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the view wherein I have here placed them, reason to fancy my mistress has any regard he will easily discover the great beauties for me, but from a very disinterested value that are in each of those passages.


which I have for her. If from any hint in any future paper of yours she gives me the

least encouragement, I doubt not but I shall No. 304.] Monday, February 18, 1711-12. surmount all other difficulties; and inspired Vulnus alit, venis et cæco carpitur igni.

by so noble a motive for the care of my for

Virg. Æn. iv. 2. tune, as the belief she is to be concerned in A latent fire preys on his fev'rish veins.

it, I will not despair of receiving her one The circumstances of my correpondent, day from her father's own hand. I am, whose letter I now insert, are so frequent,

sir, your most obedient humble servant, that I cannot want compassion so much as

•CLYTANDER.' to forbear laying it before the town. There To his Worship the Spectator. is something so mean and inhuman in a direct Smithfield bargain for children, that

• The humble petition of Anthony Titleif this lover carries his point, and observes

page, stationer, in the centre of Lin

coln's-Inn Fields; the rules he pretends to follow, I do not only wish him success, but also that it may

•Showeth, animate others to follow his example. I

•That your petitioner, and his forefathers, know not one motive relating to this life have been sellers of books for time immewhich could produce so many honourable morial: that your petitioner's ancestor, and worthy actions, as the hopes of obtain- Crouchback Title-page, was the first of ing a woman of merit. There would ten that vocation in Britain; who, keeping his thousand ways of industry and honest am- station (in fair weather,) at the corner of bition be pursued by young men, who be- Lothbury, was, by way of eminency, called lieved that the persons admired had value "The Stationer,” a name which, from him enough for their passion, to attend the event all succeeding booksellers have affected to of their good fortune in all their applica- bear: that the station of your petitioner and tions, in order to make their circumstances his father has been in the place of his prefall in with the duties they owe to them- sent settlement ever since that square has selves, their families, and their country. I been built: that your petitioner has forAll these relations a man should think of merly had the honour of your worship's who intends to go into the state of marriage, custom, and hopes you never had reason to and expects to make it a state of pleasure complain of your penny-worths: that parand satisfaction.

ticularly he sold you your first Lilly's

Grammar, and at the same time a Wit's •MR. SPECTATOR,- I have for some Commonwealth, almost as good as new: years indulged a passion for a young lady moreover, that your first rudimental essays of age and quality suitable to my own, but in spectatorship, were made in your petivery much superior in fortune. It is the tioner's shop, where you often practised for fashion with parents (how justly, I leave hours together; sometimes on his books you to judge,) to make all regards give way upon the rails, sometimes on the little hieroto the article of wealth. From this one glyphics, either gilt, silvered, or plain, consideration it is that I have concealed which the Egyptian woman on the other the ardent love I have for her; but I am side of the shop had wrought in gingerbeholden to the force of my love for many bread, and sometimes on the English youths, advantages which I reaped from it towards who in sundry places there, were exercisthe better conduct of my life. A certain ing themselves in the traditional sports of complacency to all the world, a strong de- the field. sire to oblige wherever it lay in my power, From these considerations it is, that your and a circumspect behaviour in all my petitioner is encouraged to apply himself words and actions, have rendered me more to you, and to proceed humbly to acquaint particularly acceptable to all my friends your worship, that he has certain intelliand acquaintance. Love has had the same gence that you receive great numbers of good effect upon my fortune, as I have in-defamatory letters designed by their aucreased in riches in proportion to my ad- thors to be published, which you throw vancement in those arts which make a man aside and totally neglect: Your petitioner agreeable and amiable. There is a certain therefore prays, that you will please to besympathy which will tell my mistress from stow on him those refuse letters, and he these circumstances, that it is I who writ hopes by printing them to get a more this for her reading, if you will please to plentiful provision for his family; or, at the insert it. There is not a downright enmity, worst, he may be allowed to sell them by but a great coldness between our parents; the pound weight to his good customers the so that if either of us declared any kind pastry-cooks of London and Westminster. sentiments for each other, her friends would •And your petitioner shall ever pray, &c.' be very backward to lay an obligation upon our family, and mine to receive it from hers.

