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Ter, Heaut. Act iii. Sc. 3.

as their sisters? Is it sufferable that the which is the true source of wealth and fop of whom I complain should say that he prosperity. I just now said, the man of would rather have such-a-one without a thrift shows regularity in every thing; but groat, than me with the Indies? What you may, perhaps, laugh that I take notice right has any man to make suppositions of of such a particular as I am going to do, for things not in his power, and then declare an instance that this city is declining if their his will to the dislike of one that has never ancient economy is not restored. The thing offended him? I assure you these are things which gives me this prospect, and so much worthy your consideration, and I hope we offence, is the neglect of the Royal Exshall have your thoughts upon them. I am, change. I mean the edifice so called, and though a woman justly offended, ready to the walks appertaining thereunto. The forgive all this, because I have no remedy Royal Exchange is a fabric that well debut leaving very agreeable company sooner serves to be so called, as well to express than I desire. This also is a heinous ag- that our monarch's highest glory and adgravation of his offence, that he is inflicting vantage consists in being the patron of trade, banishment upon me. Your printing this as that it is commodious for business, and letter may perhaps be an admonition to re- an instance of the grandeur both of prince form him; as soon as it appears I will write and people. But, alas! at present it hardly my name at the end of it, and lay it in his seems to be set apart for any such use or way; the making which just reprimand, I purpose. Instead of the assembly of hohope you will put in the power of, sir, your nourable merchants, substantial tradesmen, constant reader, and humble servant. and knowing masters of ships; the mum

pers, the halt, the blind, the lame; and your venders of trash, apples, plums; your

raggamuffins, rake-shames, and wenches, No. 509.] Tuesday, October 14, 1712. have justled the greater number of the

former out of that place. Thus it is, espeHominis frugi et temperantis functus officium. cially on the evening change: so that what

with the din of squallings, oaths, and cries Discharging the part of a good economist.

of beggars, men of the greatest consequence The useful knowledge in the following in our city absent themselves from the letter shall have a place in my paper, place. This particular, by the way, is of though there is nothing in it which imme- evil consequence; for, if the 'Change be diately regards the polite or the learned I no place for men of the highest credit to world; I say immediately, for upon reflec-| frequent, it will not be a disgrace for those tion every man will find there is a remote of less abilities to be absent. I remember influence upon his own affairs, in the pros- the time when rascally company were kept perity or decay of the trading part of man- out, and the unlucky boys with toys and kind. My present correspondent, I believe, balls were whipped away by a beadle. I was never in print before; but what he says have seen this done indeed of late, but then well deserves a general attention, though it has been only to chase the lads from delivered in his own homely maxims, and chuck, that the beadle might seize their a kind of proverbial simplicity; which sort copper. of learning has raised more estates, than I must repeat the abomination, that the ever were, or will be, from attention to walnut-trade is carried on old women Virgil

, Horace, Tully, Seneca, Plutarch, within the walks, which makes the place or any of the rest, whom, I dare say, this impassable by reason of shells and trash. worthy citizen would hold to be indeed in- The benches around are so filthy, that no genious, but unprofitable writers. But to one can sit down, yet the beadles and offithe letter.

cers have the impudence at Christmas to Mr. William Spectator.

ask for their box, though they deserve the

strappado. I do not think it impertinent • Broad-street, Oct. 10, 1712. to have mentioned this, because it bespeaks “SIR, -I accuse you of many discourses a neglect in the domestic care of the city, on the subject of money, which you have and the domestic is the truest picture of a heretofore promised the public, but have man every where else. not discharged yourself thereof. But, for- • But I designed to speak on the busiasmuch as you seemed to depend upon ad-ness of money and advancement of gain. vice from others what to do in that point, The man proper for this, speaking in the have sat down to write you the needful upon general, is of a sedate, plain good underthat subject. But, before I enter thereupon, standing, not apt to go out of his way, but I shall take this opportunity to observe to so behaving himself at home, that business you, that the thriving frugal man shows it may come to him. Sir William Turner, in every part of his expense, dress, ser- that valuable citizen, has left behind him a vants, and house; and I'must, in the first most excellent rule, and couched it in very place complain to you, as Spectator, that few words, suited to the meanest capacity. in these particulars there is at this time, He would say, “Keep your shop, and your throughout the city of London, a lamenta- shop will keep you.” It must be confessed, ble change from that simplicity of manners, I that if a man of a great genius could add


