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it be true that a man is not a borse; yet, as a horse is a subject within the extent of the precepty that is, he is capable of receiving benefit by it, the duty enjoined in it extends to the man, and amounts to this,-Do You that are a Man SO treat your horse, AS you would be willing to be treated by your master, in case that You were a Horse. I fee no absurdity nor false reasoning in this precept, nor any ill consequence that would arise from it, however it may be gainsaid by the barbarity of Custom.
But there is no custom, whe- jausmes ther barbarous or absurd ; nor, indeed any vice, however detestable, but will find some abettors to jus
tify, or at least to palliate it; though the vindication itself is an aggravation of the crime. When we are under apprehenfions that We Ourfelves shall be the sufferers of pain, we naturally shrink back at the very idea of it: we can then abominate it; we detest it with horror; we plead hard for Mercy; and we feel that we can feel. But when MAN is out of the question, Humanity fleeps, and the heart grows callous. We no longer confider ourselves as Creatures of fenfe, but as Lords of the creation. Pride, Prejudice, Averfion to fingularity, and contracted Mifrepresentations of GOD and Religion doallcontribute to harden the heart against the natural impressions and soft feelings of com
passion. passion. And when the mind is thus warped and disposed to evil, a light argument will have great weight with it ; and we ransack and rack all nature in her weakest and tenderest parts, to extort from her, if possible, any confession whereon to rest the appearance of an argument to defend or excuse our cruelty and oppression.
The Consciousness of the Rank which as men we hold in the creation, and of the evidently superior powers of the mind of man, which juftly distinguish men from brutes, puff us up with such a fond conceit of our own dignity and merit, that to make any comparison between a man and a C4
brute is deemed as absurd as it is odious, and hurtful to our Pride.
The mistaken Indulgence of Parents; and the various instances of sportive cruelty, in some shape or other daily, practised by men in all ranks of life; and the many barbarous Customs connived at, if not countenanced by persons in high stations or in great authority, (whose conduct in other points may be truly amiable and respectable,) prejudice our minds to consider the brute animals as fenfeless and insignificant creatures, made only for our pleasure and sport. And, when we reflect upon the most shocking barbarities, and fee the brutal rage exercifed by the most worthless of men, without
controul of Law, and without no tice or reproof from the Pulpit; we are almost tempted to draw this inference, that Cruelty cannot be Sin.
And; possibly, the Affectation of love or hatred according to the mode of the fashion ; or, in other words, Vicious Taste, which con, fists in making the love or hatred
others the standard of our own love and hatred ;-that we must admire whatever our superiors ad, mire, and condemn whatever they are pleased to condemn;-that true politeness is to have no thought, no soul, no sentiment of our own, but a graceful resignation of the plainest dictates of truth and common sense to the follies and whims of others ;-that the art of pleasing