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whole action and ceremonial of the Roman Ritual Books into the shreds of rubric of the Book of Common Prayer."
"Here is a work which treats of the Holy Sacrifice, the Real Presence, the adoration of the blessed Sacrament, in terms of Catholic faith and piety."
“While the compilers profess their wish to derive the right idea of the Eucharistic Sacrifice," etc., “ they are careful not to make too marked a pro. fession of their belief." *
“ The Church and the World" is a volume of essays on “Questions of the Day,” by various writers, after the manner of " Essays and Reviews.” It may be considered the manifesto of the Ritualist party; and it must be confessed that it clearly enunciates their principles. In this volume the Reformation is declared a misfortune, and it is urged on the Church as her duty to get rid of the Protestant element; the celibacy of the clergy is advocated; the Thirty-nine Articles are described as the "forty stripes save one' laid on the back of the Anglican priesthood;" the Church is urged to seek the reunion of the Greek, the Roman, and the Anglican, excluding all Protestant communions; it is said, " A reaction has at length come, the tide has now turned, and the Catholic leaven is working out the Puritan leaven ; ” and one paper written by a lady whose father was " a priest of the Evangelical school”—is the autobiography of a soul struggling—not for salvation, but for ' sanctity." This lady ventures to despise such writings as those by Jeremy Taylor, and declares that wants like hers can be satisfied only by the works of Roman Catholic ascetics.
3. The books to which we have referred are correct exponents of the principles and practices of Ritualism. But let it not be supposed that this controversy is a matter of mere vestments and unimportant details in public worship. It is far more than this. Every painful detail in dispute is significant of rites and doctrines that involve idolatrous worship, priestcraft, and religious bondage. The men themselves pretend that they are priests, indispensable to acceptable worship, exclusively authorised and supernaturally endowed for ministry at the altar. The priest receives the infant at the font, and, by his sacerdotal intervention and his utterance of the prescribed formula, administers baptism. But in so doing he claims to have changed the water into a sacred thing ; and that babe who a moment before would have perished eternally in case of death, dying a moment after this miraculous intervention will pass into eternal life. The priest approaches the altar, and here lie upon it mere bread and wine. But, by his intervention and he use of the sacerdotal formula, these elements become filled with he Real Presence of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. The priest laims to exercise the miraculous power of bringing down at his discretion he Bodily Presence of the Redeemer, if not changing the substance f the bread and wine into Christ's body and blood. So much so, that be host-into which the bread has been changed-must be adored and eceived in the posture of worship by every kneeling communicant.
* Publin Review, January 1867, pp. 157, 158, 163.
The priest's use of the vestments in dispute, too, implies that he represents the person of our Lord whilst offering again the sacrifice of Christ, though now “unbloody." His garments correspond with those worn by the Saviour in the presence of Herod and Pilate on the day of His passion. And thus habited, the priest is said to offer the sacrifice, not in remembrance of Christ, but in order to put God in remembrance of that sacrifice which needed not “ often to be offered," but which was made by our Redeemer "once for all.” After the manner of the Roman Catholics, the Ritualists assimilate the ceremonial of the Church as employed in the “ Holy Sacrifice" to the vision of the Heavenly Kingdom in the Apocalypse. Thus there is a similar arrangement of the personages with other accessories—the Throne in the middle of a circle of seats, the altar, the lights, and the incense. The vestments and ceremonies in question are thus the outward symbols of Eucharistic doctrine : the Sacrifice, and the manner of the Saviour's presence,
The claim of the Anglican clergy to be an exclusive priesthood is based on the figment of so-called Apostolic Succession and on their well-known Church principles. In this succession are supposed to be found adequately endowed bishops, from whom their clergy receive not only exclusive authority.as priests, but exclusive grace or super. natural power for their priestly functions. Claiming the power of working the miracles we have described at font and altar, they further assume to be necessary mediators between God and Christ on the one part and men on the other. As the Son of God declared, “No man can come to the Father but by me; so these men are ready to affirm, that "
no man can approach the Son or receive His sacramental grace but by them.” As our blessed Lord cried on earth, “ Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest;" 80 these men are ready to call, and bave actually called, “ Come unto us, the priests, all ye that labour, and we will give you rest.” They claim the power of absolving men from sin, as they call every one to their feet for confession; and they seek to be universally accepted as the guides of souls on the way to heaven.
