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fatigable man in business of this kind, and written with a great deal of erudition:f it has hung several parts of his house with is there called the exoque 221%, or the fighting the trophies of his former labours. The with a man's own shadow, and consists in walls of his great hall are covered with the the brandishing of two short sticks grasped horns of several kinds of deer that he has in each hand, and loaded with plugs of lead killed in the chase, which he thinks the at either end. This opens the chest, exermost valuable furniture of his house, as cises the limbs, and gives a man all the they afford him frequent topics of dis-pleasure of boxing, without the blows. I course, and show that he has not been idle. could wish that several learned men would At the lower end of the hall is a large lay out that time which they employ in otter's skin stuffed with hay, which his mo-controversies and disputes about nothing, ther ordered to be hung up in that manner, in this method of fighting with their own and the knight looks upon with great satis- shadows. It might conduce very much to faction, because it seems he was but nine evaporate the spleen, which makes them years old when his dog killed him. A little uneasy to the public as well as to themroom adjoining to the hall is a kind of ar- selves. senal, filled with guns of several sizes and To conclude,-As I am a compound of inventions, with which the knight has made soul and body, I consider myself as obliged great havoc in the woods, and destroyed to a double scheme of duties; and think I many thousands of pheasants, partridges, have not fulfilled the business of the day and woodcocks. His stable-doors are patch- when I do not thus employ the one in laed with noses that belonged to foxes of the bour and exercise, as well as the other in knight's own hunting down. Sir Roger | study and contemplation. showed me one of them that for distinction sake has a brass nail stuck through it, which cost him about fifteen hours' riding, carried him through half a dozen counties,
No. 116.] Friday, July 13, 1711. killed him a brace of geldings, and lost --Vocat ingenti clamore Cithæron, above half his dogs. This the knight looks
Virg. Georg.iii. upon as one of the greatest exploits of his
The echoing hills and chiding hounds invite. life. The perverse widow, whom I have Those who have searched into human given some account of, was the death of nature observe, that nothing so much shows several foxes; for Sir Roger has told me the nobleness of the soul, as that its felicity that in the course of his amours he patched consists in action. Every man has such an the western door of his stable. Whenever active principle in him, that he will find the widow was cruel, the foxes were sure out something to employ himself upon, in to pay for it. In proportion as his passion whatever place or state of life he is posted. for the widow abated and old age came I have heard of a gentleman who was unon, he left off fox-hunting; but a hare is der close confinement in the Bastile seven not yet safe that sits within ten miles of his years; during which time he amused himhouse.
self in scattering a few small pins about There is no kind of exercise which I his chamber, gathering them up again, would so recommend to my readers of both and placing them in different figures on sexes as this of riding, as there is none the arm of a great chair. He often told his which so much conduces to health, and is friends afterwards, that unless he had every way accommodated to the body, ac- found out this piece of exercise, he verily cording to the idea which I have given of believed he should have lost his senses. it. Doctor Sydenham is very lavish in its After what has been said, I need not inpraises; and if the English reader will see form my readers, that Sir Roger, with the mechanical effects of it described at whose character I hope they are at present length, he may find them in a book pub- pretty well acquainted, has in his youth lished not many years since under the title gone through the whole course of those of Medicina Gymnastica. * For my own rural diversions which the country abounds part, when I am in town, for want of these in; and which seem to be extremely well opportunities, I exercise myself an hour suited to that laborious industry a man may every morning upon a dumb-bell that is observe here in a far greater degree than in placed in a corner of my room, and it towns and cities. I have before hinted at pleases me the more because it does every some of my friend's exploits; he has in his thing I require of it in the most profound youthful days taken forty coveys of parsilence. My landlady and her daughters tridges in a season; and tired many a salmon are so well acquainted with my hours of with a line consisting but of a single hair. exercise, that they never come into my The constant thanks and good wishes of the room to disturb me whilst I am ringing. I neighbourhood always attended him, on ac
When I was some years younger than I count of his remarkable enmity towards am at present, I used to employ myself in foxes; having destroyed more of those vera more laborious diversion, which I learned from a Latin treatise of exercises that is
† Hieronymus Mercurialis's celebrated book, Artis
Gymnastica apud Antiquos, &c. Libri ser, Venet. 1569 • By Francis Fuller, M. A.