To the Spectator. Under these delicate circumstances it is no The humble petition of Bartholomew easy matter to act with safety, I have no Lady-Love, of Round-court, in the

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parish of St. Martin's in the Fields, in academy for politics, of which the Marquis behalf of himself and neighbours; de Torcy, minister and secretary of state, ‘Showeth,

is to be protector. Six academicians are to •That your petitioners have, with great for beginning to form this academy, into

be chosen, endowed with proper talents, industry and application, arrived at the most exact art of invitation or intreaty: that which no person is to be admitted under by a beseeching air and persuasive address, twenty-five years of age: they must likethey have for many years last past peace-wise have each of them an estate of two ably drawn in every tenth passenger, whe- thousand livres a year, either in possession, ther they intended or not to call at their or to come to them by inheritance. The shops, to come in and buy; and from that king will allow to each'a pension of a thousoftness of behaviour have arrived, among

sand livres. They are likewise to have tradesmen, at the gentle appellation of able masters to teach them the necessary “ The Fawners."

sciences, and to instruct them in all the “That there have of late set up amongst which have been made in several ages

treaties of peace, alliance, and others, us certain persons from Monmouth-street and Long-lane, who by the strength of their past. These members are to meet twice a arms, and loudness of their throats, draw week at the Louvre. From this seminary off the regard of all passengers from your who by degrees may advance to higher

are to be chosen secretaries to embassies, said petitioners; from which violence they are distinguished by the name of “The

employments.' Worriers."

Cardinal Richelieu's politics made France “That while your petitioners stand ready have appeared in that nation of late years

the terror of Europe. The statesmen who to receive passengers with a submissive bow, and repeat with a gentle voice, “ La-have, on the contrary, rendered it either dies, what do you want? pray look in here;" the pity or contempt of its neighbours. the worriers reach out their hands at pis- The cardinal erected that famous academy tol-shot, and seize the customers at arms which has carried all the parts of polite length.

learning to the greatest height. His chief . That while the fawners strain and re- design in that institution was to divert the lax the muscles of their faces, in making men of genius from meddling with politics, distinction between a spinster in a coloured a province in which he did not care to have scarf and a handmaid in a straw hat, the any one else interfere with him. On the worriers use the same roughness to both, and contrary, the Marquis de Torcy seems prevail upon the easiness of the passengers, France as wise as himself, and is therefore

resolved to make several young men in to the impoverishment of your petitioners., taken up at present in establishing a nur

• Your petitioners therefore most humbly pray, that the worriers may not be per

sery of statesmen. mitted to inhabit the politer parts of the

Some private letters add, that there will town; and that Round-court may remain a also be erected a seminary of petticoat polireceptacle for buyers of a more soft edu- ticians, who are to be brought up at the cation.

feet of Madame de Maintenon, and to be * And your petitioners, &c.'

despatched into foreign courts upon any

emergencies of state; but as the news of The petition of the New-Exchange, this last project has not been yet confirmed, concerning the arts of buying and selling, I shall take no further notice of it. and particularly valuing goods by the com

Several of my readers may doubtless replexion of the seller, will be considered on member that upon the conclusion of the another occasion.

T. last war, which had been carried on so suc

cessfully by the enemy, their generals were

many of them transformed into ambassaNo. 305. ] Tuesday, February 19, 1711-12. dors; but the conduct of those who have com

manded in the present war, has, it seems, Non tali auxilio, nec defensoribus istis

brought so little honour and advantage to Tempus eget

Virg. En. ii. 521. These times want other aids.- Dryden.

their great monarch, that he is resolved to

trust his affairs no longer in the hands of Our late newspapers being full of the those military gentlemen. project now on foot in the court of France, The regulations of this new academy for establishing a political academy, and I very much deserve our attention. The stumyself having received letters from several dents are to have in possession, or revervirtuosos among my foreign correspondents, sion, an estate of two thousand French which give some light into that affair, I in- livres, per annum, which, as the present tend to make it the subject of this day's exchange runs, will amount to at least one speculation. A general account of this pro- hundred and twenty-six pounds English. ject may be met with in the Daily Courant This, with the royal allowance of a thouof last Friday, in the following words, sand livres, will enable them to find themtranslated from the Gazette of Amsterdam. selves in coffee and snuff; not to mention

Paris, February 12. “It is confirmed newspapers, pens and ink, wax and wafers, that the king is resolved to establish a new with the like necessaries for politicians