steadiness to his vivacities, or substitute going from college to college to borrow, as slower men of fidelity to transact the me- they have done since the death of this worthodical part of his affairs, such a one thy man. I say, Mr. Hobson kept a stable would outstrip the rest of the world; but of forty good cattle, always ready and fit business and trade are not to be managed for travelling; but, when a man came for a by the same heads which write poetry, and horse, he was led into the stable, where make plans for the conduct of life in gene- there was great choice; but he obliged him ral. So though we are at this day beholden to take the horse which stood next to the to the late witty and inventive duke of stable door; so that every customer was Buckingham for the whole trade and manu- alike well served according to his chance, facture of glass, yet I suppose there is no and every horse ridden with the same jusone will aver, that, were his grace yet liv- tice; from whence it became a proverb, ing, they would not rather deal with my when what ought to be your election was diligent friend and neighbour, Mr. Gumley, forced upon you, to say, "Hobson's choice." for any goods to be prepared and delivered This memorable man stands drawn in on such a day, than he would with that il- fresco at an inn (which he used) in Bishops lustrious mechanic above-mentioned. gate-street, with a hundred pound bag

No, no, Mr. Spectator, you wits must under his arm, with this inscription upon not pretend to be rich; and it is possible the the said bag: reason may be, in some measure, because

“ The fruitful mother of a hundred more." you despise, or at least you do not value it enough to let it take up your chief atten- •Whatever tradesman will try the ex: tion; which a trader must do, or lose his periment, and begin the day after you pubcredit, which is to him what honour, relish this my discourse to treat his customers putation, fame, or glory, is to other sort of all alike, and all reasonably and honestly,

I will ensure him the same success, I am "I shall not speak to the point of cash sir, your loving friend, itself, until I see how you approve of these T. .HEZEKIAH THRIFT.' my inaxims in general: but I think a speculation upon “many a little makes a mickle, a penny saved is a penny got, penny wise and a pound foolish, it is need that makes No. 510.) Wednesday, October 15, 1712. the old wife trot," would be very useful to

-Si sapis, the world; and if you treated them with

Neque præterquam quas ipse amor molestias knowledge, would be useful to yourself, for Habet addas, et illas, quas habet, recte feras it would make demands for your paper

Ter. Eur. Act i. Sc. 1. among those who have no notion of it at If you are wise, add not to the troubles which attend present. But of these matters more here- the passion of love, and bear patiently those which are after. If you did this, as you excel

inseparable from it.

many writers of the present age for politeness, so 'I was the other day driving in a hack you would outgo the author of the true through Gerrard-street, when my eye was razor strops for use.

immediately catched with the prettiest ob• I shall conclude this discourse with an ject imaginable—the face of a very fair girl, explanation of a proverb, which by vulgar | between thirteen and fourteen, fixed at the error is taken and used when a man is re- chin to a painted sash, and made part of duced to an extremity, whereas the pro the landscape. It seemed admirably done, priety of the maxim is to use it when you and, upon throwing myself eagerly out of would say there is plenty, but you must the coach to look at it, it laughed, and fiung make such a choice as not to hurt another from the window. This amiable figure who is to come after you.

dwelt upon me; and I was considering the • Mr. Tobias Hobson,* from whom we vanity of the girl, and her pleasant coquetry have the expression, was a very honourable in acting a picture until she was taken noman, for I shall ever call the man so who tice of, and raised the admiration of the begets an estate honestly. Mr. Tobias Hob- holders. This little circumstance made son was a carrier; and, being a man of great me run into reflections upon the force of abilities and invention, and one that saw beauty, and the wonderful influence the where there might good profit arise, though female sex has upon the other part of the the duller men overlooked it, this ingenious species. Our hearts are seized with their man was the first in this island who let out enchantments, and there are few of us, but hackney-horses. He lived in Cambridge; brutal men, who by that hardness lase the and, observing that the scholars, rid hard, chief pleasure in them, can resist their inhis manner was to keep a large stable of sinuations, though never so much against horses, with boots, bridles, and whips, to our own interests and opinion. It is comfurnish the gentlemen at once, without mon with women to destroy the good effects tion might have upon his honour and for- world, wishes to make a good figure with tune, by interposing their power over him his mistress, upon her upbraiding him with in matters wherein they cannot influence want of spirit, he alludes to enterprises him, but to his loss and disparagement. I which he cannot reveal but with the hazard do not know therefore a task so difficult of his life. When he is worked thus far, in human life, as to be proof against the with a little fattery of her opinion of his importunities of a woman a man loves. gallantry; and desire to know more of it out There is certainly no armour against tears, of her overflowing fondness to him, he brags sullen looks, or at best constrained fami- to her until his life is in her disposal. liarities, in her whom you usually meet When a man is thus liable to be vanwith transport and alacrity. Sir Walter quished by the charms of her he loves, the Raleigh was quoted in a letter (of a very safest way is to determine what is proper ingenious correspondent of mine) upon this to be done; but to avoid all expostulation subject. That author, who had lived in with her before he executes what he has courts, and camps, travelled through many resolved. Women are ever too hard for us countries, and seen many men under seve- upon a treaty; and one must consider how ral climates, and of as various complex- senseless a thing it is to argue with one ions, speaks of our impotence to resist the whose looks and gestures are more prevawiles of women in very severe terms. His lent with you, than your reasons and arguwords are as follows:

