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them in promoting its order and pros-|| to the elders, the state of the church, perity, and giving effect to the word and especially, if any cases occur, and ordinances of the gospel. There which require their animadversion, are many things necessary to be done or the discipline and correction of the in and about the church, which pas-church. They should likewise detors have no time to do, unless they vise and forward plans of charity and neglect some of the more important usefulness, and encourage and aid in duties of their office. All these de- promoting the great schemes of bevolve on the deacons, and other offi- nevolent enterprise, which are now cers of the church, if there are oth-in progress, and which aim at the ers, who are to take the oversight subjugation of the world to the obeand management of them, very much dience of Christ. into their own hands. It is not easy " From this brief and imperfect to enumerate all the duties incum- enumeration of the duties of deacons, bent on them, in their spiritual rela- it is easy to see, that they ought to tion to the church, since they very be young and efficient men, humbly much grow out of circumstances, and and sincerely devoted to the cause. the several situations and neighbor- They ought to be stationed, as under hoods where they reside. Their ge-watchmen and guides to the flock. neral obligations, to do all they can, And never may we expect that Zion for the aid of the ministry, for the will arise and shine in the beauties edification of the body, and the fur- of holiness, and be terrible to her therance of the gospel, are obvious. enemies, as an army with banners, And in descending to particulars, it until she is marshalled and led formay be justly said, that deacons ought ward by ther captains of tens, as well especially to watch over the several as of hundreds and thousands." members of the church, and give

A. B. them a word of counsel, of instruction, of encouragement, of warning, Lutheran Magazine. or reproof, as occasion may require. They should be able and ready to SATURDAY, MAY 1, 1830. enlighten the ignorant-to direct inquirers to warn backsliders to en

The Atonement. The communicourage the desponding—to comfort cation we have inserted under this the mourners—to visit the widow and head, relates to a subject of great imfatherless in their afflictions—to visit portance, upon which, the language and pray with the sick and dying, of our church, is very strong and exwhen required—and to see that the children of the church be duly go- plicit

. In the Third Article of the verned and instructed. They should Augsburgh Confession, we are taught, also be examples and leaders to the “ that God the Son, who is true God flock-preside and assist in the more and Man ; truly suffered, was cruciprivate religious meetings of christians, and take a leading and active fied, dead and buried—that he was a part in all occasional meetings of the sacrifice, not only for original sin, but brethren and of the church, for bu- also for all other sins, and reconciled siness, for conference, or prayer.--the wrath of God.” And in the 4th They should also keep a watchful Article, under the head of Justificaeye upon the conduct of the breth

tion, it is asserted, “ that we obtain ren, and see whether it be such as becometh the gospel. They should forgiveness of sin, and become rightnotice the wants and dangers of the eous before God, through grace, for body, and from time to time, report Christ's sake, by faith—if we believe that Christ suffered for us, and||nication from a travelling corresponthat, for bis sake, sins are forgiven, dent, who has given us a very interand righteousness and eternal life|esting description of several Luthergranted unto us.” This language is an clergymen and congregations, easily comprehended, and cannot be which he visited. It affords us great misunderstood. Other parts of the satisfaction, to hear of the success Confession, establishing the same and prosperity of various portions principle, might here be introduced; of our Church, where the gospel is but we deem the above extracts suf-preached in its purity, and its divine ficient to shew, that the doctrine of influence displayed, in the character the Atonement, as stated by the wri- of its hearers. Such intelligence is ter of the communication, was consi- || always highly gratifying, and cannot dered by our protestant forefathers, fail to interest the minds of all true as a fundamental doctrine of the Lutherans, who love their church, church, necessary to be believed by and rejoice in the salvation of souls. all, who are desirous of obtaining We hope that our correspondent may the forgiveness of their sins. continue to favor us with his com

We have heard people say, thatmunications, and endeavor to collect this doctrine is incomprehensible ; such further information, as he may and that, therefore, they cannot be- deem interesting to the readers of the lieve it. But, as well might they Magazine. disbelieve the union of body and soul -as well might they doubt the evi

Church Officers.—The welfare of dence of their senses, and deny the every christian congregation, depends reality of the numberless phenome in a great measure, upon the characna, which daily occur in the natural ter and conduct of its ruling officers. world. For many of those wonder-They should, therefore, be carefully ful exhibitions of the power and wis- and judiciously selected. No man dom of God, which we constantly should be chosen to fill the office of observe around us, surpass our limit-Elder or Deacon, in the church, who ed comprehension. And if our ina-does not, in his daily walk and conbility to comprehend an object, conversation, exhibit satisfactory evidenstitutes a sufficient reason for us to ces of christian piety. The duties of believe, that such object does not church officers, are too important, to exist—then we must be ignorant of|be regarded with that carelessness what we know—wė see, what we

and indifference, which we see but do not see—and hear, what we do too often manifested. They are apnot hear : For the operations of the pointed to watch over the spiritual mind, and the impressions produced interests of the congregation, and enon the senses, are often so mysteri-deavor to promote its welfare, by a ous, that they cannot be fully ex

faithful and conscientious performplained.

ance of their duty. They should

take a deep interest in whatever conCorrespondence.-We invite the cerns religion, and the salvation of attention of our readers, to a commu-souls.

