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Ovid. Met. ii. 38.

good services, but represent our mirth and the genealogies of great families were often freedom by the words wantonness and dis- drawn up in the shape of trees, had taken order.

a fancy to dispose of his own illegitimate "That in all families where there are issue in a figure of the same kind: spies, there is a general jealousy and misunderstanding.

Nec longum tempus et ingens

Exiit ad cælum ramis felicibus arbos, • That the masters and mistresses of such

Miraturque novas frondes, et non sua poma. houses live in continual suspicion of their

Virg. Georg. ij. 80. ingenuous and true servants, and are given And in short space the laden boughs arise, up to the management of those who are With happy fruit advancing to the skies; false and perfidious.

The mother plant admires the leaves unknown

Of alien trees, and apples not her own. -Dryden. “That such masters and mistresses who entertain spies, are no longer more than The trunk of the tree was marked with cyphers in their own families; and that we his own name, Will Maple. Out of the your petitioners are with great disdain side of it grew a large barren branch, inobliged to pay all our respect, and expect scribed Mary Maple, the name of his unall our maintenance from such spies. happy wife. The head was adorned with • Your petitioners therefore most hum-five huge boughs. On the bottom of the

bly pray, that you would represent the first was written in capital characters Kate premises to all persons of condition; and Cole, who branched out into three sprigs, your petitioners, as in duty bound, shall viz. William, Richard, and Rebecca. Sal for ever pray,' &c.

T. Twiford gave birth to another bough, that

shot up into Sarah, Tom, Will, and Frank. The third arm of the tree had only a single

infant on it, with a space left for a second; No. 203.] Tuesday, October 23, 1711.

the parent from whom it sprung being near Phoebe pater, si das hujus mihi nominis usum her time when the author took this ingeNec falsa Clymene culpam sub iinagine celat; Pignora da, genitor

njous device into his head. The two other Illustrious parent! if I yet may claim

great boughs were very plentifully loaden The name of son, O rescue me from shame;

with fruit of the same kind; besides which My mother's truth confirm; all doubt remove, there were many ornamental branches that By tender pledges of a faiber's love.

did not bear. In short, a more Aourishing THERE is a loose tribe of men whom I tree never came out of the herald's office. have not yet taken notice of, that ramble What makes this generation of vermin into all the corners of this great city, in so very prolific, is the indefatigable diliorder to seduce such unfortunate females gence with which they apply themselves as fall into their walks. These abandoned to their business. A man does not undergo profligates raise up issue in every quarter of more watchings and fatigues in a camthe town, and very often, for a valuable paign, than in the course of a vicious amour. consideration, father it upon the church- As it is said of some men, that they make warden. By this means there are several their business their pleasure, these sons of married men who have a little family in darkness may be said to make their pleamost of the parishes of London and West- sure their business. They might conquer minster, and several bachelors who are un- their corrupt inclinations with half the done by a charge of children.

pains they are at in gratifying them. When a man once gives himself this Nor is the invention of these men less to liberty of preying at large, and living upon be admired than their industry and vigithe common, he finds so much game in a lance. There is a fragment of Apollodorus populous city, that it is surprising to consi- the comic poet (who was contemporary der the numbers which he sometimes pro- with Menander) which is full of humour, pagates. We see many a young fellow as follows: Thou mayest shut up thy who is scarce of age, that could lay his doors,' says he, with bars and bolts. It claim to the jus trium liberorum, or the will be impossible for the blacksmith to privileges which were granted by the Ro- make them so fast, but a cat and a whoreman laws, to all such as were fathers of master will find a way through them.' In three children. Nay, I have heard a rake, a word, there is no head so full of stratawho was not quite five-and-twenty, declare gems as that of a libidinous man. himself the father of a seventh son, and Were I to propose a punishment for this very prudently determine to breed him up infamous race of propagators, it should be a physician. In short, the town is full of to send them, after the second or third ofthese young patriarchs, not to mention fence, into our American colonies, in order several battered beaux, who like heed- to people those parts of her majesty's less spendthrifts that squander away their dominions where there is a want of inhaestates before they are masters of them, bitants, and, in the phrase of Diogeres, to have raised up their whole stock of chil- . plant men. Some countries punish this dren before marriage.

crime with death; but I think such a banI must not here omit the particular whim ishment would be sufficient, and might of an impudent libertine, that had a little turn this generative faculty to the advansmattering of heraldry; and observing how I tage of the public.