a man's following his own way and inclina* Mr. Hobson was the carrier between London and Cambridge. At the latter place he erected a handsome stone conduit, and left sufficient land for its mainte. + There is a scarce folio print, I believe, from this nance for ever. He died in the time of the plague, 1630, picture, engraved by Payne, with eight English Feres in the eighty-sixth year of bis age.


ments can be with her. It is a most miser: •What means did the devil find out, or

able slavery to submit to what you disapwhat instruments did his own subtility pre

prove and give up a truth for no other sent him as fittest and aptest to work his reason, but that you had not fortitude to mischief by? Even the unquiet vanity of support you in asserting it. A man has the woman; so as by Adam's hearkening to able wishes and desires; but he does that in

enough to do to conquer his own unreasonthe voice of his wife, contrary to the

ex- vain, if he has those of another to gratify: press commandment of the living God, man- Let his pride be in his wife and family, let kind by that her incantation became the him give them all the conveniences of life subject of labour, sorrow, and death; the in such a manner as if he were proud of woman being given to man for a comforter and companion, but not for a counsellor. It them; but let it be his own innocent pride; is also to be noted by whom the woman was

and not their exorbitant desires which are tempted: even by the most ugly and un

indulged by him. In this case all the little worthy of all beasts, into whom the devil arts imaginable are used to soften a man's entered and persuaded. Secondly, What derstanding. But in all concessions of this

heart, and raise his passion above his unwas the motive of her disobedience? Even kind, a man should consider whether the a desire to know what was most unfitting her knowledge; an affection which has present he makes flows from his own love; ever since remained in all the posterity of or the importunity of his beloved. If from her sex. Thirdly, what was it that moved the latter, he is her slave? if from the forthe man to yield to her persuasions? Even mer, her friend. We langh it off, and do to the same cause which hath moved all not weigh this subjection to women with men since to the like consent, namely, an

that seriousness which so important a cir

cumstance deserves. Why was courage unwillingness to grieve her, or make her sad, lest she should pine, and be overcome with given to a man, if his wife's fears are to sorrow. But if Adam, in the state of

frustrate it? When this is once indulged,

perfection, and Solomon the Son of David, you are no longer her guardian and proGod's chosen servant, and himself a man in compliance to her weaknesses, you have

tector, as you were designed by nature; but, endued with the greatest wisdom, did both of them disobey their Creator by the per- tunes into which they will lead you both,

disabled yourself from avoiding the misforsuasion, and for the love they bear to a wo- and you are to see the hour in which you man, it is not so wonderful as lamentable, that other men in succeeding ages have are to be reproached by herself for that been allured to so many inconvenient and very compliance to her. It is indeed the wicked practices by the persuasion of their most difficult mastery over ourselves we wives, or other beloved darlings, who cover who charms us; but let the heart ake, be

can possibly attain, to resist the grief of her over and shadow many malicious purposes the anguish never so quick and painful, it with a counterfeit passion of dissimulating is what must be suffered and passed sorrow and unquietness.'

through, if you think to live like a gentle The motions of the minds of lovers are man, or be conscious to yourself that you tio where so well described as in the words are a man of honesty. The old argument, of skilful writers for the stage. The scene that you do not love me if you deny me between Fulvia and Curius, in the second this,' which first was used to obtain a trifle; act of Johnson's Catiline, is an excellent by habitual success will oblige the unhappicture of the power of a lady over her py man who gives way to it to resign the gallant. The wench plays with his affec- cause even of his country and his honour. tions; and as a man, of all places of the Vol. II:


