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forth every morning with its customary poet laureat should not be over-looked, bill of fare, and without any manner of de- which shows the opinion he entertains of falcation. I thought myself obliged to your paper, whether the notion he promention this particular, as it does honourceeds upon be true or false. I make bold to this worthy gentleman; and if the young to convey it to you, not knowing if it has lady Lætitia, who sent me this account, 1 yet come to your hands.' will acquaint me with his name, I will in

ON THE SPECTATOR sert it at length in one of my papers, if he desires it.

BY MR. TATE. 1 I should be very glad to find out any ex

Aliusque et idem sedient that might alleviate the expense

Nasceris

Hor. Carm. Sæc. 10, which this my paper brings to any of my You rise another and the same. readers; and in order to it, must propose When first the Tatler to a mute was turn'd, two points to their consideration. First,

Great Britain for her censor's silence mourn'd;

Robb'd of his sprightly beams, she wept the night, that if they retrench any of the smallest

Till the Spectator rose and blaz'd as bright. particular in their ordinary expense, it will So the first man the sun's first setting view'd, easily make up the half-penny a day which · And sigh'd till circling day his joys renew'd.

Yet, doubtful how that second sun to name, we have now under consideration. Let a

Whether a bright successor, or the same. lady sacrifice but a single riband to her So we; but now from this suspense are freed, morning studies, and it will be sufficient: Since all agree, who both with judgment read,

Tis the same sun, and does himself succeed. O. let a family burn but a candle a night less than their usual number, and they may take in the Spectator without detriment to No. 489.] Saturday, September 20, 1712. their private affairs. In the next place, if my readers will not

Bubuggertxo pega obevos 'OQxe4v060. Homer. go to the price of buying my papers by re

The mighty force of ocean's troubled flood.. tail, let them have patience, and they may “SIR,_Upon reading your essay conbuy them in the lump without the burden cerning the Pleasures of the Imagination, of a tax upon them. My speculations, I find among the three sources of those when they are sold single, like cherries pleasures which you have discovered, that upon the stick, are delights for the rich and greatness is one. This has suggested to me wealthy: after some time they come to the reason why, of all objects that I have market in greater quantities, and are every | ever seen, there is none which affects my ordinary man's money. The truth of it is, imagination so much as the sea, or ocean. I they have a certain flavour at their first cannot see the heavings of this prodigious appearance, from several accidental cir- bulk of waters, even in a calm, without a cumstances of time, place, and person, very pleasing astonishment; but when it is which they may lose if they are not taken worked up in a tempest, so that the horiearly; but, in this case, every reader is to zon on every side is nothing but foaming consider, whether it is not better for him to billows and floating mountains, it is imposbe half a year behind-hand with the fash-sible to describe the agreeable horror that ionable and polite part of the world, than rises from such a prospect. A troubled to strain himself beyond his circumstances. ocean, to a man who sails upon it, is, I My bookseller has now about ten thousand think, the biggest object that he can see in of the third and fourth volumes, which he motion, and consequently gives his imagiis ready to publish, having already dis- nation one of the highest kinds of pleasure posed of as large an edition both of the first that can arise from greatness. I must conand second volumes. As he is a person fess it is impossible for me to survey this whose head is very well turned to his busi- world of fluid matter without thinking on ness, he thinks they would be a very proper the hand that first poured it out, and made present to be made to persons at christen- a proper channel for its reception. Such an ings, marriages, visiting days, and the like object naturally raises in my thoughts the joyful solemnities, as several other books idea of an Almighty Being, and convinces are frequently given at funerals. He has me of his existence as much as a meta printed them in such a little portable physical demonstration. The imaginatior volume; that many of them may be ranged prompts the understanding, and, by the together upon a single plate; and is of opi- greatness of the sensible object, produce: nion, that a salver of Spectators would be in it the idea of a being who is neither cir as acceptable an entertainment to the la- cumscribed by time nor space, dies as a salver of sweet-meats.

As I have made several voyages upor I shall conclude this paper with an epi- the sea, I have often been tossed in storms gram lately sent to the writer of the Spec- and on that occasion have frequently re tator, after having returned my thanks to flected on the descriptions of them in anthe ingenious author of it.

cient poets. I remember Longinus highly

recommends one in Homer, because the SIR,—Having heard the following epi-poet has not amused himself with little gram very much commended, I wonder fancies upon the occasion, as authors of an that it has not yet had a place in any of inferior genius, whom he mentions, had your papers; I think the suffrage of our done, but because he has gathered together

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those circumstances which are the most | Whilst, in the confidence of prayer apt to terrify the imagination, and which

My soul took hold on thee. really happen in the raging of a tempest.