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In the mean time, until these gentlementinual anxiety for my future fortune, and may be thus disposed of, I would earnestly under a great unhappiness in losing the exhort them to take care of those unfortu- sweet conversation and friendly advice of nate creatures whom they have brought my parents; so that I cannot look upon myinto the world by these indirect methods, self otherwise than as a monster, strangely and to give their spurious children such an sprung up in nature, which every one is education as may render them more virtu- ashamed to own. ous than their parents. This is the best *I am thought to be a man of some naatonement they can make for their own tural parts, and by the continual reading crimes, and indeed the only method that is what you have offered the world, become left them to repair their past miscarriages. an admirer thereof, which has drawn me to

I would likewise desire them to consider, make this confession; at the same time whether they are not bound in common hoping, if any thing herein shall touch you humanity, as well as by all the obligations with a sense of pity, you would then allow of religion and nature, to make some pro- me the favour of your opinion thereupon; vision for those whom they have not only as also what part I, being unlawfully born, given life to, but entailed upon them, though may claim of the man's affection who begot very unreasonably, a degree of shame and me, and how far in your opinion I am to be disgrace. And here I cannot but take notice thought his son, or he acknowledged as my of those depraved notions which prevail father. Your sentiments and advice herein among us, and which must have taken rise will be a great consolation and satisfaction from our natural inclination to favour a to, sir, your admirer, &c. vice to which we are so very prone, namely, C.

•W. B.' that bastardy and cuckoldom should be looked upon as reproaches; and that the ignominy which is only due to lewdness No. 204.] Wednesday, October 24, 1711. and falsehood, should fall in so unreasonable a manner upon the persons who are

Urit grata protervitas,

Et vultus nimium lubricus aspici. innocent.

Hor. Lib. 1. Od. xix. %. I have been insensibly drawn into this Her face too dazzling for the sight, discourse by the following letter, which is Her winning coyness fires my soul, drawn up with such a spirit of sincerity,

I feel a strange delight. that I question not but the writer of it has I am not at all displeased that I am represented his case in a true and genuine become the courier of love, and that the light.

distressed in that passion convey their com

plaints to each other by my means. The “Sir, I am one of those people who by following letters have lately come to my the general opinion of the world are counted hands, and shall have their place with both infamous and unhappy.

great willingness. As to the reader's en• My father is a very eminent man in this tertainment, he will, I hope, forgive the kingdom, and one who bears considerable inserting such particulars as to him may offices in it. I am his son, but my misfor- perhaps seem frivolous, but are to the pertune is, that I dare not call him father, nor sons who wrote them of the highest consehe without shame own me as his issue, 1 quence. I shall not trouble you with the being illegitimate, and therefore deprived prefaces, compliments, and apologies made of that endearing tenderness and unpa- to me before each epistle when it was deralleled satisfaction which a good man sired to be inserted; but in general they finds in the love and conversation of a pa- tell me, that the persons to whom they rent. Neither have I the opportunities to are addressed have intimations, by phrases render him the duties of a son, he having and allusions in them, from whence they always carried himself at so vast a distance, and with such superiority towards

"To the Sothades. me, that by long use I have contracted a timorousness when before him, which hin « The word, by which I address you, ders me from declaring my own necessities, gives you, who understand Portuguese, * a and giving him to understand the inconveniences I undergo.

* The following is Mr. Chalmers's excellent definition • It is my misfortune to have been neither of the meaning of this significant word.

“The Portuguese word Saudades (here inaccurately bred a scholar, a soldier, nor to any kind of written Sothades) signifies the most refined, most ten. ousiness, which renders me entirely inca- der and ardent desires for something absent, accompapable of making provision for myself with- nied with a solicitude and anxious regard, which can. out his assistance; and this creates a con

not be expressed by one word in any other language.

"Saudade, say the dictionaries, significa, Finissimo tinual uneasiness in my mind, fearing I shall sentimiento dei bien ansente, com desco de posseerlo. – in time want bread; my father, if I may so Hence, the word Saudades comprehends every good call him, giving me but very faint assur-compliment that can be paid to another. So, if a per. ances of doing any thing for me.

son is observed to be inelancholy, and is asked 'What • I have hitherto lived somewhat like a ails him?" if he answers, Tenho Sausades, it is undergentleman, and it would be very hard for stood to mean, I am under the most refined torment

for the absence of my love; or from being absent from me te labour for my living. I am in con- my country,' &c.”

