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to town, not having lately received any laudable custom of his ancestors, always letter from him, he told me that his master keeps open house at Christmas. I learned was come up to get a sight of Prince Eu- from him that he had killed eight fat hogs gene, and that he desired I would imme- for this season, that he had dealt about his diately meet him.
chines very liberally amongst his neighI was not a little pleased with the curiosity bours, and that in particular he had sent a of the old knight, though I did not much string of hog's puddings with a pack of wonder at it, having heard him say more cards to every poor family in the parish. than once in private discourse, that he : I have often thought,' says Sir Roger, 'it looked upon Prince Eugenio (for so the happens very well that Christmas should knight always calls him,) to be a greater fall out in the middle of winter. It is the man than Scanderbeg. *
most dead uncomfortable time of the year, I was no sooner come into Gray's Inn when the poor people would suffer very walks, but I heard my friend upon the ter- much from their poverty and cold, if they race hemming twice or thrice to himself had not good cheer, warm fires, and Christwith great vigour, for he loves to clear his mas gambols to support them. I love to pipes in good air, (to make use of his own rejoice their poor hearts at this season, and phrase,) and is not a little pleased with any to see the whole village merry in my great one who takes notice of the strength which hall. I allow a double quantity of malt to he still exerts in his morning hems. my small-beer, and set it a running for
I was touched with a secret joy at the twelve days to every one that calls for it. I sight of the good old man, who before he have always a piece of cold beef and a saw me was engaged in conversation with mince-pie upon the table, and am wondera beggar-man that had asked alms of him. fully pleased to see my tenants pass away I could hear my friend chide him for not a whole evening in playing their innocent finding out some work; but at the same tricks, and smutting one another. Our friend time saw him put his hand in his pocket Will Wimble is as merry as any of them, and give him sixpence.
and shows a thousand roguish tricks upon Our salutations were very hearty on both these occasions. sides, consisting of many kind shakes of the I was very much delighted with the rehand, and several affectionate looks which flection of my old friend, which carried so we cast upon one another. After which the much goodness in it. He then launched out knight told me my good friend his chaplain into the praise of the late act of parliament was very well, and much at my service, for securing the church of England, † and and that the Sunday before he had made a told me with great satisfaction, that he bemost incomparable sermon out of Dr. Bar- lieved it already began to take effect, for row. I have left,' says he, "all my affairs that a rigid dissenter who chanced to dine in his hands, and being willing to lay an at his house on Christmas-day, had been obligation upon him, have deposited with observed to eat very plentifully of his plumhim thirty marks, to be distributed among porridge. his poor parishioners.'
After having despatched all our country He then proceeded to acquaint me with matters, Sir Roger "made several inquiries the welfare of Will Wimble. Upon which concerning the club, and particularly of his he put his hand into his fob and presented old antagonist Sir Andrew Freeport. He me in his name with a tobacco-stopper, asked me with a kind smile, whether Sir telling me that Will had been busy all the Andrew had not taken the advantage of his beginning of the winter in turning great absence, to vent among them some of his quantities of them; and that he made a pre- republican doctrines; but soon after, gathersent of one to every gentleman in the coun- ing up his countenance into a more than try who has good principles, and smokes. ordinary seriousness, Tell me truly,' says He added, that poor Will was at present un- he, do you not think Sir Andrew had a der great tribulation, for that Tom Touchy hand in the Pope's procession??—But withhad taken the law of him for cutting some out giving me time to answer him, “Well, hazel sticks out of one of his hedges. well,' says he, I know you are a wary
Among other pieces of news which the man, and do not care to talk of public knight brought from his country-seat, he matters.' informed me that Moll White was dead, The knight then asked me, if I had seen and that about a month after her death the Prince Eugenio, and made me promise to wind was so very high, that it blew down get him a stand in some convenient place the end of one of his barns. But for my where he might have a full view of that own part,' says Sir Roger, I do not think extraordinary man, whose presence did so that the old woman had any hand in it.'. much honour to the British nation. He
He afterwards fell into an account of the dwelt very long on the praises of this great diversions which had passed in his house general, and I found that since I was with during the holidays; for Sir Roger, after the him in the country, he had drawn many
observations together, out of his reading in
Baker's Chronicle, and other authors, who George Castriot, a celebrated Albanian chief in the fifteenth century: he was called Scanderbeg by the Turks, with whom ho long continued at war.
