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been making a charitable visit to a widow | singing incessantly about his throne. Who who lived on the promontory of Lilybeum, does not here see the main strokes and outreturned home pretty late in the evening, lines of this great truth we are speaking of? the dogs flew at him with so much fury, The same doctrine is shadowed out in many that they would have worried him if his other heathen authors, though at the same brethren had not come in to his assistance: time, like several other revealed truths, upon which, says my author, the dogs dashed and adulterated with a mixture of were all of them hanged, as having lost fables and human inventions. But to pass their original instinct.'
over the notions of the Greeks and Romans, I cannot conclude this paper without those more enlightened parts of the pagin wishing that we had some of this breed of world, we find there is scarce a people dogs in Great Britain, which would cer- among the late discovered nations who are tainly do justice, I should say honour, to not trained up in an opinion that heaven is the ladies of our country, and show the the habitation of the divinity whom they world the difference between pagan women worship. and those who are instructed in sounder •As in Solomon's temple there was the principles of virtue and religion.
Sanctum Sanctorum, in which a visible glory appeared among the figures of the
cherubims, and into which none but the No. 580.] Friday, August 13, 1714.
high priest himself was permitted to enter,
after having made an atonement for the sins -Si verbo audacia detur,
of the people; so, if we consider the whole Non metuam magni dixisse palatia cæli. creation as one great temple, there is in it
Ovid, Met. Lib. i. 175.
this Holy of holies, into which the High This place, the brightest mansion of the sky priest of our salvation entered, and took his I'll call the palace of the Deity.–Dryden.
place among angels and arch-angels, after 'SIR-I considered in my two last let- having made a propitiation for the sins of 2 ters that awful and tremendous subject, mankind. : the ubiquity or omnipresence of the Divine “With how much skill must the throne • Being. I have shown that he is equally of God be erected! With what glorious i present in all places throughout the whole designs is that habitation beautified, which se extent of infinite space. This doctrine is is contrived and built by him who inspired
so agreeable to reason, that we meet with Hiram with wisdom! 'How great must be it in the writings of the enlightened hea- the majesty of that place, where the whole thens, as I might show at large, were it art of creation has been employed, and
not already done by other hands. But where God has chosen to show himself in I though the Deity bé thus essentially pre- the most magnificent manner? What must
sent through all the immensity of space, be the architecture of infinite power under there is one part of it in which he discovers the direction of infinite wisdom? A spirit
himself in a most transcendent and visible cannot but be transported, after an ineffa* glory; this is that place which is marked ble manner, with the sight of those obrout in scripture under the different appel- jects, which were made to effect him by slations of “ Paradise, the third heaven, that Being who knows the inward frame a the throne of God, and the habitation of of a soul, and how to please and ravish it in his glory.”
It is here where the glorified all its most secret powers and faculties. It body of our Saviour resides, and where all is to this majestic presence of God we may the celestial hierarchies, and the innume- apply those beautiful expressions in holy rable hosts of angels, are represented as writ: Behold even to the moon and it perpetually surrounding the seat of God shineth not; yea the stars are not pure in with hallelujahs and hymns of praise. This his sight.' The light of the sun, and all is that presence of God which some of the glories of the world in which we live, the divines call his glorious, and others his are but as weak and sickly glimmerings, majestic, presence. He is indeed as essen- or rather darkness itself, in comparison of tially present in all other places as in this; those splendours which encompass the but it is here where he resides in a sensible throne of God. magnificence, and in the midst of all those * As the glory of this place is transcendsplendours which can effect the imagina- ent beyond imagination, so probably is the tion of created beings.
extent of it. There is light behind light, It is very remarkable that this opinion and glory within glory. How far that space of God Almighty's presence in heaven, may reach, in which God appears in perwhether discovered by the light of nature, fect majesty, we cannot possibly conceive. or by a general tradition from our first pa- Though it is not infinite, it may be indefirents, prevails among all the nations of the nite; and, though not immeasurable in itworld, whatsoever different notions they en-self, it may be so with regard to any created tertain of the God head. If you look into Ho- eye or imagination. If he has made these mer, the most ancient of the Greek writers, lower regions of matter so inconceivably you see the supreme power seated in the hea wide and magnificent for the habitation of vens, and encompassed with inferior deities, mortal and perishable beings, how great may among whom the Muses are represented as we suppose the courts of his house to be Vol. II,
where he makes his residence in a more words, as might convey a notion of it to his especial manner, and displays himself in hearers. the fulness of his glory, among an innume It is very natural for us to take delight rable company of angels and spirits of just in inquiries concerning any foreign country, men made perfect?
