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Englishman to know the history of his an ‘Letters from Brumpton advise, that the cestors, than that of his contemporaries who widow Blight had received several visits live upon the banks of the Danube or the from John Mildew; which affords great Borysthenes. As for those who are of matter of speculation in those parts. another mind, I shall recommend to them * By a fisherman who lately touched at the following letter from a projector, who Hammersmith, there is advice from Putis willing to turn a penny by this remarka- ney, that a certain person well known in ble curiosity of his countrymen.

that place, is like to lose his election for

church warden; but this being boat-news, MR. SPECTATOR,– You must have ob

we cannot give entire credit to it. served that men who frequent coffee-houses,

*Letters from Paddington bring little and delight in news, are pleased with every more than that William Squeak, the sowthing that is matter of fact, so it be what gelder, passed through that place the fifth they have not heard before. A victory or

instant. a defeat are equally agreeable to them.

• They advise from Fulham that things The shutting of a cardinal's mouth pleases remained there in the same state they were. them one post, and the opening of it an- They had intelligence, just as the letters other. They are glad to hear the French came away, of a tub of excellent ale just court is removed to Marli, and are after-set abroach at Parson's Green; but this wards as much delighted with its return to wanted confirmation. Versailles. They read the advertisements

• I have here, sir, given you a specimen with the same curiosity as the articles of of the news with which I intend to entertain public news; and are as pleased to hear of the town, and which, when drawn up, rea pie-bald horse that is strayed out of a gularly in the form of a newspaper, will, I field near Islington, as of a whole troop that doubt not, be very acceptable to many of have been engaged in any foreign adven- those public-spirited readers who take more ture. In short, they have a relish for every delight in acquainting themselves with other thing that is news, let the matter of it be people's business than their own. I hope a what it will; or, to speak more properly, paper of this kind, which lets us know what they are men of a voracious appetite, but is done near home, may be more useful to no taste. Now, sir, since the great fountain us than those which are filled with advices of news, I mean the war, is very near being from Zug and Bender, and make some dried up; and since these gentlemen have amends for that dearth of intelligence which contracted such an inextinguishable thirst we may justly apprehend from times of after it, I have taken their case and my peace. If I find that you receive this proown into consideration, and have thought | ject favourably, I will shortly

. trouble you of a project which may turn to the ad- with one or two more; and in the mean vantage of us both. I have thoughts of time am, most worthy sir, with an due publishing a daily paper, which shall com- respect, your most obedient and humble prehend in it all the most remarkable oc- servant.'

C. currences in every little town, village, and hamlet, that lie within ten miles of London, or, in other words, within the verge of the penny-post. I have pitched upon No. 453.] Saturday, August 9, 1712. this scene of intelligence for two reasons; first, because the carriage of letters will be very cheap; and, secondly, because I may receive them every day. By this means No weak, no common wing shall bear my readers will have their news fresh and My rising body through the air.-Creech. fresh, and many worthy citizens, who cannot sleep with any satisfaction at present,

THERE is not a more pleasing exercise of for want of being informed how the world the mind than gratitude. It is accompa

nied with such an inward satisfaction, that goes, may go to bed contentedly, it being the duty is sufficiently rewarded by the my design to put out my paper every night performance. It is not like the practice of established correspondences in these seve- many other virtues, difficult and painful, ral places, and received very good intelli- but attended with so much pleasure, that

were there no positive command which engence. By my last advices from Knightsbridge, hereafter, a generous mind would indulge

joined it, nor any recompence laid up for it I hear that a horse was clapped into the pound on the third instant, and that he in it, for the natural gratification that acwas not released when the letters came

companies it.

If gratitude is due from man to man, how away.

We are informed from Pankridge, * that much more from man to his Maker! The a dozen weddings were lately celebrated in Supreme Being does not only confer

upon the mother-church of that place, but are

us those bounties, which proceed more imreferred to their next letters for the names benefits which are conveyed to us by others.

mediately from his hand, but even those of the parties concerned.

Every blessing, we enjoy, by what means * S. Pancras, then a fashionable place for weddings. soever it may be derived upon us, is the

Non usitata nec tenui ferar
Penna

Hor. Od. xx. Lib. 2. ).

II.

gift of Him who is the great Author of good, and Father of mercies.