† The act against occasional conformity.
always lie in his Hall window, which very | play. Such beautiful prospects gladden our much redound to the honour of this prince. minds, and when considered in general,
Having passed away the greatest part of give innocent and pleasing ideas. He that the morning in hearing the knight's reflec- dwells upon any one object of beauty may tions, which were partly private and partly fix his imagination to his disquiet; but the political, he asked me if I would smoke a contemplation of a whole assembly together pipe with him over a dish of coffee at is a defence against the incroachnient of Squires's? As I love the old man, I take desire. At least to me, who have taken delight in complying with every thing that pains to look at beauty abstracted from the is agreeable to him, and accordingly waited consideration of its being the object of deon him to the coffee-house, where his vener- | sire; at power, only as it sits upon another, able figure drew upon us the eyes of the without any hopes of partaking any share whole room. He had no sooner seated him- of it; at wisdom and capacity, withcut any self at the upper end of the high table, but pretensions to rival or envy its acquisitions. he called for a clean pipe, a paper of to- I say to me, who am really free from formbacco, a dish of coffee, a wax-candle, and ing any hopes by beholding the persons of the Supplement,* with such an air of cheer- beautiful women, or warming myself into .fulness and good-humour, that all the boys ambition from the successes of other men, in the coffee-room (who seemed to take this world is not only a mere scene, but a pleasure in serving him) were at once em- very pleasant one. Did mankind but know ployed on his several errands, insomuch the freedom which there is in keeping thus that nobody else could come at a dish of aloof from the world, I should have more tea, until the knight had got all his con- imitators, than the powerfullest man in the veniences about him,
L. nation has followers. To be no man's rival
in love, or competitor in business, is a cha
racter which, if it does not recommend ycu No. 270.) Wednesday, January 9, 1711-12. whom you live with, yet has at certainly
as it ought to benevolence among those Discit enim citius, meminitque libentius illud,
this effect, that you do not stand so much Quod quis deridet, quam quod probat
in need of their approbation, as you would Hor. Ep. i. Lib. 2. 262.
if you aimed at it more, in setting your heart For what's derided by the censuring crowd, on the same things which the generality Is thought on more than what is just and good.
doat on. By this means, and with this easy There is a lust in man no power can tame,
philosophy, I am never less at a play than Of loudly publishing his neighbour's shame; when I am at the theatre; but indeed I am On eagle's wings invidious scandals fly,
seldom so well pleased with action as in While virtuous actions are but born, and die.
E. of Corke.
that place; for most men follow nature no
longer than while they are in their nightSooner we learn, and seldomer forget, What critics scorn, than what they highly rate.
gowns, and all the busy part of the day are Hughes's Letters, vol. ii. p. 222. in characters which they neither become, I do not know that I have been in greater their beholders. But to return to my ladies:
nor act in with pleasure to themselves or delight for these many years, than in be- I was very well pleased to see so great a holding the boxes at the play the last time crowd of them assembled at a play, wherein the Scornful Ladyt was acted. So great an the heroine, as the phrase is, is so just a assembly of ladies placed in gradual rows in all the ornaments of jewels, silks, and picture of the vanity of the sex in tormentcolours, gave so lively and gay an impres- the man whom she treats with so much im
ing their admirers. The lady who pines for sion to the heart, that methought the season of the year was vanished, and I did not pertinence and inconstancy, is drawn with think it an‘ill expression of a young
much art and humour. Her resolutions to who stood near me, that called the boxes be extremely civil, but her vanity arising those "beds of tulips.'. It was a pretty herself kindly, are described as by one who
just at the instant she resolved to express variation of the prospect, when any one of had studied the sex. But when my admirathose fine ladies rose up and did honcur to tion is fixed upon this excellent character, herself and friend at a distance, by courtesy- and two or three others in the play, I must ing, and gave opportunity to that friend to confess I was moved, with the utmost inshow her charms to the same advantage in dignation, at the trivial, senseless, and un. returning the salutation. Here that action natural representation of the chaplain. It is as proper and graceful as it is at church is possible there may be a pedant in holy unbecoming and impertinent. By the way I must take the liberty to observe, that I orders, and we have seen one cr two of did not see any one who is usually so full of them in the world: but such a driveller as civilities at church, offer any such inde- which is the characteristic of a pedant, is
Sir Roger, so bereft of all manner of pride, corum during any part of the action of the what one would not believe could come into * A periodical paper.
