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For my own part, I must own I never yet Raise such a conflict, kindle such a fire,

Between declining virtue and desire, knew any party so just and reasonable, that

That the poor vanquish'd maid dissolves away a man could follow it in its height and vio In dreams all night, in sighs and tears all day.' lence, and at the same time be innocent. We should likewise be very apprehensive of complaisance, courtship, and artful con

This prevailing gentle art was made up of those actions which proceed from natural constitutions, favourite passions, particular formity to the modesty of a woman's maneducation, or whatever promotes our world- ners. Rusticity, broad expression and forly interest or advantage. In these and the ward obtrusion, offend those of education, like cases, a man's judgment is easily per: who have merit enough to attract regard.

and make the transgressors odious to all verted, and a wrong bias hung upon his mind. These are the inlets of prejudice,

It is in this taste that the scenery is so the unguarded avenues of the mind, by beautifully ordered in the description which which a thousand errors and secret faults Antony makes in the dialogue between him find admission, without being observed or

and Dolabella, of Cleopatra in her barge. taken notice of. A wise man will suspect 'Her galley down the silver Cidnos row'd : those actions to which he is directed by The tackling silk, the streamers wav'd with gold :

The gentle winds were lodg‘d in purple sails; something besides reason, and always ap

Her nymphs, like Nereids, round her couch were plac'd prehend some concealed evil in every reso Where she, another sea-born Venus, lay; lution that is of a disputable nature, when

She lay, and lean'd her cheek upon her hand, it is conformable to his particular temper,

And cast a look so languishingly sweet,

As if, secure of all beholders' hearts, his age, or way of life, or when it favours Neglecting she could take them. Boys, like Cupids, his pleasure or his profit.'

Stood fanning with their painted wings the winds There is nothing of greater importance to

That play'd about her face; but if she smil'd,

A darting glory seem'd to blaze abroad, us than thus diligently to sift our thoughts, That men's desiring eyes were never weary'd, and examine all these dark recesses of the But hung upon the object. To soft flutes

The silver oars kept time; and while they play'd mind, if we would establish our souls in

The hearing gave new pleasure to the sight; such a solid and substantial virtue, as will And both to thonghtturn to account in that great day when it must stand the test of infinite wisdom and

Here the imagination is warmed with all justice.

the objects presented, and yet there is noI shall conclude this essay with observing thing that is luscious, or what raises any that the two kinds of hypocrisy I have here idea more loose than that of a beautiful spoken of, namely, that of deceiving the woman set off to advantage. The like, or a world, and that of imposing on ourselves, more delicate and careful spirit of modesty, are touched with wonderful beauty in the appears in the following passage in one of hundred and thirty-ninth psalm. The folly

Mr. Phillips's pastorals. of the first kind of hypocrisy is there set Breathe soft, ye winds! ye waters, gently flow! forth by reflections on God's omniscience

Shield her, ye trees! ye flowers, around her grow!

Ye swains, I beg you pass in silence by! and omnipresence, which are celebrated in

My love in yonder vale asleep does lie. as noble strains of poetry as any other I

Desire is corrected when there is a tenever met with, either sacred or profane. The other kind of hypocrisy, whereby, a

derness or admiration expressed which parman deceives himself

, is intimated in the takes the passion. Licentious language has two last verses, where the psalmist ad- something brutal in it, which disgraces dresses himself to the great Searcher of humanity, and leaves us in the condition of hearts in that emphatical petition: Try asked, To what good use can tend a dis

the savages in the field. But it may be me, O God! and seek the ground of my heart; prove me, and examine my thoughts. course of this kind at all? It is to alarm Look well if there be any way of wicked- chaste ears against such as have, what is ness in me, and lead me in the way ever- Masters of that talent are capable of cloth

above called, the prevailing gentle art.' lasting.'


ing their thoughts in so soft a dress, and

something so distant from the secret purNo. 400.] Monday, June 9, 1712. pose of their heart, that the imagination of -Latet anguis in herba.-Virg. Ecl. iii. 93.

the unguarded is touched with a fondness, There's a snake in the grass.- English Proverb.

which grows too insensibly to be resisted. It should, methinks, preserve modesty fare, to seem afraid lest she should be an

Much care and concern for the lady's weland its interests in the world, that the transgression of it always creates offence; and noyed by the very air which surrounds her,

and this uttered rather with kind looks, the very purposes of wantonness are defeated by a carriage which has in it so

and expressed by an interjection, an 'ah, much boldness, as to intimate that fear and or an oh,' at some little hazard in moving reluctance are quite extinguished in an ob- fession of love, are the methods of skilful

or making a step, than in any direct project which would be otherwise desirable. admirers. They are honest arts when their It was said of a wit of the last age,

purpose is such, but infamous when misapSedley has that prevailing gentle art, Which can with a resistless charm impart The loosest wishes to the chastest heart;

* Dryden's All for Love, act iii. sc. 1.

