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• Mile-End-Green, March 6, 1711-12. sometimes a partridge, or a quail, or a MR. Spectator,—Here is a young wheatear, or the pestle of a lark, were man walks by our door every day about the cheerfully purchased; nay, I could be condusk of the evening. He looks up at my tented though I were to feed her with window, as if to see me; and if I steal to- green peas in April, or cherries in May. wards it to peep at him, he turns another But with the babe she now goes, she is way, and looks frightened at finding what turned girl again, and fallen to eating of he was looking for. The air is very cold;chalk, pretending it will make the child's and pray let him know, that if he knocks at skin white; and nothing will serve her but the door he will be carried to the parlour I must bear her company, to prevent its fire, and I will come down soon after, and having a shade of my brown. In this, howgive him an opportunity to break his mind. ever, I have ventured to deny her. No *I am, sir, your most humble servant, longer ago than yesterday, as we were
• MARY COMFIT. coming to town, she saw a parcel of crows 'If I observe he cannot speak, I'll give so heartily at breakfast upon a piece of him time to recover himself, and ask him horse-flesh, that she had an invincible dehow he does.'
sire to partake with them, and (to my in
finite surprise) begged the coachman to cut DEAR SIR,-I beg you to print this her off a slice, as if it were for himself, without delay, and by the first opportunity which the fellow did; and as soon as she give us the natural causes of longing in wo- came home, she fell to it with such an apmen; or put me out of fear that my wife will petite, that she seemed rather to devour one time or other be delivered of some-than eat it. What her next sally will be I thing as monstrous as any thing that has cannot guess, but, in the mean time, my yet appeared to the world; for they say the request to you is, that if there be any way child is to bear a resemblance of what was to come at these wild unaccountable rovings desired by the mother. . I have been mar- of imagination by reason and argument, ried upwards of six years, have had four you would speedily afford us your assistchildren, and my wife is now big with the ance. This exceeds the grievance of pinfifth. The expenses she has put me to, in money; and I think in every settlement procuring what she has longed for during there ought to be a clause inserted, that the her pregnancy with them, would not only father should be answerable for the longhave handsomely defrayed the charges of ings of his daughter. But I shall impathe month, but of their education too: her tiently expect your thoughts in this matter; fancy being so exorbitant for the first year and am, sir, your most obliged and most or two, as not to confine itself to the usual faithful humble servant,
T. B. objects of eatables and drinkables, but running out after equipages and furniture, and next child will love horses as much as
'Let me know whether you think the the like extravagances. To trouble you Molly does china-ware.'
T. only with a few of them: when she was with child of Tom, my eldest son, she came home one day just fainting, and told me she had been visiting a relation, whose No. 327.] Saturday, March 15, 1711-12. husband had made her a present of a cha
Major rerum mihi nascitur ordo. riot and a stately pair of horses; and that
Virg. Æn. vii. 43. she was positive she could not breathe a A larger scene of action is display'd.--Dryden. week longer, unless she took the air in the fellow to it of her own within that time. the evil spirit practised upon Eve as she
We were told in the foregoing book, how This, rather than lose an heir, I readily lay asleep, in order to inspire her with complied with. Then the furniture of her thoughts of vanity, pride, and ambition. best room must be instantly changed, or The author, who shows a wonderful art she should mark the child with some of the throughout his whole poem, in preparing frightful figures in the old fashioned tapes, the reader for the several occurrences that try. Well, the upholsterer was called, and arise in it, founds, upon the above-menher longing saved that bout. When she tioned circumstance, the first part of the went with Molly she had fixed her mind fifth book. Adam, upon his awaking, finds upon a new set of plate, and as much china Eve still asleep, with an unusual discomas would have furnished an Indian shop: these also I cheerfully granted, for fear of posure in her looks. The posture in which being father to an Indian pagod.
he regards her is described with a tenderHitherto
ness not to be expressed, as the whisper I found her demands rose upon every con- with which he awakens her is the softest cession; and had she gone on, I had been that ever was conveyed to a lover's ear. ruined: but by good fortune, with her third, which was Peggy, the height of her imagi
With tresses discompos'd, and glowing cheek, nation came down to the corner of a venison
As through unquiet rest; he on his side pasty, and brought her once even upon her Leaning half-rais'd, with looks of cordial love knees to gnaw off the ears of a pig from the Hung over her enamourd, and be held
Beauty, which, whether waking or asleep, spit. The gratifications of her palate were
Shot forth peculiar graces: then, with voice easily preferred to those of her vanity; and Mild as when Zephyrus on Flora breathes,
His wonder was, to find unwaken'd Eve
Her hand soft touching, whisper'd thus : Awake, saged on this occasion, the particulars of it My fairest, my espous'd, my latest sound,
are so artfully shadowed, that they do not Heaven's last best gist, my ever new delight! Awake: the morning shines, and the fresh field anticipate the story which follows in the Calls us ; we lose the prime, to mark how spring ninth book. I shall only add, that though Our tender plants, how blows the citron grove, the vision itself is founded upon truth, the What drops the myrrh, and what the balmy reed, How nature paints her colours, how the bee
circumstances of it are full of that wildness Sits on the bloom, extracting liquid sweet.'
