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Axistence, to converse with scenes, and ob- , whatever might be proper to adapt them jects and companions that are altogether to the character and genius of my paper, new-what can support her under such with which it was almost impossible these tremblings of thought, such fear, such could exactly correspond, it being certain anxiety, such apprehensions, but the cast- that hardly two men think alike; and, ing of all her cares upon Him who first therefore, so many men so many Spectagave her being, who has conducted her tors. Besides, I must own my weakness for through one stage of it, and will be always glory is such, that, if I consulted that only, with her to guide and comfort her in her I might be so far swayed by it, as almost tá progress through eternity?

wish that no one could write a Spectator David has very beautifully represented besides myself; nor can I deny but, upon this steady reliance on God Almighty in the first perusal of those papers, I felt some his twenty-third psalm, which is a kind of secret inclinations of ill-will towards the pastoral hymn, and filled with those allu- persons who wrote them. This was the imsions which are usual in that kind of writ- pression I had upon the first reading them; ing. As the poetry is very exquisite, Il but upon a late review (more for the sake shall present my reader with the following of entertainment than use,) regarding them translation of it:

with another eye than I had done at first

(for by converting them as well as I could I.

to my own use, I thought I had utterly dis • The Lord my pasture shall prepare, And feed me with a shepherd's care:

abled them from ever offending me again His presence shall my wants supply,

as Spectators,) I found myself moved by a And guard me with a watchful eye;

passion very different from that of envy; My noon-day walks he shall attend,

sensibly touched with pity, the softest and And all my midnight hours defend.

most generous of all passions, when I reII.

flected what a cruel disappointment the When in the sultry glebe I faint,

neglect of those papers must needs have Or on the thirsty mountain pant, To fertile vales and dewy meads

been to the writers who impatiently longed My weary, wand'ring steps he leads,

to see them appear in print, and who, no Where peaceful rivers, soft, and slow,

doubt, triumphed to themselves in the Amid the verdant landscape flow.

hopes of having a share with me in the apIII.

plause of the public; a pleasure so great, "Though in the paths of death I tread,

that none but those who have experienced With gloomy horrors overspread,

it can have a sense of it. In this manner of My steadfast heart shall fear no ill, For thou, O Lord, art with me still;

viewing those papers, I really found I had Thy friendly crook shall give me aid,

not done them justice, there being someAnd guide me through the dreadful shade.

thing so extremely natural and peculiarly IV.

good in some of them, that I will appeal to • Though in a bare and rugged way,

the world whether it was possible to alter a Through devious, lonely wilds I stray,

word in them without doing them a maniThy hounty shall my pains beguile: The barren wilderness shall smile

fest hurt and violence; and whether they With sudden greens and herbage crown'd,

can ever appear rightly, and as they ought, And streams shall murmur all around.'

but in their own native dress and colours. . C.

And therefore I think I should not only wrong them, but deprive the world of a con

siderable satisfaction, should I any longer No. 442.] Monday, July 28, 1712.

delay the making them public. Scribimus indocti doctique

After I have published a few of these * Hor. Ep. i. Lib. 2. 117. Spectators, I doubt not but I shall find the Those who cannot write, and those who can, success of them to equal, if not surpass, All rhyme and scrawl, and scribble to a man. that of the best of my own. An author

Pope.

should take all methods to humble himself I do not know whether I enough ex- in the opinion he has of his own performplained myself to the world, when I invited ances. When these papers appear to the all men to be assistant to me in this my world, I doubt not but they will be followed work of speculation; for I have not yet ac- by many others; and I shall not repine, quainted my readers, that besides the let- though I myself shall have left me but á ters and valuable hints I have from time to very few days to appear in public, but pretime received from my correspondents, I ferring the general weal and advantage to have by me several curious and extraor- any consideration of myself, I am resolved dinary papers sent with a design (as no one for the future to publish any Spectator that will doubt when they are published) that deserves it entira and without any alterathey may be printed entire, and without tion; assuring the world (if there can be any alteration, by way of Spectator. I must need of it) that it is none of mine, and if the acknowledge also, that I myself being the authors think fit to subscribe their names, first projector of the paper, thought I had I will add them. a right to make them my own, by dressing! I think the best way of promoting this

hem in my own style, by leaving out what generous and useful design, will be by would not appear like mine, and by adding giving out subjects or themes of all kinds

whatsoever, on which (with a preamble of

Camilla* to the Spectator. the extraordinary benefit and advantages that may accrue thereby to the public) Il

Venice, July 10, N. S.

