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ous consideration of soldiers : (he is very anxious about the soldiers.) He is then led to define what is a strain or distortion, and to prescribe the best remedies for the same; enlarging very tediously on oyl-rosat, bandage, rosemary, pomegranate rinds, bolster, and powdered alum. His conclusion runs thus :
“If we choose an horse for strength, whether for the course, hunting, or burthen, do we not take a particular care that he has short fet-lock joints, that he may not strain those parts in his exercise and business?
“For shame! let us leave off aiming at the out-doing our Maker in our true symmetry and proportion ; let us likewise, for our own ease, secure treading, and upright walking (as he designed' we should) shorten our heels.
“Since the women have lowered their top-sails and head-dresses, and find it a vain attempt of their's in offering to add one cubit to their stature.”
Sir Thomas recommends “unbuttoning your shirt-neck and wrist-bands,” that your antagonist do not knuckle down at your windpipe, and put you to unpleasant inconvenience. «Stand low too,” says he, or camp
your antagonist get not “ his right hand betwixt your elbow and side." This is clear.
Then follow some of the interesting problems, which Sir Thomas gives ample directions for the working. And first for “the Flying Horse."
“ The Flying Horse. “ Take him by the right hand with your left, your palm being upwards, as if you designed only to shake him by the hand in a friendly manner in the beginning, and twist it outwards, and lift it upwards to make way for your head, and put your head under his right arm-pit, and hold his hand down to your left side, hold your head stiff backwards, to hold him out of his strength, then put your right arm up to the shoulder between his grainings, and let your hand appear behind past his breech, without taking hold; but if you suspect they will cavil at that arm, as a breeching, lay your same arm along his belly, and lift him up as high as your head, and in either hold, when so high, lean backward and throw him over your head.”
There is a friendliness in this little encounter which quite charms us.
“ Take his hand in a friendly manner!" how placidly it commences! And then how the plot thickens, till you behold the astonished gentleman performing the flying horse over his friend's head!
“ The Flying Mare” is pleasing, but much resembling the Flying Horse. The Hanging Trippet, in-clamp, and backclamp are admirably defined :-The first is “ when you put your toe behind your adversary's heel, with a design to hook
his leg up forwards, and throw him on his back.” Of the two clamps, the Black-clamp is the most to our taste.
“ Back-clamp. “ When your adversary back-clamps you, which is, when he claps his heel in your ham, with a design to throw you backwards, fall in close to him with your arms about him; as for the gripes, bear upon him with your breast and chin, and kick your own breech with your own heel, with his feeble heel in your fort ham, and his head and shoulders will come to the ground first, that throwing him out of the line of direction."
The Pinnion is rather difficult to work ; but “ The Gripes,"
“ The Gripes.
“Are nothing but laying your right arm amongst his small ribs, and putting your left hand to your right arm, to augment your strength in griping; and, when you gripe, get your head on the outside of his arm, then may you lift the better.
Never delay the gripe, but get that as soon as you can, and hold him strait, and your head close to his breast, that he doth not give you his elbow, and stand low, with your knees bent and toes out, and it will prevent buttock, back-lock, in-lock, and trip.”.
In the “ Method for Inn-play,” which follows, Sir Thomas rather repeats himself, and again directs you to play " The Flying Horse" upon your friend, as before. We should be inclined to say, with Mrs. Malaprop, “ You need not read that again, sir.” The “ Method,” however, proceeds in the most familiar manner.
“ Or when you twist him in that hold, he will be apt to bend or lean the other way; hold up and continue your twist, and step sharply with your left foot to his left, then throw your right leg clever behind his, even to his right heel; and at the very same time, with a sharp stroke at the middle of his breast, with your right elbow; that your right hand may reach his right arm, throw him head and shoulders over your right thigh.
2. “ With your right hand, having your palm upwards, take him by the left wrist, your little finger, and next about his thumb, his palı being behind, or downward, then thrust your hand down toward his left knee, and turn his fingers up backward, and,
left hand, help to hold his fingers, whilst you shift all your right fingers round his thumb, which hold up, and pain him till you please to throw him forward, by laying your left hand upon his neck.
“ And if he gets his hand betwixt your arm and body, towards your side, you may break that hold by securing and thrusting at his elbow, and thrusting your breech out.
“ Holding hoth your arms higher than your head, bid him take what hold he will, and be sure he will come to gripe you, but as soon as his arms are going about you, put your arms under his, and take hold of both your elbows, and lean backwards, let either of your arms go, lean backwards, lifting your other up, and from thence take the gripe.
“ If he take hold of your right wrist with his right hand, throw your left arm on the inside of his right arm, and take the pinnion, or throw your liberty elbow over his arm, and in for the gripes.
There is next a long direction, entitled, “ Hold with one arm,” which shews much knowledge of a one-handed kind; and this is followed by another passage, headed “ Hold with both arms.” In the latter, the “ Gripes” are clearly ever in Sir Thomas's head!