A man must be at least five-and-twenty | that which it lays upon his most christian before he can be initiated into the mysteries majesty. He is likewise to teach them the of this academy, though there is no question art of finding flaws, loop-holes, and evasions, but many grave persons of a much more ad- in the most solemn compacts, and particuvanced age, who have been constant readers larly a great rabbinical secret, revived of of the Paris Gazette, will be glad to begin late years by the fraternity of Jesuits, the world anew, and enter themselves upon namely, that contradictory interpretations this list of politicians.

of the same article may both of them be The society of these hopeful young gen- true and valid. tlemen is to be under the direction of six When our statesmen are sufficiently improfessors, who, it seems, are to be specu- proved by these several instructors, they lative statesmen, and drawn out of the body are to receive their last polishing from one of the royal academy. These six wise mas- who is to act among them as master of the ters, according to my private letters, are to ceremonies. This gentleman is to give have the following parts allotted to them. them lectures upon the important points of

The first is to instruct the students in the elbow-chair and the stair-head, to instate legerdemain; as how to take off the struct them in the different situations of the impression of a seal, to split a wafer, to right hand, and to furnish them with bows open a letter, to fold it up again, with other and inclinations of all sizes, measures, and the like ingenious feats of dexterity and art. proportions. In short, this professor is to When the students have accomplished give the society their stiffening, and infuse themselves in this part of their profession, into their manners that beautiful political they are to be delivered into the hands of starch, which may qualify them for levees, their second instructor, who is a kind of conferences, visits, and make them shine posture-master.

in what vulgar minds are apt to look upon This artist is to teach them how to nod as trifles. judiciously, and shrug up their shoulders I have not yet heard any further parin a dubious case, to connive with either ticulars which are to be observed in this eye, and, in a word, the whole practice of society of unfledged statesmen; but I must political grimace.

confess, had I a son of five-and-twenty, that The third is a sort of language-master, should take it into his head at that age to who is to instruct them in the style proper set up for a politician, I think I should go for a minister in his ordinary discourse. near to disinherit him for a blockhead. And to the end that this college of states- Besides, I should be apprehensive lest the men may be thoroughly practised in the same arts which are to enable him to negopolitical style, they are to make use of it in ciate between potentates, might a little intheir common conversations, before they fect his ordinary behaviour between man are employed either in foreign or domestic and man. There is no question but these affairs. If one of them asks another what young Machiavels will in a little time turn o'clock it is, the other is to answer him in their college upside down with plots and directly, and, if possible, to turn off the stratagems, and lay as many schemes to question. If he is desired to change a louis circumvent one another in a frog or a d'or, he must beg time to consider of it. If salad, as they may hereafter put in pracit be inquired of him, whether the king is tice to overreach a neighbouring prince or at Versailles or Marly, he must answer in state. a whisper. If he be asked the news of the We are told that the Spartans, though last Gazette, or the subject of a proclama- they punished theft in the young men when tion, he is to reply that he has not yet read it was discovered, looked upon it as honourit; or if he does not care for explaining able if it succeeded. Provided the conveyhimself so far, he needs only draw his brow ance was clean and unsuspected, a youth up in wrinkles, or elevate the left shoulder. might afterwards boast of it. This, say the

The fourth professor is to teach the whole historians, was to keep them sharp, and to art of political characters and hierogly- hinder them from being imposed upon, phics; and to the end that they may be per- either in their public or private negotiafect also in this practice, they are not to tions. Whether any such relaxations of send a note to one another (though it be but morality, such little jeux d'esprit, ought not to borrow a Tacitus or a Machiavel) which to be allowed in this intended seminary of is not written in cypher.

politicians, I shall leave to the wisdom of Their fifth professor, it is thought, will their founder. be chosen out of the society of Jesuits, and In the mean-time we have fair warning is to be well read in the controversies of given us by this doughty body of statesmen: probable doctrines, mental reservation, and and as Scylla saw many Marius's in Cæsar, the rights of princes. This learned man is so I think we may discover many Torcy's to instruct them in the grammar, syntax, in this college of academicians. Whatever and construing part of Treaty Latin: how we think of ourselves, I am afraid neither to distinguish between the spirit and the our Smyrna nor St. James's will be a match letter, and likewise demonstrate how the for it. Our coffee-houses are, indeed, very same form of words may lay an obligation good institutions; but whether or no these upon any prince in Europe, different from our British schools of politics may furnish

