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No. 347.; Tuesday, April 8, 1712. 1. The Manifesto of Taw Waw Eben Zan

Kaladar, Emperor of the Mohocks. Quis furor, o cives! que tanta licentia ferri ! •Whereas we have received information,

Lucan, Lib. i. 8.

from sundry quarters of this great and What blind, detested fury, could afford

populous city, of several outrages commitSuch horrid license to the barb'rous sword !

Ited on the legs, arms, noses, and other I do not question but my country readers parts, of the good people of England, by have been very much surprised at the se such as have styled themselves our subjects; veral accounts they have met with in our | in order to vindicate our imperial dignity public papers, of that species of men among from those false aspersions which have been us, lately known by the name of Mohocks. cast on it, as if we ourselves might have I find the opinions of the learned, as to encouraged or abetted any such practices, their origin and designs, are altogether va- we have, by these presents, thought fit to rious, insomuch that very many begin to signify our utmost abhorrence and detesta doubt whether indeed there were ever any |tion of all such tumultuous and irregular such society of men. The terror which proceedings; and do hereby farther give spread itself over the whole nation some notice, that if any person or persons has or years since on account of the Irish, is still have suffered any wound, hurt, damage, or fresh in most people's memories, though it detriment, in his or their limb or limbs afterwards appeared there was not the least otherwise than shall be hereafter specified, ground for that general consternation. the said person or persons, upon applying

The late panic fear was in the opinion themselves to such as we shall appoint for of many deep and penetrating persons of the inspection and redress of the grievthe same nature. These will have it that ances aforesaid, shall be forthwith committhe Mohocks are like those spectres and ted to the care of our principal surgeon,

and villages in her majesty's dominions, one or other of those hospitals which we though they were never seen by any of the are now erecting for that purpose. inhabitants. Others are apt to think that “And to the end that no one may, either these Mohocks are a kind of bull-beggars, through ignorance or inadvertency, incur first invented by prudent married men, and those penalties which we have thought fit masters of families, in order to deter their to inflict on persons of loose and dissolute wives and daughters from taking the air at lives, we do hereby notify to the public, unseasonable hours; and that when they, that if any man be knocked down or astell them 'the Mohicks will catch them,' saulted while he is employed in his lawful it is a caution of the same nature with that business, at proper hours, that it is not of our forefathers, when they bid their chil- done by our order; and we do hereby perdren have a care of Raw-head and Bloody- mit and allow any such person, so knocked bones. .

down or assaulted, to rise again, and defend For my own part, I am afraid there was himself in the best manner that he is able. 100: much reason for the great alarm the "We do also command all and every whole city has been in upon this occasion; our good subjects, that they do not prethough at the same time I must own, that sume, upon any pretext whatsoever, to I am in some doubt whether the following issue and sally forth from their respective pieces are genuine and authentic; the more quarters till between the hours of eleven So, because I am not fully satisfied that the and twelve. That they never tip the lion name by which the emperor subscribes upon man, woman, or child, till the clock himself, is altogether conformable to the at St. Dunstan's shall have struck one. Indian orthography.

•That the sweat be never given but beI shall only farther inform my readers, tween the hours of one and two; always that it was some time since I received the provided, that our hunters may begin to following letter and manifesto, though, for hunt a little after the close of the evening, particular reasons, I did not think fit to any thing to the contrary herein notwithpublish them till now.

standing. Provided also, that if ever they

are reduced to the necessity of pinking, it To the Spectator.

shall always be in the most fleshy parts, "SIR,-Finding that our earnest endea- and such as are least exposed to view. vours for the good of mankind have been It is also our imperial will and pleabasely and maliciously represented to the sure, that our good subjects the sweaters world, we send you enclosed our imperial do establish their hummums in such close manifesto, which it is our will and pleasure places, alleys, nooks, and corners, that the that you forthwith communicate to the patient or patients may not be in danger of public, by inserting it in your next daily | catching cold. paper. We do not doubt of your ready That the tumblers, to whose care we compliance in this particular, and there-chiefly commit the female sex, confine fore bid you heartily farewell,

themselves to Drury-lane, and the purlieus (Signed)

of the Temple; and that every other party STAWWAWEBEN ZAN KALADAR, and division of our subjects do each of them

