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great assembly. JOHNSON. “Sir, that all who are happy are equally happy, is not true. A peasant and a philosopher may be equally satisfied, but not equally happy. Happiness consists in the multiplicity of agreeable consciousness. A peasant has not capacity for having equal happiness with a philosopher.” I remember this very question very happily illustrated in opposition to Hume, by the Rev. Mr. Robert Brown, at Utrecht. “A small drinking-glass and a large one (said he) may be equally full, but the large one holds more than the small.”
Dr. Johnson was very kind this evening, and said to me, “ You have now lived five-and-twenty years, and you have employed them well.” “ Alas, sir (said I), I fear not. Do I know history? Do I know mathematicks? Do I know law?” Johnson. “Why, sir, though you may know no science so well as to be able to teach it, and no profession so well as to be able to follow it, your general mass of knowledge of books and men renders you very capable to make yourself master of any science, or fit yourself for any profession.” I mentioned that a gay friend had ad
· Bishop Hall, in discussing this subject, has the same image : “ Yet so conczive of these heavenly degrees, that the least is glorious. Šo do these vessels differ, that all are full.”—Epistles, Dec. iii. cap. 6. “Of the different degrees of heavenly glory." This most learned and ingenious writer, however, was not the first who suggested this image ; for it is found also in an old book entitled " A Work worth the reading," by Charles Gibbon, 4to. 1591. In the fifth dialogue of this work, in which the question debated is, “ whether there be degrees of glorie in heaven, or difference of paines in hell,” one of the speakers observes, that “no doubt in the world to come (where the least pleasure is unspeakable), it cannot be but that he which hath bin most afflicted here shall conceive and receive more exceeding joy than he which hath bin touched with lesse tribulation; and yet the joyes of heaven are fitlie compared to vessels filled with licour, of all quantities; for everie man shall have his full measure there." By "all quantities," this writer (who seems to refer to a still more ancient authour than himself), I suppose, means different quantities.—MALONE.
[All these illustrations, like most physical illustrations of moral subjects, are imperfect. A little miss and a great general are not full of the same liquor : the peasant's cup may be as full as the philosopher's, but one may be full of water and the other of wine. Moral and intellectual feelings are not to be esti. mated by quantity only, but by the quality also. Ed.]