She still insults ?

out as able envoys and secretaries as an nity: and to resign conquests is a task as academy that is set apart for that purpose, difficult in a beauty as a hero. In the very will deserve our serious consideration, espe- entrance upon this work she must burn all cially if we remember that our country is her love-letters; or since she is so candid as more famous for producing men of integrity not to call her lovers, who follow her no than statesmen: and that, on the contrary, longer, unfaithful, it would be a very good French truth and British policy make a beginning of a new life from that of a beauty, conspicuous figure in nothing; as the Earl to send them back to those who writ them, of Rochester has very well observed in his with this honest inscription, * Articles of a admirable poem upon that barren subject, marriage treaty broken off by the small

L. pox,' I have known but one instance where

a matter of this kind went on after a like

misfortune, where the lady, who was a woNo. 306.] Wednesday, Feb. 20, 1711-12. man of spirit, writ this billet to her lover: Quæ forma, ut se tibi semper

“SIR,_If you flattered me before I had Imputet?

Juv. Sat. vi. 177.

this terrible malady, pray come and see me What beauty, or what chastity, can bear,

now: but if you sincerely liked me, stay So great a price, if, stately and severe,

away, for I am not the same

•CORINNA,' •Mr. SPECTATOR,-I write this to com

The lover thought there was son

something municate to you a misfortune which frequently happens, and therefore deserves a

so sprightly in her behaviour, that he an

swered: consolatory discourse on the subject. I was within this half year in the possession of as

Madam, I am not obliged, since you much beauty and as many lovers as any are not the same woman, to let you know young lady in England. But my admirers whether I flattered you or not: but I assure have left me, and I cannot complain of their you I do not, when I tell you I now like you behaviour. I have within that time had the above all your sex, and hope you will bear small-pox: and this face, which (accord- what may befal me when we are both one, ing to many amorous epistles which I have as well as you do what happens to yourself by me) was the seat of all that was beauti- now you are single; therefore I am ready ful in woman, is now disfigured with scars. to take such a spirit for my companion as It goes to the very soul of me to speak what soon as you please. AMILCAR,' I really think of my face, and though I

If Parthenissa can now possess her own think I did not overrate my beauty while I had it, it has extremely advanced in its she ought to have done when she had it,

mind, and think as little of her beauty as value with me now it is lost

. There is one there will be no great diminution of her circumstance which makes my case very charms; and if she was formerly affected particular; the ugliest fellow that ever pre- too much with them, an easy behaviour tended to me, was and is most in my favour, will more than make up for the loss of and he treats me at present the most un- them. Take the whole sex together, and reasonably. If you could make him return an obligation which he owes me, in liking a you find those who have the strongest pos

session of men's hearts are not eminent for person that is not amiable-but there is, I fear, no possibility of making passion move those who engage men to the greatest vio

their beauty. You see it often happen that by the rules of reason and gratitude. But lence, are such as those who are strangers say what you can to one who has survived to them would take to be remarkably

deherself, and knows not how to act in a new fective for that end. The fondest lover ! being. My lovers are at the feet of my know, said to me one day in a crowd of rivals, my rivals are every day bewailing women at an entertainment of music, You me, and I cannot enjoy what I am, by rea-have often heard me talk of my beloved; son of the distracting reflection upon what that woman there,' continued hé, smiling, I was.

Consider the woman I was did not when he had fixed my eye, 'is her very die of old age, but I was taken off in the picture. The lady he showed me was by prime of youth, and according to the course much the least remarkable for beauty of of nature may have forty years after-life to come. I have nothing of myself left, which any in the whole assembly; but having my I like, but that I am, sir, your most humble curiosity extremely raised, I could not keep

my eyes off her. Her eyes at last met mine, servant, PARTHENISSA.'

and with a sudden surprise she looked round When Lewis of France had lost the bat- her to see who near her was remarkably tle of Ramilies, the addresses to him at that handsome that I was gazing at. This little time were full of his fortitude, and they act explained the secret. She did not unturned his misfortune to his glory; in that, derstand herself for the object of love, and during his prosperity, he could never have therefore she was so. The lover is a very manifested his heroic constancy under dis- honest plain man; and what charmed him tresses, and so the world had lost the most was a person that gges along with him in eminent part of his character. Parthenis- the cares and joys of life, not taken up with sa's condition gives her the same opportu- herself, but sincerely attentive, with a ready

and cheerful mind, to accompany him in but you must explain yourself farther, beeither.