In the excellent and compre

se

hensive language of our Liturgy-|| selves, and take no interest in the

They are to take care, that all salvation of others. They are things are done decently, and in or- lected, not for their piety and faithder;' that the service of God's house ful attendance on the ordinances of be performed in a manner corres-God's house, but for the purpose of ponding with the importance of this leading them to the church : And object, and the purity and simplicity when they are thus selected, they nevof the gospel ; that the necessary in-er consider the duties which they have struction, consolation, and excite-been chosen to fulfil. They care ment to the practice of godliness and nothing for the interests of the church virtue, be afforded to the young and—and whenever the minister propothe old ; and that christian morals ses any measures for promoting the be cultivated and preserved among welfare of the congregation, they are the members of the congregation." the first to throw obstacles in his

They are required to exhibit an ex-way. Instead of assisting and enample, deserving the imitation of all couraging him, in the performance of who may come within the reach of his official duties, they oppose hím their influence. They are bound to in his work, and often seek to de“admonish and warn open offend-stroy his influence with those, who ers," and, if necessary, exercise their are ready to adhere to him. Such authority against those, who reject officers are a reproach to any congreevery virtuous admonition, and are gregation. No church can prosper determined to persevere in their evil under their direction. All real chrisways. These duties, every churchtians are disgusted with their conofficer is solemnly bound to perform.duct; and God will at last withdraw But how seldom are they realized his blessing from a congregation, There are, indeed, but few elders where such glaring abuses are sufand deacons, whose characters and fered to exist. These remarks were conduct shew, that they have a real-suggested by an article “ On the izing sense of the solemn and impor-Duty of Deacons,” which we have tant duties of their station. How far published in this number, and rethese observations may apply to commend to the serious attention of church officers generally, we will our readers. not undertake to say.

We know,

Selected. however, from personal observation, that in our church, this is a serious evil. We know, that in some of our

The following summary view of congregations, the people are altogethe religious denominations in the ther too careless in the selection, and United States, is collected from a too regardless of the character and detailed article on the subject, conconduct, of their church officers.--|tained in the last number of the Men are chosen to fill these high and Quarterly Register and Journal of

the American Education Society. It responsible stations, who are a dis

appears to have been compiled from grace to the christian profession- | the most authentic sources which are men, who have no religion them-ll accessible :

STATISTICS OF RELIGIOUS DENO

MINATIONS IN THE U. S.

mem

1. Orthodox Congregationalists.- 11. Mennonites.-In 1824, minisPrincipally within the six Northeast-ters 250 ; members 30,000. ern or New-England States, in each

12. Tunkers.—Principally in the of which there is a General Confer- Western States. Churches 40 ; comence, Association, or Convention.- ||municants 3,000. [Estimated.] Associations or Conferences, 66; mi

13. Free-Will Baptists.- Princinisters, 800 ; vacant churches, 250 ; pally in New-England. Ministers communicants, 120,000.

[ Docu

300 ; churches 370; communicants ments not complete.]

16,000. [Estimated.] 2. Presbyterians.- In the Middle,

14. Christian Society.--In most of Southern, and Western States. Sy the states. Ministers 300 ; nods 19; presbyteries 92; ordained bers 30,000. [Estimated.] ministers 1392 ; licentiates 205 ; churches 2070; communicants 162,- Kentucky. Ministers 10; commu

15. Emancipators.--Principally in 816.

nicants 400. [Estimated.] 3. Reformed Dutch Church.-Principally in the states of New York,

16. Free-Communion Baptists.New-Jersey and Pennsylvania. Sy- In the state of New-York." Minisnods 2; classes 16; pastors 150 ;

ters 30; communicants 3,500. (Eslicentiates 7; churches 185; vacant timated.] 144 ; communicants 11,713.

17. United Brethren.-Principally 4. Protestant Episcopal Church.-- in Pennsylvania and North Carolina. Principally in the Atlantic States, In 1828, ministers 23; congregabut scattered through most of the tions 23; communicants 2,000; memothers. Dioceses 15; bishops 10 ; |bers 6,000. ministers 528.

18. Quakers or Friends.-Princi5. German Reformed Church. pally in the Atlantic States. MemPrincipally in the Middle States and|bers 150,000; of whom 56,026 are Ohio. Synods 2; classes 8; or-Hicksites, 28,904 orthodox, and the dained ministers 120; candidates 10; Jothers not known. congregations 500. [Doc. deficient.]