min in one year, than it was thought the who knows that none of my extraordinary whole county could have produced. In- motions are insignificant, rode up to me and deed the knight does not scruple to own asked me if puss was gone that way? Upon among his most intimate friends, that in my answering yes, he immediately called order to establish his reputation this way, in the dogs, and put them upon the scent. he has secretly sent for great numbers of As they were going off, I heard one of the them out of other counties, which he used country-fellows muttering to his companion, to turn loose about the country by night, “That''twas a wonder they had not lost all that he might the better signalize himself their sport, for want of the silent gentlein their destruction the next day. His hunt- man's crying, Stole away.' ing horses were the finest and best managed This, with my aversion to leaping hedges, in all these parts. His tenants are still full made me withdraw to a rising ground, from of the praises of a gray stone-horse that un- whence I could have the pleasure of the happily staked himself several years since, whole chase, without the fatigue of keeping and was buried with great soleinnity in the in with the hounds. The hare immediately orchard.
threw them above a mile behind her; but I Sir Roger, being at present too old for was pleased to find, that instead of running fox-hunting, to keep himself in action, has straight forwards, or, in hunter's language, disposed of his beagles and got a pack of 'flying the country,' as I was afraid she stop-hounds. What these want in speed, might have done, she wheeled about, and he endeavours to make amends for by the described a sort of circle round the hill, deepness of their mouths and the variety of where I had taken my station, in such a their notes, which are suited in such a man- manner as gave me a very distinct view of ner to each other, that the whole cry makes the sport. I could see her first pass by, and up a complete concert. He is so nice in this the dogs some time afterwards, unravelling particular, that a gentleman having made the whole track she had made, and followhim a present of a very fine hound the other ing her through all her doubles. I was at day, the knight returned it by the servant the same time delighted in observing that with a great many expressions of civility; deference which the rest of the pack paid but desired him to tell his master, that the to each particular hound, according to the dog he had sent was indeed a most excel- character he had acquired among them. lent bass, but that at present he only wanted | If they were at a fault, and an old hound of a counter-tenor. Could I believe my friend reputation opened but once, he was immehad ever read Shakspeare, I should cer- diately followed by the whole cry; while a tainly conclude he had taken the hint from raw dog, or one who was a noted liar, might Theseus in the Midsummer Night's Dream: have yelped his heart out without being
taken notice of.. • My hounds are bred out of the Spartan kind, So flu'd, so sanded; and their heads are hung
| The hare now, after having squatted two With ears that sweep away the morning dew. or three times, and been put up again as Crook-knee'd and dewJapt like Thessalian bulls,
often, came still nearer to the place where Slow in pursuit, but match'd in mouths like bells, Each under each. A cry more tunable
she was at first started. The dogs pursued Was never halloo'd to, nor cheer'd with horn."* her, and these were followed by the jolly
knight, who rode upon a white gelding, Sir Roger is so keen at this sport that he
encompassed by his tenants and servants, has been out almost every day since I came
came and cheering his hounds with all the gaiety down; and upon the chaplain's offering to of five as
Što of five-and-twenty. One of the sportsmen lend me his easy pad, I was prevailed on
rode up to me, and told me that he was yesterday morning to make one of the com
sure the chase was almost at an end, bepany. I was extremely pleased as we rid
cause the old dogs, which had hitherto lain along, to observe the general benevolence he
ce behind, now headed the pack. The fellow of all the neighbourhood towards my friend.
was in the right. Our hare took a large The farmers' sons thought themselves feld
field just under us, followed by the full cry happy if they could open a gate for the
in view. I must confess the brightness of good old knight as he passed by; which he the
the weather, the cheerfulness of every thing generally requited with a nod or a smile,
around me, the chiding of the hounds, which and a kind inquiry after their fathers or was returned upon us in a double echo from uncles. After we had rid about a mile from home, lof the
two neighbouring hills, with the hallooing
home, of the sportsmen, and the sounding of the we came upon a large heath, and the sports-hor
the sports- horn, lifted my spirits into a most lively men began to beat. They had done so for
pleasure, which I freely indulged because some time, when, as I was at a little dis
I was sure it was innocent. If I was under tance from the rest of the company, I saw
any concern, it was on the account of the a hare pop out from a small furze-brake
poor hare, that was now quite spent, and almost under my horse's feet. I marked
almost within the reach of her enemies; the way she took, which I endeavoured to
when the huntsman getting forward, threw make the company sensible of by extending
down his pole before the dogs. They were my arm; but to no purpose, till Sir Roger,
now within eight yards of that game which
they had been pursuing for almost as many * Act iv. Sc. 1.
I hours; yet on the signal before-mentioned
they all made a sudden stand, and though | No. 117.] Saturday, July 14, 1711.