O how shall words with equal warmth

The gratitude declare, If gratitude, when exerted towards one That glows within my ravish'd heart? another, naturally produces a very pleasing But thou canst read it there. sensation in the mind of a grateful man, it

III. exalts the soul into rapture, when it is em * Thy providence my life sustain'd, ployed on this great object of gratitude, on

And all my wants redrest, this beneficent Being, who has given us every

When in the silent womb I lay,

And hung upon the breast. thing we already possess, and from whom

IV. we expect every thing we yet hope for.

• To all my weak complaints and cries Most of the works of the pagan poets Thy mercy lent an ear, were either direct hymns to their deities, Ere yet my feeble thoughts had learn'd or tended indirectly to the celebration of

To form themselves in pray'r. their respective attributes and perfections.

V. Those who are acquainted with the works

‘Unnumber'd comforts to my soul

Thy tender care bestow'd, of the Greek and Latin poets which are Before my infant heart conceiv'd still extant, will, upon reflection, find this From whom those comforts flow'd. observation so true that I shall not enlarge

VI. upon it. One would wonder that more of When in the slipp'ry paths of youth, our Christian poets have not turned their

With heedless steps I ran,

Thine arın unseen convey'd me safe, thoughts this way, especially if we consider

And led me up to man. that our idea of the Supreme Being is not

VII. only infinitely more great and noble than

• Through bidden dangers, toils, and deaths, what could possibly enter into the heart of It gently clear'd my way, a heathen, but filled with every thing that And through the pleasing snares of vice, can raise the imagination, and give an op

More to be fear'd than they. portunity for the sublimest thoughts and

VIII. conceptions.

"When worn with sickness of hast Thou Plutarch tells us of a heathen who was

With health renew'd my face,

And when in sins and sorrows sunk, singing a hymn to Diana, in which he cele Revivd my soul with grace. brated her for her delight in human sacri

IX. fices, and other instances of cruelty and • Thy bounteous hand with worldly bliss revenge; upon which, a poet who was pre

Has made my cup run o'er,

And in a kind and faithful friend sent at this piece of devotion, and seems to Has doubled all my store have had a truer idea of the divine nature,

X. told the votary, by way of reproof, that, Ten thousand thousand precious gifts in recompense for his hymn, he heartily My daily thanks employ; wished he might have a daughter of the

Nor is the least a cheerful heart,

That tastes those gifts with joy. same temper with the goddess he celebrated. It was impossible to write the praises of one of those false deities, accord

* Through every period of my life

Thy goodness I'll pursue; ing to the pagan creed, without a mixture And after death, in distant worlds of impertinence and absurdity.

The glorious theme renew. The Jews, who before the time of Chris

XII. tianity were the only people who had the When nature fails and day and night knowledge of the true God, have set the

Divide thy works no more,

My ever grateful heart, O Lord, Christian world an example how they Thy mercy shall adore. ought to employ this divine talent of which

XIII. I am speaking. As that nation produced

Through all eternity to Thee men of great genius, without considering A joyful song I'll raise ; them as inspired writers, they have trans

For oh! eternity's too short
To utter all thy praise.'

c. mitted to us many hymns and divine odes, which excel those that are delivered down to us by the ancient Greeks and Romans, No. 454.) · Monday, August, 11, 1712. in the poetry, as much as in the subject to which it was consecrated. This I think Sine me, vacivum tempus ne quod dem mihi

Laboris.

Ter. Heaut. Act. i. Sc. i. might easily be shown if there were occasion for it.

Give me leave to allow myself no respite from labour. I have already communicated to the pub It is an inexpressible pleasure to know a lic some pieces of divine poetry; and, as little of the world, and be of no character they have met with a very favourable re- or significancy in it. ception, I shall from time to time publish To be ever unconcerned, and ever lookany work of the same nature, which has ing on new objects with an endless curinot yet appeared in print, and may be ac-osity, is a delight known only to those who ceptable to my readers.

are turned for speculation: nay, they who I.

enjoy it, must value things only as they are “When all thy mercies, O my God,

the objects of speculation, without drawing My rising soul surveys; Transported with the view, I'm lost

any worldly advantage to themselves from In wonder, love, and praise :

them, but just as they are what contribute

XI.