In amore hec omnia insunt vitia.

Ter. Eun. Act i. Sc. 1.

plied. It is certain that many a young | have, though a tolerable good philosopher, woman in this town has had her heart irre- but a lowo opinion of Platonic love: for coverably won, by men who have not made which reason I thought it necessary to give one advance which ties their admirers, my fair readers a caution against it, having, though the females languish with the utmost to my great concern, observed the waist anxiety. I have often, by way of admoni- of a Platonist lately swell to a roundness tion to my female readers, given them which is inconsistent with that philosophy. warning against agreeable company of the

T. other sex, except they are well acquainted with their characters. Women may disguise it if they think fit; and the more to do No. 401.] Tuesday, June 10, 1712. it, they may be angry at me for saying it; but I say it is natural to them, that they

Injuriæ, have no manner of approbation of men,

Suspiciones inimitiæ, induciæ,

Bellum, pax rursuin. without some degree of love. For this rea

It is the capricious state of love, to be attended with son he is dangerous to be entertained as a injuries, suspicions, enmities, truces, quarrelling, and friend or visitant, who is capable of gaining reconcilement. any eminent esteem or observation, though it be never so remote from pretensions as a this day, an odd sort of a packet, which I

I SHALL publish for the entertainment of lover. If a man's heart has not the abhor- have just received from one of my female rence of any treacherous design, he may

correspondents. easily improve approbation into kindness, and kindness into passion. There may pos

•Mr. SPECTATOR,-Since you have often sibly be no manner of love between them in confessed that you are not displeased your the eyes of all their acquaintance; no, it is papers should sometimes convey the comall friendship; and yet they may be as fond plaints of distressed lovers to each other, I as shepherd and shepherdess, in a pastoral, am in hopes you will favour one who gives but still the nymph and the swain may be you an undoubted instance of her reformato each other, no other, I warrant you, than tion, and at the same time a convincing Pylades and Orestes.

proof of the happy influence your labours

have had over the most incorrigible part · When Lucy decks with flowers her swelling breast, of the most incorrigible sex. Yor must And on her elbow leans, dissembling rest; Unable to refrain my madding mind,

know, sir, I am one of that species of woNor sheep nor pasture worth my care I find. men, whom you have often characterized • Once Delia slept, on easy moss reclind,

under the name of “jilts," and that I send Her lovely limbs half bare, and rude the wind:

you these lines as well to do public penance I smooth d her coats, and stole a silent kiss : for having so long continued in a known Condemn me, shepherds, if I did amiss.'

error, as to beg pardon of the party ofSuch good offices as these, and such friend- fended. I the rather choose this way, bely thoughts and concerns for another, are cause it in some measure answers the terms what make up the amity, as they call it, on which he intimated the breach between between man and woman.

us might possibly be made up, as you will It is the permission of such intercourse see by the letter he sent me the next day that makes a young woman come to the after I had discarded him; which I thought arms of her husband, after the disappoint- fit to send you a copy of, that you might ment of four or five passions which she has the better know the whole case. successively had for different men, before she I must further acquaint you, that before is prudentially given to him for whom she I jilted him, there had been the greatest has neither love nor friendship. For what intimacy between us for a year and a half should a poor creature do that has lost all together, during all which time I cherished her friends? There's Marinet the agree- his hopes, and indulged his fame. I leave able has, to my knowledge, had a friend you to guess, after this, what must be his ship for lord Welford, which had like to surprise, when upon his pressing for my break her heart: then she had so great a full consent one day, I told him I wondered friendship for colonel Hardy, that she could what could make him fancy he had ever not endure any woman else should do any any place in my affections. His own sex thing but rail at him. Many and fatal have allow him sense, and all ours good-breedbeen disasters between friends who have ing. His person is such as might, without fallen out, and these resentments are more vanity, make him believe himself not incakeen than ever those of other men can pos- pable of being beloved. Our fortunes, insibly be; but in this it happens unfortu- deed, weighed in the nice scale of interest, nately, that as there ought to be nothing are not exactly equal, which by the way concealed from one friend to another, the was the true cause of my jilting him; and I friends of different sexes very often find had the assurance to acquaint him with the fatal effects from their unanimity.