where we are some time or other to make *This is certain, that our imaginations our abode; and as we all hope to be admitted cannot be raised too high, when we think into this glorious place, it is both a laudable on a place where omnipotence and omni- and useful curiosity to get what informascience have so signally exerted them- tions we can of it, whilst we make use of selves, because that they are able to pro- revelation for our guide. When these duce a scene infinitely more great and everlasting doors shall be open to us, we glorious than what we are able to imagine. may be sure that the pleasures and beauIt is not impossible but at the consummation ties of this place will infinitely transcend of all things, these outward apartments of our present hopes and expectations, and nature, which are now suited to those that the glorious appearance of the throne beings who inhabit them, may be taken in of God will rise infinitely beyond whatever and added to that glorious place of which we are able to conceive of it. We might I am here speaking, and by that means here entertain ourselves with many other made a proper habitation for beings who speculations on this subject, from those seare exempt from mortality, and cleared of veral hints which we find of it in the holy their imperfections: for so the scripture scriptures; as, whether there may not be seems to intimate when it speaks of “new different mansions and apartments of glory heavens and of a new earth, wherein dwell-. to beings of different natures; whether, as eth righteousness.
they excel one another in perfection, they I have only considered this glorious are not admitted nearer to the throne of the place with regard to the sight and imagina- Almighty, and enjoy greater manifestations tion, though it is highly probable that our of his presence; whether there are not other senses may here likewise enjoy their solemn times and occasions, when all the highest gratifications. There is nothing multitude of heaven celebrate the presence which more ravishes and transports the of their Maker in more extraordinary soul than harmony; and we have great rea- forms of praise and adoration; as Adam, son to believe, from the descriptions of this though he had continued in a state of innoplace in holy scripture, that this is one of cence, would, in the opinion of our divines, the entertainments of it. And if the soul have kept holy the Sabbath-day in a more of man can be so wonderfully affected with particular manner than any other of the those strains of music which human art is seven. These, and the like speculations we capable of producing, how much more will may very innocently indulge, so long as we it be raised and elevated by those in which make use of them to inspire us with a deis exerted the whole power of harmony! sire of becoming inhabitants of this delightThe senses are faculties of the human soul, ful place. though they cannot be employed, during • I have in this, and in two foregoing letthis our vital union, without proper instru- ters, treated on the most serious subject ments in the body. Why therefore should that can employ the mind of man—the omwe exclude the satisfaction of these facul- nipresence of the Deity; a subject which, ties, which we find by experience are in- if possible, should never depart from our lets of great pleasure to the soul, from among meditations. We have considered the Dithose entertainments which are to make vine Being as he inhabits infinitude, as he up our happiness hereafter! Why should dwells among his works, as he is present to we suppose that our hearing and seeing the mind of man, and as he discovers himwill not be gratified with those objects self in a more glorious manner among the which are most agreeable to them, and regions of the blest. Such a consideration which they cannot meet with in these lower should be kept awake in us at all times, regions of nature; objects," which neither and in all places, and possess our minds eye hath seen, nor ear heard, nor can it with a perpetual awe and reverence. It enter into the heart man to conceive? I should be interwoven with all our thoughts knew a man in Christ (says Saint Paul, and perceptions, and become one with the speaking of himself) above fourteen years consciousness of our own being. It is not to ago, (whether in the body I cannot tell, or be reflected on in the coldness of philosowhether out of the body I cannot tell: God phy, but ought to sink us into the lowest knoweth) such a one caught up to the third prostration before him, who is so astonishheaven. And I knew such a man (whether ingly great, wonderful, and holy.' in the body or out of the body, I cannot tell: God knoweth) how that he was caught No. 581.] Monday, August 16, 1714. up into Paradise, and heard unspeakable words, which it is not possible for a man to Sunt bona, sunt quædam mediocria, sunt mala plura By this is meant that what he
Mart. Epig. xvii. Lib. 1. heard was so infinitely different from any Some good, more bad, some neither one nor t'other. thing which he had heard in this world, 'I AM at present sitting with a heap of that it was impossible to express it in such | letters before me, which I have received
under the character of Spectator. I have Philanthropos is, I dare say, a very wellcomplaints from lovers, schemes from pro- meaning man, but a little too prolix in his jectors, scandal from ladies, congratula- compositions. tions, compliments, and advice in abund Constantius himself must be the best
judge in the affair he mentions. I have not been thus long an author, to The letter dated from Lincoln is rebe insensible of the natural fondness every ceived. person must have for their own produc Arethusa and her friend may hear fartions; and I begin to think I have treated ther from me. my correspondents a little too uncivilly in Celia is a little too hasty. stringing them altogether on a file, and let Harriot is a good girl, but must not ting them lie so long unregarded. I shall courtesy to folks she does not know. therefore, for the future, think myself at I must ingenuously confess my friend least obliged to take some notice of such Samson Benstaff has quite puzzled me, and letters as I receive, and may possibly do it writ me a long letter which I cannot com at the end of every month.
