the plaral in the Gospels; and that Jairus, called by St. Luke (viii. 49) the ruler of the synagogue,” is, by the same evangelist, described as "a ruler” (viii. 41), and by St. Mark as “one of the rulers” (Mark v. 22).

The officer of the synagogue called “ • legate angel " was a secretary and reader, but had no authority over the elders. Then there was another set of officers, three in number, called by a name equivalent to deacons, whose duty it was to collect and distribute the alms given in the synagogues, at the doors of which two boxes were placed, one for the poor at Jerusalem, the other for local charities. (The “minister,” or rather servant, who received the roll of Isaiah from Christ's hands in the synagogue at Nazareth was simply a servant or beadle, not a congregational officer.) We find some trace of the "angel” in 2 Cor. viii. 23, where the delegates chosen by the Churches of Macedonia are so termed, and also in Rev. ii., where the name is given to those who were the mediums of communication between St. John and the Churches of Asia Minor.

It will thus be seen that a band of elders and a band of deacons were to be found alike in synagogue and church.

But the spirit as well as the name of the Greek “ecclesia also entered into the composition of the apostolic Churches. The " ecclesia was the assembly of Greek citizens who managed their own affairs and elected their own officers. Amongst the Christians in the Greek cities the term “ bishop" (episcopos) was used as identical with "elder.” To this term, the word used in the text before us, they had been accustomed as the title of their own civic magistrates, just as the Jews had to that of “elder.”

Thus we see that the inspired wisdom of the apostles led them to adopt the best parts of Jewish and of Greek organisation into the

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