MR. SPECTATOR, I take it extremely will invite all manner of persons, whether scholars, citizens, courtiers, gentlemen of

ill, that you do not reckon conspicuous the town or country, and all beaus, rakes,

persons of your nation are within your coge smarts, prudes, coquettes, housewives, and

nizance, though out of the dominions of all sorts of wits, whether male or female,

Great Britain. I little thought, in the and however distinguished, whether they 1 57

green years of my life, that I should ever be true wits, whole or half wits, or whether

call it a happiness to be out of dear Engarch, dry, natural, acquired, genuine, or

land; but as I grew to woman, I found depraved wits; and persons of all sorts of

myself less acceptable in proportion to the tempers and complexions, whether the

increase of my merit. Their ears in Italy severe, the delightful, the impertinent, the

are so differently formed from the make of agreeable, the thoughtful, the busy or care

yours in England, that I never come upon less, the serene or cloudy, jovial or melan

the stage, but a general satisfaction apcholy, untowardly or easy, the cold, tem

pears in every countenance of the whole

people. When I dwell upon a note, I be perate, or sanguine; and of what manners or dispositions soever, whether the ambi

hold all the men accompanying me with tious or humble-minded, the proud or

heads inclining, and falling of their persons pitiful, ingenuous or base-minded, good or

on one side, as dying away with me. The ill-natured, public-spirited or selfish; and

women too do justice to my merit, and no under what fortune or circumstance soever,

ill-natured, worthless creature cries, “The whether the contented or miserable, happy

vain thing,” when I am rapt in the peror unfortunate, high or low, rich or poor

formance of my part, and sensibly touched (whether so through want of money, or de

with the effect' my voice has upon all who sire of more,) healthy or sickly, married or

hear me. I live here distinguished as one single: nay, whether tall or short, fat or

whom nature has been liberal to in a gracelean; and of what trade, occupation, pro

ful person, and exalted mien, and heavenly fession, station, country, faction, party, per

voice. These particularities in this strange suasion, quality, age, or condition soever;

country are arguments for respect and who have ever made thinking a part of

generosity to her who is possessed of them. their business or diversion, and have any

The Italians see a thousand beauties I am thing worthy to impart on these subjects to

sensible I have no pretence to, and abunthe world, according to their several and

dantly make up to me the injustice I rerespective talents or geniuses; and, as the

ceived in my own country, of disallowing subjects given out hit their tempers, hu

me what I really had. The humour of mours, or circumstances, or may be made

hissing which you have among you, I do profitable to the public by their particular

not know any thing of; and their applauses knowledge or experience in the matter pro

are uttered in sighs, and bearing a part at posed, to do their utmost on them by such

the cadences of voice with the persons who a time, to the end they may receive the

are performing. I am often put in mind of inexpressible and irresistible pleasure of

those complaisant lines of my own countryseeing their essays allowed of and relished

man, † when he is calling all his faculties by the rest of mankind.

together to hear Arabella. I will not prepossess the reader with too 6 Let all be hush'd, each softest motion cease, great expectation of the extraordinary ad

Be ev'ry loud tumultuous thought at peace;

And ev'ry ruder gasp of breath vantages which must redound to the public

Be calm, as in the arms of death: by these essays, when the different thoughts And thou, most fickle, most uneasy part, and observations of all sorts of persons, ac

Thou restless wanderer, my heart,

Be still; gently, ah! gently leave, cording to their quality, age, sex, educa Thou busy, idle thing, to heave: tion, professions, humours, manners, and Stir not a pulse; and let my blood, conditions, &c. shall be set out by them

That turbulent, unruly flood,

Be softly staid: selves in the clearest and most genuine Let me be all, but my attention dead.” light, and as they themselves would wish to have them appear to the world.

The whole city of Venice is as still when I The thesis proposed for the present ex

am singing as this polite hearer was 'to ercise of the adventurers to write Specta

write Specta. Mrs. Hunt. But when they break that tors, is Money: on which subiect all persons silence, did you know the pleasure I am are desired to send in their thoughts within in, when every man utters his applauses, ten days after the date hereof.

by calling me aloud, “ The dear Creature! The Angel! The Venus! What attitudes she moves with! Hush, she sings again!"

We have no boisterous wits who dare disNo. 443.] Tuesday, July 29, 1712. turb an audience, and break the public

peace merely to show they dare. Mr. Sublatum ex oculis quærimus invidi.

Hor. Od. xxiv. Lib. 3. 33.