I The title of Sir was anciently given to every domes| A comedy hy Beaumont and Fletcher It is said tic chaplain. It is surprising to observe how much has that the character of Vellum in Addison's Drummer is been written on this subject hy some of the commentaformed upon that of Savil in this play.
tors on Shakspeare. See the Merry Wives of Windsor.
the head of the same man who drew the N:. 271.] Thursday, January 10, 1711-12. rest of the play. The meeting between Welford and him shows a wretch without
Mille trahens varios adverso sole colores. any notion of the dignity of his function; and
Virg. Æn. iv. 701, it is out of all common sense that he should
Drawing a thousand colours from the light.
Dryden. give an account of himself as one sent four or five miles in a morning, on foot, for eggs.' I RECEIVE a double advantage from the It is not to be denied, but this part, and that letters of my correspondents; first, as they of the maid, whom he makes love to, are show me which of my papers are most acexcellently well rformed; but a thing ceptable to them: and in the next place, which is blameable in itself, grows still as they furnish me with materials for new more so by the success in the execution of speculations. Sometimes indeed I do not it. It is so mean a thing to gratify a loose make use of the letter itself, but form the age with a scandalous representation of hints of it into plans of my own invention; what is reputable among men, not to say sometimes I take the liberty to change the what is sacred, that no beauty, no excel- language or thought into my own way of lence in an author ought to atone for it; nay, speaking and thinking, and always (if it can such excellence is an aggravation of his be done without prejudice to the sense) guilt, and an argument that he errs against omit the many compliments and applauses the conviction of his own understanding and which are usually bestowed upon me. conscience. Wit should be tried by this
Besides the two advantages above menrule, and an audience should rise against tioned, which I receive from the letters such a scene as throws down the reputation that are sent me, they give me an opporof any thing which the consideration of re- tunity of lengthening out my paper by the ligion or decency should preserve from con- skilful management of the subscribing part tempt. But all this evil arises from this one at the end of them, which perhaps does corruption of mind, that makes men resent not a little conduce to the ease, both of myoffences against their virtue, less than those self and reader. against their understanding. An author
Some will have it, that I often write to myshall write as if he thought there was not self, and am the only, punctual correspondone man of honour or woman of chastity in ent I have. This objection would indeed the house, and come off with applause: for be material, were the letters I communian insult upon all the ten commandments cate to the public stuffed with my own with the little critics is not so bad as the commendations; and if instead of endeabreach of a unity of time and place. Half youring to divert and instruct my readers, wits do not apprehend the miseries that I admired in them the beauty of my own must necessarily flow from a degeneracy of performances. But I shall leave these wise manners; nor do they know that order is conjecturers to their own imaginations, and the support of society. Sir Roger and his produce the three following letters for the mistress are monsters of the poet's own entertainment of the day. forming; the sentiments in both of them are 'SIR,-I was last Thursday in an assemsuch as do nct arise in fools of their educa- bly of ladies, where there were thirteen diftion. We all know that a silly scholar, ferent coloured hoods. Your Spectator of instead of being below every one he meets that day lying upon the table, they ordered with, is apt to be exalted above the rank of me to read it to them, which I did with a such as are really his superiors; his arro- very clear voice, until I came to the Greek gance is always founded upon particular verse at the end of it. I must confess I was notions of distinction in his own head, ac a little startled at its popping upon me so companied with a pedantic scorn of all for- unexpectedly. However, I covered my tune and pre-eminence, when compared confusion as well as I could, and after havwith his knowledge and learning. This ing muttered two or three hard words to very one character of Sir Roger, as silly as myself, laughed heartily; and cried, “ it really is, has done more towards the 'dis- very good jest, faith.” The ladies desired paragement of holy orders, and consequently me to explain it to them; but I begged their of virtue itself, than all the wit of that au- pardon for that, and told them, that if it thor, or any other, could make up for in the had been proper for them to hear, they conduct of the longest life after it. I do not might be sure the author would not have pretend in saying this, to give myself airs wrapped it up in Greek. I then let drop of more virtue than my neighbours, but several expressions, as if there was someassert it from the principles by which man- thing in it that was not fit to be spoken bekind must always be governed. Sallies of fore a company of ladies. Upon which the imagination are to be overlooked, when they matron of the assembly, who was dressed are committed out of warmth in the recom- in a cherry-coloured hood, commended the mendation of what is praise-worthy; but a discretion of the writer for having thrown deliberate advancing of vice, with all the his filthy thoughts into Greek, which was wit in the world, is as ill an action as any likely to corrupt but few of his readers. that comes before the magistrate, and ought At the same time she declared herself very to be received as such by the people. well pleased that he had not given a deci
T, sive opinion upon the new-fashioned hoods;
"for to tell you truly,” says she, “I was the ladies wore coloured hoods, and ordered afraid he would have made us ashamed to me to get her one of the finest blue. I am show our heads.” Now, sir, you must know forced to comply with her demands whilst since this unlucky accident happened to she is in her present condition, being very me in a company of ladies, among whom willing to have more of the same breed. I I passed for a most ingenious man, I have do not know what she may produce me, consulted one who is well versed in the but provided it be a show I shall be very Greek language, and he assures me upon well satisfied. Such novelties should not, his word, that your late quotation means I think, be concealed from the British Specno more than that “manners, not dress, tator; for which reason I hope you will exare the ornaments of a woman. ” If this cuse the presumption in your most dutiful, comes to the knowledge of my female ad- most obedient, and most humble servant, mirers, I shall be very hard put to it to
S. T.' bring myself off handsomely. In the mean while, I give you this account, that you may take care hereafter not to betray any No. 272.] Friday, January 11, 1711-12. of your well-wishers into the like incon -Longa est injuria, longe veniences. It is in the number of these Ambages
Virg. n. i. 345. that I beg leave to subscribe myself,
Great is the injury, and long the tale.