“ If his right hand be at your side, you must hold
left elbow close, and lift his elbow to get the gripes, but if he resists you by holding his elbow down, at the same time turn over his wrist, and in for the gripes, and when he hath you by the left side, with his right hand, and you the same hold of him, at the same time turn over his wrist for the gripes, pluck him to you with your right hand, the best way, and presently lift him up, but you need not pluck him to you if his right hand be at your left shoulder.”
There are here fifteen long paragraphs on the “Holding with both arms,” all full of mathematical certainties. The concluding passage, which is a fair sample of the rest, runs thus :
“ If your adversary taketh hold of your right wrist with both of his hands, throw your left arm into the inside of his right arm, and take the pinion and gripes; or, if he holds by your breast, his wrists being cross, to break that hold, take hold of his uppermost wrist, and take the pinnion, or lay both your arms edgways upon his and crush them downwards towards your breast, fall in for the gripes, belly to belly, and Cornish hugg, lift him, and throw him.”
The chapters on " Buttock and Inn-lock" are great; but our readers will have had enough for one exercise. On “ Out-play” Sir Thomas writes with evident coldness and disgust. He dismisses the whole art in two feeble and careless
pages. We conclude with the following singular directions to the boxer.
By all means have the first blow with your head or fist at his breast, rather than at his face, which is half the battle, by reason, it ; strikes the wind out of his body.
“ If you have long hair, soap it: the best holds, are the pinnion , with your arms at his shoulders, and your head in his face; or get your right arin under his chin, and your left behind his neck, and let your arms close his neck strait, by holding each elbow with the contrary hand, and crush his neck, your fingers in his eyes, and your fingers of your right hand under his chin, and your left hand under the hinder part of his head, or twist his head round by putting your hand to the side of his face, and the other behind his head.
“But if your adversary taketh fast hold with each of his hands of each side of the collar and thrusteth his thumbs against your throat and windpipe, speedily, that you may not want wind, with your right hand hold his fast there by the wrist, and with the left fort elbow press on the top of his arm upon his feeble, betwixt your right hand and his elbow, or quick over his wrist for the gripes.
“Or proceed for the pinnion, as in page 43, or if he hath his hands at your hair, and he thrusteth his thumbs in your eyes, you proceed after the foregoing method."
The little volume ends with a blank form of “ Indented Articles, that two persons shall wrestle for a sum of money,”which must be extremely useful in obscure parishes, where an attorney does not reside,--and a copy of the rules and regulations observed by those who “wrestled for a hat of twenty-two shillings price, a free prize, given by Sir Thomas Parkyns, of Bunny, Bart., for fifteen years successively.” The rules are sound and good, and may be used with safety at the present day, with the exception of Sir Thomas Parkyns being appointed the umpire ! A prose address, and a copy of verses, by one William Tunstall, commendatory to the last degree, are prefixed to the volume ;-they are, like pilfered memoranda, of little interest to any but the owner.
We take some pride in reckoning upon so healthy, muscular, and courageous a gentleman, as Sir Thomas Parkyns, being one of us!-one of us, authors ! And we think that an extended knowledge of his character is not unlikely to redeem us from the contempt which has been so long cast upon us, for being a sickly, pale, weakly, and wasted race. Perhaps some of our brethren do give way a little too sadly to their seats, and unfit themselves somewhat, over the midnight lamp, for the “ Hanging Trippet" and the “Flying Horse.” We should be right glad to know that the manly example of one of the tribe had seduced any given pale poet or devoted author to “cast aside the learned sheet," at certain periods of the day, and try the “ Back-clamp” upon the printer's devil—throwing him over his head when he called for copy.
Art. IX.--The Works of Andrew Marvell, Esq., Poetical, Con
troversial, and Political ; containing many Original Lelters, Poems, and Tracts, never before printed, with a new Life of the Author. By Captain Edward Thompson. In Three Volumes. London, 1776.
We resume our notice of the works of Marvell, to which we could not do justice in the limits of one number.
As a poet, Marvel was certainly unequal; and some of his most beautiful passages are alloyed with vulgarism and common-place similes.
His poem of the Nymph lamenting the Death of her Fawn, is, perhaps, the most finished, and, on the whole, the best of the collection. All the poems, however, contain more or less of poetic beauty; some, great tenderness of feeling and expression; and others, successful descriptions of nature and pastoral scenes. Before we proceed to an account of his prose works, we shall give some further extracts from the poetical ones.
The following passages are selected from a poem of considerable length, entitled “Appleton House," a residence of Lord Fairfax's, in Yorkshire, now called Nun Appleton, and addressed to that nobleman.
» When first the eye this forest sees,
It seems, indeed, as wood, not trees;
Thus I, easy philosopher,