to their amusement, or the improvement | lieve any place more entertaining than Coof the mind. I lay one night last week at vent-garden; where I strolled from one Richmond; and being restless, not out of fruit-shop to another, with crowds of agreedissatisfaction, but a certain busy inclina- able young women around me, who were tion one sometimes has, I rose at four in purchasing fruit for their respective famithe morning, and took boat for London, lies. It was almost eight of the clock bewith a resolution to rove by boat and coach fore I could leave that variety of objects. I for the next four-and-twenty hours, till the took coach and followed a young lady, many different objects I must needs meet who tripped into another just before me, with should tire my imagination, and give attended by her maid. I saw immediately me an inclination to a repose more profound she was of the family of the Vain-loves. than I was at that time capable of. I beg There are a set of these, who of all things, people's pardon for an odd humour I am effect the play of Blindman's-buff, and guilty of, and was often that day, which is leading men into love for they know not saluting any person whom I like, whether whom, who are fled they know not where. I know him or not. This is a particularity This sort of woman is usually a janty slatwould be tolerated in me, if they considered tern; she hangs on her clothes, plays her that the greatest pleasure I know I receive head, varies her posture, and changes at my eyes, and that I am obliged to an place incessantly, and all with an appearagreeable person for coming a broad into ance of striving at the same time to hide my view, as another is for a visit of con- herself, and yet give you to understand she versation at their own houses.

is in humour to laugh at you. You must The hours of the day and night are taken have often seen the coachmen make signs up in the cities of London and Westmin- with their fingers, as they drive by each ster, by people as different from each other other, to intimate how much they have got as those who are born in different cen- that day. They can carry on that language turies. Men of six o'clock give way to to give intelligence where they are driving. those of nine, they of nine, to the genera- In an instant my coachman took the wink tion of twelve; and they of twelve disap- to pursue; and the lady's driver gave the pear, and make room for the fashionable hint that he was going through Long-acre world, who have made two o'clock the noon towards St. James's: while he whipped up of the day.

James-street, we drove for King-street, to When we first put off from shore, we save the pass at St. Martin's-lane. The soon fell in with a fleet of gardeners, bound coachman took care to meet, jostle, and for the several market-ports of London; threaten each other for way, and be entanand it was the most pleasing scene imagin- gled at the end of Newport-street and able to see the cheerfulness with which Long-acre. The fright, you must believe, those industrious people plyed their way brought down the lady's coach door, and to a certain sale of their goods. The banks obliged her, with her mask off, to inquire on each side are as well peopled, and beau- into the bustle, -when she sees the man tified with as agreeable plantations as any she would avoid. The tackle of the coachspot on the earth; but the Thames itself, window is so bad she cannot draw it up loaded with the product of each shore, again, and she drives on sometimes wholly added

very much to the landscape. It was discovered and sometimes half escaped, very easy to observe by their sailing, and according to the accident of carriages in the countenances of the ruddy virgins, who her way. One of these ladies keeps her were supercargoes, the part of the town to seat in a hackney-coach, as well as the best which they were bound." Their was an air rider does on a managed horse. The laced in the purveyors for Covent-garden, who shoe on her left foot, with a careless gesfrequently converse with morning rakes, ture just appearing on the opposite cushion, very unlike the seeming sobriety of those held her both firm, and in proper attitude bound for Stocks-market.

to receive the next jolt. Nothing remarkable happened in our As she was an excellent coach-woman, voyage; but I landed with ten sail of apricot many were the glances at each other which boats, at Strand-bridge, after having put in we had for an hour and a half, in all parts at Nine-Elms, and taken in melons, con- of the town, by the skill of our drivers; till signed by Mr. Cuffee, of that place, to Sarah at last my lady was conveniently lost, with Sewell and company, at their stall in Co- notice from her coachman to ours to make vent-garden. We arrived at Strand-bridge off, and he should hear where she went. at six of the clock, and were unloading, This chase was now at an end; and the when the hackney-coachmen of the fore- fellow who drove her came to us, and disgoing night took their leave of each other covered that he was ordered to come again at the Dark-House, to go to bed before the in an hour, for that she was a Silk-worm. day was too far spent. Chimney-sweepers I was surprised with this phrase, but found passed by us as we made up to the market, it was a cant among the hackney fraternity and some raillery happened between one for their best customers, women who ramof the fruit-wenches and those black men, ble twice or thrice a week from shop to about the Devil and Eve, with allusion to shop, to turn over all the goods in town their several professions. I could not be- without buying any thing. The silk-worms

are, it seems, indulged by the tradesmen; wiser thoughts, I had liked to have lost my for, though they never buy, they are ever place at the chop-house, where every man, talking of new silks, laces and ribands, and according to the natural bashfulness or serve the owners in getting them customers sullenness of our nation, eats in a public as their common dunners do in making room a mess of broth, or chop of meat, them pay.