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lively image of the tender regard I have for Since you have the secret at last, which I you." The Spectator's late letter from Sta- am sure you should never have known but tira gave me the hint to use the same by inadvertency, what my eyes said was method of explaining myself to you. I am true,

But it is too soon to confirm it with not affronted at the design your late beha- my hand, therefore shall not subscribe my viour discovered you had in your addresses name.'

but I impute it to the degeneracy of the age, rather than your particular fault.

Sir,-There were other gentlemen As I aim at nothing more than being yours, under to take up that flippant creature's

nearer,

and I know no necessity you were I am willing to be a stranger to your name, fan, last night; but you shall never touch a your fortune, or any figure which your wife

stick of mine more, that's might expect to make in the world, pro

pos.

•PHILLIS.' vided my commerce with you is not to be a guilty one. I resign gay dress, the plea "To Colonel R-s in Spain. sures of visits, equipage, plays, balls, and • Before this can reach the best of husoperas, for that one satisfaction of having bands and the fondest lover, those tender you for ever mine. I am willing you shall names will be of no more concern to me. industriously conceal the only cause of tri- The indisposition in which you, to obey the umph which I can know in this life. I wish dictates of your honour and duty, left me, only to have it my duty, as well as my in- has increased upon me; and I am acquainted clination, to study your happiness. If this by my physicians I cannot live a week has not the effect this letter seems to aim longer. At this time my spirits fail me; at, you are to understand that I had a mind and it is the ardent love I have for you that to be rid of you, and took the readiest way carries me beyond my strength, and ento pall you with an offer of what you would ables me to tell you, the most painful thing never desist pursuing while you received ill in the prospect of death is, that I must part usage. Be a true man; be my slave while with you. But let it be a comfort to you, you doubt me, and neglect me when you that I have no guilt hangs upon me, no think I love you. I defy you to find out unrepented folly that retards me; but I pass what is your present circumstance with me; away my last hours in reflection upon the but I know while I can keep this suspense, happiness we have lived in together, and I am your admired, BELINDA.'

in sorrow that it is so soon to have an end. Madam,- It is a strange state of mind

This is a frailty which I hope is so far from man is in, when the very imperfections of

criminal, that'methinks there is a kind of woman he loves turns into excellences and piety in being so unwilling to be separated advantages. I do assure you, I am very

from a state which is the institution of heamuch afraid of venturing upon you. I now ven, and in which we have lived according like you in spite of my reason, and think it to its laws. As we know no more of the an ill circumstance to owe one's happiness next life, but that it will be an happy one to nothing but infatuation. I can see you why

may we not please ourselves at least

to the good, and miserable to the wicked, ogle all the young fellows who look at you, to alleviate the difficulty of resigning this and observe your eye wander after new conquests every moment you are in a pub-being, in imagining that we shall have a lic place; and yet there is such a beauty in sense of what passes below, and may possiall your looks and gestures, that I cannot bly be employed in guiding the steps of but admire you in the very act of endea- those with whom we walked with innovouring to gain the hearts of others. My

cence when mortal? Why may not I hope condition is the same with that of the lover to go on in my usual work, and, though unin the Way of the World. I have studied known to you, be assistant in all the conyour faults so long, that they are become as

Aicts of your mind? Give me leave to say familiar to me, and I like them as well as I to you, O best of men, that I cannot figure do my own. Look to it, madam, and con- to myself a greater happiness than in such sider whether you think this gay behaviour

an employment. To be present at all the will appear to me as amiable when an hus- adventures to which human life is exposed, are so far advanced, that we must

proceed; face in the day of battle, to go with thee a band, as it does now to me a lover. Things to administer slumber to thy eyelids in the

agonies of a fever, to cover thy beloved and I hope you will lay to heart, that it will be becoming in me to appear still your guardian angel incapable of wcund or pain, lover, but not in you to be still my mistress. where I have longed to attend thee when a Gaiety in the matrimonial life is graceful weak, a fearful woman: these, my dear, in one sex, but exceptionable in the other. are the thoughts with which I warm my As you improve these little hints, you will poor languid heart. But indeed I am not ascertain the happiness or uneasiness of, capable, under my present weakness, of madam, your most obedient, most humble bearing the strong agonies of mind I fall servant,

T. D.'

into, when I form to myself the grief you

will be in, upon your first hearing of my “SIR,-When I sat at the window, and departure. I will not dwell upon this, beyou at the other end of the room by my cause your kind and generous heart will be cousin, I saw you catch me looking at you. but the more afflicted, the more the person

censure.

Hor. Ars Poct. v. 25.

