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Hor. Od. xxiv. Lib. 1. 19.
king and priest. All great governments to most of those with whom I converse, are nothing else but clusters of these little namely, that a man who has many chilprivate royalties, and therefore I consider dren, and gives them a good education, is the masters of families as small deputy- more likely to raise a family, than he who governors, presiding over the several little has but one, notwithstanding he leaves him parcels and divisions of their fellow-sub- his whole estate. For this reason I cannot jects. As I take great pleasure in the forbear amusing myself with finding out a administration of my government in par- general, an admiral, or an alderman of ticular, so I look upon myself not only as a London, a divine, a physician, or a lawyer, more useful, but as a much greater and among my little people who are now perhappier man than any bachelor in England haps in petticoats; and when I see the moof my rank and condition.
therly airs of my little daughters when they “There is another accidental advantage are playing with their puppets, I cannot in marriage, which has likewise fallen to but flatier myself that their husbands and my share; I mean the having a multitude children will be happy in the possession of of children. These I cannot but regard as such wives and mothers. very great blessings. When I see my little If you are a father, you will not perhaps troop before me, I rejoice in the additions think this letter impertinent; but if you are which I have made to my species, to my a single man, you will not know the meancountry, and to my religion, in having pro- ing of it, and probably throw it into the fire. duced such a number of reasonable crea- Whatever you determine of it, you may tures, citizens, and Christians. I am pleased assure yourself that it comes from one who to see myself thus perpetuated; and as is your most humble servant, and wellthere is no production comparable to that wisher,
PHILOGAMUS.' of a human creature, I am more proud of
0. having been the occasion of ten such glorious productions, than if I had built a hundred pyramids at my own expense, or No. 501.] Saturday, October 4, 1712. published as many volumes of the finest wit and learning. In what a beautiful light Durum : sed levius fit patientia has the holy scripture represented Abdon, Quicquid corrigere est nefas. one of the judges of Israel, who had forty sons and thirty grandsons, that rode on "Tis hard: but when we needs most bear, threescore and ten ass colts, according to
Enduring patience makes the burden light.-- Creech the magnificence of the eastern countries! As some of the finest compositions among How must the heart of the old man rejoice, the ancients are in allegory, I have endeawhen he saw such a beautiful procession of voured, in several of my papers, to revive his own descendants, such a numerous ca- that way of writing, and hope I have not valcade of his own raising! For my own been altogether unsuccessful in it; for I find part, I can sit in my own parlour with great there is always a great demand for those content when I take a review of half a dozen particular papers, and cannot but observe of my little boys mounting upon hobby that several authors have endeavoured of horses, and of as many little girls tutoring late to excel in works of this nature. their babies, each of them endeavouring to Among those, I do not know any one who excel the rest, and to do something that has succeeded better than a very ingenious may gain my favour and approbation. I can- gentleman, to whom I am obliged for the n't question but he who has blessed me following piece, and who was the author of with so many children, will assist my en- the vision in the 460th paper, deavours in providing for them. There is one thing I am able to give each of them, How are we tortured with the absence which is a virtuous education. I think it is of what we covet to possess, when it apSir Francis Bacon's observation, that in a pears to be lost to us! What excursions numerous family of children, the eldest is does the soul make in imagination after it! often spiled by the prospect of an estate, and how does it turn into itself again, more and the youngest by being the darling of the foolishly fond and dejected at the disapparents; but that some one or other in the pointment! Our grief, instead of having remiddle, who has not perhaps been regard- course to reason, which might restrain it, ed, has made his way in the world, and searches to find a farther nourishment. It overtopped the rest. ' It is my business to calls upon memory to relate the several implant in every one of my children the passages and circumstances of satisfaction same seeds of industry, and the same which we formerly enjoyed; the pleasures honest principles. By this means I think I we purchased by those riches that are have a fair chance, that one or other of taken from us; or the power and splendour them may grow considerable in some way of our departed honours; or the voice, the or other of life, whether it be in the army, words, the looks, the temper and affections or in the fieet, in trade or any of the three of our friends that are deceased. It needs learned professions; for you must know, sir, must happen from hence that the passion that, from long experience and observation, should often swell to such a size as to burst I am persuaded of what seems a paradox Ithe heart which contains it, if time did not
make these circumstances less strong and heightened by the influence of what we lively, so that reason should become a more heard and saw, and one of our number was equal match for the passion, or if another wrought up to such a pitch of wildness, as desire which becomes more present did not to talk of hanging himself upon a bough overpower them with a livelier representa- .which shot temptingly across the path we tion. These are thoughts which I had travelled in; but he was restrained from it when I fell into a kind of vision upon this by the kind endeavours of our above-mensubject, and may therefore stand for a pro- tioned companion. per introduction to a relation of it.