1 * Mrs. Tofts, who played the part of Camilla in the Snatch'd from our sight, we eagerly pursue,

opera of that name. And fondly would recall her to our view.

+ Mr. Congreve

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Spectator, I write this to you thus in haste, (markable for impudence than wit, there to tell you I am so very much at ease here are yet some remaining, who pass with the that I know nothing but joy; and I will not giddy part of mankind for sufficient sharers return, but leave you in England to hiss all of the latter, who have nothing but the merit of your own growth off the stage. I former qualification to recommend them. know, sir, you were always my admirer, Another timely animadversion is absolutely and therefore I am yours, CAMILLA. necessary: be pleased, therefore, once for P. S. I am ten times better dressed than

all, to let these gentlemen know, that there ever I was in England.'

is neither mirth nor good humour in hoot

ing a young fellow out of countenance; nor MR SPECTATOR_T'he proiect in vours that it will ever constitute a wit, to conclude of the 11th instant, of furthering the cor- a tart p

nce the com a tart piece of buffoonery with a “What respondence and knowledge of that con- makes you blush?” Pray please to inform siderable part of mankind, the trading them again, that to speak what they know world, cannot but be highly commendable. is shocking, proceeds from ill-nature and Good lectures to young traders may have ste

have sterility of brain; especially when the subvery good effects on their conduct; Ďut be-ject will not admit of raillery, and their ware vou propagate no false notions of discourse has no pretension to satire but trade: let none of your correspondents im- what is in their design to disoblige. I pose on the world by putting forth base should be very glad too if you would take methods in a good light, and glazing them notice, that a daily repetition of the same over with improper terms. I would have overbearing insolence is yet more insupno means of profit set for copies to others,

portable, and a confirmation of very exbut such as are laudable in themselves.

traordinary dulness. The sudden publicaLet not noise be called industry, nor impu- tion of this may have an effect upon a dence courage. Let not good fortune be notorious offender of this kind whose reforimposed on the world for good manage

mation would redound very much to the ment, nor poverty be called folly: impute

satisfaction and quiet of your most humble 'not always bankruptcy to extravagance,

servant, nor an estate to foresight. Niggardliness is not good husbandry, nor generosity profusion. • Honestus is a well-meaning and judi

No. 444.] Wednesday, July 30, 1712. cious trader, hath substantial goods, and Paturiunt montestrades with his own stock, husbands his

Hor. Ars Poet. v. 139. money to the best advantage, without

The mountain labours.* taking all the advantages of the necessities It gives me much despair in the design of his workmen, or grinding the face of the of reforming the world by my speculations, poor. Fortunatus is stocked with igno- when I find there always arise, from one gerance, and consequently with self-opinion; neration to another, successive cheats and the quality of his goods cannot but be suit- bubbles, as naturally as beasts of prey, and able to that of his judgment. Honestus those which are to be their food. There is pleases discerning people, and keeps their hardly a man in the world, one would custom by good usage; makes modest pro-think, so ignorant, as not to know that the fit by modest means, to the decent support ordinary quack-doctors who publish their of his family; while Fortunatus, blustering great abilities in little brown billets, distrialways, pushes on, promising much and buted to all that pass by, are to a man performing little; with obsequiousness of- impostors and murderers; yet such is the fensive to people of sense, strikes at all,credulity of the vulgar, and the impudence catches much the greater part, and raises of those professors, that the affair still goes a considerable fortune by imposition on on, and new promises, of what was never others, to the discouragement and ruin of done before, are made every day. What those who trade fair in the same way. aggravates the jest is, that even this pro

"I give here but loose hints, and beg you mise has been made as long as the memory to be very circumspect in the province you of man can trace it, yet nothing performed, have now undertaken: if you perform it and yet still prevails. As I was passing successfully, it will be a very great good; along to-day, a paper given into my hand for nothing is more wanting than that me- by a fellow without a nose, tells us as folchanic industry were set forth with the lows what good news is come to town, to freedom and greatness of mind which ought wit, that there is now a certain cure for the always to accompany a man of liberal edu- French disease, by a gentleman just come cation. Your humble servant,

from his travels.From my shop under

In Russel-court, over-against the Canthe Royal Exchange, July 14. R. C.' non ball, at the Surgenn's-arms, in Drury

lane, is lately come from his travels,'j

July 24, 1712. MR. SPECTATOR,--Notwithstanding the * Former motto :repeated censures that your spectatorial | Quid dignum tento feret hic promissor hiatu..- Hor. wisdom has passed upon people niore re | Great cry and little wool.-English Proverð.