Thus the entire system is consistent, and the priest is elevated into an absolute master. For at his hands in baptism the laity receive spiritual life; by his miraculous intervention in the Eucharist that life is nourisbed with the Flesh and Blood of the Saviour ; and the present Deity, whom “ the faithful" adore at the Mass, is there at the irresistible voice of the priest. By withholding the exercise of his miraculous power, the priest can at pleasure consign us to the death of the soul. The orders of that priesthood, too, are a Sacrament, to be received only through the proper channel ; while none but those who receive such orders are true priests, or have power to work the miracles necessary to salvation. This system, so complete, then, is by no means one of mere symbolism. It consists entirely of real things. This, then, is the significance of vestments and ritual: this
the controversy loudly calling for settlement. Hence, too, the strange doctrine so long taught in the Established Church, in addition to its Catechism. The present development of Ritualism is the logical issue of Tractarian principles, and might have been from the first predicted. It is even a dictum of this party that "the sarest way of teaching Catholic doctrine is by means of Catholic rites."
(To be concluded next month.)
WINNIE'S FORTUNE. The handsome dining-room in such a horrid lot of people as you the Mayberry mansion was all a- have named I" glitter with floods of gaslight and Mr. Mayberry sipped his wine the genial glow of the fire for Mr. contentedly. Josiah Mayberry was a very“queer “I told you, didn't I, Marguerite,
according to his wife's that it was my intention to give an opinion, and this fancy of his to old-fashioned dinner? And by that have nasty, ashy fires all over I meant, and mean, to whom it the splendid mansion before the will, indeed, be cause for thankfulweather became cold enough was ness. As to making a grand fuss, one of his “eccentric freaks,” Mrs. and seeing around our table only Mayberry called it, with a curl of the people to whom a luxurious her lip, a toss of the head, and a dinner is an everyday occurrencesmile, almost of contempt, directed I shall not do it. And as to the at the hale, hearty, honest-faced old guests on my list being 'horrid ' and gentlemen who had married her for common, you are mistaken, my her pretty face, ten years ago, when dear. None of them have a worse he was an immensely rich widower failing than poverty. There is not with his handsome half-grown son common,' vulgar person among for a not undesirable encumbrance. the ten names on that paper.”
They were sitting around the Mr. Mayberry's good old face handsome table, discussing their lighted up warmly as he spoke, and seven o'clock dinner, with the Ernest Mayberry's handsome face solemn butler and his subordinate reflected the satisfaction and pride in silent obsequious attention, he felt in his father's views. Mrs. these three Mayberrys, father, son, Mayberry flushed, but said nothing. and the haughty, well-dressed lady | She knew from experience that, who was wearing a decided frown kind-hearted and indulgent as her of displeasure on her face-a frown husband was, there were times she had barely power to restrain when he suffered no appeal from from degenerating into a verbal ex- his decision. This was one of those pression of anger while the servants times. were in waiting, and which, as the “ We will have dinner ordered door finally closed on them, leaving for twelve o'clock, as it used to be the little party alone over the wine when I was a boy. We will have and nuts, burst forth impetuously: roast turkey with cranberry sauce,
“I declare, Mr. Mayberry, it is and mashed potatoes and turnips, too bad! I have gone over the list boiled onions and celery, and all on of invitations you have made, and the table at once. For dessert, pie, to think there is not one-no, not cheese, and cider, and nothing more. one-of our set among them, and í Marguerite, shall I give the order
to Lorton, or will you attend to thing in the world, and the best it?"
discipline—but somehow, I can't Mrs Mayberry twisted her dia- tell why, I do want to go. I can mond rings almost roughly. “Oh, wear my black cashmere, and you'll don't ask me to give such an insane be so proud of me." order to him! I have no wish to “Proud of you, indeed, my child, appear as a laughing-stock before no matter what you wear. Yes, my servants, Mr. Mayberry. It we'll go." will be as severe a strain on my en And thus it happened that
among durance as I am capable of to be the ten guests that sat down at forced to sit at a table with such Josiah Mayberry's hospitable, overpeople as the Hurds and the flowing board that cold, blue-skied Masons, and that Thyrza Green day, Winnie Wilmington and the and her lame brother, and that little little old man were two-and two old Wilmington and his grand- to whom Ernest Mayberry paid daughter, and"
more devoted attention than even Mr. Mayberry interrupted her his father had asked or expected. gently. “Old Mr. Wilmington was Of course it was a grand success a friend of mine long before he went --all excepting the cold hauteur on to India. Since he came home Mrs. Mayberry's aristocratic face, with his son's orphan daughter and and that was a failure, because no lived in such obscurity-comfort- one took the least notice of it, so able, although plain, for Winnie much more powerful were the in. earns enough as daily_governess to fluences of Mr. Mayberry's and support them both-I regard him Ernest's courteous and gentlemanly more worthy than ever. Ernest, attentions. my boy, I shall depend upon you “I only hope you are satisfied," to help to entertain our guests, and Mrs. Josiah said, with what was especially at table, for I shall have meant to be withering sarcasm, no servants about to scare them out after the last guest was gone, and of their appetites."