We had now gotten into the most dusky I found myself upon a naked shore, with silent part of the island, and by the redoucompany whose afflicted countenances wit- bled sounds of sighs, which made a doleful nessed their conditions. Before us flowed a whistling in the branches, the thickness of water, deep, silent, and called the river of air, which occasioned faintish respiration, Tears, which, issuing from two fountains and the violent throbbings of heart which on an upper ground, encompassed an island more and more affected us, we found that that lay before us. The boat which plied we approached the Grotto of Grief. It was in it was old and shattered, having been a wide, hollow, and melancholy cave, sunk sometimes overset by the impatience and deep in a dale, and watered by rivulets haste of single passengers to arrive at the that had a colour between red and black. other side. This immediately was brought These crept slow and half congealed to us by Misfortune who steers it, and we amongst its windings, and mixed their were all preparing to take our places, when heavy murmurs with the echo of groans there appeared a woman of a mild and that 'rolled through all the passages. In composed behaviour, who began to deter the most retired parts of it sat the doleful us from it, by representing the dangers being herself; the path to her was strewed which would attend our voyage. Hereupon with goads, stings, and thorns; and her some who knew her for Patience, and some throne on which she sat was broken into a of those too who until then cried the loud- rock, with ragged pieces pointing upwards est, were persuaded by her, and returned for her to lean upon.' A heavy mist hung back. The rest of us went in, and she above her; her head oppressed with it re(whose good-nature would not suffer her to clined upon her arm.
Thus did she reign forsake persons in trouble) desired leave to over her disconsolate subjects, full of heraccompany us, that she might at least ad- self to stupidity, in eternal pensiveness, and minister some small comfort or advice the profoundest silence. On one side of her while we sailed. We were no sooner em- stood Dejection, just dropping into a swoon, barked but the boat was pushed off, the and Paleness, wasting to a skeleton; on the sheet was spread; and being filled with other side were Care inwardly tormented sighs, which are the winds of that country, with imaginations, and Anguish suffering we made a passage to the farther bank, outward troubles to suck the blood from through several difficulties of which the her heart in the shape of vultures. The most of us seemed utterly regardless. whole vault had a genuine dismalness in it,
When we landed, we perceived the which a few scattered lamps, whose blueish island to be strangely overcast with fogs, flames arose and sunk in their urns, diswhich no brightness could pierce, so that covered to our eyes with increase. Some a kind of gloomy horror sat always brood- of us fell down, overcome and spent with ing over it. This had something in it very what they suffered in the way, and were shocking to easy tempers, insomuch that given over to those tormenters that stood some others, whom Patience had by this on either hand of the presence; others time gained over, left us here, and privily galled and mortified with pain, recovered conveyed themselves round the verge of the the entrance, where Patience, whom we island to find a ford by which she told them had left behind, was still waiting to rethey might escape
ceive us. For my part, I still went along with With her (whose company was now bethose who were for piercing into the cen- come more grateful to us by the want we tre of the place; and joining ourselves to had found of her) we winded round the others whom we found upon the same jour-grotto, and ascended at the back of it, out ney, we marched solemnly as at a funeral, of the mournful dale in whose bottom it lay. through bordering hedges of rosemary, and On this eminence we halted, by her advice, through a grove of yew-trees, which love to pant for breath; and lifting our eyes, to overshadow tombs and flourish in the which until then were fixed downwards, church-yards. Here we heard on every felt a sullen sort of satisfaction, in observa side the wailings and complaints of several ing, through the shades, what numbers had of the inhabitants, who had cast them- entered the island. This satisfaction, which selves disconsolately at the feet of trees; appears to have ill-nature in it, was exand as we chanced to approach any of these cusable, because it happened at a time we might perceive them wringing their when we were too much taken up with our hands, beating their breasts, tearing their own concern, to have respect to that of hair, or after some other manner, visibly others; and therefore we did not consider agitated with vexation. Our sorrows were them as suffering, but ourselves as not suf
fering in the most forlorn estate. It had | as their own respective studies and inclinaalso the ground-work of humanity and com- tions have prepared them, and make their passion in it, though the mind was then too reflections accordingly. Some, perusing Ro