.VII. It is for the same reason that I prefer the

: For though in dreadful whirls we hung

High on the broken wave, following description of a ship in a storm,

I knew thou wert not slow to hear, which the psalmist has made, before any Nor impotent to save. other I have ever met with. “They that go

VIII. down to the sea in ships, that do business " The storm was laid, the winds retir'd, in great waters; these see the works of the

Obedient to thy will; Lord, and his wonders in the deep. For he

The sea that roard at thy command,

At thy command was still. commandeth and raiseth the stormy wind, which lifteth up the waters thereof. They

“In midst of dangers, fears, and death, mount up to the heaven, they go down

Thy goodness I'll adore, again to the depths, their soul is melted And praise thee for thy mercies past, because of trouble. They reel to and fro,

And humbly hope for more. and stagger like a drunken man, and are at

X. their wit's end. Then they cry unto the

“My life, if thou preserv'st my life,

Thy sacrifice shall be; Lord in their trouble, and he bringeth them

And death, if death must be my doom, out of their distresses. He maketh the

Shall join my soul to thee." storm a calm, so that the waves thereof are still, Then they are glad, because they be quiet, so he bringeth themi unto their No. 490.] Monday, September 22, 1712. desired haven.”*

Domus et placens uxor.--Hor. Od. xiv. Lib. 2. 21. * By the way; how much more comfortable, as well as rational, is this system of

| Thy house and pleasing wife.-- Creech. the psalmist, than the pagan scheme in I HAVE very long entertained an ambiVirgil and other poets, where one deity is tion to make the word wife the most agreerepresented as raising a storm, and another able and delightful name in nature. If it be as laying it! Were we only to consider the not so in itself all the wiser part of mansublime in this piece of poetry, what can kind, from the beginning of the world to be nobler than the idea it gives us of the this day, has consented in an error. But Supreme Being thus raising a tumult among our unhappiness in England has been, that the elements, and recovering them out of a few loose men of genius for pleasure, their confusion; thus troubling and becalm- have turned it all to the gratification of uning nature?

governed desires, in despite of good sense, Great painters do not only give us land- form, and order; when in truth, any satisscapes of gardens, groves, and meadows, faction beyond the boundaries of reason is but very often employ their pencils upon but a step towards madness and folly. But sea-pieces. I could wish you would follow is the sense of joy and accomplishment of their example, If this small sketch may desire no way to be indulged or attained ? deserve a place among your works, I shall And have we appetites given us not to be accompany it with a divine ode made by a at all gratified? Yes, certainly, Marriage gentleman upon the conclusion of his travels, is an institution calculated for a constant

scene of delight, as much as our being is “How are thy servants blest, O Lord!

capable of. Two persons, who have chosen How sure is their defence!

each other out of all the species, with deEternal wisdom is their guide,

sign to be each other's mutual comfort and Their help Omnipotence.

entertainment, have in that action bound II.

themselves to be good-humoured, affäble, “In foreign realms and lands remote,

discreet, forgiving, patient, and joyful, with Supported by thy care, Through burning climes I pass'd unhurt,

respect to each other's frailties and perfecAnd breath'd in tainted air,

tions, to the end of their lives. The wiser III.

of the two (and it always happens one of 5. Thy mercy sweeten'd every soil,

them is such) will, for her or his own sake, Made ev'ry region please :

keep things from outrage with the utmost The hoary Alpine hills it warm'd, And smooth'd the Tyrrhene seas.

sanctity. When this union is thus preserv

ed, (as I have often said) the most indifIV. “ Think, O my soul, devoutly think,

ferent circumstance administers delight: How, with affrighted eyes,

their condition is an endless source of new Thou saw'st the wide extended deep

gratifications. The married man can say, In all its horrors rise !

If I am unacceptable to all the world be V.

side, there is one whom I entirely love, " Confusion dwelt in ev'ry face, And fear in ev'ry heart;

that will receive me with joy and transport, When waves on waves, and gulfs in gulfs and think herself obliged to double her Q'ercame the pilot's art.

kindness and caresses of me from the gloom VI.

with which she sees me overcast. I need • Yet then from all my griefs, O Lord,

not dissemble the sorrow of my heart to be Thy inercy set me free,

agreeable there; that very sorrow quickens * Ps. r.vii 23, et seq.

her affection.