• MR. SPECTATOR,—The occasion of Mr. Spectator,-Your readers are so this letter is of so great importance, and well pleased with the character of Sir the circumstances of it such, that I know Roger de Coverley, that there appeared a you will but think it just to insert it, in sensible joy in every coffee-house, upon preference to all other matters that can hearing the old knight was come to town. present themselves to your consideration. I am now with a knot of his admirers, I need not, after I have said this, tell you who make it their joint request to you, that I am in love. The circumstances of my that you would give us public notice of the passion I shall let you understand as well window or balcony where the knight in- as a disordered mind will admit. “That tends to make his appearance. He has cursed pick-thank, Mrs. Jane!” Alas, I already given great satisfaction to several am railing at one to you by her name, as who have seen him at Squires's coffee-house. familiarly
as if you were acquainted with If you think fit to place your short face at her as well as myself: but I will tell you Sir Roger's left elbow, we shall take the all, as fast as the alternate interruptions of hint and gratefully acknowledge so great love and anger will give me leave. There a favour. I am, sir, your most devoted is the most agreeable young woman in the humble servant,
C. D.' world whom I am passionately in love with,
and from whom I have for some space of “Sir,-Knowing that you are very in- time received as great marks of favour as quisitive after every thing that is curious were fit for her to give, or me to desire. in nature, I will wait on you if you please The successful progress of the affair, of all in the dusk of the evening, with my show others the most essential towards a man's upon my back, which I carry about with happiness, gave a new life and spirit not me in a box, as only consisting of a man, only to my behaviour and discourse, but woman, and horse.* The two first are also a certain grace to all my actions in the married, in which state the little cavalier commerce of life, in all things however rehas so well acquitted himself, that his lady mote from love. You know the predomiis with child. The big-bellied woman and nant passion spreads itself through all a her husband, with their whimsical palfrey, man's transactions, and exalts or depresses are so very light, that when they are put him according to the nature of such a pastogether in a scale, an ordinary man may sion. But, alas! I have not yet begun my weigh down the whole family. The little story, and what is making sentences and man is a bully in his nature; but when he observations when a man is pleading for grows choleric I confine him to his box un- his life! To begin, then. This lady has til his wrath is over, by which means I have corresponded with me under the
names of hitherto prevented him from doing mis- love; she my Belinda, I her Cleanthes. chief. His horse is likewise very vicious, Though I am thus well got into the account for which reason I am forced to tie him of my affair, I cannot keep in the thread of close to his manger with a packthread. The it so much as to give you the character of woman is a coquette. She struts as much Mrs. Jane, whom I will not hide under a as it is possible for a lady of two feet high, borrowed name; but let you know, that and would ruin me in silks, were not the this creature has been since I knew her, quantity that goes to a large pincushion very handsome (though I will not allow sufficient to make her a gown and petticoat. her even “she has been " for the future,) She told me the other day, that she heard and during the time of her bloom and About the time this paper was published, there
beauty, was so great a tyrant to her lovers, were exhibited in London, wo dwarfs (a man and his so overvalued herself and underrated ali wife) and a horse of a very diminutive size.