and inconsistency which are natural to a Such whispering wak'd her, but with startled eye
dream. Adam, conformable to his superior On Adam, whom embracing, thus she spake : O soul, in whom my thoughts find all repose,
character for wisdom, instructs and comMy glory, my perfection ! glad I see
forts Eve upon this occasion: Thy face, and morn return'd
So cheer'd he his fair spouse, and she was cheerd, I cannot but take notice, that Milton, in But silently a gentle tear let fall the conferences between Adam and Eve,
From either eye, and wiped them with her hair;
Two other precious drops, that ready stood had his eye very frequently upon the book
Each in their crystal sluice, ho, ere they fell, of Canticles, in which there is a noble spirit Kiss'd, as the gracious signs of sweet remorse of eastern poetry, and very often not unlike And pious awe, that fear'd to have offended. what we meet with in Homer, who is ge- The morning hymn is written in imitation nerally placed near the age of Solomon. I of one of those psalms where, in the overthink there is no question but the poet in flowings of gratitude and praise, the psalmthe preceding speech remembered those ist calls not only upon the angels, but upon two passages which are spoken on the like the most conspicuous parts of the inanimate occasion, and filled with the same pleasing creation, to join with him in extolling their images of nature.
common Maker. Invocations of this naMy beloved spake, and said unto me, ture fill the mind with glorious ideas of Rise up, my love, my fair one, and come God's works, and awaken that divine enaway! 'for, lo! the winter is past, the rain thusiasm which is so natural to devotion. is over and gone, the flowers appear on But if this calling upon the dead parts of the earth, the time of the singing of birds is nature is at all times a proper kind of wor. come, and the voice of the turtle is heard ship, it was in a peculiar manner suitable in our land. The fig-tree putteth forth her to our first parents, who had the creation green figs, and the vines with the tender fresh upon their minds, and had not seen grapes give a good smell. Arise, my love, the various dispensations of Providence, my fair one, and come away!
nor consequently could be acquainted with Come, my beloved! let us go forth into those many topics of praise which might the field, let us get up early to the vine- afford matter to the devotions of their posyards, let us see if the vine Hourish, whe- terity. I need not remark the beautiful ther the tender grapes appear, and the spirit of poetry which runs through this pomegranates bud forth.'
whole hymn, nor the holiness of that resoHis preferring the garden of Eden to that lution with which it concludes. Where the sapient king
Having already mentioned those speeches Heid dalliance with his fair Egyptian spouse,
which are assigned to the persons in this shows that the poet had this delightful poem, I proceed to the description which scene in his mind.
the poet gives of Raphael. His deparEve's dream is full of those high conceits ture from before the throne, and his flight engendering pride, which, we are told, the through the choirs of angels, is finely imadevil endeavoured to instil into her. Of gined. As Milton every where fills his this kind is that part of it where she fancies poem with circumstances that are marvelherself awakened by Adam in the following ious and astonishing, he describes the gate beautiful lines:
of heaven as framed after such a manner
-Till at the gate
On golden hinges turning, as, by work
Divine, the sovereign Architect had fram'd. Whom to behold but thee, nature's desire, In whose sight all things joy, with ravishment, The poet here seems to have regarded Attracted by thy beauty still to gaze.'