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surgeon who hath practised surgery and timony of some people that has been physic both by sea and land, these twenty-thirty years lame.' When I received my four years. He (by the blessing) cures the paper, a sagacious fellow took one at the yellow jaundice, green-sickness, scurvy, same time and read till he came to the dropsy, surfeits, long sea-voyages, cam- thirty years' confinement of his friends, and paigns, and women's miscarriages, lying-went off very well convinced of the doctor's in, &c. as some people that has been lame sufficiency. You have many of those prothese thirty years can testify; in short, he digious persons, who have had some excureth all diseases incident to men, women, traordinary accident at their birth, or a or children.'

great disaster in some part of their lives, If a man could be so indolent as to look Any thing, however foreign from the busiupon this havoc of the human species, ness the people want of you, will convince which is made by vice and ignorance, it them of your ability in that you profess. would be a good ridiculous work to com- There is a doctor in Mouse-Alley, near ment upon the declaration of this accom-/Wapping, who sets up for curing cataplished traveller. There is something racts, upon the credit of having, as his bill unaccountably taking among the vulgar in sets forth, lost an eye in the emperor's serthose who come from a great way off. Ig- vice. His patients come in upon this, and norant people of quality, as many there he shows his muster-roll, which confirms are of such, doat excessively this way; that he was in his imperial majesty's

suggest to himself, without my enumera- great success. Who would believe that a tion of them. The ignorants of lower order, man should be a doctor for the cure of who cannot, like the upper onės, be profuse bursten children, by declaring that his faof their money to those recommended by ther and grandfather were both bursten? coming from a distance, are no less com But Charles Ingolston, next door to the plaisant than the others, for they venture Harp in Barbican, has made a pretty their lives from the same admiration. penny by that asservation. The generality

• The doctor is lately come from his tra- go upon their first conception, and think no vels,' and has practised both by sea and farther; all the rest is granted. They take land,' and therefore cures the green-sick-lit, that there is something uncommon in ness, long sea-voyages, campaigns, and you, and give you credit for the rest. You lyings-in. Both by sea and land!- I will may be sure it is upon that I go, when not answer for the distempers called sea- sometimes, let it be to the purpose or not, voyages and campaigns; but I dare say I keep a Latin sentence in my front; and I those of green-sickness and lying-in might was not a little pleased, when I observed be as well taken care of if the doctor staid one of my readers say, casting his eye upon ashore. But the art of managing mankind my twentieth paper, More Latin still? is only to make them stare a little, to keep What å prodigious scholar is this man!' up their astonishment, to let nothing be fa- But as I have taken much liberty with this miliar to them, but ever have something in learned doctor, I must make up all I have their sleeve, in which they must think you said by repeating what he seems to be in are deeper than they are. There is an in-earnest in, and honestly promises to those genious fellow, a barber of my acquaint- who will not receive him as a great man ance, who, besides his broken fiddle and to wit, “That from eight to twelve, and a dried sea-monster, has a twined-cord, from two to six, he attends, for the good of strained with two nails at each end, over the public, to bleed for three pence.' T. his window, and the words "rainy, dry, wet,' and so forth; written to denote the weather, according to the rising or falling No. 445.] Thursday, July 31, 1712. of the cord. We very great scholars are not apt to wonder at this; but I observed a

Tanti non es, ais. Sapis, Luperce.

Mart. Epig. 118. 1. 1. v. uk very honest fellow, a chance customer,

You say, Lupercus, what I write who sat in the chair before me to be I'nt worth so much: you're in the right. shaved, fix his eye upon this miraculous This is the day on which many eminent performance during the operation upon his authors will probably publish their last chin and face. When those and his head words. I am afraid that few of our weekly also were cleared of all incumbrances and historians, who are men that above all others excrescences, he looked at the fish, then at delight in war, will be able to subsist under the fiddle, still grubbing in his pockets, the weight of a stamp,* and an'approachand casting his eye again at the twine, and ling peace. A sheet of blank paper that the words writ on each side; then altered must have this new imprimatur clapt upon his mind as to farthings, and gave my friend a silver sixpence. The business, as

* August 1, 1712, the stamp duty here alluded to, took place, and every single half-sheet paid a half-penny to the queen. 'Have you seen the red stamp? Methinks

the stamping is worth a half-penny. The Observatoi kit, he must have been contented with a

is fallen; the Medleys are jumbled together with the

flying Post; the Examiner is deadly sick. The Spectatos ess payment. But the doctor we were

keeps up and doubles its price.'. talking of adds to his long voyages the tes

Swift's Works, cr. 8vo. vol. xix, p. 173.