dark and too deeply engaged to perceive man writers, would find in them, whatever 1 it: but as we proceeded onward, it began to the subject of the discourses were, parts
discover itself, and, from observing that which implied the grandeur of that people bet others were unhappy, we came to question in their warfare, or their politics. As for
one another, when it was that we met, and my part, who am a mere Spectator, I drew 5 what were the sad occasions that brought this morning conclusions of their eminence - us together. Then we heard our stories, in what I think great, to wit, in having
and compared them, we mutually gave worthy sentiments, from the reading a coI and received pity, and so by degrees be-medy of Terence. The play was the Selfcame tolerable company,
Tormentor. It is from the beginning to the A considerable part of the troublesome end a perfect picture of human life; but I 1 road was thus deceived; at length the open- did not observe in the whole one passage
ings among the trees grew larger, the air that could raise a laugh. How well-disseemed thinner, it lay with less oppression posed must that people be, who could be upon us, and we could now and then discern entertained with satisfaction by so sober
tracks in it of a lighter grayness, like the and polite mirth! In the first scene of the : breakings of day, short in duration, much comedy, when one of the old men accuses
enlivening, and called in that country the other of impertinence for interposing in E! gleams of amusement. Within a short his affairs, he answers, “I am a man, and
while these gleams began to appear more cannot help feeling any sorrow that can frequent, and then brighter and of a longer arrive at man.' It is said this sentence was continuance: the sighs that hitherto filled received with an universal applause. There the air with so much dolefulness, altered to cannot be a greater argument of the genethe sound of common breezes, and in general good understanding of a people than a ral the horrors of the island were abated. sudden consent to give their approbation of
When we had arrived at last at the ford a sentiment which has no emotion in it. If by which we were to pass out, we met with it were spoken with ever so great skill in those fashionable mourners who had been the actor, the manner of uttering that senferried over along with us, and who, being tence could have nothing in it which could unwilling to go as far as we, had coasted strike any but people of the greatest huby the shore to find the place, where they manity, nay, people elegant and skilful in waited our coming; that by showing them- observations upon it. It is possible he might selves to the world only at the time when have laid his hand on his breast, and, with we did, they might seem also to have been a winning insinuation in his countenance, among the troubles of the grotto. Here the expressed to his neighbour tirat he was a waters that rolled on the other side so deep man who made his case his own; yet I will and silent were much dried up, and it was engage a player in Covent-garden might an easier matter for us to wade over. hit such an attitude a thousand times be
The river being crossed, we were re- fore he would have been regarded. I have ceived upon the farther bank by our friends heard that a minister of state in the reign and acquaintance, whom Comfort had of queen Elizabeth had all manner of books brought out to congratulate our appearance and ballads brought to him, of what kind in the world again. Some of these blamed soever, and took great notice how much us for staying so long away from them, they took with the people; upon which he others advised us against all temptations of would, and certainly might, very well going back; every one was cautious not to judge of their present dispositions, and the renew our trouble, by asking any particu- most proper way of applying them accordlars of the journey; and all concluded that, ing to his own purposes. What passes on in a case of so much melancholy and afflic- the stage, and the reception it meets with tion, we could not have made choice of a from the audience, is a very useful instrucfitter companion than Patience. Here Pa- tion of this kind. According to what you tience, appearing serene at her praises, may observe on our stage, you see them delivered us over to Comfort. Comfort often moved so directly against all comsmiled at his receiving the charge: imme- mon sense and humanity, that you would be diately the sky purpled on that side to apt to pronounce us a nation of savages.
It which he turned, and double day at once cannot be called a mistake of what is pleabroke in upon me.
sant, but the very contrary to it is what most assuredly takes with them. The other
night, an old woman carried off with a pain No. 502.] Monday, October 6, 1712.
in her side, with all the distortions and anMelius, pejus, prosit, obsit, nil vident nisi quod lubent. guish of countenance which is natural to Ter. Hedut. Act iv. Sc. 1.
one in that condition, was laughed at and Better or worse, profitable or disatlvantageous, they clapped off the stage. Terence's comedy, see nothing but what they list.