19. Cumberland Presbyterians.6. Evangelical Lutheran Church. In the states bordering on the MisPrincipally in the Middle States. In sissippi river. Synod 1; several 1828, about 200 ministers, and 800 presbyteries; increase last year about congregations.

3,500. 7. Methodist Episcopal Church.

-20. Unitarians. ---Principally in In all the states. Bishops 4 ; con- Massachusetts. Churches 160. (Esferences 17; travelling preachers 1,- timated.] 697 ; superannuated 120; members

21. Swedenborgians.-Principally 447,743.

in the Eastern and Middle States. 8. Calvinistic Baptists.-—In all the

Ministers 29; regular societies in states. Associations 224 ; churches

28 towns. 4,285 ; ministers 2,857; communicants 292,862. [Documents not all

22. Shakers.—Principally in New of 1829.7

England and New-York. Societies 9. Seventh-Day Baptists.-Prin- ||16; preachers 45; members 5,400. cipally in Rhode Island. Ministers 23. Universalists.

Principally in 30; communicants 3,000. (Esti- the Middle and Eastern States.mated.]

Preachers 150 ; societies 300. "(Es10. Six-Principle Baptists.- Prin-timated.] cipally in Rhode Island and New- 24. Roman Catholics.--Archbishop York. In 1828, about 25 churches,!1 ; bishops 10 or 12; numbers estiand 1,700 members.

mated at 500,000.

OHIO.

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From the Maryland) Evangelical Lutheran Melsheimer, Manning, Fast, Smith, Intelligencer.

Kugler, Schaeffer, Huet, Reinhart, EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN SYNOD OF | Schneider, Schuh, Rothacker, Gru

ber and Zerfass. The minutes of the Synod of Ohio Much local business was transacthave just come to hand, and, in or-led during Monday and Tuesday.der to furnish our readers with a sy- Many petitions for ministers, and senopsis, we shall defer to another veral reports of brethren who had number, a part of the matter we had missionated, were read. It was stated, already prepared for the press. We that in many districts, every encoudo hope, that the Secretaries of the ragement is given for ministers of our different Synods, will endeavor to Zion, and that many circumstances transmit to us the minutes, without prove, that flourishing congregations delay, as it is highly important, that could be organized, where at this our people should be put in posses-time our people have no pastor, and sion of the transactions of our differ-seldom an opportunity, to hear any ent Synods, as early as possible. minister of the gospel. This Synod convened in Trinity

Our brethren in Ohio, evince great week, A. D. 1829, at Lancaster, zeal for the cause of Christ. HithFairfield county. On Saturday pre-Terto, they labored under many inconviously, the services preparatory to veniences, for want of our catechisms the administration of the Lord's Sup- and hymn books. One brother statper were performed, after a discourse ed, that he could not for three years, by Rev. Fast, from Acts 3. 19.

attend to the catechization of the At early candle light, Rev. Kug-youth, as no catechisms could be had. ler preached, text, 1 Peter v, 5. On Measures will be taken to prevent Sunday, discourses were delivered in the recurrence of such a state of both the German and English lan-| things. A preacher of the United guage, by Rev. Messrs. Wagenhals, Brethren, made application for adA. Henkel, Heinecke and Č. Hen- | mission into our church, with the dekel. Mr. Heinecke delivered the termination to study theology, under pastoral sermon, from Acts xx, 28.

the superintendence and direction of

He was The Lord's Supper was adminis- a minister of this Synod. tered to the members of the Synod, accordingly received, as he has such and to a considerable number of the qualifications, which will render him

useful. laity. Great solemnity prevailed, and cause was given to believe, that many | after be admitted into this Synod,

Every young man, who shall herefelt the presence of the Lord.

On Monday, the Synod was con- must, according to a resolution adopstituted, by singing a hymn, and ted unanimously, first serve two or prayer. After the roll was called, three months, as a missionary, before

|| the officers for the ensuing year were

course, elected, viz:

we hope, will be pursued by other

Synods, until our missionary system Rev. A. Henkel, President.

shall be more perfect. H. Heinecke, Secretary.

The parochial reports for the last Kemmerer, Treasurer.

year, though deficient, as those of all The names of the clerical mem- our Synods have hitherto been, are bers of the Synod are, Rev. Steck, nevertheless, satisfactory. There Stough, Weygandt, Leist, Reaman, were 2046 baptisms, 708 were conEspich, Steck jun. A. Henkel, Kem-,firmed, 7387 partook of the Lord's mere, Schweitzer, Barth, Heinecke, Supper, and 63 schools are under the C. Henkel, Mechling, Wagenhals, Synod.

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