two or three passages in the 18th Iliad, as An injudicious poet would have made that in particular where, speaking of VulAdam talk through the whole work in such can, Homer says that he had made twenty sentiments as these; but fattery and false- tripods running on golden wheels; which, hood are not the courtship of Milton's upon occasion, might go of themselves to Adam, and could not be heard by Eve in the assembly of the gods, and, when there her state of innocence, excepting only in a was no more use for them, return again dream produced on purpose to taint her after the same manner. Scaliger has ralimagination. Other vain sentiments of the lied Homer very severely upon this point, same kind, in this relation of her dream, as M. Dacier has endeavoured to defend it will be obvious to every reader. Though I will not pretend to determine whether, in the catastrophe of the poem is finely pre- this particular of Homer, the marvellous does not lose sight of the probable. As the with the figure of Eve ministering at the miraculous workmanship of Milton's gates table; are circumstances which deserve to is not so extraordinary as this of the tripods, be admired. so I am persuaded he would not have men- Raphael's behaviour is every way suittioned it, had he not been supported in it able to the dignity of his nature, and to that by a passage in the Scripture which speaks character of a sociable spirit with which of wheels in heaven that had life in them, the author has so judiciously introduced and moved of themselves, or stood still, in him. He had received instructions to conconformity with the cherubims, whom they verse with Adam, as one friend converses accompanied.
with another, and to warn him of the eneThere is no question but Milton had this my, who was contriving his destruction: circumstance in his thoughts; because in accordingly, he is represented as sitting the following book he describes the cha- down at table with Adam, and eating of riot of the Messiah with living wheels, ac- the fruits of Paradise. The occasion nacording to the plan in Ezekiel's vision: turally leads him to his discourse on the -Forth rushid with whirlwind sound
food of angels. After having thus entered The chariot of paternal Deity,
into conversation with man upon more in Flashing thick flames, wheel within wheel undrawn, different subjects, he warns him of his obe Itself instinct with spirit.-
dience, and makes a natural transition to I question not but Bossu, and the two the history of that angel who was employed Daciers, who are for vindicating every
in the circumvention of our first parents. thing that is censured in Homer, by some
Had I followed Monsieur Bossu's method thing parallel in holy writ, would have in my first paper on Milton, I should have been very well pleased had they thought of dated the action of Paradise Lost from the confronting Vulcan's tripods with Ezekiel's beginning of Raphael's speech in this book, wheels.
as he supposes the action of the Æneid to Raphael's descent to the earth, with the begin in the second book of that poem. I figure of his person, is represented in very could allege many reasons for my drawing lively colours. Several of the French, the action of the Æneid rather from its imItalian, and English poets, have given a mediate beginning in the first book, than loose to their imaginations in the description from its remote beginning in the second; of angels; but I do not remember to have and show why I have considered the sackmet with any so finely drawn, and so con- ing of Troy as an episode, according to the formable to the notions which are given of common acceptation of that word. "But as them in Scripture, as this in Milton. After this would be a dry unentertaining piece having set him forth in all his heavenly of criticism, and perhaps unnecessary to plumage, and represented him
as alighted those who have read my first paper, I shall upon the earth, the poet concludes his de- not enlarge upon it. Whichsoever of the scription with a circumstance which is alto- notions be true, the unity of Milton's acgether new, and imagined with the greatest tion is preserved according to either of strength of fancy.
them; whether we consider the fall of man
in its immediate beginning, as proceeding - Like Maja's son he stood,
from the resolutions taken in the infernal And shook his plumes, that heavenly fragrance fill'd
council, or, in its more remote beginning, as Raphael's reception of the guardian an
proceeding from the first revolt of the angels, his passing through the wilderness of gels in heaven. The occasion which Milsweets, his distant appearance to Adam, on hints in holy writ, and on the opinion of
ton assigns for this revolt, as it is founded have all the graces that poetry is capable of bestowing. The author afterwards gives
some great writers, so it was the most prous a particular description of Eve in her per that the poet could have made use of.
The revolt in heaven is described with domestic employments:
great force of imagination, and a fine variety So saying, withdespatchful looks in hagte
of circumstances. The learned reader She turns, on hospitable thoughts intent, What choice to choose for delicacy best,
cannot but be pleased with the poet's imiWhat order, so contriv'd, as not to mix
tation of Homer in the last of the following Tastes, not well join'd, inelegant, but bring
lines: Taste after laste, upheld with kindliest change; Bestirs he
At length into the limits of the north
They came, and Satan took his royal seat Though in this, and other parts of the High on a hill, far blazing, as a mount same book, the subject is only the house- Rais'd on a mount, with pyramids and tow'rs wifery of our first parent, it is set off with so
From diamond quarries hewn, and rocks of gold,
The palace of great Lucifer, (so call many pleasing images and strong expressions, as make it none of the least agreeable Interpreted.) parts in this divine work.
