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Yet this is generally the case. A bloody | apples of a bellows-mender, and gingerbattle alarms the town from one end to an- bread from a grinder of knives and scissors. other in an instant. Every motion of the Nay, so strangely infatuated are some very French is published in so great a hurry, eminent artists of this particular grace in a that one would think the enemy were at our cry, that none but their acquaintance are gates. This likewise I would take upon me able to guess at their profession: for who to regulate in such a manner, that there else can know, that “work if I had it,' should be some distinction made between should be the signification of a corn-cutter. the spreading of a victory, a march, or an • For as much therefore as persons of this encampment; a Dutch, a Portugal, or a rank are seldom men of genius or capacity, Spanish mail. Nor must I omit under this I think it would be very proper that some head those excessive alarms with which man of good sense and sound judgment several boisterous rustics infest our streets should preside over these public cries, who in turnip-season; and which are more inex- should permit none to lift up their voices in cusable, because these are wares which are our streets, that have not tuneable throats, in no danger of cooling upon their hands. and are not only able to overcome the noise
• There are others who affect a very slow of the crowd, and the rattling of coaches, time, and are in my opinion much more but also to vend their respective merchantuneable than the former. The cooper in dises in apt phrases, and in the most disparticular swells his last note in a hollow tinct and agreeable sounds. I do therefore voice, that is not without its harmony; nor humbly recommend myself as a person can I forbear being inspired with a most rightly qualified for this post; and if I meet agreeable melancholy, when I hear that with fitting encouragement, shall communisad and solemn air with which the public cate some other projects which I have by are very often asked, if they have any me, that may no less conduce to the emoluchairs tó mend? Your own memory may ment of the public. I am, sir, &c. suggest to you many other lamentable dit C.
RALPHM CROTCHET.; ties of the same nature, in which the music is wonderfully languishing and melodious.
"I am always pleased with that particu. No. 252.] Wednesday, December 19, 1711. lar time of the year which is proper for the pickling of dill and cucumbers; but alas! Erranti, pagsimque oculos per cuncta ferenti. this cry, like the song of the nightingale, is
Virg. Æn. ii. 570. not heard above two months. It would Exploring every place with curious eyes. therefore be worth while to consider; whe • Mr. SPECTATOR,- I am very sorry to ther the same air might not in some cases find by your discourse upon the eye, that be adapted to other words.
you have not thoroughly studied the nature • It might likewise deserve our most and force of that part of a beauteous face. serious consideration, how far, in a well Had you ever been in love, you would have regulated city, those humorists are to be said ten thousand things, which it seems tolerated, who, not contented with the tra- did nut occur to you. Do but reflect upon ditional cries of their forefathers, have in the nonsense it makes men talk, the flames vented particular songs and tunes of their which it is said to kindle, the transport it own: such as was not many years since, raises, the dejection it causes in the bravest the pastry-man, commonly known by the men; and if you do believe those things are name of the Colly-Molly-Puff;* and such expressed to an extravagance, yet you will as is at this day the vender of powder and own that the influence of it is very great, wash-balls, who, if I am rightly informed, which moves men to that extravagance. goes under the name of Powder-Watt.
Certain it is, that the whole strength of the * I must not here omit one particular ab- mind is sometimes seated there; that a kind surdity which runs through this whole vo- look imparts all that a year's discourse ciferous generation, and which renders their could give you, in one moment. What matcries very often not only incommodious, but ters it what she says to you, see how she altogether useless to the public. I mean, looks,” is the language of all who know that idle accomplishment which they all of what love is. When the mind is thus sumthem aim at, of crying so as not to be un- med up and expressed in a glance, did you derstood. Whether or no they have learn- never observe a sudden joy arise in the ed this from several of our affected singers, countenance of a lover. Did you never see I will not take upon me to say; but most the attendance of years paid, overpaid, in certain it is, that people know the wares an instant? You a Spectator, and not know they deal in rather by their tunes than by that the intelligence of affection is carried their words; insomuch that I have some-on by the eye only; that good-breeding has times seen a country-boy run out to buy made the tongue falsify the heart, and act
* This little man was but just able to support the basket of pastry which he carried on his head, and sung in a very peculiar tone the cant words which passed
With various power the wonder-working eye into his name, Colly Molly-Puff. There is a half sheet Can awe, or sooth, reclaim, or lead astray, print of laim in the Set of London Cries, M. Lauron,
The motto in the original folio was taken from Virg. del. P. Tempest, crc. Granger's Biographical History of Ecl. iii. 103. England.