* Homo sum, et nibil humanum e me alienum puto. When men read, they taste the matter
I am a man, and all calamities, with which they are entertained, according That touch humanity, come home to me.-Colman.
which I am speaking of, is indeed written | whole house at some times in so proper a as if he hoped to please none but such as disposition, that indeed I have trembled had as good a taste as himself. I could not for the boxes, and feared the entertainbut reflect upon the natural description of ment would end in a representation of the the innocent young woman made by the rape of the Sabines. servant to his master. • When I came to I would not be understood in this talk to the house,' said he, an old woman opened argue that nothing is tolerable on the stage the door, and I followed her in, because I but what has an immediate tendency to the could, by entering upon them unawares, promotion of virtue. On the contrary, I better observe what was your mistress's can allow, provided there is nothing against ordinary manner of spending her time, the the interests of virtue, and is not offensive only way of judging any one's inclinations to good manners, that things of an indifferand genius. I found her at her needle in a ent nature may be represented. For this sort of second mourning, which she wore reason I have no exception to the wellfor an aunt she had lately lost. She had drawn rusticities in the Country Wake; nothing on but what showed she dressed and there is something so miraculously only for herself. Her hair hung negligently pleasant in Dogget's acting the awkward about her shoulders. She had none of the triumph and comic sorrow of Hob in differarts with which others use to set them- ent circumstances, that I shall not be able selves off, but had that negligence of person to stay away whenever it is acted. All that which is remarkable in those who are care- vexes me is, that the gallantry of taking ful of their minds. Then she had a maid the cudgels for Gloucestershire, with the who was at work near her that was a slat- pride of heart in tucking himself up, and tern, because her mistress was careless; taking aim at his adversary, as well as the which I take to be another argument of other's protestation in the humanity of low your security in her; for the go-betweens romance, that he could not promise the of women of intrigue are rewarded too well 'squire to break Hob's head, but he would, to be dirty. When you were named, and if he could do it in love; then flourish and I told her you desired to see her, she threw begin: I say what vexes me is, that such down her work for joy, covered her face, excellent touches as these, as well as the and decently hid her tears.' He must be 'squire's being out of all patience at Hob's a very good actor, and draw attention ra- success, and venturing himself into the ther from his own character than the words crowd, are circumstances hardly taken noof the author, that could gain it among us tice of, and the height of the jest is only in for this speech, though so full of nature and the very point that heads are broken. I good sense.
am confident, were there a scene written, The intolerable folly and confidence of wherein Pinkethman should break his leg players putting in words of their own, does by wrestling with Bullock, and Dicky in a great measure feed the absurd taste of come in to set it, without one word said but the audience. But however that is, it is what should be according to the exact rules ordinary for a cluster of coxcombs to take of surgery, in making this extension, and up the house to themselves, and equally binding up his leg, the whole house should insult both the actors and the company. be in a roar of applause at the dissembled These savages, who want all manner of re- anguish of the patient, the help given by gard and deference to the rest of mankind, him who threw him down, and the handy come only to show themselves to us, with address and arch looks of the surgeon. out any other purpose than to let us know To enumerate the entrance of ghoss, the they despise us.
embattling of armies, the noise of herpes The gross of an audience is composed in love, with a thousand other enormiof two sorts of people, those who know no ties, would be to transgress the bounds pleasure but of the body, and those who of this paper, for which reason it is possiimprove or command corporeal pleasures, ble they may have hereafter distinct disby the addition of fine sentiments of the courses; not forgetting any of the audience mind. At present, the intelligent part of who shall set up for actors, and interrupt the company are wholly subdued by the the play on the stage; and players who insurrections of those who know no satis- shall prefer the applause of fools to that of factions but what they have in common the reasonable part of the company. T. with all other animals, This is the reason that when a scene
Postscript to the Spectator, No. 502. tending to procreation is acted, you see N. B. There are in the play of the Selfthe whole pit in such a chuckle, and old Tormentor of Terence, which is allowed : Jetchers, with mouths open, stare at those most excellent comedy, several incidents loose gesticulations on the stage with which would draw tears from any man of shameful earnestness: when the justest sense, and not one which would move his pictures of human life in its calm dignity, laughter.-Spect. in folio, No. 521. and the properest sentiments for the con This speculation, No. 502, is controvertduct of it, pass by like mere narration, as ed in the Guard. No. 59, by a writer under conducing only to somewhat much better the fictitious name of John Lizard; perhaps which is to come after. I have seen the Doctor Edw, Young.