"Emperor of the Mohocks.'| keep within the respective quarters we

have ailotted to them. Provided, never-y night, it will serve as an instance that theless, that nothing herein contained shall the sexes are equally inclined to defamain any wise be construed to extend to the tion, with equal malice and impotence, hunters, who have our full license and per- Jack Triplett came into my lady Airy's mission to enter into any part of the town about eight of the clock. You know the wherever their game shall lead them. manner we sit at a visit, and I need not

"And whereas we have nothing more at describe the circle; but Mr. Triplett came our imperial heart than the reformation in, introduced by two tapers supported by of the cities of London and Westminster, a spruce servant, whose hair is under a cap which to our unspeakable satisfaction we till my lady's candles are all lighted up, have in some measure already effected, we and the hour of ceremony begins: I say do hereby earnestly pray and exhort all Jack Triplett came in, and singing (for he husbands, fathers, house-keepers, and mas- is really good company) “Every feature, ters of families, in either of the aforesaid charming creature,” he went on, “ It is cities, not only to repair themselves to their a most unreasonable thing, that people respective habitations at early and season-cannot go peaceably to see their friends, able hours, but also to keep their wives but these murderers are let loose. Such a and daughters, sons, servants, and appren- shape! such an air! what a glance was that tices, from appearing in the streets at those as her chariot passed by mine!”-My lady times and seasons which may expose them herself interrupted him; “Pray, who is to a military discipline, as it is practised by this fine thing?"-"I warrant,” says anour good subjects the Mohocks; and we do other, “'tis the creature I was telling your further promise on our imperial word, that ladyship of, just now.”-“You were telling as soon as the reformation aforesaid shall of ?” says Jack; “I wish I had been so be brought about, we will forthwith cause happy as to have come in and heard you; all hostilities to cease.

for I have not words to say what she is: Given from our court, at the Devil-tavern, but if an agreeable height, a modest air, 6 March 15, 1712.'

X. a virgin shame, and impatience of being

beheld amidst a blaze of ten thousand

charms " The whole room flew out No. 348.] Wednesday, April 9, 1712.

“Oh Mr. Triplett!"— When Mrs. Lofty,

a known prude, said she believed she knew Invidiam placare paras virtute relicta. Hor. Sat. iii. Lib. 2. 13

whom the gentleman meant; but she was indeed, as he civilly represented her, im

patient of being beheld. Then turning to •MR. SPECTATOR, I have not seen you the lady next to her, -" The most unbred lately at any of the places where I visit, so creature you ever saw!” Another pursued that I am afraid you are wholly unacquaint- the discourse; “As unbred, madam, as ed with what passes among my part of the you may think her, she is extremely belied world, who are, though I say it, without if she is the novice she appears; she was controversy, the most accomplished and last week at a ball till two in the morning: best bred of the town. Give me leave to Mr. Triplett knows whether he was the tell you, that I am extremely discomposed happy man that took care of her home; when I hear scandal, and am an utter but This was followed by some partienemy to all manner of detraction, and cular exception that each woman in the think it the greatest meanness that people room made to some peculiar grace or adof distinction can be guilty of. However, vantage; so that Mr. Triplett was beaten it is hardly possible to come into company, from one limb and feature to another, till where you do not find them pulling one he was forced to resign the whole woman. another to pieces, and that from no other In the end, I took notice Triplett recorded provocation but that of hearing any one all this malice in his heart; and saw in his commended. Merit, both as to wit and countenance, and a certain waggish shrug, beauty, is become no other than the pos- that he designed to repeat the conversasession of a few trifling people's favour, tion: I therefore let the discourse die, and which you cannot possibly arrive at, if you soon after took an occasion to recommend have really any thing in you that is deserv- a certain gentleman of my acquaintance for ing. What they would bring to pass is, to a person of singular modesty, courage, inmake all good and evil consist in report, and tegrity, and withal as a man of an enterwith whispers, calumnies, and imperti- taining conversation, to which advantages nences, to have the conduct of those re- he had a shape and manner peculiarly ports. By this means, innocents are blasted graceful. Mr. Triplett, who is a woman's upon their first appearance in town, and man seemed to hear me with patience there is nothing more required to make a enough commend the qualities of his mind. young woman the object of envy and hatred, -He never heard indeed but that he was than to deserve love and admiration. This a very honest man, and no fool; but for a abominable endeavour to suppress or lessen fine gentleman, he must ask pardon. Upon every thing that is praiseworthy, is as fre- no other foundation than this, Mr. Triplett quent among the men as the women. If I took occasion to give the gentleman's pedicar remember what passed at a visit last | gree, by what methods some part of the

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estate was acquired, now much it was pronounced vicious or virtuous before the beholden to a marriage for the present cir- conclusion of it. cumstances of it: after all he could see no- It was upon this consideration that Epathing but a common man in his person, his minondas, being asked whether Chabrias breeding, or understanding.