This passion towards each icher, when owe the following epigram, which I showed once well fixed, enters into the very consti- my friend Will Honeycomb in French, who tution, and the kindness flows as easily and has translated it as follows, without undersilently as the blood in the veins. When standing the original. I expect it will please this affection is enjoyed in tae sublime de- the English better than the Latin reader. gree, unskilful eyes see nothing of it; but

When my bright consort, now nor wife nor maid, when it is subject to be changed, and has

Asham'd and wanton, of embrace afraid, an allay in it that may make it end in dis Fled to the streams, the streams my fair betray'd; taste, it is apt to break into rage, or over

To my fond eyes she all transparent stood;

She blush'd; I smil'd at the slight covering flood. flow into fondness, before the rest of the

Thus through the glass the lovely lily glows; world.

Thus through the ambient gem shines forth the rose. Uxander and Viramira are amorous and

I saw new charms, and plung'd to seize my store,

Kisses I snatch'd--the waves prevented more. young, have been married these two years; yet do they so much distinguish each other. My friend would not allow that this lus in company, that in your conversation with cious account could be given of a wife, and the dear things, you are still put to a sort therefore used the word consort; which, he of cross-purposes. Whenever you address learnedly said, would serve for a mistress yourself in ordinary discourse to Viramira, as well, and give a more gentlemanly turn she turns her head another way, and the to the epigram. But, under favour of him answer is made to the dear Uxander. If and all other such fine gentlemen, I cannot you tell a merry tale, the application is be persuaded but that the passion a bridestill directed to her dear; and when she groom has for a virtuous young woman will, should commend you, she says to him, as if by little and little, grow into friendship, and he had spoke it, « That is, my dear, so then it has ascended to a higher pleasure pretty,'-This puts me in mind of what I than it was in its first fervour. Without have somewhere read in the admired me- this happens, he is a very unfortunate man moirs of the famous Cervantes; where, who has entered into this state, and left the while honest Sancho Panca is putting some habitudes of life he might have enjoyed necessary humble question concerning Ro- with a faithful friend. But when the wife zinante, his supper, or his lodging, the proves capable of filling serious as well as knight of the sorrowful countenance is ever joyous hours, she brings happiness unknown improving the harmless lowly hints of his to friendship itself. Spenser speaks of each 'squire to the poetical conceit, rapture, and kind of love with great justice, and attriflight, in contemplation of the dear dulcinea butes the highest praise to friendship; and of his affections.

indeed there is no disputing that point, but On the other side, Dictamnus and Moria by making that friendship take its plar. are ever squabbling; and you may observe between two married persons. them, all the time they are in company, in a

Hard is the doubt, and difficult to deem, state of impatience. As Uxander and Vi

When all three kinds of love together meet, ramira wish you all gone, that they may And do dispart the heart with power extreme, be at freedom for dalliance; Dictamnus

Whether shall weigh the balance down; to wit,

The dear affection unto kindred sweet, and Moria wait your absence, that they

Or raging fire of love to womankind, may speak their harsh interpretations on Or zeal of friends combin'd by virtues meet; each other's words and actions, during the But, of them all, the band of virtues mind

Methinks the gentle heart should most assured bindi. time you were with them. It is certain that the greater part of the

For natural affection soon doth cease,

And quenched is with Cupid's greater flame: evils, attending this condition of life, arises

But faithful friendship doth them both suppress, from fashion. Prejudice in this case is And them with mastering discipline doth tame, turned the wrong way; and, instead of ex Through thoughts aspiring to eternal fame.

For as the soul doth rule the earthly mass, pecting more happiness than we shall meet

And all the service of the body frånie; with in it, we are laughed into a prepos So love of soul doth love of body pass, session, that we shall be disappointed if we No less than perfect gold surmounts the meanest

brass. nope for lasting satisfactions.

With all persons who have made good sense the rule of action, marriage is described as the state capable of the highest No. 491.7 Tuesday, Sentember 23, 1712. human felicity. Tully has epistles full of affectionate pleasure, when he writes to his - Digna satis fortuna revisit. wife, or speaks of his children. But, above

Virg. Æn. iii. 318. all the hints of this kind I have met with

A just reverse of fortune on him waits. in writers of ancient date, I am pleased! It is common with me to run from book with an epigram of Martial, in honour of to book to exercise my mind with many the beauty of his wife Cleopatra. Com- objects, and qualify myself for my daily la mentators say it was written the day after bours. After an hour spent in this loitering his wedding-night. When his spouse was way of reading, something will remain to retired to the bathing-room in the heat of be food to the imagination. The writings the day, he, it seems, came in upon her when that please me most on such occasions are she was just going into the water. To her stories, for the truth of which there is good beauty and carriage on this occasion we l authority. The mind of man is naturally a