she stood a moment before the fire; And Mr. Mayberry dismissed the “I only hope you are satisfiedsubject by rising from the table. particularly with the attention that
Ernest paid to that young woman “Would I like to go? Oh, grand- unnecessary attention, indeed.". pa, I should ! Will we go, do you Mr. Mayberry rubbed his hands think?
together briskly. “Satisfied ? Yes, The little wizened old man looked thankful to God I had it in my fondly at her over his steel-rimmed power to make them forget their glasses.
poverty, if for only one little hour. “So you'd like to accept Mr. Did you see little_Jimmy Hurd's Mayberry's invitation to dinner, eh, eyes glisten when Ernest gave him Winnie ? You wouldn't be ashamed the second triangle of pie ? Bless of your old-fashioned grandfather, the youngsters' hearts, they won't eh, among the fine folks of the want anything to eat for a week." family? Remarkably fine folks, I “I was speaking of the young hear, for all I can remember when lady who_ Joe was a boy together with myself. Mrs. Mayberry was icily severe, Fine folks, Winnie, and you think but her husband cut it short. “So we'd better go ?”
you were-pretty little thing as ever “I would like to go, grandpa, I I saw. A ladylike, graceful little don't have many recreations - I girl, with beautiful eyes enough to don't want many, for I think con excuse the boy for admiring her." tented, honest labour is the grandest “The boy! You seem to hayo
forgotten your son is twenty-three- face as he came straight up to old enough to fall in love with, and Winnie and took her hand, then marry, even a poor unknown girl turned to the old gentleman. you were quixotic enough to invite “Until an hour ago I thought to your table."
this would be the proudest, hap“Twenty-three ? So he is. And piest hour of my life, sir, for I if he wants to marry a beggar, and should have asked you to give me she is a good, virtuous girl—why Winnie for my wife. Instead, I not ?"
must be content to only tell you A little gasp of horror and dis- how dearly I love her, and how may was the only answer of which patiently and hard I will work for Mrs. Mayberry was capable. her to give her the home which she
deserves—because, Mr. WilmingGrandpa!"
ton, this morning the house of May. Winnie's voice was so low that berry and Thurston failed, and both Mr. Wilmington only just heard it, families are beggars." and when he looked up he saw the His handsome face was pale, but girl's crimson cheeks and her lovely, his eyes were bright with a deterdrooping face.
mination and braveness nothing “Ķes, Winnie. You want to tell could daunt. Winnie smiled back me something?"
upon him, her own cheeks paling. She went up behind him, and Never mind, Ernest, on my leaned her hot cheek caressingly account; I can wait, too." against his, her sweet, low voice Old Mr. Wilmington's eyes were whispering her answer: “Grandpa, almost shut beneath the heavy, I want to tell you something. I frowning forehead, and a quizzical Mr. May-we-Ernest has asked look was on his shrewd old face as he wants me to—Oh, grandpa, can't he listened. you tell what it is ? "
Gone up, eh? Well, that's too He felt her cheek grow hotter bad. You stay here and tell Winnie against his. He reached up his I am just as willing she shall be hand and caressed the other one. your wife when you want her, as if
“Yes, I can tell, dear. Ernest nothing had happened, because I has shown his uncommon good-sense believe you can earn bread and by wanting you for his wife. So butter for both of you, and my that is what comes of that dinner, Winnie is a contented little girl. eh, Winnie ?"
I'll hobble up to the office and see "And may I tell him you are your father; he and I were boys willing, perfectly willing, grandpa ? together; a word of sympathy won't Because I do lovo him, you know.” come amiss from me.”
“And you are sure it isn't his And off he strode, leaving the money you are after, eh?"
lovers alone, getting over the disShe did not take umbrage at the tance in a remarkably short time, sharp question.
and presenting his wrinkled, wea“I am at least sure it is not my ther-beaten old face in Mayberry and money he is after, grandpa,” she Thurston's private office, where Mr. returned, laughing and patting his Mayberry sat alone, with rigid face cheek.
and keen, troubled eyes, that never“Yes, you are at least sure of that; theless lighted at the sight of his there, I hear the young man coming old friend. himself. Shall I
go, Winnie ? " “ I'm glad to see you, Wilmington. It was the “young man himself,” Sit down. The sight of a man who Ernest Mayberry, with a shadow has not come to reproach me is a of deep trouble and distress on his comfort.”