leaf.

it, before it is qualified to communicate any malcontentedness, which I am resolved thing to the public, will make its way in that none shall ever justly upbraid me with. the world but very heavily. In short, the No, I shall glory in contributing my utmost necessity of carrying a stamp, and the im- to the public weal; and, if my country reprobability of notifying a bloody battle, will, ceives five or six pounds a day by my laI am afraid, both concur to the sinking of bours, I shall be very well pleased to find those thin folios, which have every other myself so useful a member. It is a received day retailed to us the history of Europe for maxim, that no honest man should enrich several years last past. A facetious friend himself by methods that are prejudicial to of mine, who loves a pun, calls this present the community in which he lives; and by mortality among authors, “The fall of the the same rule I think we may pronounce

the person to deserve very well of his counI remember, upon Mr. Baxter's death, trymen, whose labours bring more into the there was published a sheet of very good public coffers than into his own pocket. sayings, inscribed, “The last words of Mr. Since I have mentioned the word eneBaxter,' The title sold so great a number mies, I must explain myself so far as to acof these papers, that about a week after quaint my reader, that I mean only the inthere came out a second sheet, inscribed, significant party zealots on both sides; men • More last words of Mr. Baxter.' In the of such poor narrow souls, that they are not same manner I have reason to think that capable of thinking on any thing but with several ingenious writers, who have taken an eye to whig or tory. During the course their leave of the public, in farewell papers, of this paper, I have been accused by these will not give over so, but intend to appear despicable wretches of trimming, time-servagain, though perhaps under another form, ing, personal reflection, secret satire, and and with a different title. Be that as it will, the like. Now, though in these my compoit is my business, in this place, to give ansitions it is visible to any reader of comaccount of my own intentions, and to ac mon sense that I consider nothing but my quaint my reader with the motives by subject, which is always of an indifferent which I act, in this great crisis of the re- nature, how it is possible for me to write public of letters.

so clear of party, as not to lie open to the I have been long debating in my own censures of those who will be applying heart, whether I should throw up my pen every sentence, and finding out persons as an author that is cashiered by the act of and things in it, which it has no regard to? parliament which is to operate within this Several paltry scribblers and declaimers four-and-twenty hours, or whether I should have done me the honour to be dull upon still persist in laying my speculations, from me in reflections of this nature; but, notday to day, before the public. The argu- withstanding my name has been sometimes ment which prevails with me most on the traduced by this contemptible tribe of men, first side of the question is, that I am in- I have hitherto avoided all animadversions formed by my bookseller he must raise the upon them. The truth of it is, I am afraid price of every single paper to two pence, of making them appear considerable by or that he shall not be able to pay the duty taking notice of them: for they are like of it. Now, as I am very desirous my rea- those imperceptible insects which are disders should have their learning as cheap as covered by the microscope, and cannot be possible, it is with great difficulty that I made the subject of observation without comply with him in this particular. being magnified.

However, upon laying my reasons toge- Having mentioned those few who have ther in the balance, I find that those who shown themselves the enemies of this paper, plead for the continuance of this work, I should be very ungrateful to the public, have much the greater weight. For in the did I not at the same time testify my grafirst place, in recompence for the expense titude to those who are its friends, in which to which this will put my readers, it is to number I may reckon many of the most be hoped they may receive from every distinguished persons, of all conditions, paper so much instruction as will be a very parties, and professions, in the isle of Great good equivalent. And, in order to this, I | Britain. I am not so vain as to think apwould not advise any one to take it in, who, probation is so much due to the performafter the perusal of it, does not find himself ance as to the design. There is, and ever two pence the wiser, or the better man for will be, justice enough in the world to afit, or who, upon examination, does not be- | ford patronage and protection for those lieve that he has had two-penny worth of who endeavour to advance truth and virtue, mirth or instruction for his money. without regard to the passions and preju

But I must confess there is another mo- dices of any particular cause or faction. If tive which prevails with me more than the I have any other merit in me it is that I former. I consider that the tax on paper have new pointed all the batteries of ridiwas given for the support of the govern-cule. They have been generally planted ment; and as I have enemies who are apt against persons who have appeared serious to pervert every thing I do or say, I fear rather than absurd: or at best, have aimed they would ascribe the laying down my rather at what is unfashionable than what paper, on such an occasion, to a spirit of lis vicious. For my own part, I have en.

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