Homer mentions persons and things, The natural majesty of Adam, and, at which, he tells us, in the language of the the same time, his submissive behaviour to gods are called by different names from the superior being who had vouchsafed to those they go by in the language of men, be his guest; the solemn “hail' which the Milton has imitated him with his usual angel bestows upon the mother of mankind, I judgment in this particular place, wherein
The circuit wide
That structure in the dialect of men
he has likewise the authority of scripture make no question, you will come over to to justify him. The part of Abdiel, who mine. You are not to imagine I find fault was the only spirit that in this infinite host that she either possesses or takes delight in of angels preserved his allegiance to his the exercises of those qualifications I just Maker, exhibits to us a noble moral of re- now mentioned; it is the immoderate fondligious singularity. The zeal of the sera- ness she has to them that I lament, and phim breaks forth in a becoming warmth that what is only designed for the innocent of sentiments and expressions, as the cha- amusement and recreation of life is become racter which is given us of him denotes the whole business and study of hers. The that generous scorn and intrepidity which six months we are in town, (for the year is attends heroic virtue. The author doubt- equally divided between that and the counless designed it as a pattern to those who try,) from almost break of day till noon, live among mankind in their present state the whole morning is laid out in practising of degeneracy and corruption:
with her several masters; and to make up
the losses occasioned by her absence in So spake the seraph Abdiel, faithful found Among the faithless, faithful only he;
summer, every day in the week their atAmong innumerable false, unmov'd,
tendance is required; and, as they are all Unshaker, unseduc'd unterrify'd;
people eminent in their professions, their His loyalty he kept, his love, his zeal:
skill and time must be recompensed acNor number nor example with him wrought To swerve from truth, or change his
constant mind, cordingly. So, how far these articles exThough single. From amidst them forth he pass'd, tend, I leave you to judge. Limning, one Long way thro' hostile scorn, which he sustain'd Superior, nor of violence fear'd aught;
would think, is no expensive diversion; but, And with retorted scorn his back he turn'd
as she manages the matter, it is a very conOn those proud tow're to swift destruction doom'd. siderable addition to her disbursements;
which you will easily believe, when you know she paints fans for all her female
acquaintance, and draws all her relations' No. 328.] Monday, March 17, 1711-12. pictures, in miniature: the first must be
mounted by nobody but Colmar, and the Nullum me a labore reclinat otium.
Hor. Epod. xvii. 24.
other set by nobody but Charles Mather. *
What follows is still much worse than the Day chases night, and night the day, But no relief to me convey.
former; for, as I told you, she is a great
artist at her needle, it is incredible what Mr. SPECTATOR, -As I believe that sums she expends in embroidery; for, bethis is the first complaint that ever was sides what is appropriated to her personal made to you of this nature, so you are the use as mantuas, petticoats, stomachers, first person I ever could prevail upon my; handkerchiefs, purses, pin-cushions, and self to lay it before. When I tell you I working aprons, she keeps four French have a healthy, vigorous constitution, a protestants continually employed in makplentiful estate, no inordinate desires, and ing divers pieces of superfluous furniture, am married to a virtuous lovely woman, as quilts, toilets, hangings for closets, beds, who neither wants wit nor good-nature, and window-curtains, easy chairs, and tabouby whom I have a numerous offspring to rets: nor have I any hopes of ever reclaimperpetuate my family, you will naturally ing her from this extravagance, while she conclude me a happy man. But notwith- obstinately persists in thinking it a notable standing these promising appearances, 1 piece of good housewifery, because they am so far from it, that the prospect of being are made at home, and she has had some ruined and undone by a sort of extrava- share in the performance. There would gance, which of late years is in a less de- be no end of relating to you the particulars of gree crept into every fashionable family, the annual charge, in furnishing her storedeprives me of all the comforts of my life, room with a profusion of pickles and preand renders me the most anxious, misera- serves; for she is not contented with having ble man on earth. My wife, who was the every thing, unless it be done every way, only child and darling care of an indulgent in which she consults an hereditary book mother, employed her early years in learn- of receipts: for her female ancestors have ing all those accomplishments we generally been always famed for good house-wifery, understand by good breeding and polite one of whom is made immortal by giving education. She sings, dances, plays on the her name to an eye-water, and two sorts of lute, and harpsichord, paints prettily, is a puddings. I cannot undertake to recites all perfect mistress of the French tongue, her medicinal preparations, as salves, sereand has made a considerable progress in cloths, powders, confects, cordials, ratafia, Italian. She is besides excellently skilled in persico, orange-flower, and cherry-brandy, all domestic sciences, as preserving, pick-together with innumerable sorts of simple ling, pastry, making wines of fruits of our waters. But there is nothing I lay so much own growth, embroidering, and needle. to my heart as that detestable catalogue of works of every kind. Hitherto, you will counterfeit wines, which derive their names be apt to think, there is very little cause of from the fruits, herbs, or trees, of whose complaint; but suspend your opinion till I have further explained myself, and then, Il * A well-known toyman in Fleef-street at lhe time