Iphicrates, or he himself, deserved most • Thus, Mr. Spectator, this impertinent to be esteemed? You must first see us humour of diminishing every one who is die,' saith he, before that question can be produced in conversation to their advan- answered.' tage, runs through the world; and I am, I As there is not a more melancholy conconfess, so fearful of the force of ill tongues, sideration to a good man than his being that I have begged of all those who are my obnoxious to such a change, so there is nowell-wishers never to commend me, for it thing more glorious than to keep up an will but bring my frailties into examination; uniformity in his actions, and preserve the and I had rather be unobserved, than con- beauty of his character to the last. spicuous for disputed perfections. I am The end of a man's life is often compared confident a thousand young people, who to the winding up of a well-written play, would have been ornaments to society, where the principal persons still act in have, from fear of scandal, never dared to character, whatever the fate is which they exert themselves in the polite arts of life. undergo. There is scarce a great person Their lives have passed away in an odious in the Grecian or Roman history, whose rusticity in spite of great advantages of death has not been remarked upon by some person, genius, and fortune. There is a writer or other, and censured or applauded vicious terror of being blamed in some well- according to the genius or principles of the inclined people, and a wicked pleasure in person who has descanted on it. Monsieur suppressing them in others; both which I de St. Evremond is very particular in setrecommend to your spectatorial wisdom to ting forth the constancy and courage of animadvert upon; and if you can be suc- | Petronius Arbiter during his last moments, cessful in it, I need not say how much you and thinks he discovers in them a greater will deserve of the town; but new toasts firmness of mind and resolution than in the will owe to you their beauty, and new wits death of Seneca, Cato, or Socrates. There their fame. I am, sir, your most obedient is no question but this polite author's afhumble servant,

MARY, fectation of appearing, singular in his re

marks, and making discoveries which had

escaped the observations of others, threw No. 349.] Thursday, April 10, 1712.

him into this course of reflection. It was

Petronius's merit that he died in the same Quos ille timorum

gaiety of temper, in which he lived; but as Maximus haud urget lethi metus : inde ruendi In ferrum mens prona viris, animæque capaces

his life was altogether loose and dissolute, Mortis

Lucan. Lib. i. 454. the indifference which he showed at the Thrice happy they beneath their northern skies, close of it is to be looked upon as a piece of Who that worst fear, the fear of death, despise !

natural carelessness and levity, rather than Hence they no cares for this frail being feel, But rush undaunted on the pointed steel,

fortitude. The resolution of Socrates proProvoke approaching fate, and bravely scorn

ceeded from very different motives, the To spare that life which must so soon return.-Rowe. consciousness of a well-spent life, and the

I AM very much pleased with a consola- prospect of a happy eternity. If the intory letter of Phalaris, to one who had lost genious author above-mentioned was so a son that was a young man of great merit. pleased with gaiety of humour in a dying The thought with which he comforts the man, he might have found a much nobler afflicted father is, to the best of my me- instance of it in our countryman Sir Thomas mory as follows:-That he should consider More. death had set a kind seal upon his son's This great and learned man was famous character, and placed him out of the reach for enlivening his ordinary discourses with of vice and infamy: that, while he lived, he wit and pleasantry; and as Erasmus tells was still within the possibility of falling him in an epistle dedicatory, acted in all away from virtue, and losing the fame of parts of life like a second Democritus. which he was possessed. Death only closes He died upon a point of religion, and is a man's reputation, and determines it as respected as a martyr by that side for which good or bad.

he suffered. That innocent mirth, which This, among other motives, may be one had been so conspicuous in his life, did not reason why we are naturally averse to the forsake him to the last. He maintained launching out into a man's praise till his the same cheerfulness of heart upon the head is laid in the dust. Whilst he is ca- scaffold which he used to show at his table; pable of changing, we may be forced to and upon laying his head on the block, retract our opinion. He may forfeit the gave instances of that good humour with esteem we have conceived of him, and some which he had always entertained his friends time or other appear to us under a different in the most ordinary occurrences. His light from what he does at present. In death was of a piece with his life. There short, as the life of any man cannot be call- was nothing in it new, forced, or affeuted. ed happy, or unhappy, so neither can it be | He did not look upon the severing his head

i elewation of staice, a nehigie the displayed in dan

That elevation of mind which is displayed in dan gers, if it wants justice, and fights for its own con

veniency, is vicious. his mind; and as he died under a fixed and settled hope of immortality, he thought any CAPTAIN SENTRY was last night at a unusual degree of sorrow and concern im- club, and produced a letter from Ipswich, proper on such an occasion, as had nothing which his correspondent desired him to in ic which could deject or terrify him. communicate to his friend the Spectator.