following maxim, that I should always beFor my part, who study to pass life in as lieve that man's passion to be the most much innocence and tranquillity as I can, I violent, who could offer me the largest setshun the company of agreeable women as tlement. I have since changed my opinion, much as possible; and must confess that I and have endeavoured to let him know so

et quæ

Hor Ars Poet. 1. 181.

much by several letters, but the barbarous the fields, and gardens, without Philander, man has refused them all; so that I have afford no pleasure to the unhappy no way left of writing to him but by your

AMORET.' assistance. If you can bring him about once

I must desire you, dear Mr. Spectator, more, I promise to send you all gloves and to publish this my letter to Philander as favours, and shall desire the favour of Sir soon as possible, and to assure him that I Roger and yourself to stand as godfathers know nothing at all of the death of his rich to my first boy. I am, sir, your most obe- uncle in Gloucestershire.'

X. dient humble servant,


No. 402.) Wednesday, June 11, 1712. Philander to Amoret. • Madam,-I am so surprised at the

Ipse sibi tradit Spectator.question you were pleased to ask me yesterday, that I am still at a loss what to say Sent by the Spectator to himself. to it. At least my answer would be too long to trouble you with, as it would come from I receive from different hands, and per

WERE I to publish all the advertisements a person, who, it seems, is so very indiffer- sons of different circumstances and quality, ent to you. Instead of it, I shall only re- the very mention of them, without refleccommend to your consideration the opinion tions on the several subjects, would raise all of one whose sentiments on these matters I the passions which can be felt by human have often heard you say are extremely just. minds. As instances of this, I shall give A generous and constant passion," says your favourite author, “in an agreeable which can have no recourse to any legal

you two or three letters; the writers of lover, where there is not too great a disparity in their circumstances, is the greatest ten rather to vent their sorrow than to re

power for redress, and seem to have writblessing that can befal a person beloved; ceive consolation. and if overlooked in one, may perhaps never be found in another.”

• MR SPECTATOR,-I am a young woman * I do not, however, at all despair of being of beauty and quality, and suitably married

But this very shortly much better beloved by you to a gentleman who doats on me. than Antenor is at present; since, when- person of mine is the object of an unjust ever my fortune shall exceed his, you were passion in a nobleman who is very intimate pleased to intimate, your passion would in- with my husband. This friendship gives crease accordingly.

him very easy access and frequent oppor. • The world has seen me shamefully lose tunities of entertaining me apart

. My heart that time to please a fickle woman, which is in the utmost anguish, and my face is might have been employed much more to covered over with confusion, when I impart my credit and advantage in other pursuits. to you another circumstance, which is, that I shall therefore take the liberty to acquaint my mother, the most mercenary of all woyou, however harsh it may sound in a men, is gained by this false friend of my lady's ears, that though your love-fit should husband's to solicít me for him. I am frehappen to return, unless you could contrive quently chid by the poor believing man, my a way to make your recantation as well husband, for showing an impatience of his known to the public as they are already with my mother, but she tells

me stories


company; and I am never alone apprized of the manner with which you the discretionary part of the world, and have treated me, you shall never more see PHILANDER.' such-a-one, and such-a-one, who

are guilty

of as much as she advises me to. She laughs Amoret to Philander.

at my astonishment; and seems to hint to

me, that, as virtuous as she has always apSIR,--Upon reflection, I find the injury peared, I am not the daughter of her husI have done both to you and myself to be band. It is possible that printing this letter so great, that, though the part I now act may relieve me from the unnatural impormay appear contrary to that decorum usu- tunity of my mother, and the perfidious ally observed by our sex, yet I purposely courtship of my husband's friend. I have break through all rules, that my repentance an unfeigned love of virtue, and am resolved may in some measure equal my crime. I to preserve my innocence. The only way


that in my present hopes of I can think of to avoid the fatal conserecovering you, I look upon Antenor's estate quences of the discovery of this matter, is with contempt. The fop was here yester- to fly away for ever, which I must do to day in a gilt chariot and new liveries, but I avoid my husband's fatal resentment against refused to see him.-Though I dread to the man who attempts to abuse him, and meet your eyes, after what has passed, I the shame of exposing a parent to infamy. flatter myself that, amidst all their confu- The persons concerned will know these cirsion, you will discover such a tenderness cumstances relate to them; and though the in mine, as none can imitate but those who regard to virtue is dead in them, I have love. I shall be all this month at lady some hopes from their fear of shame upon D's in the country; but the woods, I reading this in your paper; which I conjure



you to publish, if you have any compassion | he was sorry he had made so little use of for injured virtue.