The dear shall weigh the bath power extr

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lover of justice. And when we read a story sion. This design had its desired effect; wherein a criminal is overtaken, in whom and the wife of the unfortunate Darvelt, the there is no quality which is the object of day before that which was appointed for pity, the soul enjoys a certain revenge for his execution, presented herself in the hall the offence done to its nature, in the wicked of the governor's house; and, as he passed actions committed in the preceding part of through the apartment, threw herself at the history. This will be better under his feet, and, holding his knees, beseeched stood by the reader from the following nar- his mercy. Rhynsault beheld her with a ration itself, than from any thing which I dissembled satisfaction; and, assuming an can say to introduce it.

air of thought and authority, he bid her When Charles duke of Burgundy, sur- arise, and told her she must follow him to named The Bold, reigned over spacious his closet; and, asking her whether she dominions now swallowed up by the power knew the hand of the letter he pulled out of France, he heaped many favours and of his pocket, went from her, leaving this honours upon Claudius Rhynsault, a Ger-admonition aloud: “If you will save your man, who had served him in his wars against husband, you must give me an account of the insults of his neighbours. A great part all you know without prevarication: for of Zealand was at that time in subjection every body is satisfied he was too fond of to that dukedom. The prince himself was you to be able to hide from you the names a person of singular humanity and justice. of the rest of the conspirators, or any other Rhynsault, with no other real quality than particulars whatsoever.' He went to his courage, had dissimulation enough to pass closet, and soon after the lady was sent for upon his generous and unsuspicious master to an audience. The servant knew his disfor a person of blunt honesty and fidelity, tance when matters of state were to be without any vice that could bias him from debated; and the governor, laying aside the the execution of justice. His highness, pre- air with which he had appeared in public, possessed to his advantage, upon the de- began to be the supplicant, to rally an afcease of the governor of his chief town of fiction, which it was in her power easily to Zealand, gave Rhynsault that command. remove, and relieve an innocent man from He was not long seated in that government his imprisonment. She easily perceived before he cast his eyes upon Sapphira, a his intention; and bathed in tears, began to woman of exquisite beauty, the wife of deprecate so wicked a design, Lust, like Paul Danvelt, a wealthy merchant of the ambition, takes all the faculties of the mind city under his protection and government. and body into its service and subjection. Rhynsault was a man of a warm constitu- Her becoming tears, her honest anguish, tion, and violent inclination to women, and the wringing of her hands, and the many not unskilled in the soft arts which win changes of her posture and figure in the their favour. He knew what it was to enjoy vehemence of speaking, were but so many the satisfactions which are reaped from the attitudes in which he beheld her beauty, possession of beauty, but was an utter and farther incentives of his desires. All stranger to the decencies, honours, and de- humanity was lost in that one appetite, and licacies, that attend the passion towards he signified to her in so many plain terms, them in elegant minds. However, he had that he was unhappy till he had possessed so much of the world, that he had a great her, and nothing less should be the price share of the language which usually pre- of her husband's life, and she must, before vails upon the weaker part of that sex; and the following noon, pronounce the death, he could with his tongue utter a passion, or enlargement, of Danvelt. After this nowith which his heart was wholly untouched. tification, when he saw Sapphira enough He was one of those brutal minds which again distracted, to make the subject of can be gratified with the violation of inno- their discourse to common eyes appear difcence and beauty, without the least pity, ferent from what it was, he called servants passion, or love, to that with which they to conduct her to the gate. Loaded with are so much delighted. Ingratitude is a insupportable affliction, she immediately vice inseparable to a lustful man; and the repairs to her husband; and, having signified possession of a woman by him, who has no to his gaolers that she had a proposal to thought but allaying a passion painful to make to her husband from the governor, himself, is necessarily followed by distaste she was left alone with him, revealed to and aversion. Rhynsault, being resolved to him all that had passed, and represented accomplish his will on the wife of Danvelt, the endless conflict she was in between love left no arts untried to get into a familiarity to his person, and fidelity to his bed. It is at her house; but she knew his character easy to imagine the sharp affliction this and disposition too well, not to shun all honest pair was in upon such an incident, occasions that might ensnare her into his in lives not used to any but ordinary occurconversation. The governor, despairing of rences. The man was bridled by shame success by ordinary means, apprehended from speaking what his fear prompted, and imprisoned her husband, under pre- upon so near an approach of death; but let

of a correspondence with the enemies of the not think her polluted, though she had not duke to betray the town into their posses- yet confessed to him that the governor had violated her person, since he knew hersion of what your husband has so bounti. will had no part in the action. She parted | fully bestowed on you;' and ordered the from him with this oblique permission to immediate execution of Rhynsault. T save a life he had not resolution enough to resign for the safety of his honour.