Roscommon.

for whom you lament offers you consolation. , plain that those your discourses are calcuMy last breath will, if I am myself, expire lated for none but the fashionable part of in a prayer for you. I shall never see thy womankind, and for the use of those who face again. Farewell for ever. T. are rather indiscreet than vicious. But,

sir, there is a sort of prostitutes in the lower

part of our sex, who are a scandal to us, No. 205.] Thursday, October 25, 1711.

and very well deserve to fall under your

I know it would debase your paD-cipimur specie recti-

per too much to enter into the behaviour of Deluded by a seeming excellence.

those female libertines; but as your remarks When I meet with any vicious charac. on some part of it would be doing a justice ter, that is not generally known, in order to several women of virtue and honour, to prevent its doing mischief, I draw it at whose reputations suffer by it, I hope you length; and set it up as a scarecrow; by will not think it improper to give the pubwhich means I do not only make an exam- lic some accounts of this nature. You must ple of the person to whom it belongs, but know, sir, I am provoked to write you this give warning to all her majesty's subjects, letter, by the behaviour of an infamous that they may not suffer by it. Thus, to woman, who, having passed her youth in a change the allusion, I have marked out most shameless state of prostitution, is now several of the shoals and quicksands of life, one of those who gain their livelihood by and am continually employed in discovering seducing others that are younger than themthose which are still concealed; in order to selves, and by establishing a criminal comkeep the ignorant and unwary from running merce between the two sexes. Among upon them. It is with this intention that I several of her artifices to get money, slie publish the following letter, which brings frequently persuades a vain young fellow, to light some secrets of this nature. that such a woman of quality, or such a ce

lebrated toast, entertains a secret passion •MR. SPECTATOR,—There are none of for him, and wants nothing but an opporyour speculations which I read over with tunity of revealing it. Nay, she has gone greater delight than those which are de- so far as to write letters in the name of a signed for the improvement of our sex. woman of figure, to borrow nioney of one You have endeavoured to correct our un- of these foolish Roderigo’s, which she has reasonable fears and superstitions, in your afterwards appropriated to her own use. seventh and twelfth papers; our fancy for In the mean time, the person who has lent equipage, in your fifteenth; our love of pup- the money, has thought a lady under oblipet-shows, in your thirty-first; our notions gations to him, who scarce knew his name; of beauty, in your thirty-third; our inclina- and wondered at her ingratitude, when he tion for romances, in your thirty-seventh; has been with her, that she has not owned our passion for French fopperies, in your the favour, though at the same time he was forty-fifth; our manhood and party zeal, in too much of a man of honour to put her in your fifty-seventh; our abuse of dancing, mind of it. in your sixty-sixth and sixty-seventh; our “When this abandoned baggage meets levity, in your hundred and twenty-eighth; with a man who has vanity enough to give our love of coxcombs, in your hundred and credit to relations of this nature, she turns fifty-fourth, and hundred and fifty-seventh; him to very good account by repeating our tyranny over the hen-peckt, in your praises that were never uttered, and dehundred and seventy-sixth. You have de- livering messages that were never sent. As scribed the Pict in your forty-first; the Idol the house of this shameless creature is frein your seventy-third; the Demurrer, in your quented by several foreigners, I have heard eighty-ninth; the Salamander, in your hun-of another artifice, out of which she often dred and ninety-eighth. You have likewise raises money: The foreigner sighs after taken to pieces our dress, and represented some British beauty, whom he only knows to us the extravagances we are often guilty by fame; upon which she promises, if he of in that particular. You have fallen upon can be secret, to procure him a meeting. our patches, in your fiftieth and eighty-first; The stranger, ravished at his good fortune, our commodes, in your ninety-eighth; our gives her a present, and in a little time is fans, in your hundred and second; our introduced to some imaginary title; for you riding-habits, in your hundred and fourth; must know that this cunning purveyor has our hoop-petticoats, in your hundred and her representatives upon this occasion of twenty-seventh; besides a great many little some of the finest ladies in the kingdom. blemishes which you have touched upon in By this means, as I am informed, it is usual your several other papers, and in those enough to meet with a German count in many letters that are scattered up and foreign countries, that shall make his boasts down your works. At the same time we of favours he has received from women of must own that the compliments you pay the highest ranks, and the most unblemished our sex are innumerable, and that those characters. Now, sir, what safety is there very faults which you represent in us, are for a woman's reputation, when a lady may neither black in themselves, nor, as you be thus prostituted as it were by proxy, own, universal among us, But, sir, it is land be reputed an unchaste woman; as the

hero in the ninth book of Dryden's Virgil you to publish the following erratum: In is looked upon as a coward, because the the paper of Saturday, October 13, column phantom which appeared in his likeness ran 3, line 11, for “glass,” read “bottle.” away from Turnus? You may depend upon Yours, ROBIN GOODFELLOW.' what I relate to you to be matter of fact,

L. and the pmctice of more than one of these female panders. If you print this letter, I may give you some farther accounts of this No. 206.] Friday, October 26, 1711. vicious race of women. Your humble ser Quanto quisque sibi plura negaverit, vant, BELVIDERA.' A Diis plura feret Hor. Lib. 3. Od. xvi. 21.