Nescio quis teneros oculus mihi fascinat agnos.
a part of continual restraint, while nature have heard many eminent pleaders in my has preserved the eyes to herself, that she time, as well as other eloquent speakers of may not be disguised or misrepresented. both universities, yet I agree with you, that The poor bride can give her hand and say, women are better qualified to succeed in “I do,” with a languishing air, to the man oratory than the men, and believe this is to she is obliged by cruel parents to take for be resolved into natural causes. You have mercenary reasons, but at the same time mentioned only the volubility of their she cannot look as if she loved: her eye is tongues: but what do you think of the silent full of sorrow, and reluctance sits in a tear, flattery of their pretty faces, and the perwhile the offering of a sacrifice is perform- suasion which even an insipid discourse ed in what ive call the marriage ceremony. carries with it when flowing from beautiful Do you never go to plays? Cannot you dis- lips, to which it would be cruel to deny any tinguish between the eyes of those who go thing? It is certain, too, that they are posto see, from those who come to be seen? Isessed of some springs of rhetoric which am a woman turned of thirty, and am on men want, such as tears, fainting-fits, and the observation a little; therefore if you, or the like, which I have seen employed upon your correspondent, had consulted' me in occasion, with good success. You must your discourse on the eye, I could have told know that I am a plain man, and love my vou that the eye of Leonora is slily watch- money; yet I have a spouse who is so great ful while it looks negligent; she looks round an orator in this way, that she draws from her without the help of the glasses you me what sums she pleases. Every room in speak of, and yet seems to be employed on my house is furnished with trophies of her objects directly before her. This eye is eloquence, rich cabinets, piles of china, what affects chance-medley, and on a sud- japan screens, and costly jars; and if you den, as if it attended to another thing, turns were to come into my great parlour, you all its charms against an ogler. The eye of would fancy yourself in an India warehouse. Lusitania is an instrument of premeditated Besides this, she keeps a squirrel, and I murder; but the design being visible, de- am doubly taxed to pay for the china he stroys the execution of it; and with much breaks. She is seized with periodical fits more beauty than that of Leonora, it is not about the time of the subscriptions to a new half so mischievous. There is a brave sol- opera, and is drowned in tears after having dier's daughter in town, that by her eye seen any woman there in finer clothes than has been the death of more than ever her herself. These are arts of persuasion purely father made fly before him. A beautiful feminine, and which a tender heart cannot eye makes silence eloquent, a kind eye resist. What I would therefore desire of makes contradiction an assent, an enraged you, is, to prevail with your friend who has eye makes beauty deformed. This little promised to dissect a female tongue, that member gives life to every other part about he wouldat the same time give us the anatomy us, and I believe the story of Argus im- of a female eye, and explain the springs and plies no more, than that the eye is in every sluices which feed it with such ready suppart; that is to say, every other part would plies of moisture; and likewise show by be mutilated, were not its force represent- what means, if possible, they may be stoped more by the eye than even by itself. ped at a reasonable expense. Or indeed, But this is heathen Greek to those who since there is something so moving in the have not conversed by glances. This, sir, very image of weeping beauty, it would be is a language in which there can be no de- worthy his art to provide, that these eloceit, nor can a skilful observer be imposed quent drops may no more be lavished on upon by looks, even among politicians and trifles, or employed as servants to their courtiers. If you do me the honour to print wayward wills: but reserved for serious this among your speculations, I shall in my occasions in life, to adorn generous pity, next make you a present of secret history, true penitence, or real sorrow. I am, &c. by translating all the looks of the next as
T. sembly of ladies and gentlemen into words, to adoin some future paper. I am, sir, your No. 253.] Thursday, December 20, 1711. faithful friend, • MARY HEARTFREE.' Indignor quicquam reprehendi, non quia crasse
Compositum, illepideve putetur, sed quia nuper. •MR. SPECTATOR,-I have a sot of a
Hor. Lib. 1. Ep. ii. 76. husband that lives a very scandalous life;
I feel my honest indignation risc, who wastes away his body and fortune in When with affected air a coxcomb cries, debaucheries; and is immoveable to all the
The work I own has elegance and ease,
But sure no modern should pretend to please. arguments I can urge to him. I would gladly know whether in some cases a cudgel
THERE is nothing which more denotes a may not be allowed as a good figure of speech, and whether it may not be lawfully great mind than the abhorrence of envy used by a female orator.