fore I know what to do. Your most obedient I can tell Parthenissa for her comfort servant, THE SPECTATOR.' that the beauties, generally speaking, are T. the most impertinent and disagreeable of women. An apparent desire of admiration, a reflection upon their own merit, and a No. 307.] Thursday, Feb. 21, 1711-12. precise behaviour in their general conduct, are almost inseparable accidents in beau

-Versate diu, quid ferre recusent, ties. All you obtain of them, is granted to

Quid valeant humeri

Hor. Ars Poet. v. 39. importunity and solicitation for what did

Often try what weight you can support, not deserve so much of your time, and you And what your shoulders are too weak to bear. recover from the possession of it as out of a

Roscommon. dream. You are ashamed of the vagaries of fancy letter, that I am in hopes it will not be a

I am so well pleased with the following which so strangely misled you, and admiration

of a beauty, merely as such, is disagreeable present to the public. inconsistent with a tolerable reflection upon

“SIR,—Though I believe none of your yourself. The cheerful good-humoured readers more admire your agreeable mancreatures, into whose heads it never en-ner of working up trifles than myself, yet tered that they could make any man un- as your speculations are now swelling into happy, are the persons formed for making yolumes, and will in all probability pass men happy. There is Miss Lidd can down to future ages, methinks I would have dance a jig, raise paste, write a good hand, no single subject in them, wherein the gekeep an account, give a reasonable answer, neral good of mankind is concerned, left and do as she is bid; while her eldest sister, unfinished. Madam Martha, is out of humour, has the • I have a long time expected with great spleen, learns by reports of people of higher impatience that you would enlarge upon quality new ways of being uneasy and dis- the ordinary mistakes which are committed pleased. And this happens for no reason in the education of our children. I the more in the world, but that poor Liddy knows easily flattered myself that you would one she has no such thing, as a certain negli- time or other resume this consideration, begence that is so becoming:' that there is cause you tell us that your 168th paper was not I know not what in her air; and that if only composed of a few broken hints: but she talks like a fool, there is no one will say, finding myself hitherto disappointed, I have *Well! I know not what it is, but every ventured to send you my own thoughts on thing pleases when she speaks it.'

this subject Ask any of the husbands of your great

I remember Pericles, in his famous beauties, and they will tell you that they hate oration at the funeral of those Athenian their wives nine hours of every day they young men who perished in the Samian expass together. There is such a particularity pedition, has a thought very much celefor ever affected by them, that they are brated by several ancient critics, namely, encumbered with their charms in all they that the loss which the commonwealth sufsay or do. They pray at public devotions fered by the destruction of its youth, was as they are beauties: they converse on or- like the loss which the year would suffer dinary occasions as they are beauties. Ask by the destruction of the spring. The preBelinda what it is o'clock, and she is at a júdice which the public sustains from a stand whether so great a beauty should an- wrong education of children, is an evil of swer you. In a word, I think, instead of the same nature, as it in a manner starves offering to administer consolation to Parthe-posterity, and defrauds our country of those nissa, I should congratulate her metamor- persons, who, with due care, might make phosis; and however she thinks she was an eminent figure in their respective posts not the least insolent in the prosperity of of life. her charms, she was enough so to find she • I have seen a book written by Juan may make herself a much more agreeable Huartes a Spanish Physician, entitled Excreature in her present adversity. The en- amen de Ingenois, wherein he lays it down deavour to please is highly promoted by a as one of his first positions, that nothing but consciousness that the approbation of the nature can qualify a man for learning: and person you would be agreeable to, is a that without a proper temperament for the favour you do not deserve: for in this case particular art or science which he studies, assurance of success is the most certain way his utmost pains and application, assisted to disappointment. Good-nature will al- by the ablest masters, will be to no purways supply the absence of beauty, but pose. beauty cannot long supply the absence of • He illustrates this by the example of good-nature.

Tully's son Marcus. • POSTSCRIPT.

Cicero, in order to accomplish his son

• February 18. in that sort of learning which he designed MADAM,—I have yours of this day, him for, sent him to Athens, the most celewherein you twice bid me not disoblige you, brated academy at that time in the world,

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