the unguarded hours we had been together

*SYLVIA.' so remote from company; "as, indeed," Mr. Spectator, I am the husband continued he, “so we are at present." I of a woman of merit, but am fallen in love, flew from him to a neighbouring gentleas they call it, with a lady of her acquaint- was in the room, threw myself on a couch,

woman's house, and though her husband ance, who is going to be married to a gen- and burst into a passion of tears. My friend tleman who deserves her. I am in a trust relating to this lady's fortune, which makes desired her husband to leave the room. my concurrence in this matter necessary; extraordinary in this, that I will partake in

“But,” said he, “there is something so but I have so irresistible a rage and envy rise in me when I consider his future hap- the

affliction; and be it what it will, she is common justice, I am ever playing mean The man sat down by me, and spoke so piness, that against all reason, equity, and so much your friend, she knows she may

command' what services I can do her." tricks to suspend the nuptials. I have no like a brother, that I told him my whole manner of hopes for myself; Emilia, for so I'll call her, is a woman of the most strict affliction. He spoke of the injury done me virtue; her lover is a gentleman whom of with so much indignation, and animated me all others I could wish my friend; but envy against the love he said he saw I had for and jealousy, though placed so unjustly, the wretch who would have betrayed me, waste my very being; and, with the tor with so much reason and humanity to my ment and sense of a demon, I am ever weakness, that I doubt not of my persevercursing what I cannot but approve. I wish

His wife and he are my comforters, it were the beginning of repentance, that I and I am under no more restraint in their sit down and describe my present disposi- company than if I were alone; and I doubt tion with so hellish an aspect: but at pre- will take place of the remains of affection

not but in a small time contempt and hatred sent the destruction of these two excellent persons would be more welcome to me than to a rascal. I am, sir, your affectionate

DORINDA.' their happiness. Mr. Spectator, pray let reader, me have a paper on these terrible ground •Mr. SPECTATOR, I had the misfor. less sufferings, and do all you can to ex- tune to be an uncle before I knew my orcise crowds who are in some degree nephews from my nieces: and now we are possessed as I am. CANIBAL.'

grown up to better acquaintance, they deny •MR. SPECTATOR, -I have no other me the respect they owe. One upbraids means but this to express my thanks to one

me with being their familiar, another will man, and my resentment against another. hardly be persuaded that I am an uncle, a My circumstances are as follow: I have third calls me little uncle, and a fourth tells been for five years last past courted by a

me there is no duty at all due to an uncle. gentleman of greater fortune than I ought all my affection, unless you shall think this

I have a brother-in-law whose son will win to expect, as the market for women goes. You must

, to be sure, have observed people worthy of your cognizance, and will be who live in that sort of way, as all their pleased to prescribe some rules for our friends reckon it will be a match, and are future reciprocal behaviour. It will be marked out by all the world for each other. worthy the particularity of your genius to .n this view we have been regarded for lay down some rules for his conduct who some time, and I have above these three was, as it were, born an old man; in which years loved him tenderly. As he is very you will much oblige, sir, your most obecareful of his fortune, I always thought he

dient servant, lived in a near manner, to lay up what he

T. CORNELIUS NEPOS.' thought was wanting in my fortune to make up what he might expect in another. Within these few months I have observed No. 403.] Thursday, June 12, 1712. his carriage very much altered, and he has affected a certain air of getting me alone, and talking with a mighty profusion of passionate words, how I am not to be re

Of many men he saw the manners. sisted longer, how irresistible his wishes When I consider this great city in its are, and the like. As long as I have been several quarters and divisions, I look upon acquainted with him, I could not on such it as an aggregate of various nations disoccasions say downright to him, “You tinguished from each other by their respecknow you may make me yours when you tive customs, manners, and interests. The please.” But the other night he with great courts of two countries do not so much diffrankness and impudence explained to me, fer from one another, as the court and city, that he thought of me only as a mistress in their peculiar ways of life and conversaI answered this declaration as it deserved; tion. In short, the inhabitants of St. James's, upon which he only doubled the terms on notwithstanding they live under the same which he proposed my yielding. When laws, and speak the same language, are a my anger heightened upon him, he told me I distinct people from those of Cheapside,