in dumb silence, as if they had no pretence The day of people of fashion began now to speak to each other on the foot of being to break, and carts and hacks were min-men, except they were of each other's acgled with equipages of show and vanity;| quaintance. when I resolved to walk it, out of cheap I went afterwards to Robin's, and saw ness; but my unhappy curiosity is such, people who had dined with me at the fivethat I find it always my interest to take penny ordinary just before, give bills for coach; for some odd adventure among beg- the value of large estates; and could not but gars, ballad singers, or the like, detains behold with great pleasure, property lodged and throws me into expense. It happened in, and transferred in a moment from, such so immediately; for at the corner of War- as would never be masters of half as much wick-street, as I was listening to a new as is seemingly in them, and given from ballad, a ragged rascal, a beggar who knew them, every day they live. But before five me, came up to me, and began to turn the in the afternoon I left the city, came to my eyes of the good company upon me, by tell- common scene of Covent-garden, and passed ing me he was extremely poor, and should the evening at Will's, in attending the disdie in the street for want of drink, except courses of several sets of people, who reI immediately would have the charity to lieved each other, within my hearing, on give him sixpence go into the next ale-house the subjects of cards, dice, love, learning, and save his life. He urged with a melan- and politics. The last subject kept me till choiy face, that all his family had died of I heard the streets in the possession of the thirst. All the mob have humour, and two bell-man, who had now the world to himor three began to take the jest; by which self, and cried · Past two o'clock.' This Mr. Sturdy carried his point, and let me roused me from my seat; and I went to my sneak off to a coach. As I drove along, it lodgings, led by a light, whom I put into was a pleasing reflection to see the world the discourse of his private economy, and so prettily checkered since I left Richmond, made him give me an account of the charge, and the scene still filling with children of a hazard, profit, and loss of a family that denew hour. This satisfaction increased as pended upon a link, with a design to end I moved towards the city; and gay signs, my trivial day with the generosity of sixwell-disposed streets, magnificent public pence, instead of a third part of that sum. structures, and wealthy shops, adorned When I came to my chambers, I writ down with contented faces, made the joy still these minutes: but was at a loss what inrising till we came into the centre of the struction I should propose to my reader city, and centre of the world of trade, the from the enumeration of so many insignifiExchange of London. As other men in the cant matters and occurrences: and I thought crowds about me were pleased with their it of great use, if they could learn with me hopes and bargains, I found my account in to keep their minds open to gratification, observing them, in attention to their seve- and ready to receive it from any thing it ral interests. I indeed, looked upon my- meets with. This one circumstance will self as the richest man that walked the Ex- make every face you see give you the satischange that day; for my benevolence made faction you now take in beholding that of a me share the gains of every bargain that friend; will make every object a pleasing was made. It was not the least of my satis- one; will make all the good which arrives faction in my survey, to go up stairs, and to any man, an increase of happiness to pass the shops of agreeable females; to ob- yourself.

T. serve so many pretty hands busy in the folding of ribands, and the utmost eagerness of agreeable faces in the sale of patches, No. 455.] Tuesday, August 12, 1712. pins, and wires, on each side of the counters, was an amusement in which I could

Ego a pis matinæ longer have indulged myself, had not the

More modoque,

Grata carpentis thyma per laborem dear creatures called to me, to ask what I wanted, when I could not answer, only • To look at you.' I went to one of the

-My timorous muse windows which opened to the area below,

Does with weak unballast wings, where all the several voices lost their dis

About the mossy brooks and springs, tinction, and rose up in a confused hum Like the laborious bee, ming; which created in me a reflection that For little drops of honey fly,

And there with humble sweets contents her industry. could not come into the mind of any but one

Cooley. a little too studious; for I said to myself with a kind of pun in thought, 'What non The following letters have in them resense is all the hurry of this world to those Aections which will seem of importance who are above it?' In these, or not much both to the learned world and tu domestic

Plurimum

Hor. Od. ii. Lib. 4. 27

Unambitious tracts pursues:

life. There is in the first, an allegory soment, in a wonderful variety of figures, well carried on, that it cannot but be very colours, and scents; however,.most of them pleasing to those who have a taste of good withered soon, or at best are but annuals. writing; and the other billets may have some professed florists make them their their use in common life.