The next morning the unhappy Sapphira No. 492.7 Wednesday, Sentember 24. 1712. attended the governor, and being led into a remote apartment, submitted to his desires. Quicquid est boni moris levitate extinguitur. Seneca Rhynsault commended her charms, claimed Levity of behaviour is the bane of all that is good a familiarity after what had passed between and virtuous. them, and with an air of gayety, in the lan

Tunbridge, Sept. 18. guage of a gallant, bid her return, and takel "DEAR MR. SPECTATOR, -I am a young her husband out of prison: "but,' continued woman of eighteen years of age, and I do he, my fair one must not be offended that assure you a maid of unspotted reputation, I have taken care he should not be an inter-founded upon a very careful carriage in all ruption to our future assignations.' These my looks, words, and actions. At the same last words foreboded what she found when time I must own to you, that it is with much she came to the gaol-her husband exe-constraint to flesh and blood that my becuted by the order of Rhynsault!

haviour is so strictly irreproachable; for I It was remarkable that the woman, who am naturally addicted to mirth, to gayety, was full of tears and lamentations during to a free air, to motion, and gadding. Now, the whole course of her afflictions, uttered what gives me a great deal of anxiety, and neither sigh nor complaint, but stood fixed is some discouragement in the pursuit of with grief at this consummation of her mis- virtue, is, that the young women who run fortunes. She betook herself to her abode; into greater freedoms with the men are and, after having in solitude paid her de- more taken notice of than I am. The men votions to him who is the avenger of inno- are such unthinking sots, that they do not cence, she repaired privately to court. Her prefer her who restrains all her passions person, and a certain grandeur of sorrow, and affections, and keeps much within the negligent of forms, gained her passage into bounds of what is lawful, to her who goes to the presence of the duke her sovereign. the utmost verge of innocence and parleys As soon as she came into the presence, she at the very brink of vice, whether she shall broke forth into the following words: Be- be a wife or a mistress. But I must appeal hold, O mighty Charles, a wretch weary to your spectatorial wisdom, who, I find, of life, though it has always been spent have passed very much of your time in the with innocence and virtue. It is not in your study of woman, whether this is not a most power to redress my injuries, but it is to unreasonable proceeding. I have read some avenge them. And if the protection of the where that Hobbes of Malmesbury asserts distressed, and the punishment of oppres-that continent persons have more of what sors, is a task worthy of a prince, I bring they contain than those who give a loose to the duke of Burgundy ample matter for their desires. According to this rule, let doing honour to his own great name, and there be equal age, equal wit, and equal wiping infamy off from mine.'

good-humour, in the woman of prudence, When she had spoke this, she delivered and her of liberty; what stores has he to the duke a paper reciting her story. He expect who takes the former? What refuse read it with all the emotions that indigna- must he be contented with who chooses the tion and pity could raise in a prince jealous latter? Well, but I sat down to write to you of his honour in the behaviour of his officers, to vent my indignation against several pert and prosperity of his subjects.

creatures who are addressed to and courted Upon an appointed day, Rhynsault was in this place, while poor I, and two or three sent for to court, and, in the presence of a like me, are wholly unregarded. few of the council, confronted by Sapphira. Every one of these affect gaining the The prince asking, 'Do you know that hearts of your sex. This is generally atlady?' Rhynsault, as soon as he could re-tempted by a particular manner of carrycover his surprise, told the duke he would ing themselves with familiarity. Glycera marry her, if his highness would please to has a dancing walk, and keeps time in her think that a reparation. The duke seemed ordinary gait. Chloe, her sister, who is uncontented with this answer, and stood by willing to interrupt her conquests, comes during the immediate solemnization of the into the room before her with a familiar run. ceremony. At the conclusion of it he told Dulcissa takes advantage of the approach Rhynsault, “Thus far you have done as of the winter, and has introduced a very constrained by my authority: I shall not be pretty shiver; closing up her shoulders, satisfied of your kind usage to her, without and shrinking as she moves. All that are you sign a gift of your whole estate to her in this mode carry their fans between both after your decease.' To the performance hands before them. Dulcissa herself, who of this also the duke was a witness. When is author of this air, adds the pretty run to these two acts were executed, the duke it: and has also, when she is in very good turned to the lady, and told her, “It now humour, a taking familiarity in throwing remains for me to put you in quiet posses- / herself into the lowest seat in the room, and

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