prehend one word of. In the mean time I intend my present Collidan must also explain what he means paper as a short answer to most of those by his ‘drigelling.' which have been already sent me.
I think it beneath my spectatorial digThe public, however, is not to expect I nity to concern myself in the affair of the should let them into all my secrets; and, boiled dumpling. though I appear abstruse to most people, I shall consult some literati on the project it is sufficient if I am understood by my sent me for the discovery of the longitude. particular correspondents.
I know not how to conclude this paper My well-wisher Van Nath is very arch, better than by inserting a couple of letters but not quite enough so to appear in print. which are really genuine, and which I look
Philadelphus will, in a little time, see his upon to be two of the smartest pieces I query fully answered by a treatise which have received from my correspondents of is now in the press.
either sex: It was very improper at that time to comply with Mr. G.
• BROTHER SPEC,—While you are surMiss Kitty must excuse me.
veying every object that falls in your way,
Had that The gentleman who sent me a copy of I am wholly taken up with one.
lived verses on his mistress's dancing is, I be- sage who demanded what beauty was, lieve, too thoroughly in love to compose have asked such a question. Had another
to see the dear angel I love, he would not correctly.
I have too great a respect for both the seen her, he would himself have loved the universities to praise one at the expense of person in whom heaven has made virtue the other.
visible; and, were you yourself to be in her Tom Nimble is a very honest fellow, and company, you could never, with all your I desire him to present my humble service loquacity, say enough of her good-humour to his cousin Fill Bumper.
and sense. I send you the outlines of a picI am obliged for the letter upon prejudice. ture, which I can no more finish, than I can
I may in due time animadvert on the case sufficiently admire the dear original. I am of Grace Grumble.
your most affectionate brother, The petition of P. S. granted.
•CONSTANTIO SPEC.' That of Sarah Loveit refused.
"Good MR. PERT,—I will allow you The papers of A. S. are returned. nothing until you resolve me the following I thank Aristippus for his kind invitation. question. Pray what is the reason, that,
My friend at Woodstock is a bold man to while you only talk now upon Wednesdays,' undertake for all within ten miles of him. Fridays, and Mondays, you pretend to be
I am afraid the entertainment of Tom a greater tattler than when you spoke every Turnover will hardly be relished by the day, as you formerly used to do? If this be good cities of London and Westminster. your plunging out of your taciturnity, pray
I must consider farther of it before I in- let the length of your speeches compensate dulge W. F. in those freedoms he takes for the scarceness of them. I am, good Mr. with the ladies' stockings.
Pert, your admirer, if you will be long I am obliged to the ingenious gentleman enough for me, who sent me an ode on the subject of the 'AMANDA LOVELENGTH.' late Spectator, and shall take particular notice of his last letter.
When the lady who wrote me a letter, No. 582.] Wednesday, August 18, 1714. dated July the 20th, in relation to some passages in a lover, will be more particular in her directions, I shall be so in my answer.