This passion reigns more servant, BARBARA CRABTREE.'
among bad poets than among any other set
of men. MR. SPECTATOR,—Though I am As there are none more ambitious of fame, practitioner in the law of some standing, and than those who are conversant in poetry, it
Your humble and detraction.
is very natural for such as have not suc-| mention what Monsieur Boileau has so very ceeded in it to depreciate the works of those well enlarged upon in the preface to his who have. For since they cannot raise works, that wit and fine writing do not conthemselves to the reputation of their fel- sist so much in advancing things that are low-writers, they must endeavour to sink new, as in giving things that are known an that to their own pitch, if they would still agreeable turn. It is impossible for us, keep themselves upon a level with them. who live in the later ages of the world, to The greatest wits that ever were pro- make observations in criticism, m
morality, duced in one age, lived together in so good or in any art or science, which have not an understanding, and celebrated one an- been touched upon by others. We have other with so much generosity, that each little else left us, but to represent the comof them receives an additional lustre from mon sense of mankind in more strong, more his contemporaries, and is more famous for beautiful, or more uncommon lights. If a having lived with men of so extraordinary reader examines Horace's Art of Poetry, a genius, than if he had himself been the he will find but very few precepts in it, sole wonder of the age. I need not tell my which he may not meet with in Aristotle, reader that I here point at the reign of and which were not commonly known by Augustus, and I believe he will be of my all the poets of the Augustan age. His way opinion, that neither Virgil nor Horace of expressing and applying them, not his would have gained so great a reputation in invention of them, is what we are chiefly the world, had they not been the friends to admire. and adinirers of each other. Indeed all the For this reason I think there is nothing great writers of that age, for whom singly in the world so tiresome as the works of we have so great an esteem, stand up to those critics who write in a positive doggether as vouchers for one another's repu- matic way, without either language, genius, tation. But at the same time that Virgil or imagination. If the reader would see was celebrated by Gallus, Propertius, Ho- how the best of the Latin critics wrote, he race, Varius, Tucca, and Ovid, we know may find their manner very beautifully that Bavius and Mævius were his declared described in the characters of Horace, Pefoes and calumniators.
tronius, Quintilian, and Longinus, as they In our own country a man seldom sets are drawn in the essay of which I am now up for a poet, without attacking the repu- speaking. tation of all his brothers in the art. The Since I have mentioned Longinus, who ignorance of the moderns, the scribblers of in his reflections has given us the same the age, the decay of poetry, are the topics kind of sublime which he observes in the of detraction with which he makes his en- several passages that occasioned them; I trance into the world: but how much more cannot but take notice that our English noble is the fame that is built on candour author has, after the same manner, exand ingenuity, according to those beautiful emplified several of his precepts in the lines of Sir John Denham, in his poem on very precepts themselves. I shall produce Fletcher's works!
two or three instances of this kind. Speak
ing of the insipid smoothness which some But whither am I stray'd ? I need not raise Trophies to thee from other men's dispraise:
readers are so much in love with, he has Nor is thy fame on lesser ruins built,
the following verses: Nor needs thy juster title the foul guilt Of Eastern kings, who, to secure their reign,
These equal syllables alone require, Must have their brothers, sons, and kindred slain. Tho' of the ear the open vowels tire,
While expletives their feeble aid do join, I am sorry to find that an author, who is And ten low words oft creep in one dull line. very justly esteemed among the best judges, has admitted some strokes of this nature line, the expletive do, in the third, and
The gaping of the vowels in the second into a very fine poem; I mean the Art the ten monosyllables in the fourth, give of Criticism, which was published some such a beauty to this passage, as would months since, and is a master-piece in its have been very much admired in an ancient kind. The observations follow one another like those in Horace's Art of Poetry, with poet: The reader may observe the followout that methodical regularity which would ing lines in the same view: have been requisite in a prose author. They A needless Alexandrine ends the song, are some of them uncommon, but such as
That like a wounded snake drags its slow length along. the reader must assent to, when he sees And afterwards, them explained with that elegance and
'Tis not enough no harshness gives offence, perspicuity in which they are delivered. The sound must seem an echo to the sense. As for those which are the most known, Soft is the strain when Zephyr gently blows, and the most received, they are placed in
But when loud surges lash the sounding shore, so beautiful a light, and illustrated with The hoarse rough verse should like the torrent roar. such apt allusions, that they have in them When Ajax strives some rock's vast weight to throw,
The line too labours, and the words move slow; all the graces of novelty, and make the
Not so, when swift Camilla scours the plain, reader, who was before acquainted with Flies o'er th' unbending corn, and skims along the them, still more convinced of their truth and solidity. And here give me leave to The beautiful distich upon Ajax in the
And the smooth stream in smoother numbers flows:
foregoing lines, puts me in mind of a de-grogram gown, the spouse of your parish scription in Homer's Odyssey, which none vicar, who has by this time, I am sure, of the critics have taken notice of. It is well furnished you with receipts for making where Sisyphus is represented lifting his salves and possets, distilling cordial waters, stone up the hill, which is no sooner carried making syrups, and applying poultices. to the top of it, but it immediately tumbles • Blest solitude! I wish thee joy, my dear, to the bottom. This double motion cf the of thy loved retirement, which indeed you stone is admirably described in the num- would persuade me is very agreeable, and bers of these verses; as in the four first it different enough from what I have here is heaved up by several spondees, inter- described: but, child, I am afraid thy brains mixed with proper breathing places, and are a little disordered with romances and at last trundles down in a continued line of novels. After six months marriage to hear dactyls:
thee talk of love, and paint the country Και μην Σισυφον, εισειδον, κρατερ' αλγε' εχοντα,
scenes so softly, is a little extravagant; one Λααν βασταζοντα πελώριον αμφοτερήσιν. .