juices they are chiefly compounded. They readings, and the like, is what in all ages are loathsome to the taste, and pernicious persons extremely wise and learned have to the health; and as they seldom survive had in great veneration. For this reason I the year, and then are thrown away, under cannot but rejoice at the following epistle, a false pretence of frugality, I may affirm which lets us into the true author of the they stand me in more than if I entertained letter to Mrs. Margaret Clark, part of all our visitors with the best burgundy and which I did myself the honour to publish champaign. Coffee, chocolate, and green in a former paper. I must confess I do not imperial, peco, and bohea teas, seem to be naturally affect critical learning; but findtrilles; but when the proper appurtenances ing myself not so much regarded as I am of the tea-table are added, they swell the apt to flatter myself I may deserve from account higher than one would imagine. I some professed patrons of learning, I could cannot conclude without doing her justice not but do myself the justice to show I am in one article; where her frugality is so re- not a stranger to such erudition as they markable, I must not deny her the merit smile upon, if I were duly encouraged. of it; and that is in relation to her children, However, this is only to let the world see who are all confined, both boys and girls, what I could do: and shall not give my to one large room in the remotest part of reader any more of this kind, if he will forthe house, with bolts on the doors and bars give the ostentation I show at present. to the windows, under the care and tuition of an old woman, who had been dry nurse
• March 13, 1711-12. to her grandmother. This is their residence SIR,_Upon reading your paper of yesall the year round; and as they are never terday, I took the pains to look out a copy allowed to appear, she prudently thinks it I had formerly taken, and remembered to needless to be at any expense in apparel or be very like your last letter: comparing learning. Her eldest daughter to this day them, I found they were the very same; would have neither read nor wrote, if it and have, underwritten, sent you that part had not been for the butler, who, being the of it which you say was torn off. I hope son of a country attorney, has taught her you will insert it, that posterity may know such a hand as is generally used for en- it was Gabriel Bullock that made love ir. grossing bills in Chancery. By this time I that natural style of which you seem to be have sufficiently tired your patience with fond. But to let you see I have other mamy domestic grievances; which I hope you nuscripts in the same way, I have sent you will agree could not well be contained in a inclosed three copies, faithfully taken by narrower compass, when you consider what my own hand from the originals, which a paradox I undertook to maintain in the were wrote by a Yorkshire gentleman of a beginning of my epistle, and which mani- good estate, to madam Mary, and an uncle festly appears to be but too melancholy a of hers, a knight very well known by the truth. “And now I heartily wish the rela- most ancient gentry in that and several tion I have given of my misfortunes may other counties of Great Britain. I have be of use and benefit to the public. By the exactly followed the form and spelling. I example I have set before them, the truly have been credibly informed that Mr. Wilvirtuous wives may learn to avoid those liam Bullock, the famous comedian, is the errors which. havé so unhappily misled descendant of this Gabriel, who begot Mr. mine, and which are visibly these three; William Bullock's great-grandfather, on First, in mistaking the proper objects of the body of the above-mentioned Mrs. Marher esteem, and fixing her affections upon garet Clark. As neither Speed, nor Baker, such things as are only the trappings and nor Selden, take notice of it, I will not predecorations of her sex: Secondly, in not tend to be positive; but desire that the letter distinguishing what becomes the different may be reprinted, and what is here restages of life. And, lastly, the abuse and cor- covered may be in Italics. I am, sir, your ruption of some excellent qualities, which, daily reader.' if circumscribed within just bounds, would have been the blessing and prosperity of
• To her I very much respect, Mrs. Marher family; but by a vicious extreme, are
garet Clark. like to be the bane and destruction of it.' Lovely, and oh that I could write loving,
Tit Mrs. Margaret Clark, I pray you let affec
tion excuse presumption. Having been so
happy as to enjoy the sight of your sweet No. 328.*] Monday, March 17, 1711-12. countenance and comely body sometimes Delectata illa urbanitate tam stulta.
when I had occasion to buy treacle or li
quorish powder at the apothecary's shop, Delighted with unaffected plainness.
I am so enamoured with you, that I can no That useful part of learning which con
more keep close my flaming desire to be
And I am the more sists in emendations, knowledge of different come your servant.
bold now to write to your sweet self, beThe above Paper was very early substituted for cause I am now my own man, and may there reprinted from the original folio, nurubered, as at match where I please; for my father is Arst, 328.
aken away; and now I am come to my VOL. II.