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passing round Guiana and the Caribbean Sea, forces itself in between Cape Catoche and Cuba to the Gulf of Mexico, and after making the circuit of the gulf, passes out between Florida and Cuba, and continues its course under a new name along our coast as far as Newfoundland, elevating the temperature of the whole coast. This current is deflected from that point to the eastward, and finally reaches the coast of Africa. A portion of its warm waters is carried to western Europe by the prevailing winds, and there contributes to soften the climate. These currents are ever active, and contrast strongly with the disturbed waters through which they pass. Guided by some irresistible power, they pursue their course through the agitated element which surrounds them, unmindful of the storms that impede their progress, but cannot defeat their end.
By retracing our steps we shall find that the various zones of the astronomical climate are caused by the elliptical figure of the earth, by reason of which the surface is unequally exposed to the solar rays, other elements of course contributing to the result; and that the isothermal, isocheminal and isotheral lines would be uniformly parallel to each other over the whole terrestrial surface, were it not for the division, distribution and contour of the continents, their mountains or reliefs, and the unequal, absorbing and radiating powers of the surface. But as the beauty and fertility of large sections of the globe depend on these special provisions for the advantages which their location otherwise would have denied them, we find they have been provided in the arrangement and adaptations of the fluid and solid portions of the earth. The grand object contemplated by the Infinite Mind is stamped indelibly on every part of the universe, and all the particles, however affected by the laws of matter, contribute to the final result. If a plateau is necessary to water the valley, it rises at the bidding of the ETERNAL. If the geographical form and position of a continent require a mountain-chain to condense the passing vapor, it rises also at the same Almighty bidding. If a gulf is needed to modify the climate of a continent, and counteract the influence of the terrestrial reliefs, the hills are rolled back and the gulf appears. Can it be said that all these local and important agents, acting so harmoniously with the mysterious forces that pervade the universe, are the offspring of chance? that the terrestrial reliefs, acting so variously on the local climates, on which so much of life and beauty depend, are the accidental result of indeterminate internal powers ?
The mind is not so much affected by the grandeur of any single phenomenon, however important, as it is by the harmonious action of different and apparently conflicting elements. It is this intimate and indispensable relation which exists between the greatest and the smallest of created beings; between the animate and inanimate worlds; this action and reäction upon each other, by which the end is accomplished; and the special provisions, modifying or wholly defeating the action of general laws, where the interests of our species require it, that tend most strongly to direct the inquiring mind upward to the INFINITE and ETERNAL for a revelation of the hidden cause.
But if we look at the general result of the division of the earth's surface into zones of temperature, we shall find a most favorable condition. The torrid zone stretches from the equator to the tropics, embracing an area of seventy-seven million seven hundred thousand square miles; the temperate zones, extending from the tropics to the polar circles, embrace fifty million square miles in each hemisphere; making together one hundred millions of square miles. This area embraces at least three-fourths of the continental element. The frozens contain only eight millions of square miles each; and even this small circle is inhabitable. Owing to the compensations in Sweden, the cereals are cultivated beyond the polar circle. Less therefore than one eleventh part of the earth's surface is beyond the vivifying influence of the solar rays. And we have seen how small a portion of the continental mass is exposed to the vertical rays of the sun when at its highest point, and how that portion is partially protected by the interposing mists and clouds, caused by a rapid evaporation; by the isolated mountain peaks, from which the cold air rushes down; the general elevation; and the luxuriant vegetation, which keeps the atmosphere more humid, and cools the surface of the earth by its moisture and shade. It appears then, from the view we have taken, that the powers by which the continents have been thrown up to their present positions have acted uniformly in every instance; that the local reliefs are necessary where they are found ; that the astronomical climates have been variously modified by these agents; and that the elements act in harmony with each other, however widely separated or discordant they may appear; that through the laws of expansion and contraction, of heat and cold, the sea cools the climate of the torrid zone, and warms it in the cold temperate and frigid zones; that the continents are nar row and greatly elevated, with vast isolated peaks, in the equatorial regions, and low and divided, cut up by bays and inland seas, in the higher latitudes; and that the climates depend on the concurrent action of these agents or elements. One irregular or convulsive motion of the mighty upheaving internal power, by which it is supposed the terrestrial reliefs and continental elevations have been produced, would unsettle the physical relations which exist, and more or less disturb the harmonious action of the varied forces of nature.