No. 503.) Tuesday, October 7, 1712. ed the churlish dislike and hesitation in Deleo omnes dehinc ex animo mulieres. approving what is excellent, too frequent
Ter Eun. Act ii. Sc. 3. among us, to a general attention and enterFrom henceforward I blot out of my thoughts all me. tainment in observing her behaviour. All mory of womankind.
the while that we were gazing at her, she •MR. SPECTATOR,-You have often took notice of no object about her, but had mentioned with great vehemence and in- an art of seeming awkwardly attentive, dignation the misbehaviour of people at whatever else her eyes were accidentally church; but I am at present to talk to you thrown upon. One thing indeed was paron that subject, and complain to you of one, ticular, she stood the whole service, and whom at the same time I know not what to never kneeled or sat; I do not question but accuse of, except it be looking too well that it was to show herself with the greater there, and diverting the eyes of the congre- advantage, and set forth to better grace gation to that one object. However, I have her hands and arms, lifted up with the this to say, that she might have staid at her most ardent devotion; and her bosom, the own parish, and not come to perplex those fairest that was ever seen, bare to observawho are otherwise intent upon their duty. tion; while she, you must think, knew no
•Last Sunday was seven-night I went thing of the concern she gave others, any into a church not far from London-bridge; other than as an example of devotion, that but I wish I had been contented to go to my threw herself out, without regard to dress own parish, I am sure it had been better or garment, all contrition, and loose of all for me; I say I went to church thither, and worldly regards in ecstacy of devotion. got into a pew very near the pulpit. I had | Well; now the organ was to play a volunhardly been accommodated with a seat, tary, and she was so skilful in music, and before there entered into the aisle a young so touched with it, that she kept time not lady in the very bloom of youth and beauty, only with some motion of her head, but and dressed in the most elegant manner also with a different air in her countenance. imaginable. Her form was such that it When the music was strong and bold, she engaged the eyes of the whole congrega- looked exalted, but serious; when lively tion in an instant, and mine among the rest. and airy, she was smiling and gracious; Though we were all thus fixed upon her, when the notes were more soft and lanshe was not in the least out of countenance, guishing, she was kind and full of pity. or under the least disorder, though unat- When she had now made it visible to the tended by any one, and not seeming to whole congregation, by her motion and know particularly where to place herself
. ear, that she could dance, and she wanted However, she had not in the least a confi- now only to inform us that she could sing dent aspect, but moved on with the most too; when the psalm was given out, her graceful modesty, every one making way un- voice was distinguished above all the rest, til she came to a seat just over-against that or rather people did not exert their own in in which I was placed. The deputy of the order to hear her. Never was any heard ward sat in that pew, and she stood oppo- so sweet and so strong. The organist obsite to him, and at a glance into the seat, served it, and he thought fit to play to her though she did not appear the least ac- only, and she swelled every note, when she quainted with the gentleman, was let in, found she had thrown us all out, and had with a confusion that spoke much admira- the last verse to herself in such a manner tion at the novelty of the thing. The ser as the whole congregation was intent upon vice immediately began, and she composed her, in the same manner as we see in the herself for it with an air of so much good- cathedrals they are on the person who ness and sweetness, that the confession sings alone the anthem. Well; it came which she uttered, so as to be heard where at last to the sermon, and our young lady we sat, appeared an act of humiliation would not lose her part in that neither: for more than she had occasion for. The truth she fixed her eye upon the preacher, and is, her beauty had something so innocent, as he said any thing she approved, with and yet so sublime, that we all gazed upon one of Charles Mather's fine tablets she her like a phantom. None of the pictures set down the sentence, at once showing her which we behold of the best Italian paint- fine hand, the gold pen, her readiness in ers have any thing like the spirit which writing, and her judgment in choosing appeared in her countenance, at the differ- what to write. To sum up what I intend ent sentiments expressed in the several by this long and particular account, I apparts of divine service. That gratitude and peal to you, whether it is reasonable that joy at a thanksgiving, that lowliness and such a creature as this shall come from a sorrow at the prayers for the sick and dis- janty part of the town, and give herself tressed, that triumph at the passages which such violent airs, to the disturbance of an gave instances of the divine mercy, which innocent and inoffensive congregation, with appeared respectively in her aspect, will her sublimities. The fact, I assure you, be in my memory to my last hour. Í pro- was as I have related: but I had like to test to you, sir, that she suspended the de- have forgot another very considerable parvotion of every one around her; and the ticular. "As soon as church was done, she ease she did every thing with, soon dispers- I immediately stepped out of her pew, and