They that do much themselves deny, I shall add two other letters on different Receive more blessings from the sky.-- Creech. subjects to fill up my paper.

There is a call upon mankind to value • MR. SpectaTOR, I am a country cler- and esteem those who set a moderate price gyman, and hope you will lend me your upon their own merit; and self-denial is assistance in ridiculing some little indecen- frequently attended with unexpected blesscies which cannot so properly be exposed ings, which in the end abundantly recomfrom the pulpit.

pense such losses as the modest seem to * A widow lady who straggled this sum-suffer in the ordinary occurrences of life. mer from London into my parish for the The curious tell us, a determination in our benefit of the air, as she says, appears favour or to our disadvantage is made upon every Sunday at church with many fashion- our first appearance, even before they able extravagances, to the great astonish- know any thing of our characters, but from ment of my congregation.

the intimations men gather from our aspect. But what gives us the most offence A man, they say, wears the picture of his is her theatrical manner of singing the mind in his countenance; and one man's Psalms. She introduces above fifty Italian eyes are spectacles to his, who looks at him airs into the hundredth psalm; and whilst to read his heart. But

though that way of we begin “All people," in the old solemn raising an opinion of those we behold in tune of our forefathers, she in a quite dif- public is very fallacious, certain it is, that ferent key runs divisions on the vowels, and those, who by their words and actions take adorns them with the graces of Nicolini: as much upon themselves, as they can but if she meets with “eke” or “aye,” which barely demand in the strict scrutiny of their are frequent in the metre of Hopkins and deserts, will find their account lessen every Sternhold, we are certain to hear her qua- day. A modest man preserves his characvering them half a minute after us, to some ter, as a frugal man does his fortune; if sprightly airs of the opera.

either of them live to the height of either, *I am very far from being an enemy to one will find losses, the other errors, which church music; but fear this abuse of it may he has not stock by him to make up. It make my parish ridiculous, who already were therefore a just rule, to keep your look on the singing psalms as an entertain- desires, your words, and actions, within the ment, and not part of the devotion: besides, regard you observe your friends have for I am apprehensive that the infection may you, and never, if it were in a man's power, spread; for 'Squire Squeekum, who by his to take as much as he possibly might, voice seems (if I may use the expression) either in preferment or reputation. Mý to be cut out for an Italian singer, was last walks have lately been among the mercanSunday practising the same airs.

tile part of the world; and one gets phrases 'I know the lady's principles, and that naturally from those with whom one conshe will plead the toleration, which (as she verses. I say, then, he that in his air, his fancies) allows her non-conformity in this treatment of others, or an habitual arroparticular; but I beg of you to acquaint her, gance to himself, gives himself credit for that singing the Psalms in a different tune the least article of more wit, wisdom, goodfrom the rest of the congregation, is a sort ness, or valour, than he can possibly proof schism not tolerated by that act. I am, duce if he is called upon, will find the world sir, your very humble servant, R. S.' break in upon him, and consider him as one

who has cheated them of all the esteem •MR. SPECTATOR,- In your paper upon they had before allowed him. This brings temperance, you prescribe to us a rule of a commission of bankruptcy upon him; drinking, out of Sir William Temple, in and he that might have gone on to his the following words: “ The first glass for life's end in a prosperous way, by aiming myself, the second for my friends, the third at more than he should, is no longer profor good-humour, and the fourth for mine prietor of what he really had before, but enemies.” Now, sir, you must know, that his pretensions fare as all things do which I have read this your Spectator, in a club are torn instead of being divided. whereof I am a member; when our presi There is no one living would deny Cinna dent told us there was certainly an error in the applause of an agreeable and facetious the print, and that the word glass should wit; or could possibly pretend that there be bottle; and therefore has ordered me to is not something inimitably unforced and inform you of this mistake, and to desire diverting in his manner of delivering all his

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