Ch. Dryden. writings could reclaim a husband who can abuse such a wife as he describes, has, I THERE is a certain distemper, which is am afraid, too great an opinion of my skill. I mentioned neither by Galen nor Hippo
-Tenet insanibile multos
Jur. Sat. vii. 51.
crates, nor to be met with in the London | dication of Astrology. This profound auDispensary. Juvenal in the motto of my thor, among many mystical passages, has paper, terms it a cacoethes; which is a the following one: "The absence of the sun hard word for a disease called in plain Eng- is not the cause of night, forasmuch as his lish, “The itch of writing.' This cacoe- light is so great that it may illuminate the thes is as epidemical as the smallpox, there earth all over at once as clear as broad being very few who are not seized with it day; but there are tenebrificous and dark some time or other in their lives. There stars, by whose influence night is brought is, however, this difference in these two on, and which do ray out darkness and distempers, that the first, after having in- obscurity upon the earth as the sun does disposed you for a time, never returns again; light. whereas, this I am speaking of, when it I consider writers in the same view this is once got into the blood, seldom comes out sage astrologer does the heavenly bodies. of it. The British nation is very much af- Some of them are stars that scatter light flicted with this malady, and though very as others do darkness. I could mention semany remedies have been applied to per- veral authors who are tenebrificous stars of sons infected with it, few of them have ever the first magnitude, and point out a knot of proved successful. Some have been cau- gentlemen, who have been dull in concert, terized with satires and lampoons, but have and may be looked upon as a dark constelreceived little or no benefit from them; lation. The nation has been a great while others have had their heads fastened for an benighted with several of these antiluminahour together between a cleft board, which ries. I suffered them to ray out their darkis made use of as a cure for the disease ness as long as I was able to endure it, till when it appears in its greatest malignity:* at length I came to a resolution of rising There is indeed, one kind of this malady upon them, and hope in a little time to which has been sometimes removed, like drive them quite out of the British hemithe biting of a tarantula, with the sound of sphere. a musical instrument, which is commonly known by the name of a cat-call. † But if you have a patient of this kind under your care, No. 583.] Friday, August 20, 1714. you may assure yourself there is no other way of recovering him effectually, but by Ipse thymum pinosque ferens de montibus altis, forbidding him the use of pen, ink, and Tecta serat laie circum, cui talia curæ:
Ipse labore manum duro terat; ipse feraces paper.
Figat humo plantas et amicos irriget imbres. But, to drop the allegory before I have
Virg. Georg. iv. 112. tired it out, there is no species of scribblers With his own hand, the guardian of the bees more offensive, and more incurable, than For slips of pines may search the mountain trees, your periodical writers, whose works re
And with wild thyme and sav'ry plant the plain,
Till his hard horny fingers ache with pain; turn upon the public on certain days, and And deck with fruitful trees the fields around, at stated times. We have not the consola And with refreshing waters drench the ground. tion in the perusal of these authors which
Dryden. we find at the reading of all others, namely, Every station of life has duties which are that we are sure if we have but patience, proper to it. Those who are determined by we may come to the end of their labours. choice to any particular kind of business, I have often admired a humorous saying are indeed more happy than those who are of Diogenes, who, reading a dull author to determined by necessity; but both are unseveral of his friends, when every one be- der an equal obligation of fixing on employgan to be tired, finding he was almost come ments, which may be either useful to themto a blank leaf at the end of it, cried, 'Cou-selves or beneficial to others: no one of the rage, lads, I see land.' On the contrary, sons of Adam ought to think himself exempt our progress through that kind of writers I from that labour and industry which were am now speaking of is never at an end. denounced to our first parent, and in him One day makes work for another-we do to all his posterity. Those to whom birth or not know when to promise ourselves rest. fortune may seem to make such an appli
It is a melancholy thing to consider that cation unnecessary, ought to find out some the art of printing, which might be the calling or profession for themselves, that greatest blessing to mankind, should prove they may not lie as a burden on the spedetrimental to us, and that it should be cies, and be the only useless parts of the made use of to scatter prejudice and igno- creation. rance through a people, instead of convey Many of our country gentlemen in their ing to them truth and knowledge.
busy hours apply themselves wholly to the I was lately reading a very whimsical chase, or to some other diversion which treatise, entitled William Ramsay'st Vin- they find in the fields and woods. This
gave occasion to one of our most eminent * Put in the pillory.
Alluding to the noise made in the Theatres at the English writers to represent every one of condemnation of a play.
them as lying under a kind of curse, pro1. Ramsay (or more properly Ramesey.) contended nounced to them in the words of Goliah, I that this absurdity of his was even supported by Scrip: will give thee to the fowls of the air and to ture, where he read of “ darkness over the land of Egypt the beasts of the field.' that may be felt."