No. 511.] Thursday, October 16, 1712. did in Persia, we should find that some of

our greatest men would choose out the porQuis non invenit turba quod amaret in illa ? tions, and rival one another for the richest Ovid, Ars Am. Lib. i. 175.

piece of deformity; and that, on the conWho could fail to find,

trary, the toasts and belles would be bought In such a crowd a mistress to his mind?

up by extravagant heirs, gamesters, and • Dear Spec,—Finding that my last let- spendthrifts. Thou couldst make very ter took, I do intend to continue my epis- pretty reflections upon this occasion in hoc tolary correspondence with thee, on those nour of the Persian politicians, who took dear confounded creatures, women. Thou care, by such marriages, to beautify the knowest, all the little learning I am master upper part of the species, and to make the of is upon that subject: I never looked in a greatest persons in the government the book but for their sakes. I have lately met most graceful. But this I shall leave to thy with two pure stories for a Spectator, which judicious pen. I am sure will please mightily, if they pass • I have another story to tell thee, which through thy hands. The first of them II likewise met with in a book. It seems the found by chance in an English book, called general of the Tartars, after having laid Herodotus, that lay in my friend Dapper- siege to a strong town in China, and taken wit's window, as I visited him one morning. it by storm, would set to sale all the women It luckily opened in the place where I met that were found in it. Accordingly he put with the following account. He tells us that each of them into a sack, and, after having it was the manner among the Persians to thoroughly considered the value of the wo have several fairs in the kingdom, at which man who was enclosed, marked the price all the young unmarried women were an- that was demanded for her upon the sack, nually exposed to sale. The men who There was a great confluence of chapmen, wanted wives came hither to provide them- that resorted from every part, with a de selves. Every woman was given to the sign to purchase, which they were to do highest bidder, and the money which she 'unsight unseen. The book mentions a fetched laid aside for the public use, to be merchant in particular, who observing one employed as thou shalt hear by and by. of the sacks to be marked pretty high, barBy this means the richest people had the gained for it, and carried it off with him to choice of the market, and culled out all the his house. As he was resting with it upon most extraordinary beauties. As soon as a halfway bridge, he was resolved to take the fair was thus picked, the refuse was to a survey of his purchase: upon opening the be distributed among the poor, and among sack, a little old woman popped her head those who could not go to the price of a out of it; at which the adventurer was in so beauty. Several of these married the agree- great a rage, that he was going to shoot her ables, without paying a farthing for them, out into the river. The old lady, however, unless somebody chanced to think it worth begged him first of all to hear her story, by his while to bid for them, in which case the which he learned that she was sister to a best bidder was always the purchaser. But great mandarin, who would infallibly make now you must know, Spec, it happened in the fortune of his brother-in-law as soon as Persia, as it does in our own country, that he should know to whose lot she fell. Upon there was' as many ugly women as beau- which the merchant again tied her up in ties or agreeables; so that by consequence, his sack, and carried her to his house, after the magistrates had put off a great where she proved an excellent wife; and many, there were still a great many that procured him all the riches from her bro stuck upon their hands. In order therefore ther that she had promised him. to clear the market, the money which the I fancy, if I was disposed to dream a beauties had sold for was disposed of among second time, I could make a tolerable vision the ugly; so that a poor man, who could upon this plan. I would suppose all the not afford to have a beauty for his wife, unmarried women in London and Westwas forced to take up with a fortune; the minster brought to market in sacks, with greatest portion being always given to the their respective prices on each sack. The most deformed. To this the author adds, first sack that is sold is marked with five that every poor man was forced to live thousand pound. Upon the opening of it, I kindly with his wife, or, in case he repented find it filled with an admirable housewife, of his bargain, to return her portion with of an agreeable countenance. The purher to the next public sale.