Qui mores hominum multorum vidit

Hor. Ars Poet. v. 142.

who are likewise removed from those of ral other poets, whom they regretted on the Temple on one side, and those of this occasion, as persons who would have Smithfield on the other, by several cli-obliged the world with very noble elegies mates and degrees in their way of thinking on the death of so great a prince, and so and conversing together.

eminent a patron of learning. For this reason, when any public affair At a coffee-house near the Temple, I is upon the anvil, I love to hear the reflec- found a couple of young gentlemen engaged tions that arise upon it in the several dis- very smartly in a dispute on the succession tricts and parishes of London and West- to the Spanish monarchy: One of them minster, and to ramble up and down a seemed to have been retained as an advowhole day together, in order to make myself cate for the duke of Anjou, the other for acquainted with the opinions of my ingenious his imperial majesty. They were both for countrymen. By this means I know the regulating the title to that kingdom by the faces of all the principal politicians within statute laws of England; but finding them the bills of mortality; and as every coffee- going out of my depth, I passed forward to house has some particular statesman be- St. Paul's church-yard, where I listened longing to it, who is the mouth of the street with great attention to a learned man, who where he lives, I always take care to place gave the company an account of the demyself near him, in order to know his plorable state of France during the minority judgment on the present posture of affairs. of the deceased king. The last progress that I made with this in I then turned on my right hand into Fishtention was about three months ago, when street, where the chief politician of that we had a current report of the king of quarter, upon hearing the news, (after France's death. As I foresaw this would having taken a pipe of tobacco, and rumiproduce a new face of things in Europe, nated for some time,) If,' says he, the and many curious speculations in our Bri- king of France is certainly dead, we shall tish coffee-houses, I was very desirous to have plenty of mackerel this season: our learn the thoughts of our most eminent fishery will not be disturbed by privateers, politicians on that occasion.

as it has been for these ten years past.' He That I might begin as near the fountain-afterwards considered how the death of head as possible, I first of all called in at St. this great man would affect our pilchards, James's, where I found the whole outward and by several other remarks infused a room in a buzz of politics. The specula- general joy into his whole audience. tions were but very indifferent towards the I afterwards entered a by-coffee-house, door, but grew finer as you advanced to that stood at the upper end of a narrow the upper end of the room, and were so lane, where I met with a nonjuror, engaged very much improved by a knot of theorists, very warmly with a lace-man who was the who sat in the inner room, within the great support of a neighbouring convensteams of the coffee-pot, that I there heard ticle. The matter in debate was, whether the whole Spanish

monarchy disposed of, the late French king was most like Augusand all the line of Bourbon provided for in tus Cæsar or Nero. The controversy was less than a quarter of an hour.

carried on with great heat on both sides; I afterwards called in at St. Giles's, where and as each of them looked upon me very I saw a board of French gentlemen sitting frequently during the cour:o of their deupon the life and death of their grand bate, I was under some apprehension that monarque. Those among them who had they would appeal to me, and therefore espoused the whig interest, very positively laid down my penny at the bar, and made affirmed, that he departed this life about a the best of my way to Cheapside. week since, and therefore proceeded with I here gazed upon the signs for some out any further delay to the release of their time before I found one to my purpose. friends in the galleys, and to their own re- The first object I met in the coffee-room establishment; but, finding they could not was a person who expressed a great grief aree among themselves, I proceeded on for the death of the French king: but upon may intended progress.

explaining himself, I found his sorrow did Upon my arrival at Jenny Man's I saw an not arise from the loss of the monarch, but alerie young fellow that cocked his hat from his having sold out of the bank about upon a friend of his who entered just at the three days before he heard the news of it. same time with myself, and accosted him Upon which a haberdasher, who was the after the following manner:

Well, Jack, oracle of the coffee-house, and had his cirthe old prig is dead at last. Sharp's the cle of admirers about him, called several to word. Now or never, boy. Up to the walls witness that he had declared his opinion of Paris directly.' With several other deep above a week before, that the French king reflections of the same nature.

was certainly dead; to which he added, I met with very little variation in the that, considering the late advices we had politics between Charing-cross and Covent- received from France, it was impossible garden. And upon my going into Will's, I that it could be otherwise. As he was found their discourse was gone off from the laying these together, and dictating to his death of the French king to that of mon- hearers with great authority, there came in sieur Boileau, Racine, Corneille, and seve a gentleman from Garraway's, who told us

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