constant study and employment, and de

spise all fruit; and now and then a few MR. SPECTATOR, -As I walked the fanciful people spend all their time in the other day in a fine garden, and observed cultivation of a single tulip, or a carnation. the great variety of improvements in plants But the most agreeable amusement seems and Aowers, beyond what they otherwise to be the well-choosing, mixing, and bindwould have been, I was naturally led into ing together these flowers in pleasing nosea reflection upon the advantages of educa- gays, to present to ladies. The scent of tion, or modern culture: how many good Italian flowers is observed, like their other qualities in the mind are lost for want of perfumes, to be too strong, and to hurt the the like due care in nursing and skilfully brain; that of the French with glaring gaudy managing them; how many virtues are colours, yet faint and languid: German and choked by the multitude of weeds which northern flowers have little or no smell, or are suffered to grow among them; how ex- sometimes an unpleasant one. The ancients cellent parts are often starved and useless, had a secret to give a lasting beauty, coby being planted in a wrong soil; and how lour, and sweetness, to some of their choice very seldom do these moral seeds produce flowers, which flourish to this day, and the noble fruits which might be expected which few of the moderns can effect. from them, by a neglect of proper manur- These are becoming enough and agreeable ing, necessary pruning, and an artful ma- in their seasons, and do often handsomely nagement of our tender inclinations and first adorn an entertainment: þut an over-fondspring of life. These obvious speculations ness of them seems to be a disease. It made me at length conclude, that there is rarely happens, to find a plant vigorous a sort of vegetable principle in the mind of enough to have (like an orange-tree,). at every man when he comes into the world. once beautiful and shining leaves, fragrant In infants, the seeds lie buried and undis- flowers, and delicious, nourishing fruit. covered, till after a while they sprout forth Sir, yours, &c.' in a kind of rational leaves, which are

'August 6, 1712. words; and in due season the flowers begin

• DEAR SPEC,-You have given us, in to appear in a variety of beautiful colours, and all the gay pictures of youthful fancy your Spectator of Saturday last, a very exand imagination; at last the fruit knits and and its wonderful efficacy in making every

cellent discourse upon the force of custom, is formed, which is green perhaps at first, thing pleasant to us. I cannot deny but that sour and unpleasant to the taste, and not fit to be gathered: till , ripened by due care struction from your paper, and in the gene

I received above two-pennyworth of inand application, it discovers itself in all ral was very well pleased with it; but I am, the noble productions of philosophy, ma- without a compliment, sincerely troubled thematics, close reasoning, and handsome that I cannot exactly be of your opinion, argumentation. These fruits, when they that it makes every thing pleasing to us. arrive at just maturity, and are of a good In short, I have the honour to be yoked to kind, afford the most vigorous nourishment to the minds of men. 1 reflected farther her standing, a very eminent scold. She

a young lady, who is, in plain English, for on the intellectual leaves before mentioned, began to break her mind very freely, both and found almost as great a variety among to me and to her servants, about two months them as in the vegetable world. I could after our nuptials; and, though I have been easily observe the smooth shining Italian

accustomed to this humour of hers these leaves, the nimble French aspen, always in three years, yet I do not know what's the motion, the Greek and Latin ever-greens, matter with me, but I am no more delighted the Spanish myrtle, the English oak, the with it than I was at the very first. I have Scotch thistle, the Irish shambrogue, the advised with her relations about her, and prickly German and Dutch holly, the Po- they all tell me that her mother and her fish and Russian nettle, besides a vast number of exotics imported from Asia, Africa, much after the same manner; so that, since

grandmother before her were both taken and America. I saw several barren plants, it runs in the blood, I have but small hopes which bore only leaves, without any hopes of her recovery. I should be glad to have of flower or fruit. The leaves of some were

a little of your advice in this matter. I fragrant and well-shaped, and others ill. would not willingly trouble you to contrive scented and irregular. I wondered at a set how it may be a pleasure

to me; if of old whimsical botanists, who spent their but put me in a way that I may bear it with whole lives in the contemplation of some indifference, I shall rest satisfied, withered Egyptian, Coptic, Armenian, or Chinese leaves; while others made it their

*Dear Spec, your very humble servant. business to collect, in voluminous herbals, *P. S. I must do the poor girl the justice all the several leaves of some one tree. The to let you know, that this match was none flowers afford a most diverting entertain- of her own choosing, (or indeed of mine

you will

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