Though exercises of this kind, when in- | to come into something that might redound dulged with moderation, may have a good to the good of their successors, grew very influence both on the mind and body, the peevish: We are always doing, says he, country affords many other amusements of a 'something for posterity, but I would fain more noble kind.
see posterity do something for us.' Among these, I know none more delight But I think men are inexcusable, who ful in itself, and beneficial to the public, fail in a duty of this nature, since it is so than that of planting. I could mention a easily discharged. When a man considers nobleman whose fortune has placed him in that the putting a few twigs into the ground several parts of England, and who has al- is doing good to one who will make his apways left these visible marks behind him, pearance in the world about fifty years which show he has been there: he never hence, or that he is perhaps making one of hired a house in his life, without leaving all his own descendants easy or rich, by so inabout it the seeds of wealth, and bestowing considerable an expense, if he finds himself legacies on the posterity of the owner. Had averse to it, he must conclude that he has all the gentlemen of England made the a poor and base heart, void of all generous same improvements upon their estates, our principles and love to mankind. whole country would have been at this There is one consideration which may time as one great garden. Nor ought such very much enforce what I have here said. an employment to be looked upon as too Many honest minds, that are naturally disinglorious' for men of the highest rank. posed to do good in the world, and become There have been heroes in this art, as well beneficial to mankind, complain within as in others. We are told in particular of themselves that they have not talents for it. Cyrus the Great, that he planted all the This therefore is a good office, which is Lesser Asia. There is indeed something suited to the meanest capacities, and which truly magnificent in this kind of amuse- may be performed by multitudes who have ment: it gives a nobler air to several parts not abilities sufficient to deserve well of of nature; it fills the earth with a variety of their country, and to recommend thembeautiful scenes, and has something in it selves to their posterity, by any other melike creation. For this reason the pleasure thod. It is the phrase of a friend of mine, of one who plants is something like that of a when any useful country neighbour dies, poet, who, as Aristotle observes, is more that you may trace him;' which I look delighted with his productions than any upon as a good funeral oration, at the death other writer or artist whatsoever.
of an honest husbandman who had left the Plantations have one advantage in them impressions of his industry behind him in which is not to be found in most other the place where he has lived. works, as they give a pleasure of a more Upon the foregoing considerations, I can lasting date, and continually improve in the scarcely forbear representing the subject of eye of the planter. When you have finished this paper as a kind of moral virtue; which, a building, or any other undertaking of the as I have already shown, recommends itlike nature, it immediately decays upon self likewise by the pleasure that attends it. your hands: vou see it brought to the ut- It must be confessed that this is none of most point of perfection, and from that those turbulent pleasures which are apt to time hastening to its ruin. On the contrary, gratify a man in the heats of youth; but, if when you have finished your plantations, it be not so tumultuous, it is more lasting. they are still arriving at greater degrees of Nothing can be more delightful than to enperfection as long as you live, and appear tertain ourselves with prospects of our own more delightful in every succeeding year making, and to walk under those shades than they did in the foregoing.
which our own industry has raised. AmuseBut I do not only recommend this art to ments of this nature compose the mind, men of estates as a pleasing amusement, and lay at rest all those passions which are but as it is a kind of virtuous employment, uneasy to the soul of man, besides that they and may therefore be inculcated by moral naturally engender good thoughts, and dismotives; particularly from the love which pose us to laudable contemplations. Many we ought to have for our country, and the of the old philosophers passed away the regard which we ought to bear to our pos- greatest parts of their lives among their terity. As for the first I need only mention gardens. "Epicurus himself could not think what is frequently observed by others, that sensual pleasure attainable in any other the increase of forest trees does by no means scene. Every reader, who is acquainted bear a proportion to the destruction of with Homer, Virgil, and Horace, the them, insomuch, that in a few ages the greatest geniuses of all antiquity, knows nation may be at a loss to supply itself with very well with how much rapture they timber sufficient for the fleets of England. have spoken on this subject; and that VirI know when a man talks of posterity in gil in particular has written a whole book matters of this nature, he is looked upon on the art of planting. with an eye of ridicule by the cunning and This art seems to have been more espeselfish part of mankind. Most people are cially adapted to the nature of man in his of the humour of an old fellow of a college, primæval state, when he had life enough to who, when he was pressed by the society see his productions flourish in their utmost