- Ipsi sibi somnia fingunt.–Virg. Ecl. viii. 108. pole. At the same time Sir Roger rode for- With voluntary dreams they cheat their minds ward, and alighting, took up the hare in There are some opinions in which a man his arms; which he soon after delivered up should stand neuter, without engaging his to one of his servants with an order, if she assent to one side or the other. Such a could be kept alive, to let her go in his great hovering faith as this, which refuses to setorchard; where it seems he has several of tle upon any determination, is absolutely these prisoners of war, who live together in necessary in a mind that is careful to avoid a very comfortable captivity. I was highly
errors and prepossessions. When the argupleased to see the discipline of the pack,
ments press equally on both sides in matand the good-nature of the knight, who ters that are indifferent to us, the safest could not find in his heart to murder a crea
method is to give up ourselves to neither. ture that had given him so much diversion. It is with this temper of mind that I con As we were returning home, I remem
sider the subject of witchcraft. When I bered that Monsieur Paschal, in his most
hear the relations that are made from all excellent discourse on the Misery of Man, parts of the world, not only from Norway tells us, that all our endeavours after great- and Lapland, from the East and West Inness proceed from nothing but a desire of dies, but from every particular nation in being surrounded by a multitude of persons Europe, I cannot forbear thinking that and affairs that may hinder us from looking there is such an intercourse and commerce into ourselves, which is a view we cannot with evil spirits, as that which we express bear. He afterwards goes on to show that
by the name of witchcraft. But when I our love of sports comes from the same rea- I consider that the ignorant and credulous son, and is particularly severe upon hunting | parts of the world abound most in these re
What,' says he, unless it be to drown llations, and that the persons among us who thought, can make them throw away so
| are supposed to engage in such an infernal much time and pains upon a silly animal, commerce, are people of a weak underwhich they might buy cheaper in the mar- l standing and crazed imagination, and at the ket?' The foregoing reflection is certainly same time reflect upon the many imposjust, when a man suffers his whole mind to tures and delusions of this nature that have be drawn into his sports, and altogether been detected in all ages, I endeavour to loses himself in the woods; but does not suspend my belief till I hear more certain affect those who propose a far more lauda-l accounts than any which have yet come to ble end from this exercise, I mean the pre-l my knowledge. In short, when I consider servation of health, and keeping all the the question, whether there are such perorgans of the soul in a condition to execute sons in the world as those we call witches, her orders. Had that incomparable person, my mind is divided between the two opposite whom I last quoted, been a little more in- opinions, or rather (to speak my thoughts dulgent to himself in this point, the world freely) I believe in general that there is, might probably have enjoyed him much and has been, such a thing as witchcraft; longer; whereas through too great an ap- but at the same time can give no credit to Dlication to his studies in his youth, he con- I any particular instance of it. tracted that ill habit of body, which, after I am engaged in this speculation, by some a tedious sickness, carried him off in the
occurrences that I met with yesterday, fortieth year of his age; and the whole his- which I shall give my reader an account of tory we have of his life till that time, is but at large. As I was walking with my friend one continued account of the behaviour of
Sir Roger by the side of one of his woods, a noble soul struggling under innumerable | an old woman applied herself to me for my pains and distempers.
charity. Her dress and figure put me in For my own part, I intend to hunt twice
mind of the following description in Otway: a week during my stay with Sir Roger; and
In a close lane as I pursued my journey, shall prescribe the moderate use of this ex
I spy'd a wrinkled hag, with age grown double, ercise to all my country friends, as the best
Picking dry sticks, and mumbling to herself. kind
Her eyes with scalding rheum were galld and red: tion, and preserving a good one.
Cold palsy shook her head; her hands secm'd wither'd;
And on her crooked shoulders had she wrapt I cannot do this better, than in the fol
The tatter'd remnant of an old striped hanging, lowing lines out of Mr. Dryden:
Which served to keep ber carcase from the cold,
Her lower weeds were all o'er coarsely patch'd • The first physicians by debauch were made;
With diffrent colour'd rage, black, red, white, yellow, Excess began, and Sloth sustains the trade.
And seem'd to speak variety of wretchedness.'