would think you lived the lives of sylvan 'Ητοι ο μεν σκριπτομενος χερσιν τε σοσιν τε, deities, or roved among the walks of ParaΛααν ανω ωθεσκε τοτι λοφον, αλλ' οτε μελλοι 'Ακρον υπερβαλεειν, τοτ' αποστρεψασαε Κραταιις,
dise, like the first happy, pair. But pray Αυτις επειτα πεδoνδε κυλινδετο λαας αναιδης. . thee leave these whimsies, and come to
Odyss. 1. 11.
town in order to live and talk like other I turn'd my eye, and as I turn'd survey'd
mortals. However, as I am extremely inA mournful vision, the Sisyphian shade: With many a weary step, and many a groan,
terested in your reputation, I would wilUp the high hill he heaves a huge round stone: lingly give you a little good advice at your The huge round stone, resulting with a bound, Thunders impetuous down, and smokes along the married woman. It is a little insolent in
first appearance under the character of a ground.
Pope. It would be endless to quote verses out me, perhaps, to advise a matron; but I am of Virgil which have this particular kind so afraid, you will make so silly a figure as of beauty in the numbers: but I may take a fond wife, that I cannot help warning you an occasion in a future paper to show
not to appear in any public places with several of them which have escaped the St. James's Park together; if you presume
your husband, and never to saunter about observation of others. I cannot conclude this paper without
to enter the ring at Hyde Park together, taking notice that we have three poems in you are ruined for ever; nor must you take our tongue, which are of the same nature; house or opera, unless you would be laughed
the least notice of one another at the playand each of them a master-piece in its kind; the *Essay on Translated Verse, the at for a very loving couple, most happily Essay on the Art of Poetry, and the Essay recommend the example of an acquaint
paired in the yoke of wedlock. I would upon Criticism.
ance of ours to your imitation; she is the most negligent and fashionable wife in the
world; she is hardly ever seen in the same No. 254.] Friday, December 21, 1711. place with her husband, and if they hap
Σεμνος ερως αρετης, ο δε κυπριδος αχος οφελλει. pen to meet, you would think them perfect Virtuous love is honourable, but lust increaseth sorrow. him in his absence; and takes care he shall
strangers; she was never heard to name WHEN I consider the false impressions never be the subject of any discourse that which are received by the generality of the she has a share in. I hope you will proworld, I am troubled at none more than pose this lady as a pattern, though I am a certain levity of thought, which many very much afraid you will be so silly to young women of quality have entertained, think Portia, &c., Sabine and Roman wives, to the hazard of their characters, and the much brighter examples. I wish it may certain misfortune of their lives. The first never come into your head to imitate those of the following letters may best represent antiquated creatures, so far as to come into the faults I would now point at, and the public in the habit as well as air of a Roanswer to it, the temper of mind in a con- man matron. You make already the entrary character.
tertainment at Mrs. Modish's tea-table; * MY DEAR HARRIOT,–If thou art she, she says she always thought you a discreet but oh how fallen, how changed, what an person, and qualified to manage a family apostate! how lost to all that is gay and with admirable prudence; she dies to see agreeable! To be married I find is to be what demure and serious airs wedlock has buried alive; I cannot conceive it more dis- given you, but she says, she shall never mal to be shut up in a vault to converse forgive your choice of so gallant a man as with the shades of my ancestors, than to Bellamour, to transform him into a mere be carried down to an old manor house in sober husband: it was unpardonable. You the country, and confined to the conversa- see, my dear, we all envy your happiness, tion of a sober husband, and an awkward and no person more than your humble serchambermaid. For variety, I suppose you vant,
LYDIA.' may entertain yourself with madam in her
• Be not in pain, good madam, for my * By the Earl of Roscommon.