chaser, upon hearing her good qualities, What I would recommend to thee on pays down her price very cheerfully. The this occasion is, to establish such an ima- second I would open should be a five hunginary fair in Great Britain: thou couldst dred pound -sack. The lady in it, to our make it very pleasant, by matching wo- surprise, has the face and person of a toast. men of quality with cobblers and carmen, As we are wondering how she came to be or describing titles and garters leading off in set at so low a price, we hear that she great ceremony shopkeepers' and farmers' would have been valued at ten thousand daughters. Though, to tell thee the truth, pound, but that the public had made those I am confoundedly afraid, that as the love abatements for her being a scold. I would of money prevails in our island more than it Iafterwards find some beautiful, modest, and discreet woman, that should be the top of wiser and better unawares. In short, by the market; and perhaps discover half a this method a man is so far ove:-reached dozen romps tied up together in the same as to think he is directing himself, while he sack, at one hundred pound a head. The is following the dictates of another, and prude and the coquette should be valued at consequently is not sensible of that which the same price, though the first should go is the most unpleasing circumstance in off the better of the two. I fancy thou advice. wouldst like such a vision, had I time to In the next place, if we look into human finish it; because, to talk in thy own way, nature, we shall find that the mind is never there is a moral in it. Whatever thou so much pleased as when she exerts hermayest think of it, pr’ythee do not make self in any action that gives her an idea of any of thy queer apologies for this letter, her own perfections and abilities. This as thou didst for my last. The women love natural pride and ambition of the soul is a gay lively fellow, and are never angry at very much gratified in the reading of a the railleries of one who is their known ad-fable; for, in writings of this kind, the mirer. I am always bitter upon them but reader comes in for half of the performwell with them. Thine, HONEYCOMB.

ance; every thing appears to him like a discovery of his own; he is busied all the while in applying characters and circumstances, and is in tliis respect both a reader

and a composer. It is no wonder therefore No. 512.] Friday, October 17, 1712. that on such occasions, when the mind is

thus pleased with itself, and amused with Lectorem delectando, pariterque monendo. Hor. Ars Poet. ver. 344.

its own discoveries, that it is highly de

lighted with the writing which is the ocMixing together profit and delight.

casion of it. For this reason the Absalom THERE is nothing which we receive with and Achitophel was one of the most popular so much reluctance as advice. We look poems that appeared in English. The upon the man who gives it us as offering an poetry is indeed very fine; but had it been affront to our understanding, and treating much finer, it would not have so much us like children or idiots. We consider the pleased, without a plan which gave the instruction as an implicit censure, and the reader an opportunity of exerting his own zeal which any shows for our good on such talents. an occasion, as a piece of presumption or This oblique manner of giving advice is so impertinence. The truth of it is, the person inoffensive, that, if we look into ancient hiss who pretends to advise, does, in that par- tories, we find the wise men of old very ticular, exercise a superiority over us, and often chose to give counsel to their kings in can have no other reason for it, but that, in fables. To omit many which will occur to comparing us with himself, he thinks us every one's memory, there is a pretty indefective either in our conduct or our un- stance of this nature in a Turkish tale, derstanding. For these reasons, there is which I do not like the worse for that litnothing so difficult as the art of making tle oriental extravagance which is mixed advice agreeable; and indeed all the wri- with it. ters, both ancient and modern, have dis- We are told that the Sultan Mahmoud, by tinguished themselves among one another, his perpetual wars abroad and his tyranny according to the perfection at which they at home, had filled his dominions with ruin have arrived in this art. How many de- and desolation, and half unpeopled the Pervices have been made use of, to render this sian empire. The vizier to this great sultan bitter portion palatable! Some convey their (whether a humourist or an enthusiast, wę instructions to us in the best chosen words, are not informed) pretended to have learned others in the most harmonious numbers; of a certain dervise to understand the lansome in points of wit, and others in short guage of birds, so that there was not a bird proverbs.

that could open his mouth but the vizier But, among all the different ways of giving knew what it was he said. As he was one counsel, I think the finest, and that which evening with the emperor, in their return pleases the most universally, is fable, in from hunting, they saw a couple of owls whatsoever shape it appears. If we con- upon a tree that grew near an old wall out sider this way of instructing or giving ad- of a heap of rubbish. •I would fain know, vice, it excels all others, because it is the says the sultan, 'what those two owls are least shocking, and the least subject to those saying to one another; listen to their disexceptions which I have before mentioned. course, and give me an account of it.' The

This will appear to us if we reflect in the vizier approached the tree, pretending to first place, that upon the reading of a fable be very attentive to the two owls. Upon we are made to believe we advise ourselves. his return to the sultan, Sir,' says he, 1 We petuse the author for the sake of the have heard part of their conversation, but story, and consider the precepts rather as dare not tell you what it is.'. The sultarf our own conclusions than his instructions. would not be satisfied with such an answers T'he moral insinuates itself imperceptibly; but forced him to repeat word for word we are taught by surprise, and become levery thing the owls had said, 'You must

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