Now bright beneath them gleamed the sun-touched vale,
And just discerned the cot from whence they passed,
Stepped forth the sorrowing emigrants, to cast
The dim eye strained upon the roof he reared ;
Upon his horse's neck, whose rough breast shared
The wife gazed tearless, and her infant son
As if she felt, wherever doomed to roam,
In the days of my boyhood, when I was a sophomore of C-college, I once had occasion to travel through P, a large New-England town, on my route to my alma mater, and we passed the large school-house just as the girls came pouring forth, at the close of the afternoon lessons. The stage stopped at a hotel near, and I, with one or two others of about my own appearance and calibre, strolled the street to take a look at them. Boys are not always very gentlemanly, nor girls ladylike; and in this instance the bounds of good manners were certainly overstepped. There was one young lady who attracted my attention as being particularly pretty, and in an effort to be smart in her hearing, I said to my companions : • Behold the future mothers of the land !
• The future statesmen and orators !' immediately rejoined one of the girls. Lou., do you hear those impudent fellows ??.
· Yes,' replied Miss Lou., who was the one to whom I had taken a fancy; and turning her head, she said with great archness :
"The green young saplings which we see,
Advancing, grow to trees;
To bear such sprouts as these! Whereupon they all laughed merrily, and then ran away. We had paused to hear her speech, but they gave us no chance to answer; so we returned to the hotel, feeling very much as if we had had the worst of it. But that graceful form, that comical expression, and above all,
Behold! how rich the land must be
that bright face, haunted me for weeks after I returned to my studies, and were the beau ideal of many a sonnet and improvized romance. In truth, I never forgot her; and circumstances in after years brought to my knowledge the whole history of her who was my boyhood's dream. This was so unlike the history of heroines in general, that I have thought it worthy of being written, in the hope that the events of our lives may benefit others, if any there be who can profit by their neighbors' experience. Indeed I sometimes think that the heroes and heroines of novels and tales have as many, if not more, practical followers than the sages and apostles of wisdom.
Thus, while I went on my way, musing on my unknown beauty, fancying her in all manner of romantic situations—in carriages, on horseback, by the side of precipices, in splendid drawing-rooms, in hair-breadth escapes, beset with unfit suitors, or teazed by stingy or tyrannical (and always rich) relations, for there is no manner of situation in life except the right one in which I did not place her— behold! she went on her way to her home. This was in one of the most obscure streets of the town, in a very mean, unpainted, little, one-story house. Here she seated herself upon an old frame of a chair, with a piece of skin tied in it for a bottom. She laid the slate and two or three books she had carried in her arms on the floor beside her, and commenced chatting to a fat, old, hard-working character who was there, diligently making tea and johnny-cake for supper.
• Mother,' said the girl,' as we came from school we saw the stagepassengers getting out, and among them were some of the boys going to college. We said something about them which I think the fellows overheard, for they turned round and looked after us.'
• I'll warrant you made a grammet at them,' said the mother; but the girl continued, without leeding :
I wish Tom could go to college.' • Tom go to college ! exclaimed the old woman, laughing at the idea. • Yes, why not ? Tom is as smart a boy as any in his school :
"A Man a locomotive is,
Steam raising every hour;
Has got a twelve-horse power.
Sometimes I think that if I could get something to do, maybe we both together could send him. I should so love to see Tom a gentleman !
P'shaw, gal! your wits are turned, through going to school. If I can get Tom 'prenticed to a good trade, as his father was before him, he 'll be gentleman enough for me. But I should like to hear how you would set about getting the money.'
Why, you know, Aunt Louisa keeps a boarding-house in B Well now, mother, if you would give me all the money I could make on Wednesday and Saturday afternoons, and mornings and evenings, and other odd times, by helping you, I think I could get enough to go and make her a visit. You know I am named after her : perhaps she would put me in the way of doing something. B- is a large place.'
Here Louisa paused a moment. In truth, she had no very definite idea of what she wished her aunt to do for her ; but she desired greatly