As I was musing on this description, and
knight told me, that this very old woman Than fee the doctor for a nauseous draught. The wise for ciire on exercise depend:
had the reputation of a witch all over the God never made his work for inan to mend.'
country, that her lips were observed to be X, always in motion, and that there was not a
switch about her house which her neigh- account, because I hear there is scarce a vilDours did not believe had cai ried her seve- lage in England that has not a Moll White ral hundreds of miles. If she chanced to in it. When an old woman begins to deat, stumble, they always found sticks or straws and growchargeable to a parish, she is genethat lay in the figure of a cross before her. rally turned into a witch, and fills the whole If she made any mistake at church, and country with extravagant fancies, imagicried Amen in a wrong place, they never nary distempers, and terrifying dreams. In failed to conclude that she was saying her the mean time, the poor wretch that is the pravers backwards. There was not a maid innocent occasion of so many evils, begins in the parish that would take a pin of her, to be frighted at herself, and sometimes though she should offer a bag of money with confesses secret commerces and familiariit. She goes by the name of Moll White, ties that her imagination forms in a delirious and has made the country ring with several old age. This frequently cuts off charity imaginary exploits that are palmed upon from the greatest objects of compassion, her. If the dairy-maid does not make her) and inspires people with a malevolence tobutter conie so soon as she would have it, wards those poor decrepid parts of our speMoll White is at the bottom of the churn. cics in whom human nature is defaced by If a horse sweats in the stable, Moll White infirmity and dotage. has been upon his back. If a hare makes an unexpected escape from the hounds, the huntsman curses Moll White. Nay,' says Sir Roger, I have known the master of the
| No. 118.] Monday, July 16, 1711. , pack, upon such an occasion, send one of -Hæret lateri lethalis rundo. his servants to see if Moll White had been
Virg. Æn. iv. 73. out that morning.'
The fatal dart This account raised my curiosity so far
Sticks in his side, and rankles in his heart. that I begged my friend Sir Roger to go
Dryden. with me into her hovel, which stood in a This agreeable seat is surrounded with solitary corner under the side of the wood. so many pleasing walks, which are struck Upon cur first entering, Sir Roger winked out of a wood, in the midst of which the to me, and pointed at something that stood house stands, that one can hardly ever be behind the door, which, upon looking that weary of rambling from one labyrinth of deway, I found to be an old broom-staff. Atlight to another. To one used to live in a the same time he whispered me in the ear city the charms of the country are so exto take notice of a tabby cat that sat in the quisite, that the mind is lost in a certain chimney corner, which, as the old knight transport which raises us above ordinary told me, lay under as bad a report as Moll life, and yet is not strong enough to be inWhite herself; for besides that Moll is said consistent with tranquillity. This state of often to accompany her in the same shape, mind was I in, ravished with the murmur the cat is reported to have spoken twice or of waters, the whisper of breezes, the singthrice in her life, and to have played seve-ing of birds; and whether I looked up to ral pranks above the capacity of an ordi- the heavens, down on the earth, or turned nary cat.
to the prospects around me, still struck I was secretly concerned to see human with new sense of pleasure; when I found nature in so much wretchedness and dis- / by the voice of my friend, who walked by grace, but at the same time could not for- me, that we had insensibly strolled into the bear smiling to hear Sir Roger, who is a grove sacred to the widow. This woman,' little puzzled about the old woman, advis- says he, .is of all others the most unintelliing her as a justice of the peace to avoid all gible; she either designs to marry, or she communication with the devil, and never to does not. What is the most perplexing of hurt any of her neighbours' cattle. We all is, that she does not either say to her concluded our visit with a bounty, which lovers she has any resolution against that was very acceptable.
condition of life in general, or that she baIn our return home Sir Roger told me, nishes them; but, conscious of her own that old Moll had been often brought be- merit, she permits their addresses, without fore him for making children spit pins, and fear of any ill consequence, or want of regiving maids the night-mare; and that the spect, from their rage or despair. She has country pecple would be tossing her into that in her aspect, against which it is ima pond and trying experiments with her possible to offend. A man whose thoughts every day, if it was not for him and his are constantly bent upon so agreeable an chaplain.
object, must be excused if the ordinary ocI have since found upon inquiry, that Sir currences in conversation are below his Roger was several times staggered with the attention. I call her indeed perverse, but, reports that had been brought him concern- alas! why do I call her so? Because her ing this old woman, and would frequently superior merit is such, that I cannot aphave bound her over to the county sessions, proach her without awe, that my heart is had not his chaplain with much ado per- checked by too much esteem: I am angry suaded him to the contrary.