There is no great danger of imitation It contained an account of an engagement from this example. Men's natural fears between a French privateer, commanded will be a sufficient guard against it. I shall | by one Dominic Pottiere, and a little vesonly observe, that what was philosophy in sel of that place laden with corn, the masthis extraordinary man, would be phrensy ter whereof, as I remember, was cne Goodin one who does not resemble him as well win. The Englishman defended himself in the cheerfulness of his temper as in the with incredible bravery, and beat off the sanctity of his life and manners.

French, after having been boarded three I shall conclude this paper with the in- or four times. The enemy still came on stance of a person who seems to me to have with great fury, and hoped by his number shown more intrepidity and greatness of of men to carry the prize; till at last the soul in his dying moments than what we Englishman, finding himself sink apace, meet with among any of the most cele- and ready to perish, struck: but the effect brated Greeks and Romans. I met with which this singular gallantry had upon the this instance in the History of the Revolu- captain of the privateer was no other than tions in Portugal, written by the abbot de an unmanly desire of vengeance for the loss Vortot.

he had sustained in his several attacks. When Don Sebastian, king of Portugal, He told the Ipswich man in a speaking had invaded the territories of Muli Moluc, trumpet, that he would not take him aboard, emperor of Morocco, in order to dethrone and that he stayed to see him sink. The him, and set the crown upon the head of Englishman at the same time observed a his nephew, Moluc was wearing away with disorder in the vessel, which he rightly a distemper which he himself knew was judged to proceed from the disdain which incurable. However, he prepared for the the ship's crew had of their captain's inreception of so formidable an enemy. He humanity. With this hope he went into was, indeed, so far spent with his sickness, his boat, and approached the enemy. He that he did not expect to live out the whole was taken in by the sailors in spite of their day when the last decisive battle was given; commander: but though they received him but knowing the fatal consequences that against his command, they treated him, would happen to his children and people, when he was in the ship, in the manner he in case he should die before he put an end directed. Pottiere caused his men to hold to that war, he commanded his principal Goodwin, while he beat him with a stick, officers, that if he died during the engage- till he fainted with loss of blood and rage ment, they should conceal his death from of heart; after which he ordered him into the army, and that they should ride up to irons, without allowing him any food, but the litter in which his corpse was carried, such as one or two of the men stole to him under pretence of receiving orders from him under peril of the like usage: and having as usual. Before the battle began, he was kept him several days overwhelmed with carried, through all the ranks of his army the misery of stench, hunger, and sorein an open litter, as they stood drawn up ness, lie brought him into Calais. The in array, encouraging them to fight valiantly governor of the place was soon acquainted in defence of their religion and country, with all that had passed, dismissed PotFinding afterwards the battle to go against | tiere from his charge with ignominy, and him, though he was very near his last ago- gave Goodwin all the relief which a man of nies, he threw himself out of his litter, honour would bestow upon an enemy barrallied his army, and led them on, to the barously treated, to recover the imputation charge: which afterwards ended in a com- of cruelty upon his prince and country. plete victory on the side of the Moors. He When Mr. Sentry had read his letter, had no sooner brought his men to the en- full of many other circumstances which gagement, but, finding himself utterly aggravate the barbarity, he fell into a sort

where, laying his finger on his mouth, tó and argued that they were inseparable; and enjoin secrecy to his officers who stood that courage, without regard to justice and

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in that posture.

of a wild beast. “A good and truly bold spirit,' continued he, is ever actuated by

reason, and a sense of honour and duty. No. 350.] Friday, April 11, 1712.

The affectation of such a spirit exerts itself

in an impudent aspect, an overbearing con Ea animi elatio quæ cernitur in periculis, si justitia | fidence, and a certain negligence of giving vacat, pugnatque pro suis commodis, in vitio est. Tull. I offence. This is visible in all the cocking


youths you see about this town, who are No. 351.] Saturday, April 12, 1712. noisy in assemblies, unawed by the presence of wise and virtuous men; in a word,

In te omnis domus inclinata recumbit.