her pretenders, that they have deserted
her to a man; and she knows no comfort | hearing, the young lady will support what but that common one to all in her condition, we say by her testimony, that I never saw the pleasure of interrupting the amours her but that once in my whole life. Dear of others. It is impossible but you must sir, do not omit this true relation, nor think it have seen several of these volunteers in too particular; for there are crowds of formalice, who pass their whole time in the lorn coquettes who intermingle themselves most laborious way of life in getting intelli- with our ladies, and contract familiarities gence, running from place to place with out of malice, and with no other design new whispers, without reaping any other but to blast the hopes of lovers, the expecbenefit but the hopes of making others as tation of parents, and the benevolence of unhappy as themselves. Mrs. Jane hap- kindred. "I doubt not but I shall be, sir, pened to be at a place where I, with many your most obliged humble servant, others well acquainted with my passion
•CLEANTHES.' for Belinda, passed a Christmas evening. There was among the rest, a young lady,
Will's Coffee-house, Jan. 10. so free in mirth, so amiable in a just re-adorned with the fair sex, I offered, af
“SIR,-The other day entering a room serve that accompanied it; I wrong her to call it a reserve, but there appeared in her a ter the usual manner, to each of them a mirth or cheerfulness which was not a for- kiss; but one, more scornful than the rest, bearance of more immoderate joy, but the turned her cheek. I did not think it proper natural appearance of all which could flow to take any notice of it until I had asked from a mind possessed of a habit of inno- your advice. Your humble servant,
• E. S.' cence and purity. I must have utterly forgot Belinda to have taken no notice of one The correspondent is desired to say who was growing up to the same womanly which cheek the offender turned to him. virtues which shine to perfection in her, had I not distinguished one who seemed to
ADVERTISEMENT. promise to the world the same life and From the Parish-vestry, Jan. 9. conduct with my faithful and lovely Belin • All ladies who come to church in the da. When the company broke up, the fine new-fashioned hoods, are desired to be young thing permitted me to take care of there before divine service begins, lest they her home. Mrs. Jane saw my particular divert the attention of the congregation. regard to her, and was informed of my at T.
RALPH.' tending her to her father's house. She came early to Belinda the next morning, and asked her, “ If Mr. Such-a-one had No. 273.] Saturday, January 12, 1711-12. been with her?” “No.” “If Mr. Such-a
-Notandi sunt tibi mores. one's lady?” “No.” “Nor your cousin Such-a-one?" "No."_“Lord,” says Mrs. Jane, “what is the friendship of women? Having examined the action of Paradise Nay, they may well laugh at it. And did Lost, let us in the next place consider the no one tell you any thing of the behaviour actors. This is Aristotle's method of conof your lover, Mr. What-d'ye-call
, last sidering, first the fable, and secondly the night? But perhaps it is nothing to you manners; or, as we generally call them in that he is to be married to young Mrs. English, the fable and the characters. on Tuesday next?” Belinda was here ready Homer has excelled all the heroic poets to die with rage and jealousy. Then Mrs. that ever wrote in the multitude and variety Jane goes on: “I have a young kinsm of his characters. Every god that is adwho is a clerk to a great conveyancer, who mitted into his poem, acts a part which shall show you the rough draught of the would have been suitable to no other deity. marriage settlement. The world says, her His princes are as much distinguished by father gives him two thousand pounds more their manners, as by their dominions; and than he could have with you.” I went in- even those among them, whose characters nocently to wait on Belinda as usual, but seem wholly made up of courage, differ was not admitted; I writ to her, but my from one another as to the particular kinds letter was sent back unopened. Poor Betty, of courage in which they excel. In short her maid, who is on my side, has been there is scarce a speech or action in the here just now blubbering, and told me the Iliad, which the reader may not ascribe to whole matter. She says she did not think the person who speaks or acts, without seeI could be so base; and that she is now ing his name at the head of it. so odious to her mistress for having so Homer does not only outshine all other often spoke well of me, that she dare not poets in the variety, but also in the novelty mention me more. All our hopes are of his characters. He has introduced among placed in having these circumstances fairly his Grecian princes a person who had lived represented in the Spectator, which Betty thrice the age of man, and conversed with says she dare not but bring up as soon as it Theseus, Hercules, Polyphemus, and the is brought in; and has promised when you first race of heroes. His principal actor is have broke the ice to own this was laid the son of a goddess, not to mention the offbetween us, and when I can come to a spring of other deities, who have likewise a
Hor. Ars Poet. v. 156 Note well the manners.