that her charms are not more accessible, I have been the more particular in this I that I am more inclined to worship than
salute her. How often have I wished her thee; herself, her own dear person, I must unhappy, that I might have an opportunity never embrace again.-Still do you hear of serving her? and how often troubled in me without one sinile-It is too much to that very imagination, at giving her the bear,'-He had no sooner spoke these pain of being obliged? Well, I have led a words, but he made an offer of throwing miserable life in secret upon her account; himself into the water; at which his misbut fancy she would have condescended to tress started up, and at the next instant have some regard for me, if it had not been he jumped across the fountain, and met her for that watchful animal her confidant. in an embrace. She, half recovering from
Of all persons under the sun,'(continued her fright, said in the most charming voice he, calling me by name,) be sure to set a imaginable, and with a tone of complaint, mark upon confidants: they are of all peo- 'I thought how well you would drown ple the most impertinent. What is most yourself. No, no, you will not drown yourpleasant to observe in them, is, that they self till you have taken your leave of Susan assume to themselves the merit of the per- Holiday.' The huntsman, with a tendersons whom they have in their custody. ness that spoke the most passionate love, Orestilla is a great fortune, and in wonder- and with his cheek close to hers, whispered ful danger of surprises, therefore full of the softest vows of fidelity in her ear, and suspicions of the least indifferent thing, cried, Do not, my dear, believe a word particularly careful of new acquaintance, Kate Willow says; she is spiteful, and and of growing too familiar with the old makes stories, because she loves to hear Themista, her favourite woman, is every me talk to herself for your sake.'-'Look whit as careful of whom she speaks to, and you there,' quoth Sir Roger, do you see what she says. Let the ward be a beauty, there, all mischief comes from confidants! her confidant shall treat you with an air of But let us not interrupt them; the maid is distance; let her be a fortune, and she as- honest, and the man dares not be otherwise, sumes the suspicious behaviour of her friend for he knows I loved her father: I will inand patroness. Thus it is that very many terpose in this matter, and hasten the wedof our unmarried women of distinction are ding. Kate Willow is a witty mischievous to all intents and purposes married, except wench in the neighbourhood, who was a the consideration of different sexes. They beauty; and makes me hope I shall see the are directly under the conduct of their whis- perverse widow in her condition. She was perer; and think they are in a state of free- so flippant with her answers to all the hodom, while they can prate with one of these nest fellows that came near her, and so very attendants of all men in general, and still vain of her beauty, that she has valued heravoid the man they most like. You do not self upon her charms till they are ceased. see one heiress in a hundred whose fate She therefore now makes it her business to does not turn upon this circumstance of prevent other young women from being choosing a confidant. Thus it is that the more discreet than she was herself: howlady is addressed to, presented and flattered, ever, the saucy thing said, the other day, only by proxy, in her woman. In my case, well enough, “Sir Roger and I must make how is it possible that- 'Sir Roger was a match, for we are both despised by those proceeding in his harangue, when we heard we loved.” The hussy has a great deal of the voice of one speaking very importu-power wherever she comes, and has her nately, and repeating these words, 'What, share of cunning. not one smile! We followed the sound till "However, when I reflect upon this we came close to a thicket, on the other side woman, I do not know whether in the main of which we saw a young woman sitting as I am the worse for having loved her; whenit were in a personated sullenness just over ever she is recalled to my imagination my a transparent fountain. Opposite to her | youth returns, and I feel a forgotten warmth stood Mr. William, Sir Roger's master of in my veins. This affliction in my life has the game. The knight whispered me, streaked all my conduct with a softness, of • Hist, these are lovers.' The huntsman which I should otherwise have been incalooking earnestly at the shadow of the young pable. It is owing, perhaps, to this dear maiden in the stream, 'Oh thou dear pic-image in my heart that I am apt to relent, ture, if thou couldst remain there in the ab- that I easily forgive, and that many desirasence of that fair creature whom you repre- ble things are grown into my temper, which sent in the water, how willingly could II should not have arrived at by better mostand here satisfied for ever, without trou-tives than the thought of being one day bling my dear Betty herself with any men- hers. I am pretty well satisfied such a tion of her unfortunate William, whom she passion as I have had is never well cured; is angry with! But, alas! when she pleases and between you and me, I am oftcn apt to to be gone, thou wilt also vanish- Yet imagine it has had some whimsical effect let me talk to thee while thou dost stay. Jupon my brain; for I frequently find that in Tell my dearest Betty thou dost not more my most serious discourse I let fall some depend upon her, than does her William: comical familiarity of speech or odd phrase her absence will make away with me as that makes the company laugh. However, well as thee. If she offers to remove thee, I cannot but allow she is a most excellent I will jump into these waves to lay hold on woman. When she is in the country, I