Virg. Æn, xii. 59. insensible of all the honours and decencies of human life. A shameless fellow takes

On thee the fortunes of our house depend. advantage of merit clothed with modesty / If we look into the three great heroic and magnanimity, and, in the eyes of little poems which have appeared in the world, people, appears sprigatly and agreeable: we may observe that they are built upon while the man of resolution and true gal- very slight foundations. Homer lived near lantry is overlooked and disregarded, if not 300 years after the Trojan war; and, as the despised. There is a propriety in all things; writing of history was not then in use among and I believe what you scholars call just the Greeks, we may very well suppose that and sublime, in opposition to turgid and the tradition of Achilles and Ulysses had bombast expression, may give you an idea brought down but very few particulars to of what I mean, when I say modesty is the his knowledge; though there is no question certain indication of a great spirit, and im- but he has wrought into his two poems such pudence the affectation of it. He that of their remarkable adventures as were still writes with judgment, and never rises into talked of among his contemporaries. improper warmths, manifests the true force The story of Æneas, on which Virgil of genius; in like manner, he who is quiet founded his poem, was likewise very bare and equal in his behaviour is supported in of circumstances, and by that means afthat deportment by what we may call true forded him an opportunity of embellishing courage. Alas! it is not so easy a thing to it with fiction, and giving a full range be a brave man as the unthinking part of to his own invention. We find, however, mankind imagine. To dare is not all there that he has interwoven, in the course of his is in it. The privateer we were just now fable, the principal particulars, which were talking of had boldness enough to attack generally believed among the Romans, of his enemy, but not greatness of mind enough Eneas's voyage and settlement in Italy. to admire the same quality exerted by that! The reader may find an abridgment of enemy in defending himself. Thus his base the whole story, as collected out of the anand little mind was wholly taken up in the cient historians, and as it was received sordid regard to the prize of which he among the Romans, in Dionysius Halicarfailed, and the damage done to his own nassus. vessel; and therefore he used an honest Since none of the critics have considered man, who defended his own from him, in Virgil's fable with relation to this history the manner as he would a thief that should of Æneas, it may not perhaps be amiss to rob him.

examine it in this light, so far as regards He was equally disappointed, and had my present purpose. Whoever looks into not spirit enough to consider, that one case the abridgment above-mentioned, will find would be laudable, and'the other criminal. that the character of Æneas is filled with Malice, rancour, hatred, vengeance, are piety to the gods, and a superstitious obwhat tear the breasts of mean men in fight; servation of prodigies, oracles, and predicbut fame, glory, conquests, desire of oppor- tions. Virgil has not only preserved his tunities to pardon and oblige their opposers, character in the person of Æneas, but has are what glow in the minds of the gallant.' given a place in his poem to those particuThe captain ended his discourse with a lar prophecies which he found recorded of specimen of his book-learning; and gave us him in history and tradition. The poet to understand that he had read a French took the matters of fact as they came down author on the subject of justness in point of to him, and circumstanced them after his gallantry, 'I love,' said Mr. Sentry "a own manner, to make them appear the critic who mixes the rules of life with anno- more natural, agreeable, or surprising. Ibetations upon writers. My author,' added lieve very many readers have been shocked he, 'in his discourse upon epic poems, at that ludicrous prophecy which one of the takes occasion to speak of the same quality harpies pronounces to the Trojans in the of courage drawn in the two different cha- third book; namely, that before they had racters of Turnus and Æneas. He makes built their intended city they should be recourage the chief and greatest ornament duced by hunger to eat their very tables. of Turnus; but in Æneas there are many But, when they hear that this was one of others which outshine it; among the rest the circumstances that had been transmitted that of piety. Turnus is, therefore, all to the Romans in the history of Æneas, they along painted by the poet full of ostentation, will think the poet did very well in taking his language haughty and vain-glorious, as notice of it. The historian above-mentioned placing his honour in the manifestation of acquaints us, that a prophetess had foretold his valour; Æneas speaks little, is slow to Æneas, that he should take his voyage action, and shows only a sort of defensive westward, till his companions should eat courage. If equipage and address make their tables; and that accordingly, upon his Turnus appear more courageous than landing in Italy, as they were eating their Æneas, conduct and success prove Æneas flesh upon cakes of bread for want of other more valiant than Turnus.

T. Iconveniences, they afterwards fed on the

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