appearance in town; I shall frequent no
public places or make any visit where the I am sorry I cannot answer this impacharacter of a moderate wife is ridiculous. tient gentleman but by another question. As for your wild raillery on matrimony, it is DEAR CORRESPONDENT.-Would you all hypocrisy; you, and all the handsome marry to please other people, or yourself? young women of your acquaintance, show yourselves to no other purpose than to gain a conquest over some man of worth, in order to bestow your charms and fortune on No. 255.] Saturday, December 22, 1711. him. There is no indecency in the confession, the design is modest and honourable,
Laudis amore tumes ? sunt certa piacula, quæ te
Ter pure lecto poterunt recreare libello. and all your affectation cannot disguise it.
Hor. Ep. 1. Lib. 1. ver. 36. "I am married, and have no other concern but to please the man I love; he is the Know there are rhymes, which (fresh and fresh apply'd) end of every care I have; if I dress, it is for
Will cure the arrant'st puppy of his pride.- Pope. him; if I read a poem, or a play, it is to The soul, considered abstractedly from qualify myself for a conversation agreeable its passions, is of a remiss and sedentary to his taste: he is almost the end of my de- nature, slow in its resolves, and languishvotions; half my prayers are for his happi-ing in its executions. The use therefore ness—I love to talk of him, and never hear of the passions is to stir it up, and to put it him named but with pleasure and emotion. upon action, to awaken the understanding, I am your friend, and wish your happiness, to enforce the will, and to make the whole but am sorry to see, by the air of your man more vigorous and attentive in the letter, that there are a set of women who prosecution of his designs. As this is the are got into the common-place raillery of end of the passions in general, so it is partievery thing that is sober, decent, and pro- cularly of ambition, which pushes the soul per; matrimony and the clergy are the to such actions as are apt to procure honour topics of people of little wit, and no under- and reputation to the actor.
But if we standing. I own to you I have learned of carry our reflections higher, we may disthe vicar's wife all you tax me with. She cover farther ends of Providence in imis a discreet, ingenious, pleasant, pious planting this passion in mankind. woman; I wish she had the handling of It was necessary for the world, that arts you and Mrs. Modish; you would find, if should be invented and improved, books you were too free with her, she would soon written and transmitted to posterity, namake you as charming as ever you were; tions conquered and civilized. Now since she would make you blush as much as if the proper and genuine motives to these, you never had been fine ladies. The vicar, and the like great actions, would only inmadam, is so kind as to visit my hus- fluence virtuous minds: there would be but band, and his agreeable conversation has small improvements in the world, were brought him to enjoy many sober, happy there not some common principle of action hours, when even I am shut out, and my working equally with all men. And such dear master is entertained only with his a principle is ambition, or a desire of fame, own thoughts. These things, dear madam, by which great endowments are not sufferwill be lasting satisfactions, when the fine ed to lie idle and useless to the public, and ladies, and the coxcombs, by whom they many vicious men are over-reached as it form themselves, are irreparably ridicu- were, and engaged, contrary to their natural lous, ridiculous in old age. “I am, madam, inclinations, in a glorious and laudable your most humble servant,
course of action. For we may farther ob•MARY HOME.'
that men of the greatest abilities are
most fired with ambition; and that on the DEAR MR. SPECTATOR,—You have no contrary, mean and narrow minds are the goodness in the world, and are not in earn- least actuated by it: whether it be that a est in any thing you say that is serious, man's sense of his own incapacities makes if you do not send me a plain answer him despair of coming at fame, or that he to this. I happened some days past to be has not enough range of thought to look out at the play, where during the time of per- for any good which does not more immeformance, I could not keep my eyes off diately relate to his interest or convenience; from a beautiful young creature who sat or that Providence, in the very frame of his just before me, and who I have been since soul, would not subject him to such a pasinformed, has no fortune. It would utterly sion as would be useless to the world, and ruin my reputation for discretion to marry a torment to himself. such a one, and by what I can learn she has Were not this desire of fame very strong; a character of great modesty, so that there the difficulty of obtaining it, and the danis nothing to be thought on any other way. ger of losing it when obtained, would be My mind has ever since been so wholly sufficient to deter a man from so vain a bent on her, that I am much in danger of pursuit. doing something, very extravagant without How few are there who are furnished your speedy advice to, sir, your most hum- with abilities sufficient to recommend their ble servant.'
actions to the admiration of the world, and